Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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What arguments exist that would refute the theory concerning Aramaic primacy of the New Testament?

Many Nestorian and some Seventh Day Adventist scholars assert that the New Testament was originally written in Aramaic (such as Paul Younan and George Lamsa). What scholarly arguments exist that would ...
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What did Jesus mean by "be perfect" in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect. ...
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7 answers
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Omission of 'fasting' in Mark 9:29

I would like to know why some versions feel it apt to omit the word "fasting" from Mark 9:29. Is this because it was not concurrent with the correct translation/ meaning of this verse? For example. ...
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10 answers
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How did Judas die? How can the stories in Matthew and Acts be reconciled?

In fact, there are multiple discrepancies between these two verses, what did really happen? Matthew 27:5-8 5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged ...
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17 votes
5 answers
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Does the New Testament quote extrabiblical writers?

I am aware that the New Testament often quotes from the Hebrew Bible. However, I'm interested to learn whether or not it ever quotes - or alludes to - non-Hebrew / extrabiblical literature?
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3 answers
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Why the Inconsistency of the name Mary in the NT?

Or rather, why is the mother of Jesus exclusively written μαριαμ, and the others inconsistently either μαρια or μαριαμ? I was originally prompted by a mini quest into the original meaning of the ...
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11 votes
17 answers
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What is Babylon refering to in the New Testament?

In the New Testament the city of Babylon is mentioned a few times. Notably in the book of Revelation: 6Then I saw another angel flying in midair, and he had the eternal gospel to proclaim to ...
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4 answers
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What is the difference in meaning between the phrases «Χριστός Ἰησοῦς» (“Christ Jesus”) and «Ἰησοῦς Χριστός» (“Jesus Christ”)?

In the New Testament, sometimes the authors use «Χριστός Ἰησοῦς» (“Christ Jesus”), where «Χριστός» precedes «Ἰησοῦς»,1 yet other times they use «Ἰησοῦς Χριστός» (“Jesus Christ”).2 What is the ...
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11 votes
4 answers
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What does the word "Sword" mean in Matthew 10:34?

Matthew 10:34 New International Version (NIV) 34 “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. How do we understand Jesus use of the ...
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11 votes
2 answers
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Are "Christ" and "Son of God" two things or one in John 20:31?

John 20:30-31 says the following: Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these have been written so that you may ...
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Why is Hadēs translated as "hell"?

In Matt. 16:18 (KJV), it is written, And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. κἀγὼ δέ σοι λέγω ὅτι ...
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Does Matthew 3:3 prove the divinity of Christ, and, if so, how? [closed]

I come from a Jehovah's Witness family and only recently became a Trinitarian. Three days ago, I was reading through the scriptures and came across Matthew 3:3 which reads: For this is he that was ...
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How does this KJV phrase change the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5?

How does the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5 change with the phrase "from such withdraw thyself" which is found only in the KJV and NKJV? 1 Timothy 6:3-5 (NKJV)Emphasis added 3 If anyone teaches ...
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Why did Jesus say “we” in John 3:11?

Why did Jesus say “we” in John 3:11? Did Nicodemus understand what “we” meant? Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know, and bear witness to what we have seen, but you do not receive our ...
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2 answers
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What portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic?

I am wondering what portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic, and by whom. I am aware that Seventh Day Adventist and Nestorian scholars often assert ...
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What is the meaning of 1 Corinthians 14:22-25?

The description in verses 23-25 seems to contradict verse 22, how is prophecy a sign to believers and tongues a sign to unbelievers? 1 Corinthians 14:22-25 22 Thus tongues are a sign not for ...
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Is John 1:2 redundant?

Question If we look at the text of John 1:1-2, the second verse might seem a bit redundant. 1 Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. 2 οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν θεόν. ...
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3 answers
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Matthew 24:1-2 No stone left upon another, prophecy failed?

In Matthew 24:1-2 Jesus makes a prophecy about the temple buildings being totally destroyed and that not a stone shall lay upon another; 1 And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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What is meant in the NT by the "laying on of hands"?

