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Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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Is there a linguistic basses for how to translate John 8:43, or are translations basing their translation on context alone?

Is there a linguistic basis for how to translate John 8:43, or are translations basing their translation on context alone? The following is not meant to be exhaustive, but a sample of the variation ...
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Who is the natural man? 1 Corinthians 2:14

This passage is often used to justify a certain dogma. And based on its interpretation the dogma stands or falls. “The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are ...
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What does 1 Cor 7:14 mean concerning the children being unclean or holy? [duplicate]

1 Corinthians 7:14 KJB "For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy." What ...
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When Jesus told Martha if you believe, wasn’t he saying her spiritual insight depended on her belief, not Lazarus’s return to life?

When Jesus told Martha if you believe, wasn’t he saying her spiritual insight depended on her belief, not Lazarus’s return to life? Jesus said to her, “Did I not tell you that if you believed you ...
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How should we interpret “not because you saw signs” (οὐχ ὅτι εἴδετε σημεῖα) in John 6:26?

How should we interpret “not because you saw signs” (οὐχ ὅτι εἴδετε σημεῖα) in John 6:26? Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you are seeking me, not because you saw signs, but ...
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Was the official (βασιλικὸς) in John 4:46 Roman or Jewish?

Was the official (βασιλικὸς) in John 4:46 Roman or Jewish? So he came again to Cana in Galilee, where he had made the water wine. And at Capernaum there was an official whose son was ill. (Jn 4:46,...
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Who were the Greeks in John 12:20?

Who were the Greeks in John 12:20? Were these actual Greek nationals or Hellenistic Jews? Now among those who went up to worship at the feast were some Greeks. (John 12:20, ESV) That they came ...
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How should πῶς οὗτος γράμματα οἶδεν μὴ μεμαθηκώς; (NA27) be translated in John 7:15?

How should πῶς οὗτος γράμματα οἶδεν μὴ μεμαθηκώς; (NA27) be translated in John 7:15? While a similar question was asked at Does John 7:15 mean Jesus was untaught?, the answers to that question did ...
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What did John mean by “second sign” (δεύτερον σημεῖον) in John 4:54?

What did John mean by “second sign” (δεύτερον σημεῖον) in John 4:54? This was now the second sign that Jesus did when he had come from Judea to Galilee. (John 4:54, ESV) Τοῦτο [δὲ] πάλιν ...
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Are fundamental Christian doctrines taken from the Book of Enoch?

Many fundamental Christian ideas are found in the Book of Enoch, and particularly in the second part, the book of Parables. There are similarities, but these are perhaps the most pressing. Examples: ...
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What are the “fruits of your righteousness” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10?

What are the fruits of your righteousness mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase ...
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What did “the good wine” (τὸν καλὸν οἶνον) mean in John 2:10?

What did “the good wine” (τὸν καλὸν οἶνον) mean in John 2:10? and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the ...
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Why did Jesus say “we” in John 3:11?

Why did Jesus say “we” in John 3:11? Did Nicodemus understand what “we” meant? Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know, and bear witness to what we have seen, but you do not receive ...
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When John wrote the other disciple whom Jesus loved (John 20:2), does this single him out from the other disciples?

When John wrote the other disciple whom Jesus loved (John 20:2), does this single him out from the other disciples? … to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved,… (John 20:2, ...
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What is the “reconciliation” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 5:20?

What is the reconciliation mentioned in 2 Corinthians 5:20 Therefore we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were making His appeal through us. We implore you on behalf of Christ: Be ...
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What does “take away sin/sins” mean in John 1:29 & Hebrews 10:11?

What does takes away the sin mean in John 1:29 The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! and take away sins in ...
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What is the difference between “old man” in Romans 6:6 and “flesh” in Romans 8:1?

