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Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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What is Babylon refering to in the New Testament?

In the New Testament the city of Babylon is mentioned a few times. Notably in the book of Revelation: 6Then I saw another angel flying in midair, and he had the eternal gospel to proclaim to ...
Niclas Nilsson's user avatar
24 votes
6 answers
5k views

What arguments exist that would refute the theory concerning Aramaic primacy of the New Testament?

Many Nestorian and some Seventh Day Adventist scholars assert that the New Testament was originally written in Aramaic (such as Paul Younan and George Lamsa). What scholarly arguments exist that would ...
Dan's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
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Why is Hadēs translated as "hell"?

In Matt. 16:18 (KJV), it is written, And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. κἀγὼ δέ σοι λέγω ὅτι ...
Double U's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
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In John 1:14 what does ἐσκήνωσεν mean?

Καὶ ὁ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν,* καὶ ἐθεασάμεθα τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, δόξαν ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, πλήρης χάριτος καὶ ἀληθείας. (John 1:14, NA28) Usually commentators point out that ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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22 votes
11 answers
68k views

What did Jesus mean by "be perfect" in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect. ...
ByronArn's user avatar
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5 votes
8 answers
3k views

How do you reconcile world (κόσμος) in 1 John 2:15-17 with John 3:16-17?

How do you reconcile world (κόσμος) in 1 John 2:15-17 with John 3:16-17? κόσμος has obviously different meanings as used in the following two passages. For God so loved the world, that he gave ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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20 votes
10 answers
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How did Judas die? How can the stories in Matthew and Acts be reconciled?

In fact, there are multiple discrepancies between these two verses, what did really happen? Matthew 27:5-8 5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged ...
sergeidave's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions?Is it "only" or "only-begotten"?

What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions? What are the rendering of μονογενής into Ancient Versions of the *NT passages? Hebrew Arabic: Ethiopic: Syriac (Aramaic): ...
R. Brown's user avatar
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6 votes
10 answers
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Hebrews 5:7, Did Jesus suffer death or not?

Hebrews 5:7 (DRB): Who in the days of his flesh, with a strong cry and tears, offering up prayers and supplications to him that was able to save him from death, was heard for his reverence. The ...
salah's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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What does μή μου ἅπτου mean in John 20:17?

Much depends on how you translate the present middle imperative verb ἅπτου. Robertson's interpretation is "stop clinging" because "don't touch" would be aorist middle imperative. ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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11 votes
4 answers
2k views

What is the difference in meaning between the phrases «Χριστός Ἰησοῦς» (“Christ Jesus”) and «Ἰησοῦς Χριστός» (“Jesus Christ”)?

In the New Testament, sometimes the authors use «Χριστός Ἰησοῦς» (“Christ Jesus”), where «Χριστός» precedes «Ἰησοῦς»,1 yet other times they use «Ἰησοῦς Χριστός» (“Jesus Christ”).2 What is the ...
Der Übermensch's user avatar
11 votes
5 answers
19k views

What does the word "Sword" mean in Matthew 10:34?

Matthew 10:34 New International Version (NIV) 34 “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. How do we understand Jesus use of the ...
John Unsworth's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
4k views

What portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic?

I am wondering what portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic, and by whom. I am aware that Seventh Day Adventist and Nestorian scholars often assert ...
Dan's user avatar
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8 votes
7 answers
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Does the New Testament use the divine name "Yahweh"?

"Yahweh" is a Hebrew word meaning "I am" and is the name by which God identified Himself in the Old Testament. What I am wondering is if (from a NT perspective) the name "Yahweh" has any significance, ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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6 votes
8 answers
6k views

What does "the life was the light of men" mean in John 1:4?

What does ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων mean in John 1:4? John 1:4 (KJV); In him was life; and the life was the light of men. The best I can come up with is the knowledge of Jesus' exemplary life ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
7k views

Two words for love in John 21:15–17

I haven't found a way to search to see if questions on specific Biblical passages have already been asked. I'm trying to find out if anyone has dealt with Jesus' possible Hebrew/Aramaic words in the ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
975 views

Which Mary is which?

