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Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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In 1 Corinthians 10:16 does Paul's mention of the “cup of blessing” suggest that the meal was a seder?

1 Corinthians 10:16: KJV The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? MGNT ...
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Is Jesus’ response to worship in John 9:38 only consistent with him being God?

ὁ δὲ ἔφη· πιστεύω, κύριε· καὶ προσεκύνησεν αὐτῷ.(John 9:38, NA27) He said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him. (John 9:38, ESV). The apostle Peter in Acts (10:26-27), similar incident with ...
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How possible is it that the Gospel of Luke and Acts were written for Paul’s defense?

The abrupt stop of the historic information in the book of Acts leads to the conclusion that the history stops because that was when Luke wrote Acts and his Gospel. Note where the history stops: ...
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Is there historical evidence for the town of Nazareth existing prior to Jesus? [closed]

Is there historical evidence for the town of Nazareth prior to Jesus? Do we have maps or any other evidence such as inscriptions, emblems, etc?
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Why does Paul start with the subject matter of Ephesians 5:3-5 immediately after Ephesians 5:1-2?

Ephesians 5 starts with: Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children. 2 And walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. (v1-2, ESV) ...
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Is it significant that Paul's Introductory phrases for each of his letters different?

Why are Paul's Introductory phrases for each of his letters different? Is there a significant reason Or am I just making a big issue about nothing? Galatians 1 New American Standard Bible (NASB) ...
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Then who will save a woman those who are not bearing child?

God demands holiness, faith and love, and self-control from all mankind. I don't understand in what point Apostle Paul have said this "Yet she will be saved through childbearing-if they continue in ...
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Is translating οὕτως in John 3:16 as “so much” valid?

Is translating οὕτως (the adverbial form of the word meaning "this") in John 3:16 as "so much" valid, or is this based on a misreading of the KJV? In the KJV, it is translated "so," ""For God so ...
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In the New Testament, why is Jesus called Jesus, but Joshua is still called Joshua?

I know that Jesus is the transliteration of the Greek word for Joshua. Totally get that. Here's the question -- in Acts (and other places), another person named Joshua is mentioned, but he is ...
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Who is the “we” (ἐσμέν) who are “of all people most to be pitied” in 1 Corinthians 15:19?

Who is the "we" in ἐσμέν in 1 Corinthians 15:19? ESV 1 Cor 15:19 If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. In particular, who are the ones pitied ...
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Does the Codex Sinaiticus contain the Hebrew Tetragrammaton or Greek LORD (KURIOS)?

The New King James Version uses the Tetragrammaton in the New Testament (written as +LORD [CAPS-smallcaps]) apparently it uses a Tetragrammaton source material, or it arbitrarily implies it while the ...
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Dating the New Testament

Can any of the texts of the New Testament, other than Acts, 1 Thessalonians or 2 Peter (for which I already have evidence), be interpreted in such a way that they MUST have been written before the end ...
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What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε?

What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε (You worship what you do not know; ESV)? Why is the neuter relative pronoun used in both statements: ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε· ...
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The faith of Abraham is uncertain…?

According to Paul's latter to Romans Abraham had no distrust in God's promise thought Sarah's womb was barreness. Rather his faith was grew stronger in the promise of God..... God was able to do what ...
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When did Jesus enter Jerusalem? Passover or Sukkot?

According to gospel of john and gospel of mark, Jesus entered Jerusalem a week before Passover. But the crowds were shouting "Hosanna" and waving with leafy palm tree leaves while jesus rode on the ...
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How did John the Baptist question whether he should baptize Jesus (Matt. 3:13-15), if he did not know before Jesus' baptism (John 1:31-34)?

How did John the Baptist know enough about Jesus to question whether he should baptize Jesus (Matt. 3:13-15)? 13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him. 14 John ...
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Why the Inconsistency of the name Mary in the NT?

