Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second major part of the Christian Bible. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the New Testament rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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What does Matthew 12:6 mean?

What does Matthew 12:6 mean? Is Jesus Christ referring to himself or 'something' else? I mean the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. Matt 12:6 - But I tell you that something greater than the temple is here.
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Who is Mary Magdalene in John 19:25 and John 20?

There are similar questions, but none ask exactly who Mary Magdalene is. John 19:25 lists three other women including Jesus' mother who aren't Many Magdalene: but standing by the cross of Jesus were ...
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Why is there a separation between Luke and Acts?

Even though there are still some discussions on that, Luke is widely recognized as the author of the book of Acts. Wikenhauser-Schmid (Einleitung, 376) list the following modern interpreters who ...
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What verses can I use to prove the Trinity? [closed]

My grandad's currently a Jehovah's Witness and we recently got into a three hour debate on the Trinity, but I am struggling to point to the absolute verses which prove the trinity, what verses can I ...
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Can *he* in Rev. 19:13 be identified as Christ without using “The Word of God” for the identification?

Can he in Rev. 19:13 be identified as Christ without using "The Word of God" (ὁ λόγος τοῦ θεοῦ) for the identification? He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is ...
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Where was Jesus before he went to Galilee in John 1:43?

Where was Jesus before he went to Galilee in John 1:43? The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. (John 1:43a, ESV) In 1:35, Jesus was near John the Baptist. In 1:37, the two disciples follow ...
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How did John the Baptist claim Jesus was the Lamb of God before being confirmed with the Holy Spirit descending on him

29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! 30He is the one I was talking about when I said, ‘A man is coming after me who is ...
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Why does Matthew 28:19 allege Jesus commanded men to “Worship with men's hands” (Acts 17:25) that makes two baptisms (Ephesians 4:5)? [closed]

Ephesians 4:5 says "One LORD, one faith, one baptism," John 1:33 says "...the same is He which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost." Psalm 18:30 says "As for God, His way is perfect:...
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In John 3:16 why the shift to aorist and perfect tense verbs?

In John 3:16 starting with ἠγάπησεν (aorist), the verbs shift to tenses signifying past actions. Does this mean Jesus' discourse with Nicodemus stopped with 3:15, and 3:16 starts John's narrative? ...
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In Vulgate in Jacob 5:14, it says “Infirmatur quis *in vobis*?”. How is that grammatical? Should not it use the partitive genitive “vestrum”?

In Vulgate in Jacob 5:14, it says "Infirmatur quis in vobis?". How is that grammatical? Should not it use the partitive genitive "vestrum" instead of "in vobis"? Or at ...
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In John 16:28 shouldn't πάλιν go with πορεύομαι πρὸς τὸν πατέρα meaning “I'm returning to the Father.”

Note the more frequent use of πάλιν in the Septuagint (LXX) is to with translating the Hebrew verb meaning return. That is also a common meaning in the New Testament when used with a word meaning ...
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Where to start with the Apostolic Fathers [closed]

I'm looking to start reading the Apostolic Fathers (in Koine), using Michael Holmes' The Apostolic Fathers. Which of the fathers' Greek is most accessible, or most similar to that of the New Testament?...
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What is Paul's intent with “we do not wrestle against flesh and blood” in Eph. 6:12?

The previous question at Are the principalities and powers in Titus 3:1 the same as in Ephesians 6:12? is about the other part of the verse. Given the larger context in Eph. 5 & 6, dealing with ...
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Are there other O.T. commandments that experienced a similar “spiritual reinterpretation” as circumcision in the N.T.? [closed]

Circumcision in the O.T. was a commandment that was carried out in a physical fashion. Males had to undergo a literal, physical circumcision of their foreskin. However, in the New Testament the ...
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In John 1:14 what does ἐσκήνωσεν mean?

Καὶ ὁ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν,* καὶ ἐθεασάμεθα τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, δόξαν ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, πλήρης χάριτος καὶ ἀληθείας. (John 1:14, NA28) Usually commentators point out that ...
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In John 1:6 why is ἀπεσταλμένος perfect tense?

