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Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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How did John the Baptist question whether he should baptize Jesus (Matt. 3:13-15), if he did not know before Jesus' baptism (John 1:31-34)?

How did John the Baptist know enough about Jesus to question whether he should baptize Jesus (Matt. 3:13-15)? 13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him. 14 John ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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Why the Inconsistency of the name Mary in the NT?

Or rather, why is the mother of Jesus exclusively written μαριαμ, and the others inconsistently either μαρια or μαριαμ? I was originally prompted by a mini quest into the original meaning of the ...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
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8 answers
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How do you reconcile world (κόσμος) in 1 John 2:15-17 with John 3:16-17?

How do you reconcile world (κόσμος) in 1 John 2:15-17 with John 3:16-17? κόσμος has obviously different meanings as used in the following two passages. For God so loved the world, that he gave ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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In John 1:15, why is μαρτυρεῖ present tense while ἦν in οὗτος ἦν ὃν εἶπον is imperfect?

In John 1:15, why is μαρτυρεῖ present tense while ἦν in οὗτος ἦν ὃν εἶπον is imperfect? The tenses seem backwards. The present tense on past events is common in the Gospel of John, "Historical (...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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2 answers
785 views

What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (John 1:9) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (Gen 1:1)?

What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (e.g. John 1:9f) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (e.g. Genesis 1:1f)? אֶרֶץ - Earth goes from the ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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6 votes
8 answers
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What does "the life was the light of men" mean in John 1:4?

What does ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων mean in John 1:4? John 1:4 (KJV); In him was life; and the life was the light of men. The best I can come up with is the knowledge of Jesus' exemplary life ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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Where is Cana of Galilee in John 2:1?

On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.  Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016)....
Perry Webb's user avatar
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What's the overall meaning of Ephesians 3:21? Do I understand it accurately?

I'm having a bit of trouble understanding the Greek of Ephesians 3:21. 3:21 αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα ἐν τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ καὶ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ εἰς πάσας τὰς γενεὰς τοῦ αἰῶνος τῶν αἰώνων, ἀμήν. to Him [is] the ...
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Is the addition of "you" in Ephesians 3:13 really necessary?

It seems to be a tradition dating back to the Vulgate to translate the Greek infinitive ἐγκακεῖν with a second-person pronoun or a second-person verb. Examples include: "[you] not to faint" (YLT), "ye ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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Which verb/participle governs this phrase? (Ephesians 2:14-15)

The verses 2:14-15 in Ephesians are a little confusing when I attempt to translate them. For one thing, the ESV translation is disappointing, as it joins two phrases into one therefore losing the ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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Were the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews able to speak each other's language in Acts 6:1?

In Acts 6:1 what were the distinguishing differences between the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews? The related questions to this passage are: 1) How unfamiliar were the Hellenistic Jews to ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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Is this pleonasm: "according to the power of his might"? (Ephesians 1:19 YLT)

I'm translating Ephesians 1:19, and at the very end there's a phrase that seems like pleonasm. 19 καὶ τί τὸ ὑπερβάλλον μέγεθος τῆς δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ εἰς ἡμᾶς τοὺς πιστεύοντας κατὰ τὴν ἐνέργειαν τοῦ ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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Does ἐν αὐτῷ in Ephesians 1:9 refer to Father or Son?

I'm translating Ephesians 1:9 and having a bit of trouble with the phrase ἐν αὐτῷ. I don't know whether the pronoun refers to God the Father or Christ the Son. To compound my confusion, the YLT ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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What are some arguments for and against translating τοῖς ἁγίοις as "the saints"? How does it get translated in recent times? (Ephesians 1:1)

Here is Ephesians 1:1 (in Greek) and my translation. 1:1 Παῦλος ἀπόστολος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ διὰ θελήματος θεοῦ τοῖς ἁγίοις τοῖς οὖσιν [ἐν Ἐφέσῳ] καὶ πιστοῖς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ,1 Paul, an apostle ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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Two words for love in John 21:15–17

I haven't found a way to search to see if questions on specific Biblical passages have already been asked. I'm trying to find out if anyone has dealt with Jesus' possible Hebrew/Aramaic words in the ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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Why does the ethos of David's Psalms not reflect the Royal Law?

