Questions tagged [john]

The fourth Gospel in the Christian New Testament that is attributed to John the son of Zebedee.

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In John 3:16 why the shift to aorist and perfect tense verbs?

In John 3:16 starting with ἠγάπησεν (aorist), the verbs shift to tenses signifying past actions. Does this mean Jesus' discourse with Nicodemus stopped with 3:15, and 3:16 starts John's narrative? .....
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Is the ego eimi (I am) in John 8:58 and John 8:28 the same?

John 8:28[ASV] Jesus, therefore, said, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he and that I do nothing of myself, but as the Father taught me, I speak these things John 8:...
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Are there two separate reasons given for wanting to stone Jesus?

Beginning in Chapter 5, John details how the Jews wanted to kill Jesus. First, the intent is described: for making Himself equal to God (5:18). Then the manner of death they picked up stones to throw ...
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What did Martha most likely mean by “the last day” in John 11:24?

John 11:22-27 (ESV): 22 But even now I know that whatever you ask from God, God will give you.” 23 Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.” 24 Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise ...
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What is meant by “secret” in John 18 20?

During the trial of Jesus before the Sanhedrin: John 18:19 [NIV] ~ Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 20 “I have spoken openly to the world,” Jesus ...
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Does physical birth in amniotic fluid parallel the spiritual rebirth of John 3:4-5? [closed]

In John's Gospel we read: John 3:4-5: "Nicodemus said to Him, 'How can a man be born when he is old? He cannot enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born, can he?' Jesus answered, '...
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I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me

Jesus says in John 14:6 that no one can come to the Father except through him. John 14:6 Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. ...
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How coming to the Bread for life relates to the Father's giving, in John 6

How does Jesus, in John 6, answer this question: “If someone has come, for life, to Jesus the Bread of life, (a) did he come as a result of the Father giving him to Jesus, or (b) did the Father give ...
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In John 4, why does Jesus say he was not honored in his own country yet he was welcomed?

“For Jesus Himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own country. So when He came to Galilee, the Galileans received Him, having seen all the things He did in Jerusalem at the feast; for ...
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“I am” in Greek Septuagint translation of Exodus 3:14 vs. John 8:58 - how do they compare?

Exodus 3:14 YLT And God saith unto Moses, 'I AM THAT WHICH I AM;' He saith also, 'Thus dost thou say to the sons of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. How does the translation of the Greek ...
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In John 16:28 shouldn't πάλιν go with πορεύομαι πρὸς τὸν πατέρα meaning “I'm returning to the Father.”

Note the more frequent use of πάλιν in the Septuagint (LXX) is to with translating the Hebrew verb meaning return. That is also a common meaning in the New Testament when used with a word meaning ...
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In what sense did Jesus descend/come from heaven? John 3:13 & 3:31

John 3:12-13 (ESV): 12 If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13 No one has ascended into heaven except he who descended from ...
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In what sense did Jesus “see the Father doing”? John 5:19

John 5:16-20 (ESV): 16 And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. 17 But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am ...
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What is meant by damnation? Are there different types of damnation? When does this happen?

What is meant by "damnation?" 28 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 29 And shall come forth; they that have done good, ...
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What is/was the significance of Jesus’s response regarding sign-seeking in John 4:48?

In response to a royal official’s plea that Jesus come heal his son, Jesus responds: Unless you (people) see signs and wonders, you (simply) will not believe. - John 4:48 NASB Why did Jesus respond ...
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What did Jesus mean when he said “The Father who dwells in me”? John 14:10

John 14:10: 10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works. [ESV]...
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Why did Jesus create Judas only for the predestined purpose of being doomed to destruction - based on [Colossians 1:15-20] + [John 13:27, 17:12]?

The new testament teaches Judas as a disciple/creation of Jesus is sadly never forgiven/blessed/prayed for in return for his devotion to Christ's commandments in John 13:27. - Although a creation of ...
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What is the logic behind Jesus' refusal to be touched / clung to by Mary because he had not yet ascended to the Father? John 20:17

John 20:16-17 (ESV): 16 Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned and said to him in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher). 17 Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to me, for I have not yet ascended to ...
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Was stoning legal under Roman law?

From John 8: 3 The teachers of the law and the Pharisees brought in a woman caught in adultery. They made her stand before the group 4 and said to Jesus, “Teacher, this woman was caught in the act of ...
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What does the analogy of reaping/sowing in John 4:36 represent?

John 4:36;38 (NASB) Already he who reaps is receiving wages and is gathering fruit for life eternal; so that he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together. I sent you to reap that for which you ...
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Are Isaiah 55:11 and John 1:1,14 talking about the same “word”?

In the question Why would God fully become His Word if He could not return to Himself? the author assumes a firm link between the term 'word' in the following passages: Isaiah 55:10-11 (ESV): 10 “For ...
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Is a translation of John 1:10 with 'it' instead of 'he' and 'him' grammatically problematic?

John 1:10 is usually translated using 'he' and 'him', for example "He was in the world, and though the world was made through Him, the world did not recognize Him." (Berean Study Bible) ...
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A key question to ask of the “Good Shepherd” discourse of John 10

In John 10;1-16, 25-29, does someone become Christ's sheep when he hears his voice, or does he hear his voice because he is his sheep?
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Is believing based on evidence good or bad?

In John 20:24-29, Jesus praises those who have faith in the absence of evidence: 24 Now Thomas, one of the twelve, called the Twin, was not with them when Jesus came. 25 So the other disciples told ...
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David said “the LORD is my shepherd”, yet Jesus said “I am the good shepherd” - was Jesus David's shepherd? [closed]

Psalms 23 (ESV): The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. 2 He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters. 3 He restores my soul. He leads me in paths of ...
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Difference between believing and obeying Jesus in John 3:36

John 3:36 (NASB): He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him. Why the use of “obey” here rather than “believe”...
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Is Jew singular or plural in John 3:25?

