Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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What does the Bible say about how today's clergy should be compensated? [closed]

I am studying the New Testament in an effort to truly understand what Christ's true church ought to look like. I figure that the most Christ-like church is a carbon copy of the original church. Mark ...
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What is the basis of using "Away from", "Separated from" etc. to translate "apo" in 2 Thessalonians 1:9?

"Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from [apo] the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power" - 2 Thessalonians 1:9 KJV Most other uses of 'apo' in the ...
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What are the unquenchable fire and worms that do not die in Mark 9:43-48? [duplicate]

[Mark 9:43-48] And if your hand should cause you to stumble, cut it off; it is better for you to enter into life crippled, than having two hands to go away into Gehenna, into the unquenchable fire. 45 ...
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What is the punishment of eternal fire according to Matt. 18:8, Matt. 25:41, and Jude 7?

There are only three occurrences of the term "eternal fire" in the New Testament. These are Matthew 18:8, Matthew 25:41, and Jude 7. Matthew 18:8 If your hand or your foot causes you to sin,...
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Would it be correct to say that Bible's Philemon makes a case for abrogation/abolishing of slavery?( or is that a stretch?)

In United States Of America, slavery( and also racial segregation) was a painful part of history. Therefore, Would it be correct to say that Bible's Philemon makes a case for abrogation/abolishing of ...
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Meaning of "food" and "drink" in Colossians 2:16

After Paul discusses Jesus abolishing the handwriting of requirements that were against us, he writes in Colossians 2:16-17 (NKJV, emphasis mine): So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or ...
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Does Luke 6:37 mean we cannot judge?

Does Luke 6:37 mean that we can't judge? The Bible states throughout the scriptures that we can judge but in a righteous way, so does the book of Luke condemn the act of judgement? Luke 6:37 - New ...
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Reconciling Deuteronomy 32:5-9 with 2 Peter 2:1

We seem to have another theme of being "bought" in Deuteronomy 32 as opposed to being bought by the blood of Jesus. I am aware of the other question on this site for 2 Peter 2:1, yet this ...
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Why is the End of the Bible so metaphorical? [closed]

First of all, I believe in the whole Bible, that it is the infallible Word of God. But I also need to understand, at least from the Hermeneutical point of view. Jesus came, 2000 years ago. And His ...
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When does the new testament reference the ark of the covenant or old testament stories that mention it? [closed]

A large amount of the old testament focuses on the Ark and stories involving it. crossing the desert crossing the Jordan the conquest of the holy land the philistine capture of the ark and the ...
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Does Jesus condemn the death penalty in Matthew 5:38-39? If not, what did he mean?

In Matthew 5:38-39 Jesus says: Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy ...
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Matthew 9:2-8 Why was "This man is blaspheming" considered an evil thought without knowing Jesus' identity?

I've been meditating on this amazing story of Matthew 9:2-8 and have a question: Why was "This man is blaspheming" classified as an evil thought without the knowledge of Jesus' identity ...
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In the context of how Jesus is interpreted as the Israel in the OT, how does that bridge covenants? [closed]

Many of the OT scriptures that applied to Israel are applied to Christ in the NT, so that Jesus is the very essence of Israel in a spiritual context. Even the servant psalms in Isaiah, such as Isaiah ...
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Does Matthew 3:3 prove the divinity of Christ, and, if so, how? [closed]

I come from a Jehovah's Witness family and only recently became a Trinitarian. Three days ago, I was reading through the scriptures and came across Matthew 3:3 which reads: For this is he that was ...
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Does the "water" in 2 Peter 3:5 refer to a material cause?

2 Peter 3:5 - "...and the earth was formed out of water and through water by the word of God" (ESV) Does this verse's text give us any ideas on how to properly interpret this? I have been ...
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Exodus's hardening heart of Pharaoh similar to Romans 1:24 & Romans 1:26's claim that God gave over women & men to their homosexual lustful sex acts

I suppose this is question to challenge the Calvinists/ Reform Baptists/Presbyterians who support the predestination doctrine. Romans 1:24 & Romans 1:26's claim that God gave over women & men ...
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What does Ephesians 6:10-11 mean?

Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might. Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. What does it mean when the ...
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What's the significance of using terms for yoked pertaining to marriage?

