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Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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What arguments exist that would refute the theory concerning Aramaic primacy of the New Testament?

Many Nestorian and some Seventh Day Adventist scholars assert that the New Testament was originally written in Aramaic (such as Paul Younan and George Lamsa). What scholarly arguments exist that would ...
Dan's user avatar
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22 votes
11 answers
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What did Jesus mean by "be perfect" in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect. ...
ByronArn's user avatar
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21 votes
7 answers
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Omission of 'fasting' in Mark 9:29

I would like to know why some versions feel it apt to omit the word "fasting" from Mark 9:29. Is this because it was not concurrent with the correct translation/ meaning of this verse? For example. ...
cm20g12's user avatar
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20 votes
6 answers
14k views

Does the New Testament quote extrabiblical writers?

I am aware that the New Testament often quotes from the Hebrew Bible. However, I'm interested to learn whether or not it ever quotes - or alludes to - non-Hebrew / extrabiblical literature?
Kramii's user avatar
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20 votes
10 answers
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How did Judas die? How can the stories in Matthew and Acts be reconciled?

In fact, there are multiple discrepancies between these two verses, what did really happen? Matthew 27:5-8 5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged ...
sergeidave's user avatar
19 votes
9 answers
12k views

Why did Jesus say “we” in John 3:11?

Why did Jesus say “we” in John 3:11? Did Nicodemus understand what “we” meant? Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know, and bear witness to what we have seen, but you do not receive our ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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18 votes
3 answers
559 views

Why the Inconsistency of the name Mary in the NT?

Or rather, why is the mother of Jesus exclusively written μαριαμ, and the others inconsistently either μαρια or μαριαμ? I was originally prompted by a mini quest into the original meaning of the ...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
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12 votes
19 answers
6k views

What is Babylon refering to in the New Testament?

In the New Testament the city of Babylon is mentioned a few times. Notably in the book of Revelation: 6Then I saw another angel flying in midair, and he had the eternal gospel to proclaim to ...
Niclas Nilsson's user avatar
12 votes
6 answers
5k views

Matthew 24:1-2 No stone left upon another, prophecy failed?

In Matthew 24:1-2 Jesus makes a prophecy about the temple buildings being totally destroyed and that not a stone shall lay upon another; 1 And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his ...
Daniel Dahlberg's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
2k views

What is the difference in meaning between the phrases «Χριστός Ἰησοῦς» (“Christ Jesus”) and «Ἰησοῦς Χριστός» (“Jesus Christ”)?

In the New Testament, sometimes the authors use «Χριστός Ἰησοῦς» (“Christ Jesus”), where «Χριστός» precedes «Ἰησοῦς»,1 yet other times they use «Ἰησοῦς Χριστός» (“Jesus Christ”).2 What is the ...
Der Übermensch's user avatar
11 votes
5 answers
19k views

What does the word "Sword" mean in Matthew 10:34?

Matthew 10:34 New International Version (NIV) 34 “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. How do we understand Jesus use of the ...
John Unsworth's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
337 views

Are "Christ" and "Son of God" two things or one in John 20:31?

John 20:30-31 says the following: Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these have been written so that you may ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
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Why is Hadēs translated as "hell"?

In Matt. 16:18 (KJV), it is written, And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. κἀγὼ δέ σοι λέγω ὅτι ...
Double U's user avatar
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10 votes
5 answers
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Does Matthew 3:3 prove the divinity of Christ, and, if so, how? [closed]

I come from a Jehovah's Witness family and only recently became a Trinitarian. Three days ago, I was reading through the scriptures and came across Matthew 3:3 which reads: For this is he that was ...
cj564's user avatar
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10 votes
5 answers
549 views

Is John 1:2 redundant?

Question If we look at the text of John 1:1-2, the second verse might seem a bit redundant. 1 Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. 2 οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν θεόν. ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
580 views

How does this KJV phrase change the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5?

How does the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5 change with the phrase "from such withdraw thyself" which is found only in the KJV and NKJV? 1 Timothy 6:3-5 (NKJV)Emphasis added 3 If anyone teaches ...
David Boswell's user avatar
9 votes
4 answers
3k views

In Mark 5:41 and other NT passages, Why is Christ quoted in Aramaic?

Why does Christ or NT writers sometimes use Aramaic; Example Mark 5:41 Talitha Cumi And he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say ...
DocMartin's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
4k views

What portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic?

