Questions tagged [john]

The fourth Gospel in the Christian New Testament that is attributed to John the son of Zebedee.

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In John 3:16 why the shift to aorist and perfect tense verbs?

In John 3:16 starting with ἠγάπησεν (aorist), the verbs shift to tenses signifying past actions. Does this mean Jesus' discourse with Nicodemus stopped with 3:15, and 3:16 starts John's narrative? .....
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Is the ego eimi (I am) in John 8:58 and John 8:28 the same?

John 8:28[ASV] Jesus, therefore, said, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he and that I do nothing of myself, but as the Father taught me, I speak these things John 8:...
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What did Martha most likely mean by “the last day” in John 11:24?

John 11:22-27 (ESV): 22 But even now I know that whatever you ask from God, God will give you.” 23 Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.” 24 Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise ...
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Are there two separate reasons given for wanting to stone Jesus?

Beginning in Chapter 5, John details how the Jews wanted to kill Jesus. First, the intent is described: for making Himself equal to God (5:18). Then the manner of death they picked up stones to throw ...
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Does physical birth in amniotic fluid parallel the spiritual rebirth of John 3:4-5? [closed]

In John's Gospel we read: John 3:4-5: "Nicodemus said to Him, 'How can a man be born when he is old? He cannot enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born, can he?' Jesus answered, '...
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How coming to the Bread for life relates to the Father's giving, in John 6

How does Jesus, in John 6, answer this question: “If someone has come, for life, to Jesus the Bread of life, (a) did he come as a result of the Father giving him to Jesus, or (b) did the Father give ...
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In John 3:16 in what way did God δίδωμι (“give”) his only begotten son?

It occurred to me that God did not give his son in the same sense of "giving" where we might "give a puppy" to someone, where they then are the "owners". King James Bible John 3:16 For God so ...
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“Very truly, I tell you, before Abraham was, I am.” - why did the Jews want to throw stones at Jesus for saying this?

John 8:53-59 (NRSV): 53 Are you greater than our father Abraham, who died? The prophets also died. Who do you claim to be?” 54 Jesus answered, “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my ...
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What is meant by “secret” in John 18 20?

During the trial of Jesus before the Sanhedrin: John 18:19 [NIV] ~ Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 20 “I have spoken openly to the world,” Jesus ...
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Two words for love in John 21:15–17

I haven't found a way to search to see if questions on specific Biblical passages have already been asked. I'm trying to find out if anyone has dealt with Jesus' possible Hebrew/Aramaic words in the ...
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Did Lazarus stink when he came out of the tomb?

John 11:38 Jesus, once again deeply moved, came to the tomb. It was a cave with a stone laid across the entrance. 39“Take away the stone,” Jesus said. “Lord, by now he stinks,” said Martha, the sister ...
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Was Papias the scribe who wrote the Gospel of John?

It was very common practice in antiquity for the author of a book or letter to use a scribe/amanuensis (see descriptions in letters of Cicero, for example), and the use of a scribe is attested or ...
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I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me

Jesus says in John 14:6 that no one can come to the Father except through him. John 14:6 Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. ...
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A key question to ask of the “Good Shepherd” discourse of John 10

In John 10;1-16, 25-29, does someone become Christ's sheep when he hears his voice, or does he hear his voice because he is his sheep?
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In John 4, why does Jesus say he was not honored in his own country yet he was welcomed?

“For Jesus Himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own country. So when He came to Galilee, the Galileans received Him, having seen all the things He did in Jerusalem at the feast; for ...
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Can John 14:28 and John 14:9 be reconciled by saying Jesus had all three parts of the Trinity in him?

I have been having a bit trouble trying to understand John 14:28 and John 14:9 because Jesus says in the 1st verse I mentioned "If you have seen me you have seen the father." and in the ...
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“I am” in Greek Septuagint translation of Exodus 3:14 vs. John 8:58 - how do they compare?

Exodus 3:14 YLT And God saith unto Moses, 'I AM THAT WHICH I AM;' He saith also, 'Thus dost thou say to the sons of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. How does the translation of the Greek ...
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In what sense did Jesus descend/come from heaven? John 3:13 & 3:31

John 3:12-13 (ESV): 12 If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13 No one has ascended into heaven except he who descended from ...
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Is NWT's translation of John 8:58 reasonable?

I already assumed the opposite in an answer to why there are so many Bible translations, on Christianity.SE. Now that we have an expert community, I'd like to check. The translators of the New World ...
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Who is the king stated as being, “one is”, in Revelation 17:10, KJV?

Revelation 17:10: And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space. (My emphasis) This sixth king (following ...
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In John 16:28 shouldn't πάλιν go with πορεύομαι πρὸς τὸν πατέρα meaning “I'm returning to the Father.”

Note the more frequent use of πάλιν in the Septuagint (LXX) is to with translating the Hebrew verb meaning return. That is also a common meaning in the New Testament when used with a word meaning ...
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Time of Jesus' crucifixion in relation to the Passover

John 19:14 seems to indicate that Jesus had been arrested, and brought before the priests, and then Pilate, and was then being sent for crucifixion on the day of preparation for the Passover. Now it ...
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In what sense did Jesus “see the Father doing”? John 5:19

John 5:16-20 (ESV): 16 And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. 17 But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am ...
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How did the blind man make his way to the pool of Siloam? The Word says he returned sighted after washing in the pool.

