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Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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6 votes
1 answer
145 views

What manuscript tradition do Mark 1:2 & Matthew 11:10 quote from for Malachi 3:1?

In Mark 1:2 we see a quote from Malachi that reads: Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, Who will prepare Your way [before You.] Ἰδού, [ἐγὼ] ἀποστέλλω τὸν ἄγγελόν μου πρὸ προσώπου σου ὃς ...
4 votes
5 answers
4k views

How many future resurrections are there in the New Testament?

How many resurrections that are still to take place are implied in the New Testament? Could what is described in Revelation 6:9-10 be considered as resurrection?: And when he had opened the fifth ...
4 votes
2 answers
218 views

How does the indicative mood affect the meaning of 2 Pet. 1:10–11?

Preface I would like to preface this by saying that this can be a sensitive passage, and I do not want anyone to touch on where it be for or against certain theological inclinations (such as eternal/...
6 votes
2 answers
3k views

What does the image of burning up the chaff in Matthew 3:12 convey?

[Matthew 3:11-12] I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but after me is coming He who is mightier than I, of whom I am not worthy to carry the sandals. He will baptize you with the Holy ...
9 votes
6 answers
4k views

What is the punishment of eternal fire according to Matt. 18:8, Matt. 25:41, and Jude 7?

There are only three occurrences of the term "eternal fire" in the New Testament. These are Matthew 18:8, Matthew 25:41, and Jude 7. Matthew 18:8 If your hand or your foot causes you to sin,...
2 votes
2 answers
232 views

From where does it come from, that the head and feet considered an enemy?

In the book of Genesis, it is said that he will crush your head and you will strike his heel and the creator will put enmity between her seed and his seed. Are the head and feet meant for an enemy in ...
1 vote
2 answers
108 views

Is John 6:27 a command or casual advice?

John 6:27 Do not labor for the food that perishes, but for the food that endures unto eternal life… If this is a command, what can be said of modern Christianity? If this is just advice, why did the ...
20 votes
6 answers
14k views

Does the New Testament quote extrabiblical writers?

I am aware that the New Testament often quotes from the Hebrew Bible. However, I'm interested to learn whether or not it ever quotes - or alludes to - non-Hebrew / extrabiblical literature?
4 votes
1 answer
237 views

Is there any statistical research on how many scholars believe certain New Testament books are fraudulent?

In an article on the Authorship of the Petrine epistles in Wikipedia a comment is made: The great majority of scholars agree that Peter has not written this letter. For example, textual critic Daniel ...
-3 votes
2 answers
93 views

Is Greek "e basileia" in the NT Pater Noster to be interpreted as Princess?

The logic behind this reasoning is the following: the Pater Noster is a paraphrase of Proverbs 3:19 which can be translated as following "God through (female) Sophia has stated the Earth and ...
5 votes
4 answers
6k views

What did John mean in Mathew 3:10 the axe is laid on to the root of trees?

Mathew 3:10 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. What was John referring to as the ...
2 votes
6 answers
198 views

Are children of God born or created? Surely it can't be both

Why does Bible says a child of God is born of God “who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.” ‭‭John‬ ‭1‬:‭13‬ ‭ “Of his own will he brought us ...
7 votes
8 answers
2k views

Was John in the Spirit on the "Day of the Lord" or "Sunday" in Revelation 1:10?

I have a translation of the New Testament in my hands, in which Revelation 1:10 is rendered as "I was in the Spirit on Sunday". When I looked up the same verse in some other translations, I saw "I was ...
1 vote
1 answer
304 views

What does μὴ ἐγκακεῖν mean in Luke 18:1?

What does μὴ ἐγκακεῖν mean in Luke 18:1? (Greek text from NA27) Note ἐγκακέω is the preposition ἔν combined with the verb κακέω. In BDAG “ἐγκακέω is defined as 1. become weary, tired w. ptc. foll. … ...
2 votes
4 answers
596 views

Did God forcefully make the Pharisees to not believe in Jesus? [closed]

Jesus accuses the Pharisees that if they believed Moses, they wold have believed him as Moses wrote about him in John 5:46-47 46For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote about Me. ...
3 votes
3 answers
809 views

Why did Satan allow Jesus to be killed? [closed]

1 Corinthians 2:8 says: the wisdom which none of the rulers of this age has understood; for if they had understood it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory Mark 8:31-33 says: He then ...
12 votes
19 answers
6k views

What is Babylon refering to in the New Testament?