I am wondering what portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic, and by whom. I am aware that Seventh Day Adventist and Nestorian scholars often assert ...
Dan's user avatar
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9 votes
8 answers
33k views

What is the meaning of 1 Corinthians 14:22-25?

The description in verses 23-25 seems to contradict verse 22, how is prophecy a sign to believers and tongues a sign to unbelievers? 1 Corinthians 14:22-25 22 Thus tongues are a sign not for ...
ShaneBird's user avatar
  • 193
9 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why did the magi seek a king?

In Matthew 2:1-3 (NET), the author states: After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem 2 and asked, “Where is the one who has been ...
James Shewey's user avatar
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9 votes
6 answers
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What is the punishment of eternal fire according to Matt. 18:8, Matt. 25:41, and Jude 7?

There are only three occurrences of the term "eternal fire" in the New Testament. These are Matthew 18:8, Matthew 25:41, and Jude 7. Matthew 18:8 If your hand or your foot causes you to sin,...
Rajesh's user avatar
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8 votes
7 answers
37k views

Does the New Testament use the divine name "Yahweh"?

"Yahweh" is a Hebrew word meaning "I am" and is the name by which God identified Himself in the Old Testament. What I am wondering is if (from a NT perspective) the name "Yahweh" has any significance, ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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8 votes
7 answers
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Romans 9:5 Is this a scriptural evidence for Pauline Trinitarian Christology

I am asking this question because it seems to me that Romans 9:5 as per its translation will assert that Christ is indeed God, but the problem I am faced with now is the fact that there seems to be a ...
How why e's user avatar
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8 votes
7 answers
1k views

Why is Psalm 22:16 not quoted in the New Testament?

For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. [Psalm 22:16 KJV] One of the biggest objections to this verse not being used to refer to ...
Zakb's user avatar
  • 107
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is meant in the NT by the "laying on of hands"?

Paul mentions in his letters to Timothy a couple times about the laying on of hands: once in 1 Timothy 5:22 and again in 2 Timothy 1:6. Hebrews 6:1-2 seems to list it as one of the elementary ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
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What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions?Is it "only" or "only-begotten"?

What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions? What are the rendering of μονογενής into Ancient Versions of the *NT passages? Hebrew Arabic: Ethiopic: Syriac (Aramaic): ...
R. Brown's user avatar
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8 votes
6 answers
773 views

Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
  • 9,693
8 votes
1 answer
250 views

1 Cor 7:21 Is there any justification to translate this "remain a slave"?

I'm an Englishman and so am used to seeing the verse from 1 Cor 7 translated something like this: 20 Each one should remain in the condition in which he was called. 21Were you a slave when called?...
Dave Alger's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
56k views

In Acts 15:20 why does James prohibit the gentiles to eat strangled animals?

I don't see anything in the Torah that says an animal must be slaughtered before eating it instead of strangled to death. Acts 15:20 (KJV) But that we write unto them, that they abstain from ...
brewpixels's user avatar
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7 votes
5 answers
2k views

How possible is it that the Gospel of Luke and Acts were written for Paul’s defense?

The abrupt stop of the historic information in the book of Acts leads to the conclusion that the history stops because that was when Luke wrote Acts and his Gospel. Note where the history stops: ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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7 votes
7 answers
1k views

How is the Sermon on the Mount, Matt. 5:17-20 in particular, consistent with grace?

The Sermon on the Mount stressed keeping the Law at an even higher level than the Pharisees, who were stricter about keeping the Law that most of the Jews. The Sermon on the Mount pushed keeping the ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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7 votes
4 answers
858 views

How to reconcile "Carry one another’s burdens" in Galatians 6:1 and "carry his own load" in Galatians 6:5

I am trying to get the flow of what is written in Galatians 6:1–10: 1 Brothers, if someone is caught in a trespass, you who are spiritual should restore him with a spirit of gentleness. But watch ...
Siju George's user avatar
7 votes
8 answers
2k views

Was John in the Spirit on the "Day of the Lord" or "Sunday" in Revelation 1:10?

I have a translation of the New Testament in my hands, in which Revelation 1:10 is rendered as "I was in the Spirit on Sunday". When I looked up the same verse in some other translations, I saw "I was ...
brilliant's user avatar
  • 5,050
7 votes
1 answer
169 views

What is a "reinked" manuscript?