John 9 has the blind man ‘going to wash in the pool of Siloam.’ How did get get there? The Word says he returned sighted only after washing in the pool.
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What is/was the significance of Jesus’s response regarding sign-seeking in John 4:48?

In response to a royal official’s plea that Jesus come heal his son, Jesus responds: Unless you (people) see signs and wonders, you (simply) will not believe. - John 4:48 NASB Why did Jesus respond ...
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What is meant by damnation? Are there different types of damnation? When does this happen?

What is meant by "damnation?" 28 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 29 And shall come forth; they that have done good, ...
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What is the nature of the “voice” John 10:27 is talking about?

John 10:26-30 (NIV): 26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. 27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: 28 And I give unto them eternal life; ...
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What is the best understanding of the use of καί in the beginning verses of John's Prologue?

Many see John's Prologue arranged using a literary device1in which the first two verses are a single thought: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. This ...
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Are Isaiah 55:11 and John 1:1,14 talking about the same “word”?

In the question Why would God fully become His Word if He could not return to Himself? the author assumes a firm link between the term 'word' in the following passages: Isaiah 55:10-11 (ESV): 10 “For ...
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What is the origin of the additional words to John 3:13?

There is a Q regarding the meaning of this verse. This Q is regarding the authenticity of the 'addition' - and what was intended by it. https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/25129/what-is-...
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Why in John's account does Jesus reply to Pilate's inquiry with a question?

The initial exchange between Pilate and Jesus in Mark 15:2 is quite terse: And Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” And he answered him, “You have said so.” Matthew 27:11 and Luke 23:3 ...
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What feast is mentioned in John 5:1?

In John 5, there is a story which takes place after "a feast of the Jews." What feast was this? After this there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
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What did John mean by “second sign” (δεύτερον σημεῖον) in John 4:54?

What did John mean by “second sign” (δεύτερον σημεῖον) in John 4:54? This was now the second sign that Jesus did when he had come from Judea to Galilee. (John 4:54, ESV) Τοῦτο [δὲ] πάλιν δεύτερον ...
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What's the name of the father that Jesus came in?

Matthew 21 (KJV) ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ ⁹ And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the ...
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In John 18:9 what passage is Jesus citing when he says “of them which you gave me I have lost none”?

In John 18:9 KJV Jesus (or John) says: ...That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none. This apparently alludes to the saying which Jesus ...
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Who sends the Holy Spirit? The Son or the Father?

7 But I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I am leaving; for if I do not leave, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. (John 16:7 NASB) vs. 26 But the ...
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If Jesus is God, how can we make sense of Him calling the Father “my God” in John 20:17?

John 20:16-17 (NASB): 16 Jesus *said to her, “Mary!” She turned and *said to Him in Hebrew, “Rabboni!” (which means, Teacher). 17 Jesus *said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended ...
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What did Jesus mean when he said “The Father who dwells in me”? John 14:10

John 14:10: 10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works. [ESV]...
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What time of the year did Jesus raise Lazarus?

Jesus said, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to Him, “Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days.” Jesus said to her, “Did I not say to ...
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How can Jesus say “My Father is working until now” in John 5:16,17 if God rested on the 7th day?

John 5:16,17 (ESV) And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am working....
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Why did Jesus create Judas only for the predestined purpose of being doomed to destruction - based on [Colossians 1:15-20] + [John 13:27, 17:12]?

The new testament teaches Judas as a disciple/creation of Jesus is sadly never forgiven/blessed/prayed for in return for his devotion to Christ's commandments in John 13:27. - Although a creation of ...
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What is the logic behind Jesus' refusal to be touched / clung to by Mary because he had not yet ascended to the Father? John 20:17

John 20:16-17 (ESV): 16 Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned and said to him in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher). 17 Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to me, for I have not yet ascended to ...
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Why did Jesus tell Mary not to hold onto Him?

John 20:17a: Jesus said, "Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father." Why did Jesus tell Mary not to "hold on to" Him? Presumably it was not a problem with touching, since ...
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What is the difference between ζωὴ and ψυχὴ?

The word "life" appears in most translations of John 12:25 three times. For example, in the ESV: Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal ...
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What is “the truth” referring to in John 3:21?

John 3:21 (NASB): But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God.” What does "the truth" mean in the context of this passage, ...
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What does the analogy of reaping/sowing in John 4:36 represent?

John 4:36;38 (NASB) Already he who reaps is receiving wages and is gathering fruit for life eternal; so that he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together. I sent you to reap that for which you ...
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In John 15:1, why did Jesus call himself “the [very] vine” rather than “the branch”?

Several times in the Old Testament, the Messiah is referred to as “the branch,” or Hebrew צֶמַח (tzemach): Isa. 4:2 In that day the Branch of the LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of ...
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Is believing based on evidence good or bad?

In John 20:24-29, Jesus praises those who have faith in the absence of evidence: 24 Now Thomas, one of the twelve, called the Twin, was not with them when Jesus came. 25 So the other disciples told ...
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What does “anasteso” mean in John 6:39?

"And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise [anasteso] it up on the last day" ESV. John 6:39 says "raise" it on the ...
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Was stoning legal under Roman law?

From John 8: 3 The teachers of the law and the Pharisees brought in a woman caught in adultery. They made her stand before the group 4 and said to Jesus, “Teacher, this woman was caught in the act of ...

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