Paul mentions in his letters to Timothy a couple times about the laying on of hands: once in 1 Timothy 5:22 and again in 2 Timothy 1:6. Hebrews 6:1-2 seems to list it as one of the elementary ...
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8 votes
6 answers
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Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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8 votes
3 answers
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Why did the magi seek a king?

In Matthew 2:1-3 (NET), the author states: After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem 2 and asked, “Where is the one who has been ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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1 Cor 7:21 Is there any justification to translate this "remain a slave"?

I'm an Englishman and so am used to seeing the verse from 1 Cor 7 translated something like this: 20 Each one should remain in the condition in which he was called. 21Were you a slave when called?...
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4 answers
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In Mark 5:41 and other NT passages, Why is Christ quoted in Aramaic?

Why does Christ or NT writers sometimes use Aramaic; Example Mark 5:41 Talitha Cumi And he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say ...
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7 votes
7 answers
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Does the New Testament use the divine name "Yahweh"?

"Yahweh" is a Hebrew word meaning "I am" and is the name by which God identified Himself in the Old Testament. What I am wondering is if (from a NT perspective) the name "Yahweh" has any significance, ...
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7 votes
7 answers
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How is the Sermon on the Mount, Matt. 5:17-20 in particular, consistent with grace?

The Sermon on the Mount stressed keeping the Law at an even higher level than the Pharisees, who were stricter about keeping the Law that most of the Jews. The Sermon on the Mount pushed keeping the ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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In the New Testament, why is Jesus called Jesus, but Joshua is still called Joshua?

I know that Jesus is the transliteration of the Greek word for Joshua. Totally get that. Here's the question -- in Acts (and other places), another person named Joshua is mentioned, but he is ...
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7 votes
3 answers
454 views

Why is Psalm 22:16 not quoted in the New Testament?

For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. [Psalm 22:16 KJV] One of the biggest objections to this verse not being used to refer to ...
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1 answer
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What is a "reinked" manuscript?

So, I'm checking a variant in the CNTTS critical apparatus and look up some info on a couple manuscripts that support a reading. According to CNTTS the manuscript is "a reinked manuscript of the ...
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7 votes
6 answers
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What is the "His glorious inheritance" mentioned in Ephesians 1:18?

What is the "His glorious inheritance" mentioned in Ephesians 1:18 having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions?Is it "only" or "only-begotten"?

What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions? What are the rendering of μονογενής into Ancient Versions of the *NT passages? Hebrew Arabic: Ethiopic: Syriac (Aramaic): ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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What is the difference between "righteous" and "just" in the NT? [closed]

I've basically always used these words synonymously. Can someone elaborate on whether there is a difference?
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7 votes
1 answer
721 views

Does the LXX of Proverbs 1:7 have influence on the use of εὐσέβεια in the NT?

Is there any New Testament text wherin an influence of this LXX expanded translation is of interpretive importance in the NT (esp. with regard to εὐσέβεια)? Edit (question clarification): I find this ...
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7 votes
6 answers
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What is the punishment of eternal fire according to Matt. 18:8, Matt. 25:41, and Jude 7?

There are only three occurrences of the term "eternal fire" in the New Testament. These are Matthew 18:8, Matthew 25:41, and Jude 7. Matthew 18:8 If your hand or your foot causes you to sin,...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Nestle-Aland equivalent critical apparatus for early New Testament translations

As an amateur textual critic, I've become very interested in the early translations of the New Testament, and I found this page listing a number of critical editions of NT translations. At least in ...
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6 votes
9 answers
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Hebrews 5:7, Did Jesus suffer death or not?

Hebrews 5:7 (DRB): Who in the days of his flesh, with a strong cry and tears, offering up prayers and supplications to him that was able to save him from death, was heard for his reverence. The ...
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6 answers
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Is Jesus’ response to worship in John 9:38 only consistent with him being God?

