Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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What was Jesus’ πατρίδι (hometown/homeland) in John 4:44?

What was Jesus’ πατρίδι (hometown/homeland) in John 4:44? I had always assumed that this referred to Nazareth and Galilee, where Jesus grew up. However, Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg in The Jewish ...
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Matthew 4:16 - are the “region” and “shadow” of death different things?

"...and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up." Matthew 4:16b KJV Is this verse is talking about two separate but related things, or just one thing? As an example......
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Who is the “him that heareth” in Revelation 22:17?

Who is the "him that heareth" in Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take ...
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How should we understand λαμβάνω in John 5:34?

How should we understand λαμβάνω in John 5:34? ἐγὼ δὲ οὐ παρὰ ἀνθρώπου τὴν μαρτυρίαν λαμβάνω, ἀλλὰ ταῦτα λέγω ἵνα ὑμεῖς σωθῆτε. (John 5:34, NA27) While many more literal translations translate ...
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Did Jesus add to the words of Moses from Deuteronomy 6:5?

I'm not sure if this is to do with Hebrew being translated to Greek, but when looking at "The greatest commandment" Deuteronomy 6:5 says: "And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, ...
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What caused the switch in the preaching parameters? Luke 22:35-36

Initially Jesus commands his twelve disciples to preach the kingdom of God, but with very particular instructions (which later He reverses). “Then He called His twelve disciples together and gave ...
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Exceed righteousness how? Matthew 5:20

When it says Mat 5:20  For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven. ...
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Why did the lame man in John 5:1-15 not know that Jesus healed him, but the blind man in John 9 knew that Jesus healed him?

Why did the lame man in John 5:1-15 not know that Jesus healed him, but the blind man in John 9 knew that Jesus healed him? Neither one asked for Jesus to heal him. The lame man could see, but ...
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What is the significance of “you will not find me”in John 7:34 (ESV) when it is left out in John 13:33?

What is the significance of “you will not find me”in John 7:34 (ESV) when it is left out in John 13:33? I will be with you a little longer, and then I am going to him who sent me. You will seek me ...
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In John 11:16 did Thomas think Jesus was going to Lazarus by going to Jerusalem to die?

In John 11:16 did Thomas think Jesus was going to Lazarus by going to Jerusalem to die? Then Jesus told them plainly, “Lazarus has died, and for your sake I am glad that I was not there, so that ...
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discussion φαιλόνην

discussion φαιλόνην It has been suggested that the greek word φαιλόνην,as St Paul uses it in 2 Timothy 4:13 has a link to the shroud of Turin, as a early relic of Christianity; with links to the ...
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Who are the dogs in Philippians 3:2 and Revelation 22:15?

Deuteronomy 23:18 says Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the LORD thy God. (...
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Romans 8:23 - 'within' or 'among'? ἡμεῖς καὶ αὐτοὶ ἐν ἑαυτοῖς στενάζομεν

The ἐν ἑαυτοῖς of Rom 8:23 is typically rendered in English as 'within ourselves' or 'inwardly'. ἡμεῖς καὶ αὐτοὶ ἐν ἑαυτοῖς στενάζομεν Could it not also be rendered 'among ourselves'? Is there ...
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Is there a linguistic basses for how to translate John 8:43, or are translations basing their translation on context alone?

Is there a linguistic basis for how to translate John 8:43, or are translations basing their translation on context alone? The following is not meant to be exhaustive, but a sample of the variation ...
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Who is the natural man? 1 Corinthians 2:14

This passage is often used to justify a certain dogma. And based on its interpretation the dogma stands or falls. “The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are ...
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What does 1 Cor 7:14 mean concerning the children being unclean or holy? [duplicate]

1 Corinthians 7:14 KJB "For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy." What ...
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When Jesus told Martha if you believe, wasn’t he saying her spiritual insight depended on her belief, not Lazarus’s return to life?

When Jesus told Martha if you believe, wasn’t he saying her spiritual insight depended on her belief, not Lazarus’s return to life? Jesus said to her, “Did I not tell you that if you believed you ...
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How should we interpret “not because you saw signs” (οὐχ ὅτι εἴδετε σημεῖα) in John 6:26?

How should we interpret “not because you saw signs” (οὐχ ὅτι εἴδετε σημεῖα) in John 6:26? Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you are seeking me, not because you saw signs, but ...
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Was the official (βασιλικὸς) in John 4:46 Roman or Jewish?

Was the official (βασιλικὸς) in John 4:46 Roman or Jewish? So he came again to Cana in Galilee, where he had made the water wine. And at Capernaum there was an official whose son was ill. (Jn 4:46,...
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Who were the Greeks in John 12:20?

Who were the Greeks in John 12:20? Were these actual Greek nationals or Hellenistic Jews? Now among those who went up to worship at the feast were some Greeks. (John 12:20, ESV) That they came ...
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How should πῶς οὗτος γράμματα οἶδεν μὴ μεμαθηκώς; (NA27) be translated in John 7:15?

How should πῶς οὗτος γράμματα οἶδεν μὴ μεμαθηκώς; (NA27) be translated in John 7:15? While a similar question was asked at Does John 7:15 mean Jesus was untaught?, the answers to that question did ...
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What did John mean by “second sign” (δεύτερον σημεῖον) in John 4:54?

What did John mean by “second sign” (δεύτερον σημεῖον) in John 4:54? This was now the second sign that Jesus did when he had come from Judea to Galilee. (John 4:54, ESV) Τοῦτο [δὲ] πάλιν ...
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Are fundamental Christian doctrines taken from the Book of Enoch?

Many fundamental Christian ideas are found in the Book of Enoch, and particularly in the second part, the book of Parables. There are similarities, but these are perhaps the most pressing. Examples: ...
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What are the “fruits of your righteousness” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10?