In Acts 13:22 David is said to be a man who's heart accords with God's own heart: Berean Literal Bible And having removed him, He raised up David to them as king, to whom also He said, having ...
Ruminator's user avatar
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4 answers
595 views

Is it "preaching" or "the thing preached" that is foolish in 1 Cor 1:21?

Is it preaching or the thing preached that is foolish and pleasing to God as a means to save those who believe in 1 Cor 1:21?
Simon Renfors's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
1k views

About resurrection and rapture: when we change?

I thought I understood this Bible fragment: 51Behold, I tell you a mystery. We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For ...
porton's user avatar
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Why does the NIV translate 2 Thessalonians 2:2 as "the day of the Lord"?

What is the meaning of “the day of Christ” as found in several New Testament passages? Using the KJV, it is specifically referenced in 1 Corinthians 1:8, 5:5, 2 Corinthians 1:14 and 2 Thessalonians 2:...
Tyrone E Wilson's user avatar
2 votes
10 answers
12k views

In Romans 6:16 why does Paul say that obedience leads to righteousness, when righteousness is God's freely given gift?

Romans 6:16 (ESV) says: Do you not know that if you present yourselves to anyone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, ...
Colin Noble's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
237 views

If a person cannot work, is he condemned?

If a person has an illness, lives in fear or pain and cannot work, or doesn't have the strength to work, does 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12 condemn that individual?
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3 answers
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What does the koine word διακρίνω translated as "doubt" actually mean? [closed]

The word διακριθητε (basic singular form διακρίνω) is found in Matt 21:21. Also in other declensions in Mark 11:23, Act 10:20, 11:12, Rom 14:23, Jam 1:6, Jude 1:9, 1:22. I find it very difficult to ...
Cynthia's user avatar
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4 votes
9 answers
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In Luke 3:16, what does:"not worthy to untie the straps of his sandals" mean?

Luke 3:16 (ESV) John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the ...
Constantthin's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
169 views

Why did no New Testament books mention AD70? [closed]

My full question is; which of the New Testament books were written after AD70? Assuming there are several, why did none of them mention the 'earth-shattering' events of AD70? The destruction of the ...
Christian Gedge's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
762 views

How to make sense of ζωὴν αἰώνιον? (John 3:36)

I was reading the following verse, from John, and I came across the phrase ζωὴν αἰώνιον. This phrase looks odd to me, since ζωὴν is feminine, and at first glance, αἰώνιον would seem to be masculine or ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
126 views

Why is this future verb translated as a perfect? (John 2:17)

In both the Douay-Rheims and its source, the Vulgate, the word καταφάγεταί (future tense) is translated as a verb in the perfect tense. And his disciples remembered, that it was written: The zeal of ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
334 views

Why is there a period here in John 1:3?

I was reading John 1:3-4 and was surprised to see the placement of a particular period. 3 πάντα δι’ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο, καὶ χωρὶς αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο οὐδὲ ἕν. ὃ γέγονεν 4 ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἦν, καὶ ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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10 votes
5 answers
555 views

Is John 1:2 redundant?

Question If we look at the text of John 1:1-2, the second verse might seem a bit redundant. 1 Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. 2 οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν θεόν. ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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1 vote
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Is there a reason the New Testament sometimes says "Christ Jesus" and other times says "Jesus Christ"? [duplicate]

Paul's letters, in particular, seem to switch back and forth between the two. Is there linguistic significance to this? Or is it just a stylistic or translational choice with no greater meaning?
Stephen Collings's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
263 views

Which words are used for God in the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament? [closed]

Basically my question is the NT counterpart of this question: The name of God in ancient manuscripts My question: Which words are used for God in the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament?
vonjd's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
57k views

In Acts 15:20 why does James prohibit the gentiles to eat strangled animals?

I don't see anything in the Torah that says an animal must be slaughtered before eating it instead of strangled to death. Acts 15:20 (KJV) But that we write unto them, that they abstain from ...
brewpixels's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
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Why did the magi seek a king?