Ἐγένετο ἄνθρωπος, ἀπεσταλμένος παρὰ* ⸀θεοῦ, ⸆ ὄνομα αὐτῷ Ἰωάννης· (John 1:6, NA28) The perfect passive particle ἀπεσταλμένος is as if John the Baptist were still active in his ministry when John ...
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What did John mean in Mathew 3:10 the axe is laid on to the root of trees?

Mathew 3:10 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. What was John referring to as the ...
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Men having long hair is a sin?

Does not nature itself teach you that if a man wears his hair long it is a disgrace to him, whereas if a woman has long hair it is her glory, because long hair has been given her for a covering? (1 ...
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Does the Greek verb for tithing indicate repeated action?

In Hebrews 7:6 several versions translate Melchizedek as “receiving tithes” in the plural (KVJ, NKJV, ESV, HCSB, ASV, and YLT) while many other versions have it in the singular “collected a tenth.” (...
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Which Mary is which?

Inspired by this question: I thought a question directly focused on Mary-disambiguation would be helpful. There are lots of Mary's in the New Testament. Here's a sampling: In the end of the sabbath, ...
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What's the name of the father that Jesus came in?

Matthew 21 (KJV) ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ ⁹ And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the ...
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What does μή μου ἅπτου mean in John 20:17?

Much depends on how you translate the present middle imperative verb ἅπτου. Robertson's interpretation is "stop clinging" because "don't touch" would be aorist middle imperative. ...
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Permanent Statutes in the OT [closed]

I was reading Num 19:10 and it says that the law would be a permanent "statute" (KJV). The man who gathers up the ashes of the heifer must also wash his clothes, and he too will be unclean ...
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Why is Psalm 22:16 not quoted in the New Testament?

For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. [Psalm 22:16 KJV] One of the biggest objections to this verse not being used to refer to ...
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How many distinct persons are present in Malachi 3:1-5? Who are they? Can we link them prophetically to persons from the New Testament?

Malachi 3:1-5 (NRSV): See, I am sending my messenger to prepare the way before me, and the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple. The messenger of the covenant in whom you delight—...
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Does the use of ἦν in John 1:10 mean the pre-incarnate Word was in the world from the beginning of creation?

Does the use of ἦν in John 1:10 mean the pre-incarnate Word was in the world from the beginning of creation? He was in the world (ἐν τῳ κοσμῳ ἠν [en tōi kosmōi ēn]). Imperfect tense of continuous ...
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Did many of the disciples change to Greek names like Paul in Acts 13:9 when they ministered to Gentiles?

Did many of the disciples change to Greek names like Paul in Acts 13:9 when they ministered to Gentiles? The number of Greek names among the disciples seems strange. They don't seem to have been ...
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To what extent has the New Testament been influenced by pagan Greek culture and philosophy? [closed]

I've recently encountered the belief the NT is a fundamentally Hellenistic collection of writings, with significant pagan Greek philosophical and cultural influences. To what extent is this true? Is ...
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In John 5:42 was Jesus' statement particularly offensive because it claimed they were not truthful when reciting the Shema?

In John 5:42 Jesus stated: ἀλλʼ ἔγνωκα ὑμᾶς ὅτι ⸉τὴν ἀγάπην τοῦ θεοῦ οὐκ ἔχετε⸊ ἐν ἑαυτοῖς (John 5:42, NA28) But I know that you do not have the love of God within you. (John 5:42, ESV) Why they ...
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Wars of the Jews Book 5 1:5-6 and Luke 14:25-33- are the parallels significant

I posted this question before, but as I noticed, the question looked very vague, so I will try to explain it better now. The question is about the parallels between the texts mentioned in the title. ...
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How does the indicative mood affect the meaning of 2 Pet. 1:10–11?

Preface I would like to preface this by saying that this can be a sensitive passage, and I do not want anyone to touch on where it be for or against certain theological inclinations (such as eternal/...
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Did the shepherds leave their flocks?

In Luke 2:15-16 15 When the angels had departed from them into heaven, the shepherds began saying to one another, “Let’s go straight to Bethlehem, then, and see this thing that has happened, which ...
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Does the equivalent of bene ha elohim in Gen. 6:2,4; Job 2:1 ever refer to Believers in the NT?

