Questions tagged [luke]

The first half of Luke's history of the church which, along with Acts, was addressed to a certain "Theophilus". The gospel of Luke covers the life of Jesus from his birth to his resurrection.

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Did Luke use Josephus as a source?

Richard Carrier summarizes an argument made by Steve Mason in his book Josephus and the New Testament that Luke knew of Josephus' Jewish War (79 CE) and Jewish Antiquities (94 CE). At it's core, the ...
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What does Jesus mean by "generation" when talking about the destruction of the temple and the end of the age?

In Luke 21:32-33 (ESV) Jesus says: "Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all has taken place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away." What does ...
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What is the baptism of fire?

In Luke 3, some are wondering if John the Baptist could be the Christ. He denies this claim like so: John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the ...
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Luke 22:16 - Did Jesus say he was not going to eat THAT Passover?

Related: - Is there any significance to using φάγω vs ἐσθίω? - In Luke 22, How Should Prepare and Eat - be Translated from the Aorist Subjunctive? - In the early church, was the Last Supper Considered ...
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Jesus' command to hate your father and mother in Luke 14:26

I've often heard that Luke 14:26 is meant to be interpreted as "Love me more than your family" or something along those lines (in fact, the CEV translates it as such). I'm interested in how scholars ...
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Jesus's genealogy: 28 generations or 41 since David?

These questions keep me wondering: Firstly, how is it possible that Matthew and Luke came up with completely different genealogies of Jesus ancestors, if they are both following the masculine line? ...
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Does Jesus always use the mustard seed to signify the property of "smallness"?

In Luke, we read: The apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith!” And the Lord said, “If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and ...
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"Until they see the kingdom of God" in Luke 9:27 and parallels

What are the possible interpretations of "will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God"? Which is most likely correct? Luke 9:27: But I say to you truthfully, there are some of those ...
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Comma? "Verily I say unto thee today, ..." or "Verily I say unto thee, today..."

The reading of Luke 23:43 differs depending on how we punctuate it: And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. Or And Jesus said unto him, Verily ...
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Did Chrysostom's Text Say a "Double Sabbath" was One Day? or Two?

Related: - What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to? - Do Idioms Used in the Crucifixion Narrative Resolve the "3 Day/3 Night" Objections? 1. Question: Homilies on Matthew (...
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Luke 23:54 - Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day began at Sunrise?

Closely Related: - Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset? - Luke 23:54 - How should "Sabbath Dawning" be Interpreted? - Historical Evidence of the Sabbath Rest ...
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How was "let him take up his cross" understood by Jesus's audience?

Matthew 16:24 SBLGNT Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἐλθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι. ESV If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up ...
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Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
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Jesus denied being a spirit (Luke 24:39), yet God is spirit (John 4:24). Can we connect the dots and conclude that Jesus is not God?

Jesus denied being a spirit in Luke 24:39: See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself; touch Me and see, because a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you plainly see that I have.” (Luke 24:...
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What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew 11:...
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What was meant by "paradise" when Jesus spoke to the thief on the cross?

As he was crucified, Jesus engaged in a conversation with one of the thieves hung along side him. At the end of that conversation is this pronouncement: Luke 23:43 (ESV) 43 And he said to him, "...
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When did, "Satan fall from Heaven like lightning." Luke 10:18?

A couple of recent questions regarding Satan/devil on this site, has prompted me to ask a related question. In Luke 10:17 after the seventy-two returned,they say to Jesus (NIV), "Lord,even the ...
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What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he talked about his followers forgiving sins?

What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he said, “If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained”? According to other ...
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Meaning of "Where there is a dead body, there the vultures will gather."

In Matthew 24:28 and Luke 17:37, Jesus uses the phrase "Where there is a dead body, there the vultures will gather." Was Jesus speaking in a parable? Idiom? How has this phrase been interpreted?
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Why is the genealogy in Luke attributed to Mary?

When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of Eli, the son of... - Luke 3:23 (NASB) There seems to be a widely held ...
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Luke 23:54 - How should "Sabbath Dawning" be Interpreted?

The Syriac of Luke 23:54 seems to affirm an interpretation of "Sabbath Dawning". In addition, the same word seems to be used 43 times in the Syriac New Testament to mean "Dawn". So,...
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Is John 21:24 contradicting Luke 1:3?

At the beginning of his gospel, Luke states that (1:3): 3 With this in mind, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I too decided to write an orderly account for you....
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In Luke, Was Jesus Dedicated in the Second Temple, or Third?

Closely Related: - In John, how many years did it take to build the Second Temple? 1. Question : Request for Scriptural / Historical References When Jesus was dedicated in "The Temple", was it ...
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In Luke 11:50-51, why does Luke seem to refer to Abel as a "prophet"?

In the gospel of Luke at Chapter 11:50-51 (NIV), Jesus refers to Abel as a "prophet." I am not aware of any scripture spoken by Abel, which would prove that he is a prophet,but the words of Jesus ...
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What is the proper interpretation of ἄνωθεν in Luke 1:3?

