Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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5
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2answers
312 views

How many distinct persons are present in Malachi 3:1-5? Who are they? Can we link them prophetically to persons from the New Testament?

Malachi 3:1-5 (NRSV): See, I am sending my messenger to prepare the way before me, and the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple. The messenger of the covenant in whom you delight—...
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1answer
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Does the use of ἦν in John 1:10 mean the pre-incarnate Word was in the world from the beginning of creation?

Does the use of ἦν in John 1:10 mean the pre-incarnate Word was in the world from the beginning of creation? He was in the world (ἐν τῳ κοσμῳ ἠν [en tōi kosmōi ēn]). Imperfect tense of continuous ...
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1answer
40 views

Did many of the disciples change to Greek names like Paul in Acts 13:9 when they ministered to Gentiles?

Did many of the disciples change to Greek names like Paul in Acts 13:9 when they ministered to Gentiles? The number of Greek names among the disciples seems strange. They don't seem to have been ...
2
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2answers
117 views

To what extent has the New Testament been influenced by pagan Greek culture and philosophy? [closed]

I've recently encountered the belief the NT is a fundamentally Hellenistic collection of writings, with significant pagan Greek philosophical and cultural influences. To what extent is this true? Is ...
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1answer
26 views

In John 5:42 was Jesus' statement particularly offensive because it claimed they were not truthful when reciting the Shema?

In John 5:42 Jesus stated: ἀλλʼ ἔγνωκα ὑμᾶς ὅτι ⸉τὴν ἀγάπην τοῦ θεοῦ οὐκ ἔχετε⸊ ἐν ἑαυτοῖς (John 5:42, NA28) But I know that you do not have the love of God within you. (John 5:42, ESV) Why they ...
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24 views

Wars of the Jews Book 5 1:5-6 and Luke 14:25-33- are the parallels significant

I posted this question before, but as I noticed, the question looked very vague, so I will try to explain it better now. The question is about the parallels between the texts mentioned in the title. ...
3
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1answer
133 views

How does the indicative mood affect the meaning of 2 Pet. 1:10–11?

Preface I would like to preface this by saying that this can be a sensitive passage, and I do not want anyone to touch on where it be for or against certain theological inclinations (such as eternal/...
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2answers
665 views

Did the shepherds leave their flocks?

In Luke 2:15-16 15 When the angels had departed from them into heaven, the shepherds began saying to one another, “Let’s go straight to Bethlehem, then, and see this thing that has happened, which ...
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3answers
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Does the equivalent of bene ha elohim in Gen. 6:2,4; Job 2:1 ever refer to Believers in the NT?

Does the equivalent of bene ha elohim (בְנֵי־הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙) in Gen. 6:2,4; Job 2:1 ever refer to Believers in the NT? When we are born of the Spirit, do we become bene ha elohim, a new creation?
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Should τῷ πνεύματι αὐτοῦ in Mark 8:12 be translated as meaning “with his breath?”

Deeply sighing ἀναστενάξας involves one's breath. The word πνεῦμα has the meanings breath and wind, as well as spirit. Translating τῷ πνεύματι αὐτοῦ as "in his spirit" implies that Jesus ...
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2answers
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Was the sixth hour in John 4:6 noon or six p.m.?

Was the sixth hour in John 4:6 noon or six p.m.? This depends on if John used Jewish way for time or the Roman way. Answering this question also depends on which way Mark used for time: According to ...
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1answer
54 views

(Romans 8:38-39) Recipients are believers feeling guilty about sins Vs (Isaiah 59:1-3) Recipients are God's people who willingly sin

I'm trying compare and contrast Romans 8:38-39 to Isaiah 59:1-3 when it comes to what could separate us from God and/or Love of God. Please Correct me if my following evaluation/assessment is Wrong. ...
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1answer
74 views

Help translating one verse of hand-written Koine Greek (I believe)

I've added arrows to specify which is the line I'm interested in, but give you the context in case its necessary. I appreciate this help! Thank you. It comes from Manuscript 472 ("Miniscule 472&...
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1answer
38 views

Is the promise made through Moses the same promise Peter and John speak of?

Were Peter and John referencing the passage in Exodus19:5,6 with regards to a kingly/royal/kingdom of priests and a holy nation. “Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, ...
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2answers
283 views

What does gnashing of teeth mean in Luke 13:28

28There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. Luke 13:28 (KJV) Is the ...
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2answers
142 views

Is the translation 'the earth abideth for ever' accurate (Ecclesiastes 1:4)?