Matt. 19:6; Mark 10:9 -- ὁ θεὸς συνέζευξεν "what God has yoked together" 2 Cor. 6:14 - ἑτεροζυγοῦντες "unequally yoked" lit. "yoke to another of a different kind" These ...
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Can someone explain Matthew 19:11-12 on eunuchs?

Three days ago I was reading Matthew 19:11-12 and it confused me as what the verse is talking about, can someone please explain to me what the verse means and it's context? But he said unto them, All ...
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Does 2 Corithians 3 17 say Jesus is the Holy Spirit [duplicate]

Does this verse tell us that Jesus Christ is The Holy Spirit? 2 Corinthians 3 (KJV) 17 Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. What is THAT SPIRIT? Does ...
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Does 1 Peter 4:8 mean that some sins are covered over?

Three days ago I was reading 1 Peter 4:8 and I was confused by this verse does it mean that some sins are covered or automatically forgiven? I would greatly appreciate an answer. And above all things ...
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In Luke 16:21 why were the dogs mentioned?

who desired to be fed with what fell from the rich man’s table. Moreover, even the dogs came and licked his sores. (Luke 16:21, ESV) Some see the dogs as further insult to Lazarus. Some see the dogs ...
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Are there any variant texts missing the word "fire" from Matthew 3:11 and Luke 3:16?

Here are the two verses: Matthew 3:11 I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you ...
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Does John include Jesus’ interchange with Phillip (John 5:7) to emphasize another parallel with Moses (Num. 11:21-22)?

Does John include Jesus’ interchange with Phillip (John 5:7) to emphasize another parallel with Moses (Num. 11:21-22)? Lifting up his eyes, then, and seeing that a large crowd was coming toward him, ...
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Meaning and significance of the greek word "ἅπτομαι" (haptomai \ haptou) in John 20:17 [duplicate]

I have always been struck by the "oddness" and also variation in the translation of Jesus statement in John 20:17 to Mary magdeline after his resurrection. It is rendered in various english ...
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Why is λόγος accusative singular in John 19:8 and genitive plural in John 19:13?

Why is λόγος accusative singular in John 19:8 and genitive plural in John 19:13? In both cases λόγος is the object of the verb ἀκούω (hear). There seems to be three possibilities. In v8 Pilate ...
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From the account in John 18 did Peter just deny being a follower of Christ, or did he actually disown following Christ?

John gave more details that the other Gospels. To start with he told that Peter cut off the ear of the high priest's servant at the beginning of ch18. Since the high priest and apparently his ...
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In Luke 11:42–43 did Jesus have Micah 6:8 in mind?

See the matching with [A], [B], and [C]. “But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice [A] and the love of God [B]. These you ought to have done, without ...
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Did John expect his readers to catch the mistakes Jews made relating to Jesus and his teachings?

The Jews said the Christ is to come from Bethlehem in John 7:42, not knowing that Jesus was born in Bethlehem. When they heard these words, some of the people said, “This really is the Prophet.” 41 ...
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What’s the meaning of revelation 20:6 [duplicate]

The resurrection to heavenly life is called “the first resurrection.” (Revelation 20:6) This indicates that there will be another resurrection. It will be an earthly one. is that the meaning? I don’t ...
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5 votes
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What is the best translation of the participles in the Great Commission, Matt. 28:19-20?

All the verbs in the Great Commission are participles except for μαθητεύσατε ("make disciples). For example, πορευθέντες (going) is often translated as an imperative although it is a participle. ...
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Why did Hebrews 9:4 claim Aharon's Staff was in the Ark- contradicting [Numbers 17:25 | 1 Kings 8:9 | 2 Chronicles 5:10]?

The NT author of Hebrews 9:4 recounts items in the Ark of the Covenant (while at the >> desert tabernacle). [Hebrews 9:4] "Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid ...
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Why does the translation of the pronoun for light change within John 1?

The pronoun (αὐτὸ) in John 1:5 which refers to the light (φῶς) is translated as “it”. But in John 1:10 and thereafter, pronouns which refer to the light are translated as “he/him/his”. Why? This is ...
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How is the Sermon on the Mount, Matt. 5:17-20 in particular, consistent with grace?

The Sermon on the Mount stressed keeping the Law at an even higher level than the Pharisees, who were stricter about keeping the Law that most of the Jews. The Sermon on the Mount pushed keeping the ...
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What's the difference between ἱεροῦ hieron & ναὸν naos?

