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Questions tagged [history]

Events in the Bible, the wider cultural background of those events, and the biblical text itself, all have a historical dimension.

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Why did the Israelites lose the battles to the Benjamites after receiving the green light from God?

In Judges 20:18,23. The men of Israel enquired and sought counsel from the Lord to fight with the Benjamites because of their wickedness towards the concubine of the Levite(Judges 19:25-26,20:4). The ...
3 votes
5 answers
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What does it mean "the earth is God's footstool"?

Footstool is used several times in scripture. Matthew 5:33-37 NKJV 33 “Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord.’ ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Did Gideon use a different return route in Judges 8?

It is said when Gideon chased the two kings of Midian Zebah and Zalmunna he passed through Sukkoth who refused to give him provisions for his army Judges 8:6 NIV But the officials of Sukkoth said, “...
1 vote
2 answers
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How old was Joshua during the Conquest? How many years between his death and the first oppression?

According to Joshua 24:29 Joshua died at the age of 110. I am wondering how many years elapsed between the Entry in the Holy Land (the Conquest) and his death (or alternatively: how old was he at the ...
0 votes
2 answers
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2 Kings 23:4 indicates that there were pagan idols in the Temple. Is it possible the Ark of the Covenant had a statue of Yahweh then or at any time?

I came across an article that indicated that Thomas Römer argues that the Ark of the Covenant had a statue of Yahweh on top, and possibly even a statue of 'Yahweh's Asherah'. I can't think of a ...
4 votes
5 answers
500 views

Where did Edom pursue his brother with a sword as recorded in Amos 1:11?

Amos 1:11 NKJV 11 Thus says the LORD: “For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not turn away its punishment, Because he pursued his brother with the sword, And cast off all pity;...
1 vote
2 answers
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Were there any significant differences in the responsibilities or authority of Annas and Caiaphas as high priest?

Luke writes that Annas and Caiaphas were high priests. In Luke 3:2, while Annas and Caiaphas were high priests, the word of God came to John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. Here Annas is ...
3 votes
2 answers
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How did the Jewish exorcists of Acts 19:13 cast out demons before they undertook to invoke the name of Jesus?

Acts 19:13 informs us about the existence of iterant Jewish exorcists who, inspired by Paul, decided to undertake the practice of invoking Jesus' name to cast out demons, probably because they wanted ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Why are passages in the Book of Joshua repeated in the Book of Judges (Jos. 15:15-19, Jdgs. 1:11-15)?

In these two parallel sets of passages, why is the Book of Judges merely restating that which was stated in Joshua 15? Joshua 15:15-19, NASB: Then he went up from there against the inhabitants of ...
2 votes
2 answers
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Acts Chronological Timeline

Where can I find an accurate chronological timeline that includes the events of the Book of Acts, Paul's letters, and (also it would be nice) connections with Classical Roman history? I see many ...
2 votes
5 answers
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How were scrolls sealed in the time of Revelation?

In Revelation 5:1, John introduces a scroll with seven seals: Then I saw in the right hand of him who sat on the throne a scroll with writing on both sides and sealed with seven seals. The Lamb is ...
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How old was Ahaz when Hezekiah was born?

How old would Ahaz have been when his son, Hezekiah was born? A cursory look at 2 Kings 16:1 and 18:1 suggest he may have only been eleven. (Ahaz was 20 when he became king and he reigned 16 years. ...
16 votes
2 answers
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How consistent were Augustine's hermeneutics?

St. Augustine of Hippo seems to have had considerable influence on the field of hermeneutics. His work in the field seems to be a bit of a landmark in the history of how hermeneutics is done. However ...
2 votes
4 answers
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In 2 Samuel 21:8-10 was Rizpah’s use of the sackcloth a sign that the land had repented of its sin?

[KJV]2 Samuel 21: 8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought ...
2 votes
6 answers
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As a King within Canaan, did Melchizedek's priesthood serve any group of Canaanites in those times? Gen 14:18?

For every high priest taken from among men is appointed for men.... He can have compassion on those who are ignorant and going astray, since he himself is also subject to weakness.(Hebrews 5:1) ...
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Were male shrine prostitutes homosexuals?