Inspired by this question: I thought a question directly focused on Mary-disambiguation would be helpful. There are lots of Mary's in the New Testament. Here's a sampling: In the end of the sabbath, ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

What did “the good wine” (τὸν καλὸν οἶνον) mean in John 2:10?

What did “the good wine” (τὸν καλὸν οἶνον) mean in John 2:10? and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why did the magi seek a king?

In Matthew 2:1-3 (NET), the author states: After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem 2 and asked, “Where is the one who has been ...
James Shewey's user avatar
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9 votes
6 answers
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What is the punishment of eternal fire according to Matt. 18:8, Matt. 25:41, and Jude 7?

There are only three occurrences of the term "eternal fire" in the New Testament. These are Matthew 18:8, Matthew 25:41, and Jude 7. Matthew 18:8 If your hand or your foot causes you to sin,...
Rajesh's user avatar
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8 votes
7 answers
1k views

Why is Psalm 22:16 not quoted in the New Testament?

For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. [Psalm 22:16 KJV] One of the biggest objections to this verse not being used to refer to ...
Zakb's user avatar
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7 votes
8 answers
2k views

Was John in the Spirit on the "Day of the Lord" or "Sunday" in Revelation 1:10?

I have a translation of the New Testament in my hands, in which Revelation 1:10 is rendered as "I was in the Spirit on Sunday". When I looked up the same verse in some other translations, I saw "I was ...
brilliant's user avatar
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6 votes
4 answers
1k views

What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε?

What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε (You worship what you do not know; ESV)? Why is the neuter relative pronoun used in both statements: ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε· ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
730 views

What is the best translation of the participles in the Great Commission, Matt. 28:19-20?

All the verbs in the Great Commission are participles except for μαθητεύσατε ("make disciples). For example, πορευθέντες (going) is often translated as an imperative although it is a participle. ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
407 views

Are there any ancient manuscripts of books without titles?

Supposedly the gospels originally circulated without titles, or possibly with different titles. I understand some of the reasons for thinking this, but something is troubling me, namely that ...
Ben W's user avatar
  • 233
5 votes
2 answers
555 views

How many distinct persons are present in Malachi 3:1-5? Who are they? Can we link them prophetically to persons from the New Testament?

Malachi 3:1-5 (NRSV): See, I am sending my messenger to prepare the way before me, and the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple. The messenger of the covenant in whom you delight—...
user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
2k views

Jesus and the cross [closed]

I read Dr. Samuelsson’s writings that "Jesus did not die on cross". And here is what Dr. Craig says about that: Similarly, Dr. Samuelsson’s contention is that the Greek terminology used in the New ...
Jeremiah G's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
242 views

How should πῶς οὗτος γράμματα οἶδεν μὴ μεμαθηκώς; (NA27) be translated in John 7:15?

How should πῶς οὗτος γράμματα οἶδεν μὴ μεμαθηκώς; (NA27) be translated in John 7:15? While a similar question was asked at Does John 7:15 mean Jesus was untaught?, the answers to that question did ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
290 views

Which verb/participle governs this phrase? (Ephesians 2:14-15)

The verses 2:14-15 in Ephesians are a little confusing when I attempt to translate them. For one thing, the ESV translation is disappointing, as it joins two phrases into one therefore losing the ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
7k views

What position in society did the teachers of the law hold?

Matthew 23:27-28 (NIV): 27"Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of the ...
John Unsworth's user avatar
21 votes
7 answers
33k views

Omission of 'fasting' in Mark 9:29

I would like to know why some versions feel it apt to omit the word "fasting" from Mark 9:29. Is this because it was not concurrent with the correct translation/ meaning of this verse? For example. ...
cm20g12's user avatar
  • 515
20 votes
6 answers
14k views

Does the New Testament quote extrabiblical writers?

I am aware that the New Testament often quotes from the Hebrew Bible. However, I'm interested to learn whether or not it ever quotes - or alludes to - non-Hebrew / extrabiblical literature?
Kramii's user avatar
  • 455
11 votes
1 answer
338 views

Are "Christ" and "Son of God" two things or one in John 20:31?