What's the difference between ἱεροῦ hieron & ναὸν naos? 5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple (ἱεροῦ hieron, G2411) profane the sabbath, and are ...
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8 votes
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Matthew 24:1-2 No stone left upon another, prophecy failed?

In Matthew 24:1-2 Jesus makes a prophecy about the temple buildings being totally destroyed and that not a stone shall lay upon another; 1 And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his ...
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1 vote
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What does Matthew 12:6 mean?

What does Matthew 12:6 mean? Is Jesus Christ referring to himself or 'something' else? I mean the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. Matt 12:6 - But I tell you that something greater than the temple is here.
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Who is Mary Magdalene in John 19:25 and John 20?

There are similar questions, but none ask exactly who Mary Magdalene is. John 19:25 lists three other women including Jesus' mother who aren't Many Magdalene: but standing by the cross of Jesus were ...
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Why is there a separation between Luke and Acts?

Even though there are still some discussions on that, Luke is widely recognized as the author of the book of Acts. Wikenhauser-Schmid (Einleitung, 376) list the following modern interpreters who ...
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2 votes
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Can *he* in Rev. 19:13 be identified as Christ without using "The Word of God" for the identification?

Can he in Rev. 19:13 be identified as Christ without using "The Word of God" (ὁ λόγος τοῦ θεοῦ) for the identification? He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is ...
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Where was Jesus before he went to Galilee in John 1:43?

Where was Jesus before he went to Galilee in John 1:43? The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. (John 1:43a, ESV) In 1:35, Jesus was near John the Baptist. In 1:37, the two disciples follow ...
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How did John the Baptist claim Jesus was the Lamb of God before being confirmed with the Holy Spirit descending on him

29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! 30He is the one I was talking about when I said, ‘A man is coming after me who is ...
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Why does Matthew 28:19 allege Jesus commanded men to "Worship with men's hands" (Acts 17:25) that makes two baptisms (Ephesians 4:5)? [closed]

Ephesians 4:5 says "One LORD, one faith, one baptism," John 1:33 says "...the same is He which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost." Psalm 18:30 says "As for God, His way is perfect:...
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3 votes
2 answers
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In John 3:16 why the shift to aorist and perfect tense verbs?

In John 3:16 starting with ἠγάπησεν (aorist), the verbs shift to tenses signifying past actions. Does this mean Jesus' discourse with Nicodemus stopped with 3:15, and 3:16 starts John's narrative? ...
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In Vulgate in Jacob 5:14, it says "Infirmatur quis *in vobis*?". How is that grammatical? Should not it use the partitive genitive "vestrum"?

In Vulgate in Jacob 5:14, it says "Infirmatur quis in vobis?". How is that grammatical? Should not it use the partitive genitive "vestrum" instead of "in vobis"? Or at ...
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2 votes
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In John 16:28 shouldn't πάλιν go with πορεύομαι πρὸς τὸν πατέρα meaning "I'm returning to the Father."

Note the more frequent use of πάλιν in the Septuagint (LXX) is to with translating the Hebrew verb meaning return. That is also a common meaning in the New Testament when used with a word meaning ...
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What is Paul's intent with "we do not wrestle against flesh and blood" in Eph. 6:12?

The previous question at Are the principalities and powers in Titus 3:1 the same as in Ephesians 6:12? is about the other part of the verse. Given the larger context in Eph. 5 & 6, dealing with ...
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Are there other O.T. commandments that experienced a similar "spiritual reinterpretation" as circumcision in the N.T.? [closed]

Circumcision in the O.T. was a commandment that was carried out in a physical fashion. Males had to undergo a literal, physical circumcision of their foreskin. However, in the New Testament the ...
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2 votes
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In John 1:14 what does ἐσκήνωσεν mean?

Καὶ ὁ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν,* καὶ ἐθεασάμεθα τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, δόξαν ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, πλήρης χάριτος καὶ ἀληθείας. (John 1:14, NA28) Usually commentators point out that ...
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In John 1:6 why is ἀπεσταλμένος perfect tense?

Ἐγένετο ἄνθρωπος, ἀπεσταλμένος παρὰ* ⸀θεοῦ, ⸆ ὄνομα αὐτῷ Ἰωάννης· (John 1:6, NA28) The perfect passive particle ἀπεσταλμένος is as if John the Baptist were still active in his ministry when John ...
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