In the New Testament the city of Babylon is mentioned a few times. Notably in the book of Revelation: 6Then I saw another angel flying in midair, and he had the eternal gospel to proclaim to ...
4 votes
2 answers
6k views

Was the official (βασιλικὸς) in John 4:46 Roman or Jewish?

Was the official (βασιλικὸς) in John 4:46 Roman or Jewish? So he came again to Cana in Galilee, where he had made the water wine. And at Capernaum there was an official whose son was ill. (Jn 4:46,...
1 vote
5 answers
525 views

Mark 10:29-30 contradiction

29 Jesus said, “I tell you the truth, there is no one who has left home or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or fields for my sake and for the sake of the gospel 30 who will not ...
2 votes
4 answers
2k views

Does 1 Peter 4:8 mean that some sins are covered over?

Three days ago I was reading 1 Peter 4:8 and I was confused by this verse does it mean that some sins are covered or automatically forgiven? I would greatly appreciate an answer. And above all things ...
6 votes
3 answers
328 views

How should we understand λαμβάνω in John 5:34?

How should we understand λαμβάνω in John 5:34? ἐγὼ δὲ οὐ παρὰ ἀνθρώπου τὴν μαρτυρίαν λαμβάνω, ἀλλὰ ταῦτα λέγω ἵνα ὑμεῖς σωθῆτε. (John 5:34, NA27) While many more literal translations translate ...
2 votes
8 answers
15k views

Can someone explain Matthew 19:11-12 on eunuchs?

Three days ago I was reading Matthew 19:11-12 and it confused me as what the verse is talking about, can someone please explain to me what the verse means and it's context? But he said unto them, All ...
2 votes
3 answers
338 views

Is it Revelation 20:12 "the dead" is referring to verse 5 or something else?

I wonder what Revelation 20:12-14 is talking about in terms of "the dead". It seems they are different groups, but share a common label. In ch20, how does "the dead" compare ...
3 votes
3 answers
667 views

What prophecy does Mark 14:49 point to?

Mark 14:49: Every day I was with you, teaching in the temple courts, and you did not arrest me. But the Scriptures must be fulfilled. I understand this as "although I was everyday in the temple,...
2 votes
4 answers
7k views

In Luke 16:21 why were the dogs mentioned?

who desired to be fed with what fell from the rich man’s table. Moreover, even the dogs came and licked his sores. (Luke 16:21, ESV) Some see the dogs as further insult to Lazarus. Some see the dogs ...
1 vote
1 answer
192 views

What are the Hebrew/OT/Aramaic equivalents of the words ἀπιστία (unbelief) or ἄπιστος (unbelieving), such as in Romans 4:20? [closed]

I am struck that these words/concepts are used frequently in the New Testament by speakers (Jesus and Paul among others, including Romans 4:20), who would have been (presumably) speaking/thinking in ...
1 vote
1 answer
331 views

Does Acts 21:20–26 tell us that it is OK for a Christian Jew to continue to observe Jewish rituals?

Does Acts 21:20–26 tell us that it is OK for a Christian Jew to continue to observe Jewish rituals? Paul's letter to the Galatians tells us that Gentile Christians do not need to keep the Law of Moses ...
8 votes
7 answers
38k views

Does the New Testament use the divine name "Yahweh"?

"Yahweh" is a Hebrew word meaning "I am" and is the name by which God identified Himself in the Old Testament. What I am wondering is if (from a NT perspective) the name "Yahweh" has any significance, ...
2 votes
3 answers
154 views

James 1:11 "no sooner"

Says “for the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat”. Is this saying when Jesus returns these worldly things will burn away? More so, what is the meaning of “no sooner ”
4 votes
9 answers
28k views

In Luke 3:16, what does:"not worthy to untie the straps of his sandals" mean?

Luke 3:16 (ESV) John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the ...
6 votes
6 answers
5k views

Men having long hair is a sin?

Does not nature itself teach you that if a man wears his hair long it is a disgrace to him, whereas if a woman has long hair it is her glory, because long hair has been given her for a covering? (1 ...
6 votes
8 answers
6k views

What does "the life was the light of men" mean in John 1:4?

What does ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων mean in John 1:4? John 1:4 (KJV); In him was life; and the life was the light of men. The best I can come up with is the knowledge of Jesus' exemplary life ...
6 votes
3 answers
727 views

What is the best translation of the participles in the Great Commission, Matt. 28:19-20?

All the verbs in the Great Commission are participles except for μαθητεύσατε ("make disciples). For example, πορευθέντες (going) is often translated as an imperative although it is a participle. ...
2 votes
1 answer
128 views

Did John expect his readers to catch the mistakes Jews made relating to Jesus and his teachings?

