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Questions tagged [historical-interpretation]

Questions about the interpretation of a passage across different periods of history.

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2answers
777 views

How is Japheth is enlarged if confined to the tents of Shem? Gen 9:27

In this passage, Noah explicitly states that Japheth will have no dwelling place of his own. Genesis:9.27 May God enlarge Japheth, And may he dwell in the tents of Shem;.... Note: Japheth will ...
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bible ownership [closed]

Apart from the Ethiopian, whom Philip meets Acts 8;29, is there any evidence for the private ownership of any works of Scripture before about 400 A.D.? Otherwise, what is the earliest evidence that ...
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5answers
319 views

In Leviticus 23:24 what is the function of the “festival of the trumpets”?

Leviticus 23:24 reads, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy ...
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3answers
522 views

Woman behavior according to 1 Timothy 2.9-15 - historical context

I am meditating in the pastoral letters of Paul, trying to understand deeply his advice. However due to my lack of historical context knowledge, I couldn't really understand what he really meant on 1 ...
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4answers
493 views

Why does the NIV translate 2 Thessalonians 2:2 as “the day of the Lord”?

What is the meaning of “the day of Christ” as found in several New Testament passages? Using the KJV, it is specifically referenced in 1 Corinthians 1:8, 5:5, 2 Corinthians 1:14 and 2 Thessalonians 2:...
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4answers
739 views

How can we understand the different dates in Haggai & Daniel about King Darius?

Haggai 1 [1]In the second year of Darius the king, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the Lord came by the prophet Haggai to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to ...
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2answers
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How far was a “Sabbath's Day Journey”?

From the information in Acts, what is the least amount of distance the disciples might have traveled, in order to get an idea of what they thought a "Sabbath's Day Journey" was? NKJV, Acts 1:12 - ...
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1answer
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What did the ram mean to ancient Hebrew shepherds as to inform it's use as a guilt/trespass offering?

Why is a ram without blemish used for the guilt offering? N.B: Unlike the bulls, goats and lambs used for sin offerings, the ram is not required to be young only that it be without blemish. Lev 6:...
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1answer
464 views

Understanding the purpose of the trumpets in Numbers 10?

Numbers 10:9 states And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the Lord your God, ...
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3answers
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Who is Apollyon in Greek Culture?

NASB, Revelation 9:11 - They have as king over them, the angel of the abyss; his name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in the Greek he has the name Apollyon. Who is "Apollyon", and how does an understanding ...
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What does it mean to “Patiently Endure”?

1. Question: What does it mean to "Patiently Endure"? In English, this seems a little redundant, (or perhaps emphatic?). Is this verse really saying that a believer should have a particular attitude ...
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261 views

John 10:34 - Is there a basis to call “Psalms” : “the Law”?

Is there a Biblical basis, (perhaps in the prophets), or precedent in ancient Jewish literature, (before Jesus), to refer to the Psalms as, "The law"? NASB, John 10:34-35 - Jesus answered them, “...
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6answers
892 views

John 19:30 - What did Jesus say “was finished”?

Closely Related: - Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’? NKJV, John 19:30 - So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished (Τετέλεσται, interlinear)!...
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1answer
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When Should “Kingdom” be Interpreted as “The Sovereignty” or “The Kingdom” of God?

Question: Is the "Kingdom of God" a reference to "Sovereignty", or "a National State"? When should forms of the words "βασίλει*" be interpreted in senses of "Royal Authority" or "Kingdom Territory"? ...
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1answer
493 views

Genesis 2:18 - How to interpret “before”, in “helper before him”?

Closely Related: - What was Eve's role in relation to Adam? Question : What does "Before" Imply? What is the significance of the word choices, between "going before" in Hebrew as "לפניך", (in ...
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2answers
254 views

In Nehemiah - Who are the Jews?

