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Questions tagged [history]

Events in the Bible, the wider cultural background of those events, and the biblical text itself, all have a historical dimension.

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What does "polluted" (ἀλισγημάτων) mean in Acts 15:20?

In Acts 15:19-20, James renders his judgment on the matter of the Gentiles that Peter has brought before the Jerusalem council: It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
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In 1 Corinthians 10:11 to the end of what "ages" does Paul refer?

NIV 1 Cor 10:11 These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the culmination of the ages has come. My own thought is that he is referring to the ...
Ruminator's user avatar
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Acts 12:19 Who are Herod's prison guards with Peter?

In Acts 12:19, Herod gives order to kill prison guards: Act 12:19  And when Herod had sought for him, and found him not, he examined the keepers (φύλαξ), and commanded that they should be put to ...
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Did not King Solomon defile the altar by killing Joab while he was still holding onto its horns in 1 Kings?

In a similar incident Solomon had spared the life of his brother Adonijah. 1 Kings 1:50-53 (NKJV) 50 Now Adonijah was afraid of Solomon; so he arose, and went and took hold of the horns of the ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
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2 Kings 23:26 Is the reference to Manasseh to the king of Judah or a people?

If it is the king referred to, why him specifically? He wasn't the only king who sacrificed his sons to Molech. Ahaz is reported in 2 Kings 16:3 to also have "passed his son thru the fire". ...
Christine Rowe's user avatar
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Why does the Greek translation read in Acts (Luke-Acts) that Jesus was killed by “hanging him on a tree?”

The question is NOT supposed to discredit or undermine the significance of Jesus’ crucifixion, but rather to understand the reasons for primitive and/or differentiated terminology that we see in Acts ...
Tristan Moyle Johnson's user avatar
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Were the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews able to speak each other's language in Acts 6:1?

In Acts 6:1 what were the distinguishing differences between the Hellenistic Jews and Hebraic Jews? The related questions to this passage are: 1) How unfamiliar were the Hellenistic Jews to ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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Is there any difference between the chains in Acts 26:29 and 28:20?

In Acts 26:29, Paul, pleading his case before Agrippa says: "Whether short or long, I would to God that not only you but also all who hear me this day might become such as I am—except for these chains....
Soldarnal's user avatar
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Why was Ham the only one among Noah's three sons who had a land named after him. Psalm 105:23

Psalm 105:23 (NKJV) Israel also came into Egypt, And Jacob dwelt in the land of Ham. Psalm 106:22 (NKJV) Wondrous works in the land of Ham, Awesome things by the Red Sea. Noah had three sons; Shem, ...
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What are the sayings of Hozai (the Seers) according to 2-Ch 33:19

2 Chronicles 33:19 Also his prayer and how God received his entreaty, and all his sin and trespass, and the sites where he built high places and set up wooden images and carved images, before ...
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What were the four standards around which the tribes of Israel were camped (Numbers 2:1-34)?

H1714 Original: דּגל Transliteration: degel BDB Definition: 1) banner, standard Numbers 2:17 (NKJV) "And the tabernacle of meeting shall move out with the camp of the ...
user20490's user avatar
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2 answers
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What were the grievances Jeroboam brought against king Solomon?

The Bible in 1 kings 11:27 says (NIV): Here is the account of how he rebelled against the king: Solomon had built the terracesa (Millo) and had filled in the gap in the wall of the city of David his ...
bach's user avatar
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As a King within Canaan, did Melchizedek's priesthood serve any group of Canaanites in those times? Gen 14:18?

For every high priest taken from among men is appointed for men.... He can have compassion on those who are ignorant and going astray, since he himself is also subject to weakness.(Hebrews 5:1) ...
user20490's user avatar
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How did Egyptians practice divination using silver cups?

I've been wondering how silver cups could have been used to practice divination. It was practiced in Egypt according to the following passage. Gen 44:5 Isn’t this the cup my master drinks from and ...
user20490's user avatar
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In John 10:8 who were the "thieves and robbers"?

When speaking of himself as the Good Shepherd, Jesus said: "All who came before me are thieves and robbers; but the sheep did not heed them." (John 10:8, RSV) Historically, who were these "...
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Luke 15:8-10, Silver Coin Semedi Headdress in 1st Century Palestine?

