Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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4
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1answer
182 views

If a person cannot work, is he condemned?

If a person has an illness, lives in fear or pain and cannot work, or doesn't have the strength to work, does 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12 condemn that individual?
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What does the koine word διακρίνω translated as “doubt” actually mean? [closed]

The word διακριθητε (basic singular form διακρίνω) is found in Matt 21:21. Also in other declensions in Mark 11:23, Act 10:20, 11:12, Rom 14:23, Jam 1:6, Jude 1:9, 1:22. I find it very difficult to ...
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2answers
166 views

Why is there a period here in John 1:3?

I was reading John 1:3-4 and was surprised to see the placement of a particular period. 3 πάντα δι’ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο, καὶ χωρὶς αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο οὐδὲ ἕν. ὃ γέγονεν 4 ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἦν, καὶ ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ...
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0answers
105 views

Why did no New Testament books mention AD70? [closed]

My full question is; which of the New Testament books were written after AD70? Assuming there are several, why did none of them mention the 'earth-shattering' events of AD70? The destruction of the ...
3
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1answer
297 views

How to make sense of ζωὴν αἰώνιον? (John 3:36)

I was reading the following verse, from John, and I came across the phrase ζωὴν αἰώνιον. This phrase looks odd to me, since ζωὴν is feminine, and at first glance, αἰώνιον would seem to be masculine or ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Why is this future verb translated as a perfect? (John 2:17)

In both the Douay-Rheims and its source, the Vulgate, the word καταφάγεταί (future tense) is translated as a verb in the perfect tense. And his disciples remembered, that it was written: The zeal of ...
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2answers
458 views

How are the 3 types of OT quotes in the NT distributed?

In the New Testament, there are 3 types of Old Testament quotes: from the Hebrew, from the Septuagint (Greek), and "spontaneous" (ie, not directly from either). My question is, can anyone kindly ...
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2answers
251 views

Where was Jesus when he said “He who believes in me believes not in me…”

In John 12 Jesus is talking with a crowd and then he disappears. Then the narrator provides an explanation for why "the Jews" could not believe in Jesus. However after it ends, Jesus is ...
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Is there a reason the New Testament sometimes says “Christ Jesus” and other times says “Jesus Christ”? [duplicate]

Paul's letters, in particular, seem to switch back and forth between the two. Is there linguistic significance to this? Or is it just a stylistic or translational choice with no greater meaning?
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1answer
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Which words are used for God in the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament? [closed]

Basically my question is the NT counterpart of this question: The name of God in ancient manuscripts My question: Which words are used for God in the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament?
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1answer
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What is Jesus saying in Mark 14:42?

Here is the passage, for context: And again He came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy; and they did not know what to answer Him. And He came the third time, and said to them, “...
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1answer
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What is a “reinked” manuscript?

So, I'm checking a variant in the CNTTS critical apparatus and look up some info on a couple manuscripts that support a reading. According to CNTTS the manuscript is "a reinked manuscript of the ...
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2answers
301 views

Are there any Biblical scholars/textual critics who think the Gospels originally are in Greek?

Are there any Biblical Scholars/Textual critics who believe that the 4 Gospels were originally written in Greek? I'm talking about the originals, the first ever copies not the manuscripts that we ...
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0answers
468 views

Does the New Testament ever condone violence? [closed]

There are several passages in the New Testament like Matthew 5:38-39: You have heard that it was said, "Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth." But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone ...
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0answers
99 views

Is Paul's sister in Acts 23:16 his biological sister? [duplicate]

Now the son of Paul’s sister heard of their ambush, so he went and entered the barracks and told Paul. Acts 23:16 (ESV) Is Paul's sister in Acts 23:16 his biological sister? If so,then, the ...
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2answers
616 views

Are nous and pneuma synonymous?

1 Corinthians 2:16 Westcott and Hort 1881 τίς γὰρ ἔγνω νοῦν Κυρίου, ὃς συνβιβάσει αὐτόν; ἡμεῖς δὲ νοῦν Χριστοῦ ἔχομεν. Romans 11:34 Westcott and Hort 1881 Τίς γὰρ ἔγνω νοῦν ...
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2answers
984 views

What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions?Is it “only” or “only-begotten”?

What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions? What are the rendering of μονογενής into Ancient Versions of the *NT passages? Hebrew Arabic: Ethiopic: Syriac (Aramaic): ...
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1answer
386 views

Acts 15:5 - Could Christians remain Pharisees? [closed]

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of Moses....
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What is meant in the NT by the “laying on of hands”?

Paul mentions in his letters to Timothy a couple times about the laying on of hands: once in 1 Timothy 5:22 and again in 2 Timothy 1:6. Hebrews 6:1-2 seems to list it as one of the elementary ...
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1answer
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Is there a time gap between the book of Zechariah and the Gospel of Matthew?

I believe that there is a time gap (I'm referring to a time gap between the events related in those books, not between the time of writing of the books themselves) between the last books of the Old ...
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1answer
986 views

“A believers' virginity” or “a believer's daughter's virginity” in 1 Corinthians 7:36-38?

I heard somewhere that in 1 Corinthians 7:36-38 But if any man think that he behaveth himself uncomely toward his virgin, if she pass the flower of [her] age, and need so require, let him do ...
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Is Jesus denying an earthly birth in Matt 11:11?

Matthew 11:11 (KJV) Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is ...
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1answer
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Are there any medieval commentators to mention the Lukan census (of Quirinius, Lk 2:2) in conjunction with the evidence from Josephus?

