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Questions tagged [judaism]

Questions about Jewish practice and interpretation as related to biblical texts.

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Does 1 Kings 8:35-36 and 46-50 teach that, under the Old Covenant, one was able to receive forgiveness without a sacrifice?

When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou afflictest them: 36Then ...
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What do we know about “Lilith” in Isaiah 34:14?

In the New American Bible translation ( from Wikipedia) I find these for Isaiah 34:14 (12) Her nobles shall be no more, nor shall kings be proclaimed there; all her princes are gone. (13) Her ...
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Why does Jesus' wording of the Shema include the addition of 'and with all your mind?'

The vast majority of translations of Deuteronomy 6:4-5 read something like this: "Hear, O Israel, YHWH is our god; YHWH is one. And thou shalt love YHWH thy god with all thy heart, and with all thy ...
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What is “the last trumpet” to which Paul refers in 1 Cor 15:52?

1 Corinthians 15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For there to ...
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Was “no man knows the day or the hour” (Mt. 24:36) a reference to Rosh Hashanah?

It's become common in Messianic Jewish circles and among others who have been impacted by the Hebrew Roots movement to say that Jesus' words in Matt. 24:36 are a clue that He would return on a future ...
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What is the significance of Adonijah sacrificing calves in 1 Kings 1?

In the old testament it is obvious that there are multiple references to sacrificing calves. From my understanding this was generally performed by the high priests to take away the sins of the people. ...
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Do the words “Israel” and “Jews” have a different meaning in the Gospels?

In my reading of the Gospels, I have not noticed any derogatory or sectarian statements using the word "Israel", such as in: Matthew 10:6 ... but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. ...
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Acts 15:5 - Could Christians remain Pharisees? [closed]

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of Moses....
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Was the LXX used in Palestine in the First Century?

It is recorded that Jesus read from the Septuagint in the synagogue during His ministry. As an example, Luke 4:16-20 has Jesus reading from an Isaiah scroll in a synagogue, and the text provided ...
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1answer
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What is the 'law' in John 19:7

In John 19:7 it says, 7 The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.” What is the law that they are speaking of here?...
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In Matthew 26:26-29 why do the disciples not protest Jesus insisting that they drink blood?

I have always been puzzled by the disciples' lack of response to Jesus' request that they drink wine as his blood (Mt. 26:26-29 // Mk. 14:22-25 // Lk. 22:14-23). Everyone in the room was Jewish, and ...
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Why do the apostles suggest that the blind man could have sinned before his birth in John 9:2?

In John 9, upon seeing the man born blind, his disciples ask Jesus, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?”(ESV) Was it a widely held belief among first century ...
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1answer
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When was the Hebrew Bible's exact text/spelling synchronized globally?

The Hebrew Bible is essentially identical in all Jewish communities, despite significant differences in spellings and wordings from the Septuagint or texts in the Dead Sea Scrolls, or even from quoted ...
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What were the “tokens of virginity”?

In Deut 22:13-21 a father was to present evidence that his daughter was a virgin on her wedding night. This evidence was called "tokens of virginity", and involved a mysterious cloth. Deuteronomy ...
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1answer
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In Acts 3:1, What is the Significance of the Ninth Hour of Prayer?

Acts 3:1 - Now Peter and John were going up to the temple at the [a]ninth hour, the hour of prayer. I have been digging everywhere I can think of to find some description or outline of what happened ...
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2answers
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Is Paul saying that Jews will be saved in Romans 4:16?

So the promise is received by faith. It is given as a free gift. And we are all certain to receive it, whether or not we live according to the law of Moses, if we have faith like Abraham's. For ...
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1answer
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Was baptism practiced by first-century Jews?

In Matthew 3:13-17 Jesus is baptized by John. Is baptism a Jewish practice? Based on Jesus the Phoenician baptism used to be practiced by Canaanites, not Jews. Is this claim true or false?
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1answer
511 views

Interpreting Numbers 15:37-39 commandement about tzitzit

These commandments conveyed by God to Moses concern the "tzitzit", the fringes worn by men. Why does this pertain only to men? In these passages it says "speak to the children of Israel", not "speak ...
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3answers
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In Acts 15:19-21 did James and the Jerusalem leaders intend to abandon the Torah?

When Paul and Barnabas when down to Jerusalem to consult with the apostles about whether Gentiles ought to be compelled to be circumcised, the final word comes from James: Therefore my judgment is ...
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2answers
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Does the New Testament predict Jesus' return on Rosh Hashanah?

The day of the Lord's return is sometimes associated with trumpets in the New Testament: For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and ...
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Interpretation of Genesis 1:26?

I am under the impression that the Trinity is a Christian idea, and that the Jews did not view God as "three in one and one in three". How, then, was the following passage interpreted by the people ...
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How do Jews interpret Daniel 7:13–14?

As a Reformed Christian, a take a Christological reading of Daniel 7:13–14: Daniel 7:13-14 (ESV) 13 “I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven    &...
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Who were the Hellenistic and Hebraic Jews of Acts 6:1?

In Acts, it talks about a division in Judaism that I had not heard of before: Acts 6:1 (NIV) In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Hellenistic Jews among them complained ...
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Pre-Christian, Jewish interpretation of Psalm 22

How was Psalm 22 understood by Jewish tradition before the birth of Jesus? Was it interpreted messianically? What pre-Christian sources discuss Psalm 22?