What is the difference between "old man" in Romans 6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. ...
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Sins or Faults - James 5:16

“Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.” ‭‭James‬ ‭5:16‬ ‭KJV‬‬ This seems to be the ...
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What does μὴ ἐγκακεῖν mean in Luke 18:1?

What does μὴ ἐγκακεῖν mean in Luke 18:1? (Greek text from NA27) Note ἐγκακέω is the preposition ἔν combined with the verb κακέω. In BAG “ἐγκακέω is defined as 1. become weary, tired w. ptc. foll. … ...
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What does πάντα (all things) mean in John 13:3?

What does πάντα (all things) mean in John 13:3? εἰδὼς ὅτι πάντα ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ ὁ πατὴρ εἰς τὰς χεῖρας (NA27) knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands (John 13:3 ESV) While the ...
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Why do many English translations of Colossians 1:29 not translate the Greek word “KAI”?

Col 1:29  εις ο και κοπιω αγωνιζομενος κατα την ενεργειαν αυτου την ενεργουμενην εν εμοι εν δυναμει Is there any good reason why the 'kai' is ommitted in so many modern English translations? For ...
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Is Jesus claiming to be God with his statement in Luke 21:33?

Is Jesus claiming to be God with his statement in Luke 21:33? What Jesus said in Luke 21:33 sounds like claiming to be God: Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will never pass away. (...
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How does Acts 15:21 link to Acts 15:20?

Acts 15:19-21 (NIV) “It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God. Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food ...
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What is the “joy” that was set before Jesus mentioned in Hebrews 12:2 [duplicate]

Hebrews 12:2 looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the ...
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Colossians 1:6 - translating the present active participle παροντος as past tense

I noticed this morning the construction of Col 1:5-6 τω λογω της αληθειας του ευαγγελιου του παροντος εις υμας I am curious why all my English translations have some variant of 'which has come to ...
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How would one normally phrase “Our God and Savior Jesus Christ” in Koine Greek to refer to one person and two persons?

In Titus 2:13, Some say that the phrase “Our God and Savior Jesus Christ” refers to two persons and some say it refers to one. What would that phrase look like in Koine Greek if it refers to one ...
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Should μὴ πτοηθῆτε in Luke 21:9 be imperative instead of subjunctive?

ESV translates μὴ πτοηθῆτε "do not be terrified." HCSB "don't be alarmed" NASB95 "do not be terrified" ASV "be not terrified" NKJV "do not be terrified" Since accents and punctuation weren't in ...
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Why does Jesus use two different words for 'see' in John 16:16?

In John 16, Jesus speaks to the disciples about his death and resurrection, and makes a statement that particularly confuses them: Jesus went on to say, “In a little while you will see me no more, ...
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If Jesus retained Omniscience whilst incarnate why is He surprised by Nathaniel’s Response? [closed]

This is an curious passage to me, that seems at first to agree that Jesus retained His Omniscience because at first “Yeshua saw Natan’el coming toward him and remarked about him, “Here’s a true ...
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Are Christians who don't tithe “disobedient” and “robbing God”? Malachi 3:8 [closed]

Are Christians who don't tithe robbing God? Does malachi 3:8 really apply to believers or to jews under the law? Many pastors preach this as if a ten percent tithe of money is for the church today.
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How did they cook fish and bread over a charcoal fire in the first century (John 21:9)?

How did they cook fish and bread over a charcoal fire in the first century (John 21:9)? When they got out on land, they saw a charcoal fire in place, with fish laid out on it, and bread. (John 21:...
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How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema?

How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema? Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:16 does Paul's mention of the “cup of blessing” suggest that the meal was a seder?

1 Corinthians 10:16: KJV The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? MGNT ...
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Is Jesus’ response to worship in John 9:38 only consistent with him being God?

ὁ δὲ ἔφη· πιστεύω, κύριε· καὶ προσεκύνησεν αὐτῷ.(John 9:38, NA27) He said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him. (John 9:38, ESV). The apostle Peter in Acts (10:26-27), similar incident with ...
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How possible is it that the Gospel of Luke and Acts were written for Paul’s defense?

