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Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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Why the missing “Kai” in translations Colossians 1:29

Col 1:29  εις ο και κοπιω αγωνιζομενος κατα την ενεργειαν αυτου την ενεργουμενην εν εμοι εν δυναμει Is there any good reason why the 'kai' is ommitted in so many modern English translations? For ...
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Is Jesus claiming to be God with his statement in Luke 21:33?

Is Jesus claiming to be God with his statement in Luke 21:33? What Jesus said in Luke 21:33 sounds like claiming to be God: Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will never pass away. (...
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How does Acts 15:21 link to Acts 15:20?

Acts 15:19-21 (NIV) “It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God. Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food ...
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What is the “joy” that was set before Jesus mentioned in Hebrews 12:2 [duplicate]

Hebrews 12:2 looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the ...
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Colossians 1:6 - translating the present active participle παροντος as past tense

I noticed this morning the construction of Col 1:5-6 τω λογω της αληθειας του ευαγγελιου του παροντος εις υμας I am curious why all my English translations have some variant of 'which has come to ...
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How would one normally phrase “Our God and Savior Jesus Christ” in Koine Greek to refer to one person and two persons?

In Titus 2:13, Some say that the phrase “Our God and Savior Jesus Christ” refers to two persons and some say it refers to one. What would that phrase look like in Koine Greek if it refers to one ...
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Should μὴ πτοηθῆτε in Luke 21:9 be imperative instead of subjunctive?

ESV translates μὴ πτοηθῆτε "do not be terrified." HCSB "don't be alarmed" NASB95 "do not be terrified" ASV "be not terrified" NKJV "do not be terrified" Since accents and punctuation weren't in ...
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Why does Jesus use two different words for 'see' in John 16:16?

In John 16, Jesus speaks to the disciples about his death and resurrection, and makes a statement that particularly confuses them: Jesus went on to say, “In a little while you will see me no more, ...
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If Jesus retained Omniscience whilst incarnate why is He surprised by Nathaniel’s Response? [closed]

This is an curious passage to me, that seems at first to agree that Jesus retained His Omniscience because at first “Yeshua saw Natan’el coming toward him and remarked about him, “Here’s a true ...
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Are Christians who don't tithe “disobedient” and “robbing God”? Malachi 3:8 [closed]

Are Christians who don't tithe robbing God? Does malachi 3:8 really apply to believers or to jews under the law? Many pastors preach this as if a ten percent tithe of money is for the church today.
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How did they cook fish and bread over a charcoal fire in the first century (John 21:9)?

How did they cook fish and bread over a charcoal fire in the first century (John 21:9)? When they got out on land, they saw a charcoal fire in place, with fish laid out on it, and bread. (John 21:...
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How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema?

How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema? Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:16 does Paul's mention of the “cup of blessing” suggest that the meal was a seder?

1 Corinthians 10:16: KJV The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? MGNT ...
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Is Jesus’ response to worship in John 9:38 only consistent with him being God?

ὁ δὲ ἔφη· πιστεύω, κύριε· καὶ προσεκύνησεν αὐτῷ.(John 9:38, NA27) He said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him. (John 9:38, ESV). The apostle Peter in Acts (10:26-27), similar incident with ...
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How possible is it that the Gospel of Luke and Acts were written for Paul’s defense?

The abrupt stop of the historic information in the book of Acts leads to the conclusion that the history stops because that was when Luke wrote Acts and his Gospel. Note where the history stops: ...
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Is there historical evidence for the town of Nazareth existing prior to Jesus? [closed]

Is there historical evidence for the town of Nazareth prior to Jesus? Do we have maps or any other evidence such as inscriptions, emblems, etc?
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Why does Paul start with the subject matter of Ephesians 5:3-5 immediately after Ephesians 5:1-2?

Ephesians 5 starts with: Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children. 2 And walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. (v1-2, ESV) ...
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Is it significant that Paul's Introductory phrases for each of his letters different?

