Questions tagged [jude]

The New Testament letter of the Apostle Jude.

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Why is ekporneusasai (Gr) from Jude 1:7 translated as “sexual immorality” when “fornication” is the primary use according to Strong’s 1608?

Although I’ve read different interpretations of what was the actual sin of Sodom in Genesis 19 (homosexuality vs. various from inhospitality to rape), Jude provides a shockingly direct answer-“sexual ...
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How does "eternal/aidiois" Jude 6 compare with "eternal/aioniou" Jude 7? [duplicate]

Jude 6 "And the angels who did not stay within their own position of authority, but left their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains under gloomy darkness until the judgement of the ...
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What is the punishment of eternal fire according to Matt. 18:8, Matt. 25:41, and Jude 7?

There are only three occurrences of the term "eternal fire" in the New Testament. These are Matthew 18:8, Matthew 25:41, and Jude 7. Matthew 18:8 If your hand or your foot causes you to sin,...
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Is eternal fire quenchable (Jude 1:6-7) or unquenchable (Mark 9:47-49)?

Jude 1:6-7 (ESV) 6 And the angels who did not stay within their own position of authority, but left their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains under gloomy darkness until the judgment of ...
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Jude 1:8; which is more accurate KJV or DRB?

Jude 1:8; ESV; 8 Yet in like manner these people also, relying on their dreams, defile the flesh, reject authority, and blaspheme the glorious ones. Jude 1:8; ASV; 8 Yet in like manner these also ...
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How should Jesus' former existence (before Abraham) be classified? [closed]

Jesus said 'Before Abraham was I am', John 8:58, immediately after which his hearers took up stones to cast at him, since they clearly regarded this as a blasphemy for only Deity could speak such a ...
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Are evil spirits chained or not?

According to 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6, they are: 4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; [...
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Why was the Devil/Satan not chained and kept in darkness like the other fallen angels mentioned in Jude 1:6 and 2 Peter 2:4?

We are told that after Satan/devil and his angels had been cast down onto the earth he went to fight against the woman and later her offspring. This seems to point to a being that was free to do as he ...
2 votes
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Why might Jude tell us in his Letter that N/T Scripture had been fully delivered to the saints (cf. Jude vs. 3)?

In the Letter of Jude we read what seems to be a clear declaration that all Scripture has finally been delivered to the saints: Jude vs.3: "Beloved, while I was making every effort to write you ...
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Was Jesus "reviling Satan" in John 8:44 contrary to the admonition in Jude vss. 8-9?

In the Gospel of John we read of Jesus' condemnation of the Devil: John 8:44: "[The Devil] was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. ...
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Does Jude, inspired by the Holy Spirit (vss. 14-15), quote from the Book of Enoch or is it the other way around?

It is claimed that Jude (vss. 14-15) quoted 1 Enoch 1:9. At first glance, that appears to be true. First, let us consider Jude 14-15: "Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men ...
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Does the "Spirit of God" (through Jude) in Jude 1:14 validate the book of Enoch?

The New Testament bibles include the book of [Jude] & [1 Corinthians]. Based on [1 Corinthians 3:16], the author of Jude (being a 'bond-servant of Jesus Christ' - Jude 1:1) is filled with the &...
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Are the imprisoned spirits in 1 Peter 3:19 human spirits or fallen angels?

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive in the Spirit. 19After being made alive, he ...
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Railing accusation(s)?

1 Peter 3:9:  Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing. 2 Peter 2:11: Whereas angels, ...
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1 vote
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What can be worse than the punishment of Sodom and Gomorrah?

Jude 1:7 New International Version In a similar way, Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding towns gave themselves up to sexual immorality and perversion. They serve as an example of those who suffer ...
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Are "praying in a tongue", "praying with one's spirit" and "praying in the (Holy) Spirit" interchangeable expressions?

Jude 1:20 (NIV): 20 But you, dear friends, by building yourselves up in your most holy faith and praying in the Holy Spirit, Ephesians 6:18 (NIV): 18 And pray in the Spirit on all occasions with ...
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What is the best translation for the word "Diakrino" in Jude 1:22?

Jude 1:22 AKJV And of some have compassion, making a difference: ASV:And on some have mercy, who are in doubt; BBE And have pity on those who are in doubt; BIB Καὶ (And) οὓς (those who) μὲν (indeed) ...
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Jude 6 Heavenly beings leaving their habitation?

In what sense did these heavenly beings leave their first estate οικητηριον “And the angels who did not stay within their own position of authority, but left their proper dwelling, he has kept in ...
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Does Jude 1:9 allude to Zechariah 3:2?

Zechariah 3:2 New International Version The LORD said to Satan, "The LORD rebuke you, Satan! The LORD, who has chosen Jerusalem, rebuke you! Is not this man a burning stick snatched from the ...
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Which the difference contextual between the kiss of Aaron and Judas' kiss?

Which the difference contextual between the kiss of Arão and Judas' kiss? Exodos 4:27 and Luke 22:48
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In Jude 1:3, when and how was the faith "once delivered to the holy"?

Jde 1:3 YLT - Beloved, all diligence using to write to you concerning the common salvation, I had necessity to write to you, exhorting to agonize for the faith once delivered to the saints, Jde 1:3 ...
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Does Wallace's chart identify “the archangel” as a monadic noun at Jude 9:9 from the text? If not, how does the grammar of the text prove otherwise?

Does Wallace's chart identify “the archangel” as a monadic noun at Jude 9:9 from the text of scripture? If not, how does the grammar of the text prove otherwise? At Jude 9:9 we find “Michael the ...
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2 votes
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What does "dreaming" mean in Jude 8?

