Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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Dating the New Testament [closed]

Can any of the texts of the New Testament, other than Acts, 1 Thessalonians or 2 Peter (for which I already have evidence), be interpreted in such a way that they MUST have been written before the end ...
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Did many of the disciples change to Greek names like Paul in Acts 13:9 when they ministered to Gentiles?

Did many of the disciples change to Greek names like Paul in Acts 13:9 when they ministered to Gentiles? The number of Greek names among the disciples seems strange. They don't seem to have been ...
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To what extent has the New Testament been influenced by pagan Greek culture and philosophy? [closed]

I've recently encountered the belief the NT is a fundamentally Hellenistic collection of writings, with significant pagan Greek philosophical and cultural influences. To what extent is this true? Is ...
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Matthew 4:16 - are the “region” and “shadow” of death different things?

"...and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up." Matthew 4:16b KJV Is this verse is talking about two separate but related things, or just one thing? As an example......
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What does “the life was the light of men” mean in John 1:4?

What does ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων mean in John 1:4? John 1:4 (KJV); In him was life; and the life was the light of men. The best I can come up with is the knowledge of Jesus' exemplary life ...
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In John 5:42 was Jesus' statement particularly offensive because it claimed they were not truthful when reciting the Shema?

In John 5:42 Jesus stated: ἀλλʼ ἔγνωκα ὑμᾶς ὅτι ⸉τὴν ἀγάπην τοῦ θεοῦ οὐκ ἔχετε⸊ ἐν ἑαυτοῖς (John 5:42, NA28) But I know that you do not have the love of God within you. (John 5:42, ESV) Why they ...
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How does Acts 15:21 link to Acts 15:20?

Acts 15:19-21 (NIV) “It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God. Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food ...
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In Luke 3:16, what does:“not worthy to untie the straps of his sandals” mean?

Luke 3:16 (ESV) John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the ...
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Why did the magi seek a king?

In Matthew 2:1-3 (NET), the author states: After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem 2 and asked, “Where is the one who has been ...
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Wars of the Jews Book 5 1:5-6 and Luke 14:25-33- are the parallels significant

I posted this question before, but as I noticed, the question looked very vague, so I will try to explain it better now. The question is about the parallels between the texts mentioned in the title. ...
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Did the shepherds leave their flocks?

In Luke 2:15-16 15 When the angels had departed from them into heaven, the shepherds began saying to one another, “Let’s go straight to Bethlehem, then, and see this thing that has happened, which ...
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Date of appearance of the New Testament in Syriac (Peshitta)

I was reading a book [pdf] that defends the translation Reina-Valera 1960 and the Textus Receptus (its base text for the New Testament). One argument says that the version Peshitta used as base text ...
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How does the indicative mood affect the meaning of 2 Pet. 1:10–11?

Preface I would like to preface this by saying that this can be a sensitive passage, and I do not want anyone to touch on where it be for or against certain theological inclinations (such as eternal/...
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Then who will save a woman those who are not bearing child?

God demands holiness, faith and love, and self-control from all mankind. I don't understand in what point Apostle Paul have said this Yet she will be saved through childbearing-if they continue in ...
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Should τῷ πνεύματι αὐτοῦ in Mark 8:12 be translated as meaning “with his breath?”

Deeply sighing ἀναστενάξας involves one's breath. The word πνεῦμα has the meanings breath and wind, as well as spirit. Translating τῷ πνεύματι αὐτοῦ as "in his spirit" implies that Jesus ...
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Who are the dogs in Philippians 3:2 and Revelation 22:15?

Deuteronomy 23:18 says Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the LORD thy God. (...
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Was the sixth hour in John 4:6 noon or six p.m.?

Was the sixth hour in John 4:6 noon or six p.m.? This depends on if John used Jewish way for time or the Roman way. Answering this question also depends on which way Mark used for time: According to ...
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What does the word “Sword” mean in Matthew 10:34?

Matthew 10:34 New International Version (NIV) 34 “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. How do we understand Jesus use of the ...
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Does the equivalent of bene ha elohim in Gen. 6:2,4; Job 2:1 ever refer to Believers in the NT?

Does the equivalent of bene ha elohim (בְנֵי־הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙) in Gen. 6:2,4; Job 2:1 ever refer to Believers in the NT? When we are born of the Spirit, do we become bene ha elohim, a new creation?
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Where is Cana of Galilee in John 2:1?

On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.  Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016)....
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How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema?

How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema? Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, to ...
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Why the Inconsistency of the name Mary in the NT?

Or rather, why is the mother of Jesus exclusively written μαριαμ, and the others inconsistently either μαρια or μαριαμ? I was originally prompted by a mini quest into the original meaning of the ...
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Is Jesus claiming to be God with his statement in Luke 21:33?

Is Jesus claiming to be God with his statement in Luke 21:33? What Jesus said in Luke 21:33 sounds like claiming to be God: Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will never pass away. (...
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Why does Jesus use two different words for 'see' in John 16:16?

In John 16, Jesus speaks to the disciples about his death and resurrection, and makes a statement that particularly confuses them: Jesus went on to say, “In a little while you will see me no more, ...
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(Romans 8:38-39) Recipients are believers feeling guilty about sins Vs (Isaiah 59:1-3) Recipients are God's people who willingly sin

I'm trying compare and contrast Romans 8:38-39 to Isaiah 59:1-3 when it comes to what could separate us from God and/or Love of God. Please Correct me if my following evaluation/assessment is Wrong. ...
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Did Jesus add to the words of Moses from Deuteronomy 6:5?