The abrupt stop of the historic information in the book of Acts leads to the conclusion that the history stops because that was when Luke wrote Acts and his Gospel. Note where the history stops: ...
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Is there historical evidence for the town of Nazareth existing prior to Jesus? [closed]

Is there historical evidence for the town of Nazareth prior to Jesus? Do we have maps or any other evidence such as inscriptions, emblems, etc?
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Why does Paul start with the subject matter of Ephesians 5:3-5 immediately after Ephesians 5:1-2?

Ephesians 5 starts with: Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children. 2 And walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. (v1-2, ESV) ...
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Is it significant that Paul's Introductory phrases for each of his letters different?

Why are Paul's Introductory phrases for each of his letters different? Is there a significant reason Or am I just making a big issue about nothing? Galatians 1 New American Standard Bible (NASB) ...
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Then who will save a woman those who are not bearing child?

God demands holiness, faith and love, and self-control from all mankind. I don't understand in what point Apostle Paul have said this Yet she will be saved through childbearing-if they continue in ...
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Is translating οὕτως in John 3:16 as “so much” valid?

Is translating οὕτως (the adverbial form of the word meaning "this") in John 3:16 as "so much" valid, or is this based on a misreading of the KJV? In the KJV, it is translated "so," ""For God so ...
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In the New Testament, why is Jesus called Jesus, but Joshua is still called Joshua?

I know that Jesus is the transliteration of the Greek word for Joshua. Totally get that. Here's the question -- in Acts (and other places), another person named Joshua is mentioned, but he is ...
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Who is the “we” (ἐσμέν) who are “of all people most to be pitied” in 1 Corinthians 15:19?

Who is the "we" in ἐσμέν in 1 Corinthians 15:19? ESV 1 Cor 15:19 If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. In particular, who are the ones pitied ...
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Does the Codex Sinaiticus contain the Hebrew Tetragrammaton or Greek LORD (KURIOS)?

The New King James Version uses the Tetragrammaton in the New Testament (written as +LORD [CAPS-smallcaps]) apparently it uses a Tetragrammaton source material, or it arbitrarily implies it while the ...
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Dating the New Testament

Can any of the texts of the New Testament, other than Acts, 1 Thessalonians or 2 Peter (for which I already have evidence), be interpreted in such a way that they MUST have been written before the end ...
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What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε?

What did Jesus mean in John 4:22, ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε (You worship what you do not know; ESV)? Why is the neuter relative pronoun used in both statements: ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὃ οὐκ οἴδατε· ...
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The faith of Abraham is uncertain…?

According to Paul's latter to Romans Abraham had no distrust in God's promise thought Sarah's womb was barreness. Rather his faith was grew stronger in the promise of God..... God was able to do what ...
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When did Jesus enter Jerusalem? Passover or Sukkot?

According to gospel of john and gospel of mark, Jesus entered Jerusalem a week before Passover. But the crowds were shouting "Hosanna" and waving with leafy palm tree leaves while jesus rode on the ...
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How did John the Baptist question whether he should baptize Jesus (Matt. 3:13-15), if he did not know before Jesus' baptism (John 1:31-34)?

How did John the Baptist know enough about Jesus to question whether he should baptize Jesus (Matt. 3:13-15)? 13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him. 14 John ...
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Why the Inconsistency of the name Mary in the NT?

Or rather, why is the mother of Jesus exclusively written μαριαμ, and the others inconsistently either μαρια or μαριαμ? I was originally prompted by a mini quest into the original meaning of the ...
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How do you reconcile world (κόσμος) in 1 John 2:15-17 with John 3:16-17?

How do you reconcile world (κόσμος) in 1 John 2:15-17 with John 3:16-17? κόσμος has obviously different meanings as used in the following two passages. For God so loved the world, that he gave ...