In Matthew 2:1-3 (NET), the author states: After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem 2 and asked, “Where is the one who has been ...
James Shewey's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
26k views

Marriage to a non-believer allowed in 1 Corinthians 7:12?

there is a very interesting situation I would like to clarify about being Christian and getting married to a non-believer, in 2 Corinthians 6:14-16 it reads: 14 Do not be unequally yoked together ...
JCO9's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
597 views

Does the New Testament ever condone violence? [closed]

There are several passages in the New Testament like Matthew 5:38-39: You have heard that it was said, "Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth." But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone ...
Mark Rogers's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is the sect of 'the Way' in Acts 24:14 the same as the sect of 'the Nazarenes' in Acts 24:5?

In Acts 24:14, Paul said that the Jews identifies 'the Way' as a sect. 14 But this I confess to you, that according to the Way, which they call a sect, I worship the God of our fathers, believing ...
R. Brown's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
113 views

Is Paul's sister in Acts 23:16 his biological sister? [duplicate]

Now the son of Paul’s sister heard of their ambush, so he went and entered the barracks and told Paul. Acts 23:16 (ESV) Is Paul's sister in Acts 23:16 his biological sister? If so,then, the ...
R. Brown's user avatar
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5 votes
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Are nous and pneuma synonymous?

1 Corinthians 2:16 Westcott and Hort 1881 τίς γὰρ ἔγνω νοῦν Κυρίου, ὃς συνβιβάσει αὐτόν; ἡμεῖς δὲ νοῦν Χριστοῦ ἔχομεν. Romans 11:34 Westcott and Hort 1881 Τίς γὰρ ἔγνω νοῦν ...
R. Brown's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
681 views

Acts 15:5 - Could Christians remain Pharisees? [closed]

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of Moses....
למה זה תשאל לשמי's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
321 views

Where was Jesus when he said "He who believes in me believes not in me..."

In John 12 Jesus is talking with a crowd and then he disappears. Then the narrator provides an explanation for why "the Jews" could not believe in Jesus. However after it ends, Jesus is ...
Dan S.'s user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
3k views

Is there a time gap between the book of Zechariah and the Gospel of Matthew?

I believe that there is a time gap (I'm referring to a time gap between the events related in those books, not between the time of writing of the books themselves) between the last books of the Old ...
S -'s user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
644 views

Is Jesus denying an earthly birth in Matt 11:11?

Matthew 11:11 (KJV) Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is ...
brewpixels's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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What does the Greek word ἀπαύγασμα Hebrews 1:3 means [duplicate]

What does the Greek word ἀπαύγασμα (apaugasma) means in Hebrews 1:3? The said Greek word was translated differently in English Versions.Some has "radiance" while others have "reflection." Which ...
R. Brown's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
198 views

Were New Testament Books Written to be Historical Documents?

Question Did New Testament Authors, (such as Luke), employ extant "copying" techniques used by Scribes to ensure that content would be preserved, and that copies could be authenticated? For Example: ...
elika kohen's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
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The triad of Peter, James, and John

This is somewhat related to another question I've asked. A common tradition of early Christian literature is that Jesus had a core group of twelve disciples (Mark 3.14-19; Matthew 10.1-4; Luke 6.13-...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
335 views

Any attestation of "century" as a meaning of "aion" around the time of Christ?

A professor (of Mathematics) from Greece told me the word αἰών means "century." Of course we know its derivatives (such as αἰώνιος) have a range of meaning in the New Testament and the Septuagint ...
RedRover's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
221 views

Does the New Testament claim to be Scripture?

What evidence do we have that Paul, or other NT writers thought that their own writings were the Word of God on par with the Old Testament? 2 Tim. 3:16 - All scripture is given by inspiration of ...
Nocies's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
5k views

Whose home was unroofed by the paralytic's friends?

In Mark 2:1, we have A few days later, when Jesus again entered Capernaum, the people heard that he had come home. (NIV) Was he in his own home? If so, how does this change the interpretation ...
Paul Dean's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
296 views

In Revelation: could Jerusalem NOT be a City?

I was talking with somebody who believes that "Jerusalem" in Revelation doesn't really mean a City, but a person. One of the arguments was this: In Revelation 21:9 says: 9 One of the seven angels ...
User's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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What is the Aramaic phrase that is translated "Truly I say to you" or "Amen lego humin" in the gospels?

I am interested in trying to find out what Jesus would have said in Aramaic. The particular phrase "Truly I say to you" or "Truly truly ..." in John's gospel, sounds to me like it might have been a ...
Nicthevic's user avatar