Closely Related: - Identity of "the Jews" in John's gospel Can Nehemiah 2:16 be interpreted "parenthetically", to define who "The Jews" are? And if, not - then "In Nehemiah 13, Who ...
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809 views

How should the, “discernment of spirits,” in 1 Corinthians 12:10 be interpreted taking cultural context into account?

It seems this is often interpreted as a gift of wisdom or discernment and doesn't take into account a cultural context that believes in the existence of real spirits. But to each one is given the ...
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4answers
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Luke 1 - What time of the year were John and Jesus born?

Question : Given the specific details from the passages, is it possible to infer an approximate time of the year when John and Jesus were born? Or, are certain times of the year excluded by the text?...
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735 views

“Seven spirits of God” - literal or numerogical interpretation in early Christianity?

In Rev. 5:6 "... a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth" and also 4:5 and 3:1 Bible speaks ...
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0answers
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1 Samuel 20:18: How was the First of the Month / New Moon Determined?

Closely Related: • Judaism.SE/How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen? • Calculating months and weeks in the Mosaic Law • Astronomy.SE/How Soon Could a Waxing Crescent Moon Be ...
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1answer
194 views

John 19:31 - How does the Sabbath Explain why Jesus' Body had to be Taken Down?

1. Question, for Historical Interpretation of Sabbath Law What Sabbath considerations might have applied - that would lead to a request to take Jesus' body down from the cross? Aside: Does the ...
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9answers
5k views

In Joshua 20:1-6 why must the man-slayer wait until the death of the high priest?

Joshua 20:1-6 (noting verse 6 in particular): 1 Then the Lord spoke to Joshua, saying, 2 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'Designate the cities of refuge, of which I spoke to you through Moses,...
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3answers
459 views

How Should “Mammon” be Interpreted - Linguistically?

Closely Related: - In Luke 16 : Are the Uses of "Mammon" Contradictory, in the Same Context? 1. Question - Historical Interpretation And Lexical Semantics : How is "Mammon" understood in ...
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Use of metochos versus koinonos in the Book of Hebrews

Can one draw any inference regarding whether the author regards the individuals addressed in Hebrews 6:4-6 as possessors or professors when he uses μετόχους rather than κεκοινώνηκεν (2:14) to ...
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2answers
564 views

Did Samaritans hear John the Baptist's message?

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John each speak to the work of John the Baptist, preaching and baptizing people in the Jordan River. While the descriptions of the people who came, heard, and were baptized is ...
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2answers
246 views

Did the centurion Cornelius of Acts 10 have an illicit family?

In Acts 10 it states: 1 At Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion in what was known as the Italian Regiment. 2 He and all his family were devout and God-fearing; he gave generously ...
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3answers
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Genesis 19:24, Two Yahwehs?

How is Genesis 19:24 best translated? Some translations translate it by apparently saying there are two Yahweh(s) involved in the act: ESV: Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah sulfur and ...
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0answers
32 views

cross of Jesus before his death [duplicate]

What does Jesus mean when he tells his disciples that if any would come after him they must deny themselves TAKE UP HIS CROSS and follow him. Jesus was yet to die.
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5answers
268 views

Who are “the Jews” in John's gospel?

Were "the Jews" in John 10:19-21 the same group of people or a different group than the ones mentioned in 10:24-39? Some in vs 21 seem on the verge of believing in Him, while the ones in the second ...
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2answers
269 views

What are the oldest known records of interpretation agreeing with New Perspective on Paul?

The "New Perspective on Paul", often abbreviated as "NPP", is a modern interpretation of Paul. The "old" perspective was that Paul characterized the Judaism of his day as a religion of legalistic ...
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3answers
5k views

Was Potiphar, being a captain of an Egyptian guard, likely a eunuch?

In Genesis, we read the infamous story of Joseph and Potiphar's wife. Potiphar's wife (who is named Zuleikha, at least according Sefer HaYashar) repeatedly makes sexual advances on Joseph, and as we ...
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3answers
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2 Corinthians 6:14 - What does “Unequally Yoked” mean?