Does the equivalent of bene ha elohim (בְנֵי־הָֽאֱלֹהִים֙) in Gen. 6:2,4; Job 2:1 ever refer to Believers in the NT? When we are born of the Spirit, do we become bene ha elohim, a new creation?
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Should τῷ πνεύματι αὐτοῦ in Mark 8:12 be translated as meaning “with his breath?”

Deeply sighing ἀναστενάξας involves one's breath. The word πνεῦμα has the meanings breath and wind, as well as spirit. Translating τῷ πνεύματι αὐτοῦ as "in his spirit" implies that Jesus ...
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Was the sixth hour in John 4:6 noon or six p.m.?

Was the sixth hour in John 4:6 noon or six p.m.? This depends on if John used Jewish way for time or the Roman way. Answering this question also depends on which way Mark used for time: According to ...
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(Romans 8:38-39) Recipients are believers feeling guilty about sins Vs (Isaiah 59:1-3) Recipients are God's people who willingly sin

I'm trying compare and contrast Romans 8:38-39 to Isaiah 59:1-3 when it comes to what could separate us from God and/or Love of God. Please Correct me if my following evaluation/assessment is Wrong. ...
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Help translating one verse of hand-written Koine Greek (I believe)

I've added arrows to specify which is the line I'm interested in, but give you the context in case its necessary. I appreciate this help! Thank you. It comes from Manuscript 472 ("Miniscule 472&...
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Is the promise made through Moses the same promise Peter and John speak of?

Were Peter and John referencing the passage in Exodus19:5,6 with regards to a kingly/royal/kingdom of priests and a holy nation. “Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, ...
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What does gnashing of teeth mean in Luke 13:28

28There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. Luke 13:28 (KJV) Is the ...
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Is the translation 'the earth abideth for ever' accurate (Ecclesiastes 1:4)?

Ecclesiastes 1:4 : One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever. [KJV] A generation is going, and a generation is coming, and the earth to the age is ...
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In Mark 5:41 and other NT passages, Why is Christ quoted in Aramaic?

Why does Christ or NT writers sometimes use Aramaic; Example Mark 5:41 Talitha Cumi And he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say ...
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In John 11:33 what does ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν mean in this context?

How you translate the verbs in ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν in 11:33 affects how you interpret the surrounding verses, especially when answering the question why did Jesus weep (11:35)....
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Is there a connection between Hebrews 12:26 and Hebrews 9:28 and the second coming of Christ?

Hebrews 12:26 (DRB): 26Whose voice then moved the earth; but now he promiseth, saying: Yet once more: and I will move, not only the earth, but heaven also. Hebrews 9:28 (DRB): 28So also Christ ...
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Hebrews 9:28, what is the accurate translation of this phrase?

Hebrews 9:28, DRB: So also Christ was offered once to exhaust the sins of many; the second time he shall appear without sin to them that expect him unto salvation. The phrase he shall appear ...
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Is the Father sending the Son a statement unique to the Johannine corpus?

In John's Gospel and his letter, the statement that the Father sent the Son is made several times. Two examples: that all may honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the ...
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Hebrews 2:18, was suffering necessary for Jesus to be able helping the tempted?

Hebrews 2:18 (DRB): For in that, wherein he himself hath suffered and been tempted, he is able to succour them also that are tempted. The question is so simple: Was suffering necessary for Jesus ...
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Hebrews 5:7, Did Jesus suffer death or not?

Hebrews 5:7 (DRB): Who in the days of his flesh, with a strong cry and tears, offering up prayers and supplications to him that was able to save him from death, was heard for his reverence. The ...
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Could the use of strict pattern in Matt 12:33-37 show influence of Greek thought?

In Matthew 12:33-37 ("Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or else make the tree bad and its fruit bad ...") there are 3 precisely patterned pairs. The pattern in each case consists of 2 ...
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Is “idleness is the devil's workshop” a Bible verse? [closed]

If not, is there a verse that similarly encapsulates this notion?
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Romans 12:1, what is the accurate translation of (λογικὴν)?

Romans 12:1, what is the accurate translation of (λογικὴν)?: Spiritual. Reasonable. Logical. Intelligent. Romans 12:1 (GNT): Παρακαλῶ οὖν ὑμᾶς, ἀδελφοί, διὰ τῶν οἰκτιρμῶν τοῦ Θεοῦ, ...

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