John 20:30-31 says the following: Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these have been written so that you may ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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10 votes
5 answers
555 views

Is John 1:2 redundant?

Question If we look at the text of John 1:1-2, the second verse might seem a bit redundant. 1 Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. 2 οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν θεόν. ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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8 votes
6 answers
1k views

Romans 9:5 Is this a scriptural evidence for Pauline Trinitarian Christology

I am asking this question because it seems to me that Romans 9:5 as per its translation will assert that Christ is indeed God, but the problem I am faced with now is the fact that there seems to be a ...
How why e's user avatar
  • 328
7 votes
5 answers
2k views

How possible is it that the Gospel of Luke and Acts were written for Paul’s defense?

The abrupt stop of the historic information in the book of Acts leads to the conclusion that the history stops because that was when Luke wrote Acts and his Gospel. Note where the history stops: ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
5k views

What is the difference between "righteous" and "just" in the NT? [closed]

I've basically always used these words synonymously. Can someone elaborate on whether there is a difference?
user avatar
7 votes
6 answers
5k views

What is the "His glorious inheritance" mentioned in Ephesians 1:18?

What is the "His glorious inheritance" mentioned in Ephesians 1:18 having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches ...
Siju George's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
581 views

What is the "high estate" that the lowly brother has in James 1:9?

A question was raised in one of my answers asking this question. I thought it deserved its own treatment. So, here it is for your consideration: In James, we read: James 1:9 (ASV) But let the ...
Richard's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

What's the difference between ἱεροῦ hieron & ναὸν naos?

What's the difference between ἱεροῦ hieron & ναὸν naos? 5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple (ἱεροῦ hieron, G2411) profane the sabbath, and are ...
Daniel Dahlberg's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
325 views

When John refers to what is 'not written', in his gospel account, does he mean, in part at least, the parables of Jesus?

And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and ...
StarcrossedBible's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

"A believers' virginity" or "a believer's daughter's virginity" in 1 Corinthians 7:36-38?

I heard somewhere that in 1 Corinthians 7:36-38 But if any man think that he behaveth himself uncomely toward his virgin, if she pass the flower of [her] age, and need so require, let him do ...
brilliant's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
293 views

Did many of the disciples change to Greek names like Paul in Acts 13:9 when they ministered to Gentiles?

Did many of the disciples change to Greek names like Paul in Acts 13:9 when they ministered to Gentiles? The number of Greek names among the disciples seems strange. They don't seem to have been ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
237 views

If a person cannot work, is he condemned?

If a person has an illness, lives in fear or pain and cannot work, or doesn't have the strength to work, does 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12 condemn that individual?
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
238 views

Is there any statistical research on how many scholars believe certain New Testament books are fraudulent?

In an article on the Authorship of the Petrine epistles in Wikipedia a comment is made: The great majority of scholars agree that Peter has not written this letter. For example, textual critic Daniel ...
Jess's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
1k views

"but" deliver us from evil

The Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6:9-13) says: Matthew 6:13 Lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil The two phrases "Lead us not into temptation" and "deliver us from evil" don't seem to be ...
T K's user avatar
  • 169
4 votes
1 answer
608 views

Is translating οὕτως in John 3:16 as "so much" valid?

Is translating οὕτως (the adverbial form of the word meaning "this") in John 3:16 as "so much" valid, or is this based on a misreading of the KJV? In the KJV, it is translated "so," ""For God so ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
937 views

Hebrews 9:28, what is the accurate translation of this phrase?

Hebrews 9:28, DRB: So also Christ was offered once to exhaust the sins of many; the second time he shall appear without sin to them that expect him unto salvation. The phrase he shall appear ...
salah's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Were the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews able to speak each other's language in Acts 6:1?

In Acts 6:1 what were the distinguishing differences between the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews? The related questions to this passage are: 1) How unfamiliar were the Hellenistic Jews to ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
18k views

I will raise you up at the last day

In many verses in John 6, Jesus says "I will raise them up at the last day". Does that mean to literally "revived" the ones who ate his body and drank his blood? Or what does it mean? Thanks!
User's user avatar
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