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The book of Jonah, the story of a reluctant prophet who was sent to prophecy against Nineveh and ended up in the belly of a fish when he tried to flee from the job.

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In Jonah 4:11, is the phrase “persons who do not know their right hand from their left” a joke at the Assyrian's expense?

Ten years ago I read a commentary on Jonah, that stated that the phrase "persons who do not know their right hand from their left" (ESV) in Jonah 4:11 was a joke from the Hebrew author exploiting the ...
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In Jonah 2:5 is Jonah expecting to see God's temple?

Several translations have "yet"... that Jonah, though banished from GOd's presence (in his mind) was expecting to see His temple (live? be restored?) Jonah 2:5 (NIV) I said, 'I have been banished ...
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Based on the wording of his prayers, did Jonah die inside the fish? Jonah 2:6

Jonah 2:6 (NKJV) I went down to the moorings of the mountains; The earth with its bars closed behind me forever... All scripture is inspired. On that premise, I believe that Jonah's prayer ...
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Why did Jonah run away from God to Tarshish in Chapter 1?

Why did Jonah run away from God to Tarshish? 1 The word of the Lord came to Jonah son of Amittai: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before ...
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In Jonah 2:6, what does he mean by 'roots/cuttings/forms of the mountains' and 'about me forever'' when it was only for 3 days?

Jonah 2 6 I descended to the roots of the mountains. The earth with its bars was around me forever, But You have brought up my life from the pit, O LORD my God.New American Standard Bible. . ...
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Was Jonah's prophecy of Nineveh's destruction fulfilled?

Regarding prophecy, the Zondervan Encyclopedia states: Sometimes one feature of a prediction may involve a condition though the prediction as a whole is unconditional. The conditional nature of ...
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How many days until Nineveh will be overthrown?

When Jonah declares the destruction of Nineveh to its inhabitants, his only words are (3:4b): עוֹד אַרְבָּעִ֣ים י֔וֹם וְנִֽינְוֵ֖ה נֶהְפָּֽכֶת׃ (BHS) Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be ...
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Did Jonah actually die in the whale?

I know the common understanding is that Jonah waited, alive and conscious, in the belly of the whale until he was spat out. Has a euphemized "children's version" become accepted truth? Perhaps we can ...
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What sort of city was Nineveh?

Jonah 3:3 (BHS, ESV): וְנִֽינְוֵ֗ה הָיְתָ֤ה עִיר־גְּדוֹלָה֙ לֵֽאלֹהִ֔ים wənînəwēh hāyətâ 'îr gədôlâ l'ēlōhîm Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city* ESV footnote: *Hebrew: A great city ...
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Are there two distinct words [‘lexemes’] for ‘fish’ in Jonah 2?

Jonah 2:1 (Eng. 1:17) says that God appointed דָּ֣ג גָּד֔וֹל (dāg gādôl, 'a great fish') to swallow Jonah. The following verse tells of Jonah crying out from the belly of הַדָּגָֽה (haddāgâ, 'the fish’...
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How could the repentance of the early Ninevites in response to Jonah's message have led to “the destruction of the Jews?”

In his commentary on Jonah 1:3, Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus (better known as Jerome), asserted that Jonah fled to Tarshish because his insight led him to believe that the repentance of the Gentiles ...
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Is there a significance in the usage of the two Hebrew words for the pronoun “I” (ʾănî and ʾānōkî)

In Jonah 1:9, I noticed that both words for the pronoun "I" are used, ʾănî and ʾānōkî. וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם עִבְרִי אָנֹכִי וְאֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי הַשָּׁמַיִם אֲנִי יָרֵא אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה אֶת־הַיָּם וְאֶת־...
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At what point in his narrative does the prophet Yona appear to die? [duplicate]

Christ essentially appealed to Yona being dead three days and three nights in the heart of the sea as proof that he too would be dead three days and three nights in the heart of the earth (i.e., the ...
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What is the order of events of Nahum and Jonah?

I was reading the book of Nahum and it was speaking about Nineveh. Is the book of Nahum foretelling the destruction of Nineveh, for which the people of Nineveh averted by repenting of their sins, or ...
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Historically, how was Jonah classified in terms of literary genre?

I've been reading through a lengthy discussion at this site over the historical nature of Jonah. One position that has been advanced is that there are internal text indicators that the narrative is ...
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When did Jonah compose his prayer in chapter 2?

Almost the entity of Jonah, chapter 2 is a prayer to God: Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the belly of the fish. He said: In my trouble I called to the Lord, And He answered me; From ...
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Did Jonah expect to die when he was thrown overboard?

In Chapter 1 of Jonah there is the familiar scene of him on the boat with the pagan sailors in the midst of a deadly storm. Jonah tells the men, "Pick me up and throw me into the sea, and it will ...