Ecclesiastes 1:4 : One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever. [KJV] A generation is going, and a generation is coming, and the earth to the age is ...
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4answers
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In Mark 5:41 and other NT passages, Why is Christ quoted in Aramaic?

Why does Christ or NT writers sometimes use Aramaic; Example Mark 5:41 Talitha Cumi And he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say ...
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1answer
90 views

In John 11:33 what does ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν mean in this context?

How you translate the verbs in ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν in 11:33 affects how you interpret the surrounding verses, especially when answering the question why did Jesus weep (11:35)....
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3answers
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Is there a connection between Hebrews 12:26 and Hebrews 9:28 and the second coming of Christ?

Hebrews 12:26 (DRB): 26Whose voice then moved the earth; but now he promiseth, saying: Yet once more: and I will move, not only the earth, but heaven also. Hebrews 9:28 (DRB): 28So also Christ ...
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1answer
199 views

Hebrews 9:28, what is the accurate translation of this phrase?

Hebrews 9:28, DRB: So also Christ was offered once to exhaust the sins of many; the second time he shall appear without sin to them that expect him unto salvation. The phrase he shall appear ...
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1answer
293 views

Is the Father sending the Son a statement unique to the Johannine corpus?

In John's Gospel and his letter, the statement that the Father sent the Son is made several times. Two examples: that all may honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the ...
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2answers
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Hebrews 2:18, was suffering necessary for Jesus to be able helping the tempted?

Hebrews 2:18 (DRB): For in that, wherein he himself hath suffered and been tempted, he is able to succour them also that are tempted. The question is so simple: Was suffering necessary for Jesus ...
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4answers
403 views

Hebrews 5:7, Did Jesus suffer death or not?

Hebrews 5:7 (DRB): Who in the days of his flesh, with a strong cry and tears, offering up prayers and supplications to him that was able to save him from death, was heard for his reverence. The ...
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0answers
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Could the use of strict pattern in Matt 12:33-37 show influence of Greek thought?

In Matthew 12:33-37 ("Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or else make the tree bad and its fruit bad ...") there are 3 precisely patterned pairs. The pattern in each case consists of 2 ...
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3answers
111 views

Is “idleness is the devil's workshop” a Bible verse? [closed]

If not, is there a verse that similarly encapsulates this notion?
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5answers
858 views

Romans 12:1, what is the accurate translation of (λογικὴν)?

Romans 12:1, what is the accurate translation of (λογικὴν)?: Spiritual. Reasonable. Logical. Intelligent. Romans 12:1 (GNT): Παρακαλῶ οὖν ὑμᾶς, ἀδελφοί, διὰ τῶν οἰκτιρμῶν τοῦ Θεοῦ, ...
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4answers
120 views

(Matthew 15:21-28 & Mark 7:24-30) Is Jesus Christ testing to see if the Syrophoenician Woman can overcome her inferiority complex due to the racism?

Usually, when I read about interpretations and/or sermons about the Syrophoenician Woman pleading with Jesus Christ to excorcise/healing of her demon-possessed daughter, it usually gives credit to ...
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50 views

(Psalm 17:14-15 / Matthew 10:37 & Luke 14:26) Is Psalm 17 author saying seeking God's righteousness should be higher priority than earthly children?

In Psalm 17:14-15, it seems as if the Psalm 17 author is saying that the wicked are more satisfied with their children, and leave all their possessions to their children, and suggests that it is wrong....
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1answer
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What does פִּיו mean in the modern Hebrew translation of διʼ αὐτοῦ in John 1:7?

What does פִּיו mean in the modern Hebrew translation of διʼ αὐτοῦ in John 1:7? The ha-Berit ha-ḥadashah translates ἵνα πάντες πιστεύσωσιν διʼ αὐτοῦ 1 as כְּדֵי שֶׁעַל–פִּיו יַאֲמִינוּ הַכֹּל . ...
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2answers
435 views

Mark 16:7 Did Peter lose his salvation upon his denial of Jesus thrice?

Is there reason to believe from the text that Peter was no longer included and numbered among the disciples (followers of Jesus, believers, those who would be saved, have eternal life) when the ...
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1answer
50 views

After Jesus death and resurrection are there any other incidents in the NT where Jesus/God makes promises of salvation to individuals?