Why are Paul's Introductory phrases for each of his letters different? Is there a significant reason Or am I just making a big issue about nothing? Galatians 1 New American Standard Bible (NASB) ...
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Then who will save a woman those who are not bearing child?

God demands holiness, faith and love, and self-control from all mankind. I don't understand in what point Apostle Paul have said this Yet she will be saved through childbearing-if they continue in ...
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Is translating οὕτως in John 3:16 as “so much” valid?

Is translating οὕτως (the adverbial form of the word meaning "this") in John 3:16 as "so much" valid, or is this based on a misreading of the KJV? In the KJV, it is translated "so," ""For God so ...
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In the New Testament, why is Jesus called Jesus, but Joshua is still called Joshua?

I know that Jesus is the transliteration of the Greek word for Joshua. Totally get that. Here's the question -- in Acts (and other places), another person named Joshua is mentioned, but he is ...
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Who is the “we” (ἐσμέν) who are “of all people most to be pitied” in 1 Corinthians 15:19?

Who is the "we" in ἐσμέν in 1 Corinthians 15:19? ESV 1 Cor 15:19 If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. In particular, who are the ones pitied ...
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Does the Codex Sinaiticus contain the Hebrew Tetragrammaton or Greek LORD (KURIOS)?

The New King James Version uses the Tetragrammaton in the New Testament (written as +LORD [CAPS-smallcaps]) apparently it uses a Tetragrammaton source material, or it arbitrarily implies it while the ...
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Dating the New Testament

Can any of the texts of the New Testament, other than Acts, 1 Thessalonians or 2 Peter (for which I already have evidence), be interpreted in such a way that they MUST have been written before the end ...
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What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε?

What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε (You worship what you do not know; ESV)? Why is the neuter relative pronoun used in both statements: ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε· ...
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The faith of Abraham is uncertain…?

According to Paul's latter to Romans Abraham had no distrust in God's promise thought Sarah's womb was barreness. Rather his faith was grew stronger in the promise of God..... God was able to do what ...
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When did Jesus enter Jerusalem? Passover or Sukkot?

According to gospel of john and gospel of mark, Jesus entered Jerusalem a week before Passover. But the crowds were shouting "Hosanna" and waving with leafy palm tree leaves while jesus rode on the ...
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How did John the Baptist question whether he should baptize Jesus (Matt. 3:13-15), if he did not know before Jesus' baptism (John 1:31-34)?

How did John the Baptist know enough about Jesus to question whether he should baptize Jesus (Matt. 3:13-15)? 13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him. 14 John ...
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Why the Inconsistency of the name Mary in the NT?

Or rather, why is the mother of Jesus exclusively written μαριαμ, and the others inconsistently either μαρια or μαριαμ? I was originally prompted by a mini quest into the original meaning of the ...
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How do you reconcile world (κόσμος) in 1 John 2:15-17 with John 3:16-17?

How do you reconcile world (κόσμος) in 1 John 2:15-17 with John 3:16-17? κόσμος has obviously different meanings as used in the following two passages. For God so loved the world, that he gave ...
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Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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In John 1:15, why is μαρτυρεῖ present tense while ἦν in οὗτος ἦν ὃν εἶπον is imperfect?

In John 1:15, why is μαρτυρεῖ present tense while ἦν in οὗτος ἦν ὃν εἶπον is imperfect? The tenses seem backwards. The present tense on past events is common in the Gospel of John, "Historical (...
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What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (John 1:9) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (Gen 1:1)?

What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (e.g. John 1:9f) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (e.g. Genesis 1:1f)? אֶרֶץ - Earth goes from the ...
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What does “the life was the light of men” mean in John 1:4?

What does ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων mean in John 1:4?
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Where is Cana of Galilee in John 2:1?

On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.  Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016)....
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What's the overall meaning of Ephesians 3:21? Do I understand it accurately?

