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Questions tagged [linguistics]

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Do Greek and Hebrew words have only one meaning in scripture regardless of the context?

Is it a legitimate linguistic feature within scriptures that the words of scripture only have one meaning each? For example, the KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), ...
3
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2answers
112 views

Are the meanings of El and Elohe in Genesis 33:20 different or same? If different, how do they different?

Genesis 33:20 "ויצב שם מזבח ויקרא לו אל אלהי ישראל׃" The context of Genesis 33:20 is Genesis 33:18-20 "18After Jacob had come from Paddan-aram, he arrived safely at the city of Shechem in the ...
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0answers
42 views

Why are the letters of the Hebrew alphabet also words? [closed]

Why are the names of the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet also meaningful words? For examples, aleph means ox, beth means tent or house, gimmel means heal or ankle or camel, etc.? Why the order of ...
0
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3answers
110 views

What Does the Last Word in Luke 21:32 Mean with the Aorist Tense?

http://biblehub.com/interlinear/luke/21-32.htm I was having an argument with my friend about this verse and he is saying the aorist tense in Greek means that the last word in this verse does not ...
2
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3answers
156 views

According Genesis 11:7 'God נבל man's language'. Is it correct to translate the Hebrew verbal form נבל with the verb 'to confound'?

The majority of Bible translations choose to render the MT verbal form נבל as 'to confound'. Now - according the context - the 'confounded' language was, clearly, the unique language mentioned in 11:1....
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0answers
52 views

The Word Biah In Mat 24:3 in George Howard's Hebrew Version of the Gospel of Matthew

I would like to know whether George Howard is still alive. He was the head of the Department of Religion in the University of Georgia and published the book Hebrew Gospel of Matthew, which contains ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Do contractions with Hebrew prepositions occur later in the textual history? Cf. Ex 3:14-15

I'm doing an exegesis of Exodus 3, and I notice that v. 14 and v. 15 repeat a clause, except that v. 14 contracts a preposition within that clause. 3:14 כֹּ֤ה תֹאמַר֙ לִבְנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל 3:15 כֹּה־...
0
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2answers
89 views

What are A-words and B-words? [closed]

Wilfred G.E. Watson writes in "The Hebrew Word-pair 'sp // qbṣ" (Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 1984, 96(3)): Before going on to consider the word-pair in question it is ...
7
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3answers
266 views

1 Corinthians 13:8 - What is the Significance of the Intransitive verb “παύσονται”?

In 1 Corinthians 13:8, The Greek word, "παύσονται | intransitive future middle" appears as the indicative of the Greek verb παύω (pauō, "to cease"). Does the form, tense, and mood of this particular ...
3
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1answer
279 views

Source for tri- or quadri-literal roots of Hebrew words?

I am looking for a source (dictionary, website, software, ...) which would systematically give the basic triliteral or quadriliteral root for each word of the Hebrew Bible. Currently, I use Logos 6 ...
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1answer
2k views

How to interpret Proverbs 6:16-19, in view of “Numbered Parallelism”

Question 1: How would one interpret, (not translate), Proverbs 6, in view of the linguistic construction: "Numbered Parallelism." How does "Numbered Parallelism", here, affect the interpretation of ...
11
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3answers
2k views

Were "the thieves” who reviled Jesus on the cross only one person?

I recently ran across this answer on C.SE reconciling Luke’s account of the repentant thief on the cross (Luke 23:40) with Mark’s statement - also present in Matthew - that both thieves reviled Jesus (...
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2answers
164 views

Can 1 Cor. 1:10-13 be interpreted as a Commandment against Cults?

Question: In 1 Cor. 13, is the Early Church's understanding of the Command against "Divisions", pragmatically equivalent to the modern Church's prohibition against "Cults"? Notes: The commandment "...
7
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1answer
1k views

Matthew 10:28 - Is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse?

In Matthew 10:28 is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse? The natural interpretation obviously is that this teaches annihilationism since he uses the word "destroy" not "...
11
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2answers
238 views

Was there any significance to the term χριστὸς in koine Greek outside of Judeo-Christian thought?

This question is motivated by a reading of John 20:31: SBLGNT ταῦτα δὲ γέγραπται ἵνα πιστεύητε ὅτι Ἰησοῦς ἐστιν ὁ χριστὸς ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ ἵνα πιστεύοντες ζωὴν ἔχητε ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι αὐτοῦ. ...
8
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5answers
660 views

Hebrew Text Indicative of a Local or Global Flood?

I am trying to look for hints in the text of Genesis regarding Noah's account. There has been plenty of debate on whether the flood described is local or global. The usual line of thought is that the ...
6
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1answer
296 views

What is the significance of the perfect ειρηκεν in 2 Cor 12:9?

I found only the American Standard Version that translates ειρηκεν in 2 Corinthians 12:9 as an English perfect: And he hath said unto me (εἴρηκέν μοι), My grace is sufficient for thee.. with the ...