Questions tagged [judaism]

Questions about Jewish practice and interpretation as related to biblical texts.

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Is the resurrection taught in the Old Testament?

Luke 20:27 (NKJV) says: Then some of the Sadducees, who deny that there is a resurrection, came to Him and asked Him, It says they didn't believe in the resurrection. Is this true? Is the ...
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When were portions of Aramaic Book of Daniel translated into Hebrew?

John Collins writes in his 3rd option: "The whole book [of Daniel] was written in Aramaic, with portions supplanted, for whatever reason, by their Hebrew translation." Is it plausible to ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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What is the backdrop of Matt 12: 6 , which hints that there were separate synagogues for different sects of Jews during Jesus' ministry?

We read at the opening of Matt 12, how Jesus confronts the Pharisees' scrupulosity in following the rules related to Sabbath: At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath. His ...
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1 vote
4 answers
132 views

What did Second Temple Judaism think about the Messiah/Christ?

“But Jesus remained silent. And the high priest said to him, “I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.”” ‭‭Matthew‬ ‭26:63‬ ‭ What is understood by the Christ? ...
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3 votes
5 answers
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Does "turn the other cheek" refer to a court tradition, not general violence?

We often hear "turn the other cheek". However, recently I've heard that being slapped in the context of Matt. 5:39-42 is referring to a court setting, not general violence. I'm no advocate ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Is the Ark of the Covenant symbolizing the cherubim guarding the Tree of Life?

No one questions why cherubim were used as symbolism throughout the OT. Cherubim are involved with finding God. The Meaning of Life. I think the role of cherubim is to guard things by hiding with ...
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4 votes
4 answers
359 views

In Matthew 27:62, what is "the day of preparation"?

I investigated this matter at https://judaism.stackexchange.com and I was assured that there is no such Jewish holy day. So to what does the term actually refer? [Matthew 27:62 NKJV] (62) On the next ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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Why does Matthew 26:17 seem to ignore/contradict the instructions and schedule of Leviticus 23:5-7?

In Leviticus 23, Passover completely precedes the Feast of Unleavened Bread, with the first day being a day of convocation: [Lev 23:5-8 NLT] (5) "The LORD's Passover begins at sundown on the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Eden, Adam and Eve as Midrash

Can anyone point me to any detailed articles, books or theses that expound Genesis 2-3 as midrash; ie; the idea that the Eden-Fall story is a midrashic tale to explain creation and fall?
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4 votes
5 answers
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Do Jews attain eternal life by keeping the commandaments?

In Matthew 19: 16-30, Luke 18: 18-30, what is the difference between eternal life and treasure in heaven? Did Jesus imply that keeping the commandments did not reach Eternal life?
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Why does the New Testament slander the Pharisees? [closed]

A very frequent assertion of Christian apologetics is that Christian morality would be "the best and most perfect" of all morals. This argument is often used by apologists to prove the ...
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Where is the correct number of men were found in Judah in both of below two choices answers?

I come accrossed this contradiction , just to read and I want someone to clarify me that :Five hundred thousand dosn't equal to Four hundred and seventy thousand Such that the given answers of this ...
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0 votes
2 answers
141 views

In Luke 2:21-24 what is the prophetic significance of Mary buying her firstborn son back from the LORD?

[Luk 2:21-24 NASB] (21) And when eight days had passed, before His circumcision, His name was then called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb. (22) And when the days ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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In Psalm 90:1 what does Moses mean when he says "you have been our dwelling place"?

Psalm 90 seems to be about the brevity and transience of human life in contrast to God's eternity: [Psa 90:1-17 ASV] (1) A Prayer of Moses the man of God. Lord, thou hast been our dwelling-place In ...
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4 votes
2 answers
830 views

What is the symbolic significance of performing circumcision on the "8th day"? [duplicate]

In Leviticus 12:3 what was the symbolic significance of choosing the eighth day after birth for the time of circumcision? [Lev 12:3 KJV] (3) And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall ...
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Does 1 Kings 8:35-36 and 46-50 teach that, under the Old Covenant, one was able to receive forgiveness without a sacrifice?

When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou afflictest them: 36Then ...
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7 votes
5 answers
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Why does Jesus' wording of the Shema include the addition of 'and with all your mind?'

The vast majority of translations of Deuteronomy 6:4-5 read something like this: "Hear, O Israel, YHWH is our god; YHWH is one. And thou shalt love YHWH thy god with all thy heart, and with all thy ...
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4 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is "the last trumpet" to which Paul refers in 1 Cor 15:52?

1 Corinthians 15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For there to ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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Was "no man knows the day or the hour" (Mt. 24:36) a reference to Rosh Hashanah?