John 3:25 (NIV) An argument developed between some of John's disciples and a certain Jew over the matter of ceremonial washing. NKJV Then there arose a dispute between some of John’s disciples and ...
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Augustine and John 17:3

Augustine in his commentary on John 17:3 said “ The proper order of the words is, That they may know You and Jesus Christ, whom You have sent, as the only true God.” https://www.newadvent.org/fathers/...
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Meaning of John 3:27

John 3:27 (NASB): John answered and said, “A man can receive nothing unless it has been given him from heaven.” What is “receiving” in reference to? What is being received? And how does this relate ...
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What is the significance of John 3:25?

I’m having trouble connecting John 3:25, which talks about John’s disciples getting into a discussion with a Jew about purification, with the following verses about Jesus baptizing and people ...
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What is the difference between God and the Spirit of God? [migrated]

There are passages that appear to establish an identity between God and his Spirit: 24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” [John 4:24, ESV] 17 Now the Lord is ...
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Why did Jesus say 'And this is life eternal, that they should know thee the only true God, and him whom thou didst send, even Jesus Christ? [duplicate]

John 17:3 ASV "And this is life eternal, that they should know thee the only true God, and him whom thou didst send, even Jesus Christ. Is our gaining eternal life tied to knowing the "only ...
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In John 1:14 what does ἐσκήνωσεν mean?

Καὶ ὁ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν,* καὶ ἐθεασάμεθα τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, δόξαν ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, πλήρης χάριτος καὶ ἀληθείας. (John 1:14, NA28) Usually commentators point out that ...
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“Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.” - Is John 3:3 a universal statement, O.T. Saints included?

John 3:1-7 (ESV): Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to him, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God, ...
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In John 1:6 why is ἀπεσταλμένος perfect tense?

Ἐγένετο ἄνθρωπος, ἀπεσταλμένος παρὰ* ⸀θεοῦ, ⸆ ὄνομα αὐτῷ Ἰωάννης· (John 1:6, NA28) The perfect passive particle ἀπεσταλμένος is as if John the Baptist were still active in his ministry when John ...
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Did the Pharisees' disrespect for Galilee come from 1Kings 9?

The disciples' attitude to Nazareth in Galilee can be gauged from the comment in John 1:46 - And Nathanael said unto him, Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? Philip saith unto him, Come ...
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What is the “water” in John 3:5? [duplicate]

This is a pretty basic question, and I’m surprised it hasn’t been asked before, so I hope it’s not too basic! What is the “water” in John 3:5? ...unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot ...
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Why is theon translated as 'God' usually for John 10:33 and 'a god' for Acts 28:6?

The consensus among ancient Greek language experts seems to be that the term 'theon' in John 10:33 should be translated as 'God'. For example "“We are not stoning You for any good work,” said ...
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Is it grammar or theology that causes translators to typically translate John 10:33 as “declare Yourself to be God” as opposed to “a god”?

John 10:33 is typically translated as something like "“We are not stoning You for any good work,” said the Jews, “but for blasphemy, because You, who are a man, declare Yourself to be God.”"...
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Why didn't the Jewish leaders try one more time to have Jesus stoned to death?

They tried to stone Jesus in John 8: 57 “You are not yet fifty years old,” they said to him, “and you have seen Abraham!” 58“Very truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I am!” ...
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Does John 10:31-37 show that Jesus conceded to the charge against him? [closed]

John 10:31:37 ASV The Jews took up stones again to stone him. Jesus answered them, Many good works have I showed you from the Father; for which of those works do ye stone me? The Jews answered him, ...
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Is John 21:25 a hyperbole?

John 21:25 New International Version Jesus did many other things as well. If every one of them were written down, I suppose that even the whole world would not have room for the books that would be ...
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What is the meaning of “words/logous” in John 14:24 as it compares with “words/rhemata” in John 14:10?

John 14:24 "Whoever does not love me does not keep my words. And the word that you hear is not mine but the Father's who sent me". ESV John 14:10 "Do you not believe that I am in the ...
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Is there room for interpreting John 17:5 as Jesus having notional/ideal pre-existence in light of 2 Timothy 1:9?

This question is inspired by a Biblical Unitarian article on Jesus' Pre-Existence. The thesis defended by the article is that Jesus had notional or ideal pre-existence in God's mind rather than a ...
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Does John 19:25 suggest that Mary Magdalene isn´t Jesus´s mother?

The text states: Now standing beside Jesus’ cross were his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.[bz] (John 19:25 NET). So given that at the beginning of the verse ...
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What does “I came from God/the Father” mean in John 16:27-28? [duplicate]

John 16:27-28 (ESV): 27 for the Father himself loves you, because you have loved me and have believed that I came from God. 28 I came from the Father and have come into the world, and now I am ...
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Was Judas a Christian?

1 Corinthians 3:16 English Standard Version Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you? Let's define a Christian as one who has the Spirit dwells in him. John 13:...
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What's the name of the father that Jesus came in?

Matthew 21 (KJV) ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ ⁹ And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the ...
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Does Jesus answer Judas in John 12:3-8?

In John 12:3-8 (NKJV) 3 Then Mary took a pound of very costly oil of spikenard, anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped His feet with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the oil. 4 ...
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What textual evidence is there for the Orthodox Jewish Bible translation of John 8:25?

John 8:25, Orthodox Jewish Bible (OJB) They were saying, therefore, to him, Who are you? Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach said to them, Why should I even speak to you at all? Compare this to (say) the ...

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