I'm not sure if this is to do with Hebrew being translated to Greek, but when looking at "The greatest commandment" Deuteronomy 6:5 says: "And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, ...
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What are the “fruits of your righteousness” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10?

What are the fruits of your righteousness mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase ...
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Help translating one verse of hand-written Koine Greek (I believe)

I've added arrows to specify which is the line I'm interested in, but give you the context in case its necessary. I appreciate this help! Thank you. It comes from Manuscript 472 ("Miniscule 472&...
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The triad of Peter, James, and John

This is somewhat related to another question I've asked. A common tradition of early Christian literature is that Jesus had a core group of twelve disciples (Mark 3.14-19; Matthew 10.1-4; Luke 6.13-...
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851 views

When did Jesus enter Jerusalem? Passover or Sukkot?

According to gospel of john and gospel of mark, Jesus entered Jerusalem a week before Passover. But the crowds were shouting "Hosanna" and waving with leafy palm tree leaves while jesus rode on the ...
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Is the translation 'the earth abideth for ever' accurate (Ecclesiastes 1:4)?

Ecclesiastes 1:4 : One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever. [KJV] A generation is going, and a generation is coming, and the earth to the age is ...
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What is the difference in meaning between the phrases «Χριστός Ἰησοῦς» (“Christ Jesus”) and «Ἰησοῦς Χριστός» (“Jesus Christ”)?

In the New Testament, sometimes the authors use «Χριστός Ἰησοῦς» (“Christ Jesus”), where «Χριστός» precedes «Ἰησοῦς»,1 yet other times they use «Ἰησοῦς Χριστός» (“Jesus Christ”).2 What is the ...
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In the New Testament, why is Jesus called Jesus, but Joshua is still called Joshua?

I know that Jesus is the transliteration of the Greek word for Joshua. Totally get that. Here's the question -- in Acts (and other places), another person named Joshua is mentioned, but he is ...
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Is the promise made through Moses the same promise Peter and John speak of?

Were Peter and John referencing the passage in Exodus19:5,6 with regards to a kingly/royal/kingdom of priests and a holy nation. “Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, ...
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What does gnashing of teeth mean in Luke 13:28

28There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. Luke 13:28 (KJV) Is the ...
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Hebrews 5:7, Did Jesus suffer death or not?

Hebrews 5:7 (DRB): Who in the days of his flesh, with a strong cry and tears, offering up prayers and supplications to him that was able to save him from death, was heard for his reverence. The ...
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Were the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews able to speak each other's language in Acts 6:1?

In Acts 6:1 what were the distinguishing differences between the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews? The related questions to this passage are: 1) How unfamiliar were the Hellenistic Jews to ...
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In Mark 5:41 and other NT passages, Why is Christ quoted in Aramaic?

Why does Christ or NT writers sometimes use Aramaic; Example Mark 5:41 Talitha Cumi And he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say ...
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What does πάντα (all things) mean in John 13:3?

What does πάντα (all things) mean in John 13:3? εἰδὼς ὅτι πάντα ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ ὁ πατὴρ εἰς τὰς χεῖρας (NA27) knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands (John 13:3 ESV) While the full ...
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I will raise you up at the last day

In many verses in John 6, Jesus says "I will raise them up at the last day". Does that mean to literally "revived" the ones who ate his body and drank his blood? Or what does it mean? Thanks!
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What arguments exist that would refute the theory concerning Aramaic primacy of the New Testament?

Many Nestorian and some Seventh Day Adventist scholars assert that the New Testament was originally written in Aramaic (such as Paul Younan and George Lamsa). What scholarly arguments exist that would ...
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What did Jesus mean by “be perfect” in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect. ...
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In Eph. 6:16 should τὰ βέλη be darts or arrows?

This is more of an English usage question than Greek, but even modern translations are split on this. In Eph. 6:16 should τὰ βέλη be darts or arrows? Development of weaponry (using modern English) ...
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Mark 16:7 Did Peter lose his salvation upon his denial of Jesus thrice?

Is there reason to believe from the text that Peter was no longer included and numbered among the disciples (followers of Jesus, believers, those who would be saved, have eternal life) when the ...
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What do the words “For the letter killeth” mean in 2 Corinthians 3:6

2 Corinthians 3:6 (KJ21) "who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament — not of the letter, but of the Spirit; for the letter killeth, but the Spirit giveth life." Is Paul referring ...
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Marriage to a non-believer allowed in 1 Corinthians 7:12?

there is a very interesting situation I would like to clarify about being Christian and getting married to a non-believer, in 2 Corinthians 6:14-16 it reads: 14 Do not be unequally yoked together ...
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In John 11:33 what does ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν mean in this context?

How you translate the verbs in ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν in 11:33 affects how you interpret the surrounding verses, especially when answering the question why did Jesus weep (11:35)....
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Is there a connection between Hebrews 12:26 and Hebrews 9:28 and the second coming of Christ?

Hebrews 12:26 (DRB): 26Whose voice then moved the earth; but now he promiseth, saying: Yet once more: and I will move, not only the earth, but heaven also. Hebrews 9:28 (DRB): 28So also Christ ...
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Hebrews 9:28, what is the accurate translation of this phrase?

Hebrews 9:28, DRB: So also Christ was offered once to exhaust the sins of many; the second time he shall appear without sin to them that expect him unto salvation. The phrase he shall appear ...
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Does the New Testament use the divine name “Yahweh”?

"Yahweh" is a Hebrew word meaning "I am" and is the name by which God identified Himself in the Old Testament. What I am wondering is if (from a NT perspective) the name "Yahweh" has any significance, ...