The Text Luke 1:3 reads in the Greek (with the word in question highlighted; SBLGNT): ἔδοξε κἀμοὶ παρηκολουθηκότι ἄνωθεν πᾶσιν ἀκριβῶς καθεξῆς σοι γράψαι, κράτιστε Θεόφιλε It is translated a ...
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Where was Jesus after he stopped breathing on the Cross until he came out of the tomb? [closed]

NIV Luke 23:43 Jesus answered him, "Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise." NIV Ephesians 4:7 But to each one of us grace has been given as Christ apportioned it. 8This is ...
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Is Jesus spirit or not? 2 Corinthians 3:16-18 vs Luke 24:39

16 but whenever someone turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. 18 But we all, with unveiled faces, looking as ...
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In Luke 18:19 (and parallels), what does "good" (αγαθος) mean?

[Luk 18:18-19 KJV] (18) And a certain ruler asked him, saying, Good Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? (19) And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? none is good, save one, ...
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(Luke 8:42-47 / Mark 5:25-35) Is Delayed Realization/Awareness Proof of Distinct & Separate Characteristic of the 3 persons in the Triune God/Trinity?

Is Delayed Realization/Awareness Proof of the Distinct & Separate Nature/Characteristic of the 3 persons in the Triune God/Trinity—the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit? Luke 8:42-47 New American ...
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“...night is coming, when no one can work” (John 9:4)

In John 9:4, Jesus stated, ...night is coming, when no one can work. ESV, ©2016 The immediate context is that Jesus is healing a blind person. The first clause of the verse is: We must work the ...
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What is the significance of both the priest and the Levite in the Good Samaritan parable?

In the Good Samaritan parable (Luke 10:25-37), the first two people who see the beaten up man are a priest and a Levite. However, a priest is a member of the Levite tribe. So why include both since ...
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If a "house divided cannot stand" how did non-disciples cast out demons?

Really what I'm getting at is two lines of reasoning I see in gospel accounts that seem to contradict one another. In particular I'm thinking of the pericope in which Jesus is accused of casting out ...
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Is the resurrected body of Jesus fleshly?

“Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God:” ‭‭1 John‬ ‭4:2‬ ‭KJV‬‬ Not addressing whether this is translated correctly in the ...
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In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be "Pierced"?

and Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, "Behold, this child is destined for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be contradicted (and you yourself a sword will ...
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Luke 22 : What was Jesus' Basis to Order His Disciples to Violate the Passover Sabbath?

Related: - In the early church, was the Last Supper Considered a Passover Feast? - During the Passion - What laws might Jesus and his disciples been accused of breaking? NOTE: Hopefully, this ...
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What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to?

According to the KJV Luke 6:1 states: And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, ...
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Was the discounting by the manager in Luke 16 a dishonest act?

The shrewd manager in Luke 16 discounted the debts in order to win favor with the debtors. What hermeneutic principle should be used to determine if this was an evil act, or just good business?
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Luke 23:3 - Why Wasn't Jesus' Claim to be King Unlawful?

NASB, Luke 23:3 - So Pilate asked Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And He answered him and said, “It is as you say.” After this, Pilate said, "I find no fault in him." But later, Pilate ...
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Was Jesus quoting from a proverb of His time at Luke 9:62?

At Luke 9:62 (RSVCE) we read: Jesus said to him, “No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the kingdom of God.” This saying of Jesus has become a proverb in all prominent ...
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In Luke 2:34-35, Is Simeon's Dedication Blessing Sympathetic towards Mary, or Against Her?

Related To: "In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be “Pierced”?", (SE Link). The Question Given the context and contents of Simeon's "blessing" at Jesus' dedication - ...
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What is the New Covenant referenced during the Last Supper?

In Luke 22:20 during the Last Supper, why is the cup of wine (Jesus blood) referred to as the New Covenant? What was the Old Covenant?
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In Luke 22:44 did Jesus actually sweat blood?

Luke 22:44 (NIV) And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground. Was this a literal thing--did he actually sweat drops of blood. Is ...
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Why would Mary and Joseph offer "turtle doves" in Luke 2:24?

When Jesus was "presented" in Jerusalem by Mary and Joseph, the sacrifice made was "a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons": Luke 2: 22 When the days of their purification according to the law ...
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Does Luke's supposed profession matter when interpreting his work as an author?

Paul makes reference to a physician named Luke: Luke the beloved physician greets you, as does Demas.—Colossians 4:14 (ESV) Tradition also assigns Luke as author of the gospel that bears its ...
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What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
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As Mary was too poor to offer a lamb after giving birth to Jesus, offering birds instead, does this prove the Magi had not yet pitched up with gold?

As Mary was too poor to offer a lamb after giving birth to Jesus, offering birds instead, does this prove the Magi had not yet pitched up with gold? Otherwise, she could have afforded to buy a huge ...
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What is Luke's purpose for recording this narrative and ultimately Jesus' reason to express this account of the rich man and Lazarus to those present?

There are people who understand this text to express Jesus warning the hearers of the potential torment of the lost directly following their death. 1. Explain why that is, or isn't the intended ...
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Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
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Luke 10:27 vs Matthew 22:37 vs Deuteronomy 6:5

Luke 10:27 And he answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength, and with all your mind;... Matthew 22:37 And He said to him, “‘...
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Why the close parallels between the story of Elijah raising the widow’s son, in 1 Kings 17:10-24, and Jesus raising the widow’s son in Luke 7:11-16?

Some parallels between the two narratives: Both stories mention the “city gate” (1 Kings 17:10; Luke 7:12) Both stories concern raising the dead son of a widow (1 Kings 17:10,21-2; Luke 7:12) Both ...