Before his death and resurrection Jesus promises salvation to the thief on the cross (Luke 23:43). Are there any similar incidents after his resurrection? Extra question: why does Jesus promise the ...
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1answer
46 views

The word, וּמִבַּלְעָדָיו, in the Hebrew translation of χωρὶς in John 1:3

Hoping I can ask about a modern Hebrew translation. I'm trying to understand the Hebrew word וּמִבַּלְעָדָיו [from ha-Berit ha-ḥadashah. (2000). (John 1:3). Israel: The Bible Society in Israel. ...
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4answers
101 views

How can we best interpret Matthew 24:5 in the Greek?

Full disclosure, I know very little Greek or Hebrew (apart from Strong's Concordance, etc.), but am a bit of a Bible nerd. I've added superscript letters in order to keep the person(s) clear in the ...
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3answers
584 views

What does Scripture mean by the “doctrine of baptisms” in Hebrews 6:1-2?

What does Scripture mean by the "doctrine of baptisms" in Hebrews 6:1-2 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation ...
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1answer
36 views

What is the spiritual significance of the “early and latter rain” mentioned in James 5:7?

What is the spiritual significance of the "early and latter rain" mentioned in James 5:7 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the ...
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1answer
99 views

When John refers to what is 'not written', in his gospel account, does he mean, in part at least, the parables of Jesus?

And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and ...
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Definition of Matthew 8:22 and Luke 9:60. What does this verse mean? [duplicate]

What is the meaning of these scriptures? (Jesus's quotes): "Leave the dead to bury their own dead".
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1answer
49 views

In 2 Cor. 12:4 does ἄρρητα and οὐκ ἐξὸν refer to what was not permitted to say or was it what was impossible to put into words?

In 2 Cor. 12:4 does ἄρρητα and οὐκ ἐξὸν refer to what Paul was not permitted but capable of saying or was it what was impossible for Paul to put into words? Looking at the lexicons both meanings are ...
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1answer
79 views

How can Paul justify a following rock? 1 Cor 10:4

The Bereans were known for checking the Scriptures which would have been the OT (and possibly other writings outside of our OT) when it came to Paul’s claims If the Bereans were to check Paul in ...
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1answer
60 views

In Eph. 6:16 should τὰ βέλη be darts or arrows?

This is more of an English usage question than Greek, but even modern translations are split on this. In Eph. 6:16 should τὰ βέλη be darts or arrows? Development of weaponry (using modern English) ...
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6answers
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What is the “His glorious inheritance” mentioned in Ephesians 1:18?

What is the "His glorious inheritance" mentioned in Ephesians 1:18 having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches ...
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5answers
225 views

In which language was the name “Jesus” written and how was it pronounced in Matthew 1:1 first?

In which language was the name "Jesus" written and how was it pronounced in Matthew 1:1 first? This question is asked to find out if the claims of Nehemiah Gordon in his book The Naming of Jesus in ...
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4answers
175 views

How to reconcile “Carry one another’s burdens” in Galatians 6:1 and “carry his own load” in Galatians 6:5

I am trying to get the flow of what is written in Galatians 6:1–10: 1 Brothers, if someone is caught in a trespass, you who are spiritual should restore him with a spirit of gentleness. But watch ...
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3answers
661 views

In John 11:20 why did Mary remain at the house?

In John 11:20 why did Mary remain at the house? So when Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went and met him, but Mary remained seated in the house. (John 11:20, ESV) This is not typical of ...
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2answers
186 views

In John 11:2 why did John reference Mary anointing Jesus’ feet before this occurred in chapter 12?

In John 11:2 why did John reference Mary anointing Jesus’ feet before this occurred in chapter 12? It was Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother ...
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3answers
280 views

Who is the woman in Revelation 12:1? [duplicate]

Who is the woman in Revelation 12:1 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars: ? and ...
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2answers
144 views

What was Jesus’ πατρίδι (hometown/homeland) in John 4:44?

What was Jesus’ πατρίδι (hometown/homeland) in John 4:44? I had always assumed that this referred to Nazareth and Galilee, where Jesus grew up. However, Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg in The Jewish ...
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2answers
122 views

Matthew 4:16 - are the “region” and “shadow” of death different things?

"...and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up." Matthew 4:16b KJV Is this verse is talking about two separate but related things, or just one thing? As an example......
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2answers
139 views

Who is the “him that heareth” in Revelation 22:17?

Who is the "him that heareth" in Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take ...
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2answers
226 views

How should we understand λαμβάνω in John 5:34?

How should we understand λαμβάνω in John 5:34? ἐγὼ δὲ οὐ παρὰ ἀνθρώπου τὴν μαρτυρίαν λαμβάνω, ἀλλὰ ταῦτα λέγω ἵνα ὑμεῖς σωθῆτε. (John 5:34, NA27) While many more literal translations translate ...