I'm having a bit of trouble understanding the Greek of Ephesians 3:21. 3:21 αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα ἐν τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ καὶ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ εἰς πάσας τὰς γενεὰς τοῦ αἰῶνος τῶν αἰώνων, ἀμήν. to Him [is] the ...
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Is the addition of “you” in Ephesians 3:13 really necessary?

It seems to be a tradition dating back to the Vulgate to translate the Greek infinitive ἐγκακεῖν with a second-person pronoun or a second-person verb. Examples include: "[you] not to faint" (YLT), "ye ...
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Which verb/participle governs this phrase? (Ephesians 2:14-15)

The verses 2:14-15 in Ephesians are a little confusing when I attempt to translate them. For one thing, the ESV translation is disappointing, as it joins two phrases into one therefore losing the ...
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Were the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews able to speak each other's language in Acts 6:1?

In Acts 6:1 what were the distinguishing differences between the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews? The related questions to this passage are: 1) How unfamiliar were the Hellenistic Jews to ...
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Is this pleonasm: “according to the power of his might”? (Ephesians 1:19 YLT)

I'm translating Ephesians 1:19, and at the very end there's a phrase that seems like pleonasm. 19 καὶ τί τὸ ὑπερβάλλον μέγεθος τῆς δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ εἰς ἡμᾶς τοὺς πιστεύοντας κατὰ τὴν ἐνέργειαν τοῦ ...
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Does ἐν αὐτῷ in Ephesians 1:9 refer to Father or Son?

I'm translating Ephesians 1:9 and having a bit of trouble with the phrase ἐν αὐτῷ. I don't know whether the pronoun refers to God the Father or Christ the Son. To compound my confusion, the YLT ...
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What are some arguments for and against translating τοῖς ἁγίοις as “the saints”? How does it get translated in recent times? (Ephesians 1:1)

Here is Ephesians 1:1 (in Greek) and my translation. 1:1 Παῦλος ἀπόστολος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ διὰ θελήματος θεοῦ τοῖς ἁγίοις τοῖς οὖσιν [ἐν Ἐφέσῳ] καὶ πιστοῖς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ,1 Paul, an apostle ...
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Two words for love in John 21:15–17

I haven't found a way to search to see if questions on specific Biblical passages have already been asked. I'm trying to find out if anyone has dealt with Jesus' possible Hebrew/Aramaic words in the ...
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Why does the ethos of David's Psalms not reflect the Royal Law?

In Acts 13:22 David is said to be a man who's heart accords with God's own heart: Berean Literal Bible And having removed him, He raised up David to them as king, to whom also He said, having ...
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Is it “preaching” or “the thing preached” that is foolish in 1 Cor 1:21?

Is it preaching or the thing preached that is foolish and pleasing to God as a means to save those who believe in 1 Cor 1:21?
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About resurrection and rapture: when we change?

I thought I understood this Bible fragment: 51Behold, I tell you a mystery. We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For ...
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Why does the NIV translate 2 Thessalonians 2:2 as “the day of the Lord”?

What is the meaning of “the day of Christ” as found in several New Testament passages? Using the KJV, it is specifically referenced in 1 Corinthians 1:8, 5:5, 2 Corinthians 1:14 and 2 Thessalonians 2:...
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In Romans 6:16 why does Paul say that obedience leads to righteousness, when righteousness is God's freely given gift?

Romans 6:16 (ESV) says: Do you not know that if you present yourselves to anyone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, ...
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If a person cannot work, is he condemned?

If a person has an illness, lives in fear or pain and cannot work, or doesn't have the strength to work, does 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12 condemn that individual?
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What does the koine word διακρίνω translated as “doubt” actually mean? [closed]

The word διακριθητε (basic singular form διακρίνω) is found in Matt 21:21. Also in other declensions in Mark 11:23, Act 10:20, 11:12, Rom 14:23, Jam 1:6, Jude 1:9, 1:22. I find it very difficult to ...