The Jews said the Christ is to come from Bethlehem in John 7:42, not knowing that Jesus was born in Bethlehem. When they heard these words, some of the people said, “This really is the Prophet.” 41 ...
10 votes
5 answers
555 views

Is John 1:2 redundant?

Question If we look at the text of John 1:1-2, the second verse might seem a bit redundant. 1 Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. 2 οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν θεόν. ...
3 votes
3 answers
334 views

Why is there a period here in John 1:3?

I was reading John 1:3-4 and was surprised to see the placement of a particular period. 3 πάντα δι’ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο, καὶ χωρὶς αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο οὐδὲ ἕν. ὃ γέγονεν 4 ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἦν, καὶ ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ...
2 votes
2 answers
689 views

Why does the translation of the pronoun for light change within John 1?

The pronoun (αὐτὸ) in John 1:5 which refers to the light (φῶς) is translated as “it”. But in John 1:10 and thereafter, pronouns which refer to the light are translated as “he/him/his”. Why? This is ...
4 votes
3 answers
3k views

In John 11:2 why did John reference Mary anointing Jesus’ feet before this occurred in chapter 12?

In John 11:2 why did John reference Mary anointing Jesus’ feet before this occurred in chapter 12? It was Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother ...
2 votes
2 answers
245 views

Exegesis of Matthew 13:30; 40-42

[Matthew 13:30; 40-42] Allow both to grow together until the harvest; and at the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, “First gather up the weeds and bind them in bundles to burn them; but ...
9 votes
3 answers
4k views

What portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic?

I am wondering what portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic, and by whom. I am aware that Seventh Day Adventist and Nestorian scholars often assert ...
1 vote
1 answer
709 views

What are the unquenchable fire and worms that do not die in Mark 9:43-48? [duplicate]

[Mark 9:43-48] And if your hand should cause you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter into life crippled, than having two hands to go away into Gehenna, into the unquenchable fire. 45 ...
1 vote
1 answer
67 views

amēn vs. Verily/Truly

In the Greek text for Matthew 5:18, the word “amēn” is used at the beginning of the sentence. From my understanding, this was used to express that the following statement was true or held in high ...
3 votes
2 answers
198 views

Were New Testament Books Written to be Historical Documents?

Question Did New Testament Authors, (such as Luke), employ extant "copying" techniques used by Scribes to ensure that content would be preserved, and that copies could be authenticated? For Example: ...
2 votes
1 answer
97 views

(Proverbs 30:5)'s "word" about a revelatory message specific to contextual circumstances at a particular time to... Or God's Word as a whole

30:5 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex כָּל־אִמְרַ֣ת אֱלֹ֣והַּ צְרוּפָ֑ה מָגֵ֥ן ה֝֗וּא לַֽחֹסִ֥ים בֹּֽו׃ (Proverbs 30:5) New American Standard Bible 1995 5 Every word of God is tested; He is a ...
1 vote
7 answers
378 views

Matthew 9:2-8 Why was "This man is blaspheming" considered an evil thought without knowing Jesus' identity?

I've been meditating on this amazing story of Matthew 9:2-8 and have a question: Why was "This man is blaspheming" classified as an evil thought without the knowledge of Jesus' identity ...
4 votes
2 answers
77 views

Does John include Jesus’ interchange with Phillip (John 5:7) to emphasize another parallel with Moses (Num. 11:21-22)?

Does John include Jesus’ interchange with Phillip (John 5:7) to emphasize another parallel with Moses (Num. 11:21-22)? Lifting up his eyes, then, and seeing that a large crowd was coming toward him, ...
4 votes
1 answer
238 views

Is Jesus talking about two separate comings in Matthew 16:27 & 28? [duplicate]

[Matthew 16:27-28] For the Son of Man will come in the glory of His Father with His angels, and then He will reward each according to his works. 28 Assuredly, I say to you, there are some standing ...
11 votes
5 answers
19k views

What does the word "Sword" mean in Matthew 10:34?

Matthew 10:34 New International Version (NIV) 34 “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. How do we understand Jesus use of the ...
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Did Jesus curse his enemies?

Jesus' teaching to "love your enemies" is known to practically everyone. But in several cases the NT portrays him as expressing anger toward those who opposed him. He famously drove the ...
2 votes
2 answers
7k views

What position in society did the teachers of the law hold?

Matthew 23:27-28 (NIV): 27"Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of the ...