Or rather, why is the mother of Jesus exclusively written μαριαμ, and the others inconsistently either μαρια or μαριαμ? I was originally prompted by a mini quest into the original meaning of the ...
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How do you reconcile world (κόσμος) in 1 John 2:15-17 with John 3:16-17?

How do you reconcile world (κόσμος) in 1 John 2:15-17 with John 3:16-17? κόσμος has obviously different meanings as used in the following two passages. For God so loved the world, that he gave ...
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Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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In John 1:15, why is μαρτυρεῖ present tense while ἦν in οὗτος ἦν ὃν εἶπον is imperfect?

In John 1:15, why is μαρτυρεῖ present tense while ἦν in οὗτος ἦν ὃν εἶπον is imperfect? The tenses seem backwards. The present tense on past events is common in the Gospel of John, "Historical (...
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What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (John 1:9) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (Gen 1:1)?

What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (e.g. John 1:9f) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (e.g. Genesis 1:1f)? אֶרֶץ - Earth goes from the ...
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What did John's intend with Ἐγένετο in John 1:6?

Is it valid to say John intended Ἐγένετο in John 1:6 to signify that John the Baptist was a part of creation (John 1:3) as opposed to the eternal Word (John 1:1 with the verb ἦν)?
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What does “the life was the light of men” mean in John 1:4?

What does ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων mean in John 1:4?
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Where is Cana of Galilee in John 2:1?

On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.  Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. The Holy Bible: English Standard Version. (2016)....
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What's the overall meaning of Ephesians 3:21? Do I understand it accurately?

I'm having a bit of trouble understanding the Greek of Ephesians 3:21. 3:21 αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα ἐν τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ καὶ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ εἰς πάσας τὰς γενεὰς τοῦ αἰῶνος τῶν αἰώνων, ἀμήν. to Him [is] the ...
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Is the addition of “you” in Ephesians 3:13 really necessary?

It seems to be a tradition dating back to the Vulgate to translate the Greek infinitive ἐγκακεῖν with a second-person pronoun or a second-person verb. Examples include: "[you] not to faint" (YLT), "ye ...
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Which verb/participle governs this phrase? (Ephesians 2:14-15)

The verses 2:14-15 in Ephesians are a little confusing when I attempt to translate them. For one thing, the ESV translation is disappointing, as it joins two phrases into one therefore losing the ...
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Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews in Acts 6:1

In Acts 6:1 what were the distinguishing differences between the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews? The related questions to this passage are: 1) How unfamiliar were the Hellenistic Jews to ...
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Is this pleonasm: “according to the power of his might”? (Ephesians 1:19 YLT)

I'm translating Ephesians 1:19, and at the very end there's a phrase that seems like pleonasm. 19 καὶ τί τὸ ὑπερβάλλον μέγεθος τῆς δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ εἰς ἡμᾶς τοὺς πιστεύοντας κατὰ τὴν ἐνέργειαν τοῦ ...
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Does ἐν αὐτῷ in Ephesians 1:9 refer to Father or Son?

I'm translating Ephesians 1:9 and having a bit of trouble with the phrase ἐν αὐτῷ. I don't know whether the pronoun refers to God the Father or Christ the Son. To compound my confusion, the YLT ...
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What are some arguments for and against translating τοῖς ἁγίοις as “the saints”? How does it get translated in recent times? (Ephesians 1:1)

Here is Ephesians 1:1 (in Greek) and my translation. 1:1 Παῦλος ἀπόστολος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ διὰ θελήματος θεοῦ τοῖς ἁγίοις τοῖς οὖσιν [ἐν Ἐφέσῳ] καὶ πιστοῖς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ,1 Paul, an apostle ...
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Two words for love in John 21:15–17

I haven't found a way to search to see if questions on specific Biblical passages have already been asked. I'm trying to find out if anyone has dealt with Jesus' possible Hebrew/Aramaic words in the ...
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Why does the ethos of David's Psalms not reflect the Royal Law?