What are the fruits of your righteousness mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase ...
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What did “the good wine” (τὸν καλὸν οἶνον) mean in John 2:10?

What did “the good wine” (τὸν καλὸν οἶνον) mean in John 2:10? and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the ...
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Why did Jesus say “we” in John 3:11?

Why did Jesus say “we” in John 3:11? Did Nicodemus understand what “we” meant? Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know, and bear witness to what we have seen, but you do not receive ...
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When John wrote the other disciple whom Jesus loved (John 20:2), does this single him out from the other disciples?

When John wrote the other disciple whom Jesus loved (John 20:2), does this single him out from the other disciples? … to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved,… (John 20:2, ...
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What is the “reconciliation” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 5:20?

What is the reconciliation mentioned in 2 Corinthians 5:20 Therefore we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were making His appeal through us. We implore you on behalf of Christ: Be ...
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What does “take away sin/sins” mean in John 1:29 & Hebrews 10:11?

What does takes away the sin mean in John 1:29 The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! and take away sins in ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between “old man” in Romans 6:6 and “flesh” in Romans 8:1?

What is the difference between "old man" in Romans 6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. ...
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Sins or Faults - James 5:16

“Confess your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.” ‭‭James‬ ‭5:16‬ ‭KJV‬‬ This seems to be the ...
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What does μὴ ἐγκακεῖν mean in Luke 18:1?

What does μὴ ἐγκακεῖν mean in Luke 18:1? (Greek text from NA27) Note ἐγκακέω is the preposition ἔν combined with the verb κακέω. In BAG “ἐγκακέω is defined as 1. become weary, tired w. ptc. foll. … ...
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What does πάντα (all things) mean in John 13:3?

What does πάντα (all things) mean in John 13:3? εἰδὼς ὅτι πάντα ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ ὁ πατὴρ εἰς τὰς χεῖρας (NA27) knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands (John 13:3 ESV) While the ...
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Why do many English translations of Colossians 1:29 not translate the Greek word “KAI”?

Col 1:29  εις ο και κοπιω αγωνιζομενος κατα την ενεργειαν αυτου την ενεργουμενην εν εμοι εν δυναμει Is there any good reason why the 'kai' is ommitted in so many modern English translations? For ...
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Is Jesus claiming to be God with his statement in Luke 21:33?

Is Jesus claiming to be God with his statement in Luke 21:33? What Jesus said in Luke 21:33 sounds like claiming to be God: Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will never pass away. (...
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How does Acts 15:21 link to Acts 15:20?

Acts 15:19-21 (NIV) “It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God. Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food ...
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What is the “joy” that was set before Jesus mentioned in Hebrews 12:2 [duplicate]

Hebrews 12:2 looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the ...
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Colossians 1:6 - translating the present active participle παροντος as past tense

I noticed this morning the construction of Col 1:5-6 τω λογω της αληθειας του ευαγγελιου του παροντος εις υμας I am curious why all my English translations have some variant of 'which has come to ...
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Should μὴ πτοηθῆτε in Luke 21:9 be imperative instead of subjunctive?

ESV translates μὴ πτοηθῆτε "do not be terrified." HCSB "don't be alarmed" NASB95 "do not be terrified" ASV "be not terrified" NKJV "do not be terrified" Since accents and punctuation weren't in ...
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Why does Jesus use two different words for 'see' in John 16:16?

In John 16, Jesus speaks to the disciples about his death and resurrection, and makes a statement that particularly confuses them: Jesus went on to say, “In a little while you will see me no more, ...
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If Jesus retained Omniscience whilst incarnate why is He surprised by Nathaniel’s Response? [closed]

This is an curious passage to me, that seems at first to agree that Jesus retained His Omniscience because at first “Yeshua saw Natan’el coming toward him and remarked about him, “Here’s a true ...
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Are Christians who don't tithe “disobedient” and “robbing God”? Malachi 3:8 [closed]

Are Christians who don't tithe robbing God? Does malachi 3:8 really apply to believers or to jews under the law? Many pastors preach this as if a ten percent tithe of money is for the church today.
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How did they cook fish and bread over a charcoal fire in the first century (John 21:9)?

How did they cook fish and bread over a charcoal fire in the first century (John 21:9)? When they got out on land, they saw a charcoal fire in place, with fish laid out on it, and bread. (John 21:...
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How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema?

How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema? Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:16 does Paul's mention of the “cup of blessing” suggest that the meal was a seder?

1 Corinthians 10:16: KJV The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? MGNT ...
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Is Jesus’ response to worship in John 9:38 only consistent with him being God?

ὁ δὲ ἔφη· πιστεύω, κύριε· καὶ προσεκύνησεν αὐτῷ.(John 9:38, NA27) He said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him. (John 9:38, ESV). The apostle Peter in Acts (10:26-27), similar incident with ...
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How possible is it that the Gospel of Luke and Acts were written for Paul’s defense?

The abrupt stop of the historic information in the book of Acts leads to the conclusion that the history stops because that was when Luke wrote Acts and his Gospel. Note where the history stops: ...
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Is there historical evidence for the town of Nazareth existing prior to Jesus? [closed]

Is there historical evidence for the town of Nazareth prior to Jesus? Do we have maps or any other evidence such as inscriptions, emblems, etc?
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Why does Paul start with the subject matter of Ephesians 5:3-5 immediately after Ephesians 5:1-2?

Ephesians 5 starts with: Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children. 2 And walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. (v1-2, ESV) ...
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Is it significant that Paul's Introductory phrases for each of his letters different?

Why are Paul's Introductory phrases for each of his letters different? Is there a significant reason Or am I just making a big issue about nothing? Galatians 1 New American Standard Bible (NASB) ...