Questions tagged [history]

Events in the Bible, the wider cultural background of those events, and the biblical text itself, all have a historical dimension.

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Did Paul assert the status of his own writings as scripture when he declared in 2 Timothy 3:16 that "All scripture is God-breathed"?

2 Timothy 3:16-17 NKJV 16 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be ...
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What does it mean "the earth is God's footstool"?

Footstool is used several times in scripture. Matthew 5:33-37 NKJV 33 “Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord.’ ...
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Do any secular scholars affirm that 1 Corinthians 15:3-5 is an early creed?

In 1 Corinthians 15:3-6, St. Paul provides us with an early historical creed, this creed was something that St. Paul tells us that he had received (1 Corinthians 15:3) and lists those who were ...
Connor Jones's user avatar
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What were the main differences between the Sadducees and Pharisees?

The Sadducees and Pharisees are frequently mentioned in the Gospels because Jesus had a near-constant disagreement with them. Matthew 22:15-22 NKJV 15 Then the Pharisees went and plotted how they ...
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Allusion to Herod the Great in Matthew 7:24-27?

I've been working on the Sermon on the Mount in my devotional reading recently, and I had a question of historical curiosity come up. The passage in question is the concluding "House on the rock/...
David Sorge's user avatar
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What synagogue-rules allowed the 'formerly blind man' to be put out of the synagogue?

Generally, we often see in Bible study that the Pharisees would "kick them out of the synagogue because they didn't want people to believe in Jesus". But, that doesn't address the actual ...
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Why was it normal for Jesus and apostles to teach in (and perhaps be rejected from) so many NT Jewish synagogues?

I want to know what was being taught in the synagogues and what the rules were so that Jesus and the apostles of Acts did what they did. Why were they welcome as non-teachers and why were they ...
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What is Second Temple Jewish Monotheism?

Second Temple Jewish Monotheism has come up in reference to: John 1:1 The Messiah Paul's Apostolic greetings and prayers Currently 33 questions tagged with second-temple-judaism The most guidance ...
Jesse's user avatar
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7 votes
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Does the usage of "all" in Matthew 24:37-39 indicate that Jesus believed in a global flood, encompassing all people worldwide?

Matthew 24:37-39 ESV 37 For as were the days of Noah, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 38 For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, ...
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How long (as in weeks, months, years) did Paul persecute the Church for? Is there an estimated timeframe that is agreed upon by most theologians?

Did Paul persecute the Church for years, or was the timeframe shorter, as in months? What do most scholars believe regarding this? Acts 8:3 (BLB) - But Saul was destroying the church. Entering houses ...
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Does any historical precedent suggest that the Romans would tolerate Paul's crusade in Acts 9:1-2, because he got a Jewish priest's approval?

Q. Does any historical precedent suggest that the Romans would tolerate Paul's crusade in Acts 9:1-2, because he got a Jewish priest's approval? [Act 9:1-2 NASB95] [1] Now Saul, still breathing ...
Ruminator's user avatar
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Historical basis for 'evangelion' in specific military context?

The beginning of the good news of Jesus Christ, the son of God. I heard a sermon once that claimed the word evangelion (good news, gospel) as used in Mark 1:1 was meant to specifically refer to a ...
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Did the author of the Book of Judith realize that Nebuchanezzer was really a Babylonian? (Judith 1:1)

Judith 1:1 It was the twelfth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, who ruled over the Assyrians in the great city of Nineveh. Nebuchadnezzar was the ruler of the Babylonian Empire and his capital ...
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Who are other spies that surveyed the land in Numbers 14?

“And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of them that searched the land, rent their clothes:” ‭‭Numbers‬ ‭14‬:‭6‬ ‭KJV‬‬. Numbers 13:4-16 only speaks on Caleb going, but ...
Kajuanna Mitchell's user avatar
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Is the high priest Hilkiah (2 Kings 23:24) also the father of Susanna (Daniel 13:2 in Catholic Bibles)?

In 2 Kings 23:24, the high priest Hilkiah plays an important role in discovering a lost 'Book of the Law' in the Temple of Jerusalem: Josiah purged the consultation of ghosts and spirits, with the ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
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Does the double portion of the firstborn inheritance imply not just honour but also responsibility?

The Old Testament links Israel with the firstborn's double portion of the inheritance. Exodus 4:22 Then say to Pharaoh, ‘This is what the Lord says: Israel is my firstborn son." Deuteronomy 21:...
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Does 2nd Peter have extant manuscripts that are a combination of Greek and Aramaic?