"Yet in the same way these men, also by dreaming, defile the flesh, and reject authority, and revile angelic majesties." -- Jude 8 (NASB) What does "by dreaming" mean in the context of this verse and ...
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1 Peter 2:11, does Peter mean by (soul) (the spirit)?

1 Peter 2:11 (DRB): Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, to refrain yourselves from carnal desires which war against the soul, It's clear that the Bible distinguishes between (...
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2 Peter 2:4, is there a punishment, torture or torment before judgement?

In 2 Peter 2:4 (ASV): For if God spared not angels when they sinned, but cast them down to hell, and committed them to pits of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; 2 Peter 2:4 (NHEB): but ...
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What is the most accurate (original Greek text), and (translation) of Jude 1:4?

KJV of Jude 1:4 declares that God is the only lord, beside the lord Jesus Christ, i.e: it may means that the only Lord is God the father, beside the lord Jesus Christ. Like KJV, also, World English ...
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Did Jude 25 mention "σοφῷ" or not?

I was shocked when I read Jude 25 in one Greek text and some of English, Arabic and Latin translations, e.g: سميث/ڤانديك. الحياة. الأخبار السارة. اليسوعية. KJV. ESV. ASV. Vulgate. GNT. I found the ...
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How does Jude 1:7 say Sodom and Gomorrah serve as examples in undergoing punishment of eternal fire?

Jude 1:7 NASB 7 just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after [g]strange flesh, are exhibited as an [h]...
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Jude vs 24: who has the joy?

Jude 24 in KJV says: Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy Various English translations render this ...
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Is there reason to believe that 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 6 actually happened?

For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; 2 Peter 2:4 And the angels which kept not their ...
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What is the meaning of the Greek words translated as "blackest darkness" in Jude verse 13

Jude verse 13 speaks of those who are... "wandering stars for whom blackest darkness has been reserved" (NIV) or "wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever" (KJV). My ...
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Is Jude 5 referring to Sirach 46:1? (Ιησους vs. Κυριος resolved?)

I remember reading recently a question about the textual-critical issue of, 'Who saved the people, Jesus or the Lord?' (in regards to the fifth verse of Jude's Epistle): If Jude 5 says "Lord&...
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If Jude 5 says "Lord", does it still refer to Jesus?

A while back Dan asked what seems to be a difficult text-critical question regarding Jude 5: whether it says "Jesus" or "the Lord" led the people out of the land. One of the reasons the UBS committee ...
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Did the event spoken of in Jude 9 literally happen? [duplicate]

Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee. — Jude 9 This event is ...
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Why did Jude use the word “common” to describe salvation in Jude 1:3?

It seems Jude 1:3 was describing "salvation" as something that everybody could easily obtain and/or something that everyone already knows about. Jude 1:3 Beloved, while I was giving all diligence ...
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Is "eternal fire" in Jude 7 an allusion to 4 Maccabees 9:9?

NIV Jude 1: 5Though you already know all this, I want to remind you that the Lordc at one time delivered his people out of Egypt, but later destroyed those who did not believe. 6And the ...
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Does Jude 1:13 refer to literal planets or fallen angels? [closed]

Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever. Compare this to the book of Enoch, which Jude apparently considered ...
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Why are false teachers referred to as "late autumn trees" in Jude 1:12

Men are referred to as trees throughout scripture. Abimelech and the men of Shechem in Judges 9:8-19 Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel 4:20-22 Pharaoh and the King of Assyria in Ezekiel 31:2-18 In Jude:1.4, ...
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What does "wandering stars" mean in Jude 1:13?

Jude:1.4 For certain men have crept in unnoticed, who long ago were marked out for this condemnation, ungodly men, who turn the grace of our God into lewdness and deny the only Lord God and ...
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What does ἀϊδίοις mean in Jude 1:6?

"And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day." Jude 1:6 KJV ...
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To what dispute is Jude 1:9 referring regarding the body of Moses?

In Jude 1:9 (NIV) it is written: But even the archangel Michael, when he was disputing with the devil about the body of Moses, did not himself dare to condemn him for slander but said, “The Lord ...
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Jude 7 - What Does "Strange Flesh" Mean?

Question: Is there any textual basis (in the Septuagint, or extant secular literature), to find that "strange flesh" refers to homosexuality? Is "σαρκὸς ἑτέρας" ever idiomatic in Literary or ...
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Angel "marriages", rebellious angels, and Genesis-Jude intertextual connections

While the time of production of Genesis and Jude is separated by hundreds of years, it remains possible that there are literary, inter-textual connections between them. I am interested to know whether ...
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Which was copied from which: 2 Peter 2 or Jude?

There are many strong similarities in word choice, style, theme, and structure between Jude and 2 Peter 2. For instance: Jude 6  And  the  angels  who  did  not  keep  ...
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What does Jude mean by "mercy mixed with fear"?

In Jude 23, the author instructs his readers: save others by snatching them from the fire; to others show mercy, mixed with fear—hating even the clothing stained by corrupted flesh. NIV (empahsis ...
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When James and Jude use κύριος is their meaning limited to "master"?

In his book, The Jesus Dynasty, James Tabor asserts that James and Jude, which he takes to written by Jesus' brothers, use the term κύριος to mean something like "master". It was a sign of ...
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Who led the people of Israel out of Egypt in Jude 5?

Lest anyone think this is a "stump the chumps" question, I am specifically interested in support for a particular reading of this text. It is disputed which manuscript should be followed in Jude 5. ...
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What about the noncanonical books quoted in Jude?

The book of Jude contains many quotes and references to the Old Testament. However, there are two quotes which seem to be from elsewhere. The first is attributed to The Assumption of Moses. Jude ...
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Why are 2 Peter and Jude usually together in commentaries?

It seems pretty standard for commentaries to be written on the combination of 2 Peter and Jude. Obviously they both share the subject matter of false teachers, but I assume there are reasons beyond ...
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