1 Kings 14:24 (NIV) There were even male shrine prostitutes in the land; the people engaged in all the detestable practices of the nations the LORD had driven out before the Israelites. Did these ...
2 votes
4 answers
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Are the Sea peoples referenced anywhere in the bible? [closed]

To better understand this question. And why i feel this is a good, rational question, i will spend a little time below, copying and pasting everything i can find regarding the Sea peoples. When one ...
3 votes
5 answers
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Is the Book of Job a parable or an actual account?

It seems there are so many instances in the Book of Job that could force interpreters to classify it as a parable/allegory. Let me point out one of them here. There seems to be a sharp literary ...
2 votes
4 answers
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Why are women and children viewed as plunder in Deuteronomy 20:14?

Deuteronomy 20 is about how Israel should wage war against nations that are far from them (excluding Canaan) However, I am having trouble understanding why verse 14 views women and children as plunder,...
1 vote
3 answers
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The Canaanite in Gen 12:6

The Bible says 'And the Canaanite was in the land' in Gen 12:6. Is this referring to a specific person or this is just a linguistic error in translation that is meant to refer to the group of people.
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On which day of the week was Jesus crucified - Wednesday or Thursday?

My question does not involve understanding what the meaning of the Day of Preparation is. This is about which day of the week. While there are contrary opinions on this, I believe all gospels point to ...
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In Mark 14:3 would breaking the box be normal?

Before pouring the expensive oil out onto Jesus' head she broke the box/flask: BLB Mark 14:3 And of Him being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, of Him having reclined, a woman came having ...
9 votes
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What evidence is there that boiling a kid in its mother's milk (Exodus 23:19) was a pagan practice?

In Exodus 23:19 (KJV), Jehovah tells the Israelites, "Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk." Searching online for a possible meaning, many suggestions are given, the most ...
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Are there prominent textual criticism books defending the faithful preservation of the gospels in modern Bibles compared to the original manuscripts?

Numerous skeptics assert that modern Bibles are the result of a succession of copies of copies of copies of copies, implying that across centuries of transcription, translation, and interpretation, or ...
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Did the ENTIRE Egyptian army drown at sea?

The following is an excerpt of a critique on "Reason to Believe": Under these conditions, were the Ten Plagues and a total crush of the Egyptian army in the Red Sea waters to happen, as we ...
2 votes
1 answer
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What kind of magic did Simon practice? Acts 8:9-24

Acts 8:9-24 (ESV) 9 But there was a man named Simon, who had previously practiced magic in the city and amazed the people of Samaria, saying that he himself was somebody great. 10 They all paid ...
7 votes
12 answers
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In 1 Samuel 28:15 did the witch at Endor actually bring up the spirit of Samuel from the land of the dead?

When the witch at Endor conjured up a spirit through her sorcery to speak with King Saul, the Holy Bible actually stated thus: "Then Samuel said to Saul, 'Why have you disturbed me by bringing me ...
4 votes
2 answers
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Did any King obey and actually make a Copy of the Law first-hand?

Precepts Concerning Kingships Foreseeing the fallen nature of the Israelite nation, forsaking God's rule over them, Moses laid down some precepts every king should follow.(1 Samuel 8) Most of us are ...
7 votes
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When Jesus read from the Scroll of Isaiah, did he translate it into Aramaic?

What language did Jesus speak when he read Isaiah 61:1,2? Would Aramaic be spoken in the synagogue? Luke 4:16-19 New International Version 16 He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on ...
1 vote
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Did the dialogue with "the Woman at the Well" forecast, by anticipation, Jesus's prophecy about the Destruction of the Temple in Matthew 24?

Startling Statement Within the conversation with the Woman at the Well, Jesus made this astounding statement: Believe Me, woman, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither in this ...
3 votes
4 answers
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In 1 Corinthians 10:11 to the end of what "ages" does Paul refer?

NIV 1 Cor 10:11 These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the culmination of the ages has come. My own thought is that he is referring to the ...
21 votes
5 answers
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Why does Jesus tell his mother his "hour has not yet come"?

Very early on, John tells a story that is unique to his gospel: On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding ...
9 votes
3 answers
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Is oral history like the telephone game?

Bart Ehrman argues that the gospel texts are not historically reliable beginning with this analogy: It is [oral circulation] that causes special problems for historians who want to know what ...
8 votes
3 answers
576 views

What language(s) would the Jewish Christians in the various Macedonian cities have spoken?