ὁ δὲ ἔφη· πιστεύω, κύριε· καὶ προσεκύνησεν αὐτῷ.(John 9:38, NA27) He said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him. (John 9:38, ESV). The apostle Peter in Acts (10:26-27), similar incident with ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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In Acts 15:20 why does James prohibit the gentiles to eat strangled animals?

I don't see anything in the Torah that says an animal must be slaughtered before eating it instead of strangled to death. Acts 15:20 (KJV) But that we write unto them, that they abstain from ...
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6 votes
4 answers
391 views

How to reconcile "Carry one another’s burdens" in Galatians 6:1 and "carry his own load" in Galatians 6:5

I am trying to get the flow of what is written in Galatians 6:1–10: 1 Brothers, if someone is caught in a trespass, you who are spiritual should restore him with a spirit of gentleness. But watch ...
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6 votes
2 answers
461 views

What's the difference between ἱεροῦ hieron & ναὸν naos?

What's the difference between ἱεροῦ hieron & ναὸν naos? 5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple (ἱεροῦ hieron, G2411) profane the sabbath, and are ...
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6 votes
2 answers
255 views

Would it be correct to say that Bible's Philemon makes a case for abrogation/abolishing of slavery?( or is that a stretch?)

In United States Of America, slavery( and also racial segregation) was a painful part of history. Therefore, Would it be correct to say that Bible's Philemon makes a case for abrogation/abolishing of ...
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6 votes
4 answers
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Was John in the Spirit on the "Day of the Lord" or "Sunday" in Revelation 1:10?

I have a translation of the New Testament in my hands, in which Revelation 1:10 is rendered as "I was in the Spirit on Sunday". When I looked up the same verse in some other translations, I saw "I was ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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Why did Hebrews 9:4 claim Aharon's Staff was in the Ark- contradicting [Numbers 17:25 | 1 Kings 8:9 | 2 Chronicles 5:10]?

The NT author of Hebrews 9:4 recounts items in the Ark of the Covenant (while at the >> desert tabernacle). [Hebrews 9:4] "Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid ...
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6 votes
4 answers
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What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε?

What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε (You worship what you do not know; ESV)? Why is the neuter relative pronoun used in both statements: ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε· ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Whose home was unroofed by the paralytic's friends?

In Mark 2:1, we have A few days later, when Jesus again entered Capernaum, the people heard that he had come home. (NIV) Was he in his own home? If so, how does this change the interpretation ...
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2 answers
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What would Jesus' qualifications have been for a "worthy" person for the disciples to stay within the Matthew 10 narrative?

When Jesus sends the twelve out in Matthew 10, he gives them instructions for what to do when they enter a city that include finding "worthy" citizens there. Matthew 10:11-13 (NASB) 11  And ...
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5 answers
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How come in John 14:22-23 it seems like Jesus doesn't answer the question but talks about something else?

John 14:22-23 (ESV) says: Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “Lord, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?” Jesus answered him, “If anyone loves me, he will keep ...
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6 votes
1 answer
310 views

Is the Father sending the Son a statement unique to the Johannine corpus?

In John's Gospel and his letter, the statement that the Father sent the Son is made several times. Two examples: that all may honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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What did John mean by “second sign” (δεύτερον σημεῖον) in John 4:54?

What did John mean by “second sign” (δεύτερον σημεῖον) in John 4:54? This was now the second sign that Jesus did when he had come from Judea to Galilee. (John 4:54, ESV) Τοῦτο [δὲ] πάλιν δεύτερον ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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What is the basis of using "Away from", "Separated from" etc. to translate "apo" in 2 Thessalonians 1:9?

"Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from [apo] the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power" - 2 Thessalonians 1:9 KJV Most other uses of 'apo' in the ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why does Jesus use two different words for 'see' in John 16:16?

In John 16, Jesus speaks to the disciples about his death and resurrection, and makes a statement that particularly confuses them: Jesus went on to say, “In a little while you will see me no more, ...
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