In Luke 15, verses 8-10, the Bible tells a story about a woman who loses a silver coin or drachma: “Or what woman, if she has ten silver coins and loses one of them, does not light a lamp, sweep ...
Joseph Choe's user avatar
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How did they make a covenant with death?

How did the rulers make a covenant with death? Isaiah 28:14-15 (ESV) reads: Therefore hear the word of the LORD, you scoffers, who rule this people in Jerusalem! Because you have said, 'We have ...
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Why Put is defined as a Persian Tribe

In Strong's Hebrew Dictionary, Put (#6316) is describe as Of foreign origin; Put, a son of Ham, also the name of his descendants or their region, and of a Persian tribe Put is described as a son ...
Christian Sirolli's user avatar
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In the story of Tamar and Judah,. Gen 38:14-16, how did a prostitute's veil differ from a common veil?

Is there a difference in historical records of a prostitute's veil and a common veil worn by women of that time? How did Judah know that Tamar was prostituting herself?
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4 votes
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What are the "regulations of Omri"

In Micah 6:16 (NET), the text states You implement the regulations of Omri, and all the practices of Ahab’s dynasty; you follow their policies. What policies, practices and regulations is this ...
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In Genesis 24, camel reference

In Genesis 24, a servant of Abraham is sent with ten camels to find a wife for his son Isaac, yet archaeologically camels are said not to have existed in Egypt. What is the original Hebrew word ...
Lynette Lucas's user avatar
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Ancient custom to change vassal king's name

I noticed two places in the book of Kings where a king changes the name of his vassal king. One is found in 2 Kings 23:34 where Pharaoh Necho changed the name of his vassal king to Jehoiakim. The ...
bach's user avatar
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Does 2 Kings 24:6 suggest that King Jehoiakim died peacefully?

In 2 kings 24:6 it is recorded that king Jehoiakim died with his ancestors וישכב יהויקים עם אבותיו. This clearly implies that he died a natural peaceful death in his own land. However, in 2 ...
bach's user avatar
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2 votes
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Does Leviticus say that leprosy can be cured with two birds?

Leviticus 14:3-7 states: The priest is to go outside the camp and examine them. If they have been healed of their defiling skin disease, the priest shall order that two live clean birds and some ...
DerekTheVExtreme's user avatar
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5 answers
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In Numbers 15:37-39 do the "tzitzith", (ציצית) fringes, extend from "the four corners", or "the hem" of their garments?

In Numbers 15:37-39 the Israelites are commanded make tzitzith (fringes, strings, tassles) on their garments The Lord said to Moses, 38 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘Throughout the ...
bach's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
156 views

Were charges required by Roman law?

In Matthew 27:37, the charges against Jesus are fastened to the cross above his head: Above his head they placed the written charge against him: This is Jesus, the King of the Jews. NIV In ...
James Shewey's user avatar
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8 votes
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What was the Roman practice for disposing of dead bodies?

During the Easter service this passage was read: After these things Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
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Why did no New Testament books mention AD70? [closed]

My full question is; which of the New Testament books were written after AD70? Assuming there are several, why did none of them mention the 'earth-shattering' events of AD70? The destruction of the ...
Christian Gedge's user avatar
14 votes
6 answers
4k views

John 1:1 - How would Λόγος (Logos) be understood in Hellenistic philosophy?

In John 1:1 (NIV, KJV, ESV, NASB, RSV, ASV, NRSV), the text is often translated as something close to In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. "the Word" as ...
James Shewey's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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In John, how many years did it take to build Herod's Temple?

Closely Related: - In Luke, Was Jesus Dedicated in the Second Temple, or Third? How many years did it take to build Herod's Temple? The Temple in the gospels is stated to have taken 46 years : ...
elika kohen's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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What expectations surrounded "the prophet" of John 1:21? [duplicate]

In John 1:19-22, John the Baptist is questioned about his identity. The priests and Levites ask him in verse 21 if he was the Prophet. They ask this after he denies being the Messiah and Elijah. So ...
WGroleau's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
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When did Paul visit the Corinthians for the second time?

(KJV) 2 Corinthians 13:1 This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established. I believe Paul's first visit to Corinth was in (Acts 18:...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
10 votes
6 answers
6k views

What Was Pilate's Fear Based On?