I heard from somewhere (I cannot recall) that the extant manuscripts of 2nd Peter were written in a combination of Aramaic and Greek, is there any evidence for this? Example: (1 particular manuscript ...
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Why are women and children viewed as plunder in Deuteronomy 20:14?

Deuteronomy 20 is about how Israel should wage war against nations that are far from them (excluding Canaan) However, I am having trouble understanding why verse 14 views women and children as plunder,...
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Did Jesus use a reference to Herod Archelaus in the Parable of the Ten Minas?

The Parable of the Ten Minas (Luke 19:11-27) is nearly identical to the Parable of the Talents (Matthew 25:14-30). Perhaps the most surprising variation of the Ten Minas is that it references the ...
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8 votes
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Son of theos vs son of kyrios

I'm hesitant to speak in absolute terms about this, but perhaps it can be generally agreed upon that in many cases where we see Χριστὸς we tend not to see κυριος as a relational lexicon to describe ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
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"Him that escapeth from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha slay" (1 Kings 19:17). Whom did Elisha slay?

We know the prophet Elijah called fire down from heaven, killing bands of soldiers; and we know he slew the prophets of Baal at Mount Carmel. But his successor, Elisha, who had received the double ...
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Why will Dan not be in heaven? What did he do worse than his brethren?

The entire tribe of Dan is absent from the list of those tribes which are to be found in heaven. Here is the list given in Revelation 7. And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there ...
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Was the stone at the tomb of Jesus square shaped? [closed]

Archeologist Amos Kloner claims that it isn't historically probable that Jesus' tomb had a circle shaped rock blocking it. Kloner argues that we don't find many circle shaped rocks blocking tombs ...
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9 votes
4 answers
390 views

What kind of image did "dragon" (δράκων) in Revelation give to John and first century Christians?

Question about the term δράκων in passages such as Revelation 12:3 and Revelation 13:4 and Revelation 16:13. (I am not asking about the symbolic meaning of whom or what the Dragon represented, as that ...
user100487's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
176 views

Is the trial of Jesus before the Sanhedrin too illegal to be true?

The story that we have in the gospels of Mark and Matthew (Mark 14:53-65; Matthew 26:57-68) of the Trial of Jesus before the Sanhedrin seems to contradict many passages in the Mishna in the tractate ...
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Is the Mishnah a reliable source for analyzing the norms of Jewish shepherds in Luke 2?

It all started when reading a question about the shepherds in the field at the birth of Jesus: And in the same region there were shepherds out in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. ...
Danielus Olorin Maoleoin's user avatar
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2 answers
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Who had 'turned away' from Paul in 2 Timothy 1:15?

You are aware that all who are in Asia turned away from me, and among them Phy′gelus and Hermog′enes. Many commentators interpret this to refer to those who were with Paul in Rome but had now ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
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1 answer
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When did chapter and verse numbers start being used? [closed]

In the gospels (and other places) there are quotes of other books of the Bible but only the text with no numeric references e.g. (John 1:1). In Jesus's time and before, a quote by anybody did not ...
f p's user avatar
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Did the ENTIRE Egyptian army drown at sea?

The following is an excerpt of a critique on "Reason to Believe": Under these conditions, were the Ten Plagues and a total crush of the Egyptian army in the Red Sea waters to happen, as we ...
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What does "Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit" warn against? (Zech. 4:6)

This is the word of the Lord to Zerub′babel: Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, says the Lord of hosts. (Zech. 4:6) The word חַיִל is usually translated as "might" here. But more ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
136 views

Ephesians 2:2 symbolism of "air"

KJV: Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience Quoting part ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
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3 answers
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Ezekiel 28:13-14 Was Eden on a mountain?

Relevant Scripture Ezekiel 28:13-14 3 You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering, sardius, topaz, and diamond, beryl, onyx, and jasper, sapphire, emerald, and ...
Austin's user avatar
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1 vote
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230 views

How do we reconcile the kings law Deuteronomy 17:14-20 with 2 Samuel 12:8?

The two texts: “When you come to the land which the Lord your God is giving you, and possess it and dwell in it, and say, ‘I will set a king over me like all the nations that are around me,’ you ...
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1 vote
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What is the internal & external evidence for the authorship/inclusion of 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 and what evidence is against its inclusion? [duplicate]

We read: “Let your women keep silent in the churches, for they are not permitted to speak; but they are to be submissive, as the law also says. And if they want to learn something, let them ask their ...
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2 votes
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What was the Pharisee’s view of “demonology”?