Josephus, of course, places this census after Herod Archelaus' exile and the creation of Iudaea Province. So far, I've been able to find early discussion of Luke 2:2 in conjunction with Quirinius' ...
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1answer
289 views

Nestle-Aland equivalent critical apparatus for early New Testament translations

As an amateur textual critic, I've become very interested in the early translations of the New Testament, and I found this page listing a number of critical editions of NT translations. At least in ...
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5answers
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Eat my flesh and drink my blood [duplicate]

Jesus says in John 6 53 Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. 54 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks ...
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1answer
189 views

Does the New Testament claim to be Scripture?

What evidence do we have that Paul, or other NT writers thought that their own writings were the Word of God on par with the Old Testament? 2 Tim. 3:16 - All scripture is given by inspiration of ...
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1answer
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What does the Greek word ἀπαύγασμα Hebrews 1:3 means [duplicate]

What does the Greek word ἀπαύγασμα (apaugasma) means in Hebrews 1:3? The said Greek word was translated differently in English Versions.Some has "radiance" while others have "reflection." Which ...
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1answer
124 views

Were New Testament Books Written to be Historical Documents?

Question Did New Testament Authors, (such as Luke), employ extant "copying" techniques used by Scribes to ensure that content would be preserved, and that copies could be authenticated? For Example: ...
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2answers
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In Revelation: could Jerusalem NOT be a City?

I was talking with somebody who believes that "Jerusalem" in Revelation doesn't really mean a City, but a person. One of the arguments was this: In Revelation 21:9 says: 9 One of the seven angels ...
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1answer
736 views

What is the Aramaic phrase that is translated “Truly I say to you” or “Amen lego humin” in the gospels?

I am interested in trying to find out what Jesus would have said in Aramaic. The particular phrase "Truly I say to you" or "Truly truly ..." in John's gospel, sounds to me like it might have been a ...
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4answers
2k views

In Acts 2:17 Peter says 'in the last days' but Joel (who he was quoting) had said 'Afterwards'

Was Peter changing it on purpose? Did Joel mean something different to the literal sense of the word? If Peter did change it how can we be sure it is relevant to what was happening?
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What is an “early catholicism”? [closed]

My basic understanding of "early catholicism" is that it is a paradigm for understanding the development of parts of the New Testament, with some parts coming later as early expectations were unmet ...
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1answer
3k views

What position in society did the teachers of the law hold?

Matthew 23:27-28 (NIV): 27"Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of the ...
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4answers
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How many future resurrections are there in the New Testament?

How many resurrections that are still to take place are implied in the New Testament? Could what is described in Revelation 6:9-10 be considered as resurrection?: And when he had opened the fifth ...
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1answer
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What is the name of Jesus in the Peshitta text?

In Matthew 1:21 what is the name of Jesus in the Peshitta text? Is it the same as the name given in Luke 3:29, Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8 which is rendered as Joshua in English?
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“Jesus said to them ”I am" (John 18:6) - Did Jesus break a taboo here?

In the following verse, did Jesus in fact say the word, the name of God, that no Jew would dare to say aloud at that time? As soon then as he had said unto them, I am [he], they went backward, ...
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3answers
417 views

How does this KJV phrase change the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5?

How does the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5 change with the phrase "from such withdraw thyself" which is found only in the KJV and NKJV? 1 Timothy 6:3-5 (NKJV)Emphasis added 3 If anyone teaches ...
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What portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic?

I am wondering what portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic, and by whom. I am aware that Seventh Day Adventist and Nestorian scholars often assert ...
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Jesus and the cross [closed]

I read Dr. Samuelsson’s writings that "Jesus did not die on cross". And here is what Dr. Craig says about that: Similarly, Dr. Samuelsson’s contention is that the Greek terminology used in the New ...
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2answers
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What would Jesus' qualifications have been for a “worthy” person for the disciples to stay within the Matthew 10 narrative?

When Jesus sends the twelve out in Matthew 10, he gives them instructions for what to do when they enter a city that include finding "worthy" citizens there. Matthew 10:11-13 (NASB) 11  And ...
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2answers
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Are “Christ” and “Son of God” two things or one in John 20:31?

John 20:30-31 says the following: Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these have been written so that you may ...
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1answer
660 views

Does the LXX of Proverbs 1:7 have influence on the use of εὐσέβεια in the NT?

Is there any New Testament text wherin an influence of this LXX expanded translation is of interpretive importance in the NT (esp. with regard to εὐσέβεια)? Edit (question clarification): I find this ...
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24 views

What are the biblical metaphors for the local church? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What are the biblical metaphors for the local church? The Bible often uses metaphors or images to illustrate a point. What are the different metaphor the New Testament uses ...
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1answer
4k views

What is the difference between “righteous” and “just” in the NT? [closed]

I've basically always used these words synonymously. Can someone elaborate on whether there is a difference?
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1answer
226 views

1 Cor 7:21 Is there any justification to translate this “remain a slave”?

I'm an Englishman and so am used to seeing the verse from 1 Cor 7 translated something like this: 20 Each one should remain in the condition in which he was called. 21Were you a slave when called?...
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1answer
387 views

What is the “high estate” that the lowly brother has in James 1:9?

A question was raised in one of my answers asking this question. I thought it deserved its own treatment. So, here it is for your consideration: In James, we read: James 1:9 (ASV) But let the ...

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