In Acts 13:22 David is said to be a man who's heart accords with God's own heart: Berean Literal Bible And having removed him, He raised up David to them as king, to whom also He said, having ...
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Is it “preaching” or “the thing preached” that is foolish in 1 Cor 1:21?

Is it preaching or the thing preached that is foolish and pleasing to God as a means to save those who believe in 1 Cor 1:21?
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About resurrection and rapture: when we change?

I thought I understood this Bible fragment: 51Behold, I tell you a mystery. We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For ...
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Why does the NIV translate 2 Thessalonians 2:2 as “the day of the Lord”?

What is the meaning of “the day of Christ” as found in several New Testament passages? Using the KJV, it is specifically referenced in 1 Corinthians 1:8, 5:5, 2 Corinthians 1:14 and 2 Thessalonians 2:...
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In Romans 6:16 why does Paul say that obedience leads to righteousness, when righteousness is God's freely given gift?

Romans 6:16 (ESV) says: Do you not know that if you present yourselves to anyone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, ...
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If a person cannot work, is he condemned?

If a person has an illness, lives in fear or pain and cannot work, or doesn't have the strength to work, does 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12 condemn that individual?
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What does the koine word διακρίνω translated as “doubt” actually mean? [closed]

The word διακριθητε (basic singular form διακρίνω) is found in Matt 21:21. Also in other declensions in Mark 11:23, Act 10:20, 11:12, Rom 14:23, Jam 1:6, Jude 1:9, 1:22. I find it very difficult to ...
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In Luke 3:16, what does:“not worthy to untie the straps of his sandals” mean?

Luke 3:16 (ESV) John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the ...
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Turning your back on - even hating - your family and abandoning all your possessions, to be able to become Jesus' disciple [duplicate]

The Gospel of Luke The gospel of Luke contains several passages where Jesus declares that someone cannot be his disciple without turning your back on (even hating) your family and abandoning all your ...
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Why did no New Testament books mention AD70? [closed]

My full question is; which of the New Testament books were written after AD70? Assuming there are several, why did none of them mention the 'earth-shattering' events of AD70? The destruction of the ...
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How to make sense of ζωὴν αἰώνιον? (John 3:36)

I was reading the following verse, from John, and I came across the phrase ζωὴν αἰώνιον. This phrase looks odd to me, since ζωὴν is feminine, and at first glance, αἰώνιον would seem to be masculine or ...
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Why is this future verb translated as a perfect? (John 2:17)

In both the Douay-Rheims and its source, the Vulgate, the word καταφάγεταί (future tense) is translated as a verb in the perfect tense. And his disciples remembered, that it was written: The zeal ...
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Why is there a period here in John 1:3?

I was reading John 1:3-4 and was surprised to see the placement of a particular period. 3 πάντα δι’ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο, καὶ χωρὶς αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο οὐδὲ ἕν. ὃ γέγονεν 4 ἐν αὐτῷ ζωὴ ἦν, καὶ ἡ ζωὴ ἦν τὸ ...
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Is John 1:2 redundant?

Question If we look at the text of John 1:1-2, the second verse might seem a bit redundant. 1 Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. 2 οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς ...
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Is there a reason the New Testament sometimes says “Christ Jesus” and other times says “Jesus Christ”? [duplicate]

Paul's letters, in particular, seem to switch back and forth between the two. Is there linguistic significance to this? Or is it just a stylistic or translational choice with no greater meaning?
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Which words are used for God in the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament? [closed]

Basically my question is the NT counterpart of this question: The name of God in ancient manuscripts My question: Which words are used for God in the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament?
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In Acts 15:20 why does James prohibit the gentiles to eat strangled animals?

I don't see anything in the Torah that says an animal must be slaughtered before eating it instead of strangled to death. Acts 15:20 (KJV) But that we write unto them, that they abstain from ...
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Why did the magi seek a king?

In Matthew 2:1-3 (NET), the author states: After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem 2 and asked, “Where is the one who has ...