“We read “As they went out, behold, they brought to Him a man, mute and demon-possessed. And when the demon was cast out, the mute spoke. And the multitudes marveled, saying, “It was never seen like ...
Cork88's user avatar
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0 votes
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Why did Peter dedicate his first book to those who are 'strangers'? (1Peter1.1) Was Peter different to the other apostles, and aware of it?

Does the linguistic trope 'strangers' hold implications regarding inner nature of certain biblical characters? If Jesus blessed Peter could he have opened Peter's eyes to his (base) nature in need of ...
j kovacs's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
507 views

What do we know about the seven nations in Deut. 7:1, 2?

In Deut 7:1, 2 we read of seven nations that were cast out. What were they known for in terms if their religion or culture, that merited their total annihilation? Why were they so bad that they needed ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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Why are "Judah" and "Israel" distinguished in many verses BEFORE the split of the two kingdoms?

Similar questions have been asked previously, but answers emphasized the era after the split of the tribes. Even though Judah is one of the tribes of Israel, why are Judah and Israel often ...
Katelyn's user avatar
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2 answers
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Did Gideon use a different return route in Judges 8?

It is said when Gideon chased the two kings of Midian Zebah and Zalmunna he passed through Sukkoth who refused to give him provisions for his army Judges 8:6 NIV But the officials of Sukkoth said, “...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Is there any OT equivalent of the 'earthen vessel' concept in 2 Cor. 4:7?

I am looking at the words 'earthen vessel' and was wondering if this concept had a OT equal or not? I am looking for anything in the OT that could be conveying the concept of the treasure (the light ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
426 views

Is there any deeper meaning to the word translated as 'potsherd' in Job 2:8?

I am looking at the word translated as 'potsherd' in Job 2:8 and was wondering if anyone came across any other OT evidence that suggests there is a deeper/symbolic meaning behind the fragment of ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
276 views

Does the mention of Sheep Gate in John 5:2 give a lead to explanation for the allegory of Camel and Eye of the Needle?

We read in John 5:2 : Now in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate there is a pool, called in Hebrew Beth-zatha,which has five porticoes. We also read in Mtt 19 :24 : Again I tell you, it is easier for a ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
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What evidence is used to support the claim that Isaiah was written before the reign of King Cyrus?

I'm studying the book of Isaiah at the moment and have been trying to understand the prophecy of the reign of Cyrus from Isaiah 45-52. Here's a sample that refers to him: Cyrus, God’s Instrument Thus ...
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How did Paul became a Roman citizen?

In Acts 16:37 we read that Paul was Roman (emphasis mine) But Paul said unto them, They have beaten us openly uncondemned, being Romans, and have cast us into prison; and now do they thrust us out ...
Gonçalo Peres's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
132 views

What evidence from the Bible indicates that, for Jewish law-keeping, the day began at sunset? [duplicate]

Another questioner asks about historical evidence for a day beginning at sunset (see Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset?) I am interested in evidence specifically and ...
ABN22's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
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What is the full meaning of " propitiation" in the first segment of Romans 3:25 in the King James version?

In Romans chapter 3:25 Paul writes "Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood," the whom being Jesus Christ. Paul developes Romans and his understanding of our ...
Joshuabell's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
496 views

Was Stephen put to death by legal execution or a lynch mob?

Previous discussion on the site This is a follow up to the question: In the time of Jesus, were the Jewish authorities allowed to execute? - the selected & most upvoted answer concludes: The only ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
493 views

Did Saul believe that the spirit of Samuel was in Sheol?

Several questions have already been asked on 1 Samuel 28 (e.g. here, here & here), but none has had a focus on what Saul believed about Sheol. In 1 Samuel 28, the witch of En-dor describes Samuel ...
user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
590 views

What are the origins of the different elements present in the setting of the parable of Lazarus and the rich man (Luke 16:19-31)?

Luke 16:19-31 (ESV): 19 “There was a rich man who was clothed in purple and fine linen and who feasted sumptuously every day. 20 And at his gate was laid a poor man named Lazarus, covered with sores, ...
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0 votes
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The isrealites were being called Judah and later Jew? [closed]

Why and when were the isrealites being called Judah and later Jew?
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