In Acts 16-18, Paul is shown moving from city to city in Macedonia - e.g. Phillipi, Thessalonica, Berea, Corinth - many of to whom he would later write letters. Acts 17:2 explains that it was his ...
12 votes
3 answers
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Can we date Mark without first committing to an interpretation of the Olivet Discourse?

Most scholars believe Mark is the earliest biography of Jesus. (Paul's writings and perhaps one or two other New Testament letters are earlier, but they include very little biographical material ...
3 votes
3 answers
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In Leviticus 15:8 why are husband and wife unclean temporarily after emission of semen?

We see in Leviticus 15:18 where the man and woman are unclean until evening after a man lies with a woman and there is an emission of semen. Why does this make them unclean? [Lev 15:8 KJV] 8 And ...
6 votes
2 answers
604 views

The Pharaoh of the Exodus

Is there any textual evidence in Hebrew Bible or Christian New Testament that would identify the Pharaoh involved with Moses and the Exodus? Is there any textual evidence that would also correspond ...
3 votes
4 answers
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Was the Gospel preached to all nations prior to A.D. 70?

Matthew 24:9-14 (ESV): 9 “Then they will deliver you up to tribulation and put you to death, and you will be hated by all nations for my name's sake. 10 And then many will fall away and betray one ...
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3 answers
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Early church context: Do we have contemporary texts which add useful context for interpreting the New Testament?

What are the oldest known Christian texts that are not part of scripture, or considered apocryphal text? I'd be interested in brief details of any texts which may aid in our understanding of the New ...
14 votes
6 answers
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John 1:1 - How would Λόγος (Logos) be understood in Hellenistic philosophy?

In John 1:1 (NIV, KJV, ESV, NASB, RSV, ASV, NRSV), the text is often translated as something close to In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. "the Word" as ...
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5 answers
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Wise Men from the East...but not Sheba and Tarshish?

So the two main Old Testament prophecies surrounding the wise men seem to be Psalm 72:10-11 and Isaiah 60:6: Both of these passages state the kings will come from Sheba, and Psalms mentions Tarshish ...
6 votes
7 answers
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Is there historical evidence for the resurrections reported in Matthew 27:52-53?

Matthew 27:50-53 And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit. At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook and the rocks ...
6 votes
3 answers
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Was Stephen put to death by legal execution or a lynch mob?

Previous discussion on the site This is a follow up to the question: In the time of Jesus, were the Jewish authorities allowed to execute? - the selected & most upvoted answer concludes: The only ...
2 votes
5 answers
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What does "Put the wood in order" mean in 1 Kings 18:33?

Several translation of 1 Kings 18:33 (ESV, RSV, KJV, etc.) say "And he put the wood in order..." What was the "order" spoken of here? Similarly, Genesis 22:9 also speaks of putting wood "in order" ...
2 votes
1 answer
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In John, how many years did it take to build Herod's Temple?

Closely Related: - In Luke, Was Jesus Dedicated in the Second Temple, or Third? How many years did it take to build Herod's Temple? The Temple in the gospels is stated to have taken 46 years : ...
5 votes
3 answers
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A nose ring, earring, or other in Genesis 24:22?

Abraham's servant is on a mission to find Isaac a wife, and he is blessed in that work. Upon Rebekah's fulfilling of the sign conditions of the servant's prayer to YHWH (Gen 24:12-20), the servant ...
4 votes
6 answers
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Does 2 Kings 24:6 suggest that King Jehoiakim died peacefully?

In 2 kings 24:6 it is recorded that king Jehoiakim died with his ancestors וישכב יהויקים עם אבותיו. This clearly implies that he died a natural peaceful death in his own land. However, in 2 ...
10 votes
7 answers
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In John 19:23, was Jesus crucified naked?

John 19:23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in ...
12 votes
6 answers
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Why will Dan not be in heaven? What did he do worse than his brethren?

The entire tribe of Dan is absent from the list of those tribes which are to be found in heaven. Here is the list given in Revelation 7. And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there ...
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Did Paul assert the status of his own writings as scripture when he declared in 2 Timothy 3:16 that "All scripture is God-breathed"?

2 Timothy 3:16-17 NKJV: 16 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be ...

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