Matthew 34:36[NIV] ~ “But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son,[f] but only the Father. It's become common in Messianic Jewish circles and among others who ...
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3 votes
2 answers
612 views

What is the significance of Adonijah sacrificing calves in 1 Kings 1?

In the old testament it is obvious that there are multiple references to sacrificing calves. From my understanding this was generally performed by the high priests to take away the sins of the people. ...
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5 votes
5 answers
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Do the words "Israel" and "Jews" have a different meaning in the Gospels?

In my reading of the Gospels, I have not noticed any derogatory or sectarian statements using the word "Israel", such as in: Matthew 10:6 ... but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
558 views

Acts 15:5 - Could Christians remain Pharisees? [closed]

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of Moses....
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10 votes
1 answer
956 views

Was the LXX used in Palestine in the First Century?

It is recorded that Jesus read from the Septuagint in the synagogue during His ministry. As an example, Luke 4:16-20 has Jesus reading from an Isaiah scroll in a synagogue, and the text provided ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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What is the 'law' in John 19:7

In John 19:7 it says, 7 The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.” What is the law that they are speaking of here?...
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19 votes
8 answers
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In Matthew 26:26-29 why do the disciples not protest Jesus insisting that they drink blood?

I have always been puzzled by the disciples' lack of response to Jesus' request that they drink wine as his blood (Mt. 26:26-29 // Mk. 14:22-25 // Lk. 22:14-23). Everyone in the room was Jewish, and ...
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12 votes
5 answers
2k views

Why do the apostles suggest that the blind man could have sinned before his birth in John 9:2?

In John 9, upon seeing the man born blind, his disciples ask Jesus, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?”(ESV) Was it a widely held belief among first century ...
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9 votes
1 answer
266 views

When was the Hebrew Bible's exact text/spelling synchronized globally?

The Hebrew Bible is essentially identical in all Jewish communities, despite significant differences in spellings and wordings from the Septuagint or texts in the Dead Sea Scrolls, or even from quoted ...
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14 votes
3 answers
25k views

What were the "tokens of virginity"?

In Deut 22:13-21 a father was to present evidence that his daughter was a virgin on her wedding night. This evidence was called "tokens of virginity", and involved a mysterious cloth. Deuteronomy ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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In Acts 3:1, What is the Significance of the Ninth Hour of Prayer?

Acts 3:1 - Now Peter and John were going up to the temple at the [a]ninth hour, the hour of prayer. I have been digging everywhere I can think of to find some description or outline of what happened ...
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2 votes
2 answers
194 views

Is Paul saying that Jews will be saved in Romans 4:16?

So the promise is received by faith. It is given as a free gift. And we are all certain to receive it, whether or not we live according to the law of Moses, if we have faith like Abraham's. For ...
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4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Was baptism practiced by first-century Jews?

In Matthew 3:13-17 Jesus is baptized by John. Is baptism a Jewish practice? Based on Jesus the Phoenician baptism used to be practiced by Canaanites, not Jews. Is this claim true or false?
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  • 151
4 votes
1 answer
705 views

Interpreting Numbers 15:37-39 commandement about tzitzit

These commandments conveyed by God to Moses concern the "tzitzit", the fringes worn by men. Why does this pertain only to men? In these passages it says "speak to the children of Israel", not "speak ...
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8 votes
6 answers
939 views

In Acts 15:19-21 did James and the Jerusalem leaders intend to abandon the Torah?

When Paul and Barnabas when down to Jerusalem to consult with the apostles about whether Gentiles ought to be compelled to be circumcised, the final word comes from James: Therefore my judgment is ...
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2 votes
3 answers
3k views

Does the New Testament predict Jesus' return on Rosh Hashanah?

The day of the Lord's return is sometimes associated with trumpets in the New Testament: For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and ...
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17 votes
9 answers
8k views

Interpretation of Genesis 1:26?

I am under the impression that the Trinity is a Christian idea, and that the Jews did not view God as "three in one and one in three". How, then, was the following passage interpreted by the people ...
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5 votes
4 answers
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How do Jews interpret Daniel 7:13–14?

As a Reformed Christian, a take a Christological reading of Daniel 7:13–14: Daniel 7:13-14 (ESV) 13 “I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven    &...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Who were the Hellenistic and Hebraic Jews of Acts 6:1?

In Acts, it talks about a division in Judaism that I had not heard of before: Acts 6:1 (NIV) In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Hellenistic Jews among them complained ...
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37 votes
4 answers
12k views

Pre-Christian, Jewish interpretation of Psalm 22

How was Psalm 22 understood by Jewish tradition before the birth of Jesus? Was it interpreted messianically? What pre-Christian sources discuss Psalm 22?
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