So, I'm checking a variant in the CNTTS critical apparatus and look up some info on a couple manuscripts that support a reading. According to CNTTS the manuscript is "a reinked manuscript of the ...
parap's user avatar
  • 464
7 votes
6 answers
5k views

What is the "His glorious inheritance" mentioned in Ephesians 1:18?

What is the "His glorious inheritance" mentioned in Ephesians 1:18 having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches ...
Siju George's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
5k views

What is the difference between "righteous" and "just" in the NT? [closed]

I've basically always used these words synonymously. Can someone elaborate on whether there is a difference?
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
784 views

Does the LXX of Proverbs 1:7 have influence on the use of εὐσέβεια in the NT?

Is there any New Testament text wherin an influence of this LXX expanded translation is of interpretive importance in the NT (esp. with regard to εὐσέβεια)? Edit (question clarification): I find this ...
Qoheleth-Tech's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

In John 11:33 what does ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν mean in this context?

How you translate the verbs in ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν in 11:33 affects how you interpret the surrounding verses, especially when answering the question why did Jesus weep (11:35)....
Perry Webb's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
4k views

Why does Jesus use two different words for 'see' in John 16:16?

In John 16, Jesus speaks to the disciples about his death and resurrection, and makes a statement that particularly confuses them: Jesus went on to say, “In a little while you will see me no more, ...
Possibility's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
340 views

Nestle-Aland equivalent critical apparatus for early New Testament translations

As an amateur textual critic, I've become very interested in the early translations of the New Testament, and I found this page listing a number of critical editions of NT translations. At least in ...
malachi1990's user avatar
6 votes
10 answers
2k views

Hebrews 5:7, Did Jesus suffer death or not?

Hebrews 5:7 (DRB): Who in the days of his flesh, with a strong cry and tears, offering up prayers and supplications to him that was able to save him from death, was heard for his reverence. The ...
salah's user avatar
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6 votes
6 answers
5k views

Seal on forehead according to Revelation 9:4

What kind of seal or mark and what would it look like? Revelation 9:4 talks about a seal on the forehead. Revelation 9:4 "They were told not to harm the grass of the earth or any green plant ...
Lark murry's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

What's the difference between ἱεροῦ hieron & ναὸν naos?

What's the difference between ἱεροῦ hieron & ναὸν naos? 5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple (ἱεροῦ hieron, G2411) profane the sabbath, and are ...
Daniel Dahlberg's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
591 views

Why did Hebrews 9:4 claim Aharon's Staff was in the Ark- contradicting [Numbers 17:25 | 1 Kings 8:9 | 2 Chronicles 5:10]?

The NT author of Hebrews 9:4 recounts items in the Ark of the Covenant (while at the >> desert tabernacle). [Hebrews 9:4] "Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid ...
חִידָה's user avatar
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6 votes
6 answers
5k views

Men having long hair is a sin?

Does not nature itself teach you that if a man wears his hair long it is a disgrace to him, whereas if a woman has long hair it is her glory, because long hair has been given her for a covering? (1 ...
user42444's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
1k views

What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε?

What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε (You worship what you do not know; ESV)? Why is the neuter relative pronoun used in both statements: ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε· ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
5k views

Whose home was unroofed by the paralytic's friends?

In Mark 2:1, we have A few days later, when Jesus again entered Capernaum, the people heard that he had come home. (NIV) Was he in his own home? If so, how does this change the interpretation ...
Paul Dean's user avatar
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6 votes
8 answers
6k views

What does "the life was the light of men" mean in John 1:4?

What does ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων mean in John 1:4? John 1:4 (KJV); In him was life; and the life was the light of men. The best I can come up with is the knowledge of Jesus' exemplary life ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
1k views

What would Jesus' qualifications have been for a "worthy" person for the disciples to stay within the Matthew 10 narrative?

When Jesus sends the twelve out in Matthew 10, he gives them instructions for what to do when they enter a city that include finding "worthy" citizens there. Matthew 10:11-13 (NASB) 11  And ...
JLB's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
322 views

How should we understand λαμβάνω in John 5:34?

How should we understand λαμβάνω in John 5:34? ἐγὼ δὲ οὐ παρὰ ἀνθρώπου τὴν μαρτυρίαν λαμβάνω, ἀλλὰ ταῦτα λέγω ἵνα ὑμεῖς σωθῆτε. (John 5:34, NA27) While many more literal translations translate ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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