In John 19 it states: 6 As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!” But Pilate answered, “You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis ...
r m's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Archaeological or Historical Support for the Gerasene Pigs

In Mark 5:13 the number of pigs grazing on the hillside in the "region of the Gerasenes" is cited as 2000: 3He gave them permission, and the unclean spirits came out and went into the pigs, and ...
r m's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
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Where did the information come from for Moses to write Genesis since he was born generations beyond 'Adam'?

Genesis is included in the Torah, which is the first five books of the Bible. Joshua 8:31 says that Moses wrote the Torah: And there, in the presence of the people of Israel, he [Joshua] wrote on ...
Philip's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
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What happened to the fire on the altar during the breaking up of the camp in the wilderness?

Leviticus 6:8 8 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 9 Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt offering: It is the burnt offering, because of the burning upon the altar all ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
165 views

Analyze Isaiah 14:18-19.

What is the new thing God is doing in Isaiah 14:18-19? And what is the historical background of this idea? Did it develop out of another Jewish concept?
J.Hawk's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why was Israel responsible for David's sin? [duplicate]

According to 2 Samuel 24:1: ... the anger of Jehovah was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them ... Then, David counted the number of Israel. However, it was David's fault. Why ...
lumcy's user avatar
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18 votes
3 answers
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Was Potiphar, being a captain of an Egyptian guard, likely a eunuch?

In Genesis, we read the infamous story of Joseph and Potiphar's wife. Potiphar's wife (who is named Zuleikha, at least according Sefer HaYashar) repeatedly makes sexual advances on Joseph, and as we ...
Butterfly and Bones's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
129 views

In Matthew 1:1, what is the function of Βίβλος?

In Matthew 1:1, what is the function of Βίβλος? Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] ΒΙΒΛΟΣ γενέσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ υἱοῦ Δαυεὶδ / Δαυὶδ υἱοῦ Ἀβραάμ. The NIV omits it: New International Version ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
329 views

Genesis Flood Compared/Contrasted with Atrahasis & Gilgamesh? [duplicate]

Being the theologians that you are, I'm sure many of you are very well aware of the extra-biblical accounts pertaining to the Great Deluge. It's quite fascinating to read these other ancient sources ...
Butterfly and Bones's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
5k views

What earthquake does Amos speak of in Amos 1:1?

What is the earthquake that Amos speaks of in Amos 1:1? Is it talked about anywhere else in scripture?
Tony Merkel's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

What did the label "abomination" indicate in Egyptian society?

The word תּוֹעֵבָה (tôʿēbâ, "abomination") is very common in the Hebrew Bible, usually designating breaches of covenant stipulations which are tôʿēbâ in the sight of YHWH. These uses are concentrated ...
Susan's user avatar
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1 vote
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Do the qualifications of an overseer (ἐπίσκοπος) and the Ephesians 4:11 gift of pastor/teacher make them interchangeable or just related?

Peter encourages elders in 1 Peter 5:2 to ποιμάνατε (be shepherds). Paul instructs Timothy to install elders with qualifications listed in 1 Timothy 3:2 that include διδακτικόν (apt to teach). In ...
Jeremy's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
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Which hermeneutical trump card wins in 1 Timothy: audience, cultural context, historical reference, or translation?

I have read books gifted to me or web articles from searches that each play a "trump card" to win the day for their 1 Timothy interpretation. See Pandora's Pulpit by Roger Sapp or The Junia ...
Jeremy's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
681 views

Acts 15:5 - Could Christians remain Pharisees? [closed]

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of Moses....
למה זה תשאל לשמי's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
9k views

What time of the year did Jesus raise Lazarus?

Jesus said, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to Him, “Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days.” Jesus said to her, “Did I not say to ...
Christian Gedge's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
18k views

Was the "abomination of desolation" Caligula's proposed statue in the Temple?

In Mark 13:14 (and similarly in Matthew 24:15) Jesus is reported as saying: "When you see ‘the abomination that causes desolation’ standing where it does not belong—let the reader understand—...
John Eastmond's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
206 views

Early church context: Do we have contemporary texts which add useful context for interpreting the New Testament?

What are the oldest known Christian texts that are not part of scripture, or considered apocryphal text? I'd be interested in brief details of any texts which may aid in our understanding of the New ...
RLH's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
4k views

Was washing one's hands to show innocence, as Pilate did, a common ritual in the Roman Empire?

In Matthew 27:24, Pilate washed his hands because he couldn't find any guilt in Jesus while he condemned Him to the cross. So when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather that a riot was ...
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