1. Question - A Reference Request In 2 Corinthians 6:14 - What does the phrase: "Unequally Yoked" - mean? References to Scriptural and Literary Bases Please: Are there any Scriptural or Literary ...
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1answer
612 views

In Acts 21:4 - What does “Through the Spirit” Mean?

Closely Related To: - Does Luke show Agabus as errant in his prophecy in Acts 21? - In Scripture - Was Prophecy That was Spoken in Good Faith, ever Corrected? 1. Question - A Word Study Request, ...
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2answers
809 views

How was “Word of Knowledge” Understood?

How would Paul's original audience have understood the phrase "word of knowledge" in 1 Corinthians? NASB, 1 Corinthians 12:8 - For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to ...
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1answer
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“if, humanly speaking, I fought with beasts at Ephesus” 1 Cor 15:32

What does Paul mean by "if, humanly speaking, I fought with beasts at Ephesus"? ESV: What do I gain if, humanly speaking, I fought with beasts at Ephesus? NIV: If I fought wild beasts in ...
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2answers
225 views

How is the Shema interpreted by those who think Israel had henotheistic beliefs?

Deut. 6:4 says, שְׁמַ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ יְהוָ֥ה ׀ אֶחָֽד ׃(Westminster Leningrad Codex) "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God the Lord (is) one:" I know there are a few people who ...
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7answers
1k views

Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset?

1. Question - a Reference Request In view of the question : Luke 23:54 - How should "Sabbath Dawning" be Interpreted? Whether or not Luke is stating that the Sabbath began at dawn, or not ...
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1answer
237 views

In Romans 8:29 is Paul speaking of “predestination” with regard to birth or to judgment?

Predestinate: to determine or set a destiny ahead of an appointed time. I am curious as to why the appointed time in regard to 'predestinate' is so often interpreted to mean "before time began," when ...
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2answers
184 views

Is there a hint in any of Evangelions why Jesus was crucified so close to Sabbath?

There's a passage in St. John's Evangelion: 31 Since it was the day of Preparation, the Jews did not want the bodies left on the cross during the sabbath, especially because that sabbath was a day ...
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3answers
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Earliest interpretation of Genesis 6:3 as referring to man's lifespan?

Genesis 6:3 ESV Then the LORD said, “My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days shall be 120 years.” Many people these days seem to understand this passage as referring to ...
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1answer
500 views

In Daniel 9.26 does the end “come like a flood” or will the end “be with a flood”?

I am reading from the Book of Daniel Chapter 9:26 (NIV) concerning an end-time prophecy, where it is written, 26 After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be put to death and will have ...
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2answers
5k views

What does Isaiah 55:1 mean by “buying without money”?

“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Isaiah 55:1 (ESV) What does Isaiah 55:1 ...
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1answer
157 views

Translation and historical background of Job 29:6a

Various Translations Job 29:6a is translated various ways. The apparently more literal one's being: (KJV) When I washed my steps with butter (NASB) When my steps were bathed in butter [NET ...
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5answers
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What are the implications of calling Jesus “the son of Mary” in Mark 6:3?

In Mark 6:3, Jesus is referred to by his community in an unusual way. The text was originally written in Greek, but to paraphrase a bit, an Aramaic translation would equate to something like: "Is ...
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1answer
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Which “house of the forest of Lebanon” had gold “shields” & “vessels” (1 Kg 10:17, 21)?

Background NOTE: All English translation is from NASB. In 1 Kg 10, the phrase בֵּ֖ית יַ֥עַר הַלְּבָנֹֽון ("in the house of the forest of Lebanon," v.17) and בֵּֽית־יַ֥עַר הַלְּבָנֹ֖ון ("of the house ...
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3answers
579 views

What are possible historical interpretations of John 1:1?

This question is inspired by a question about the proper translation of John 1:1.1 There are lengthy debates on how to translate the Johanine prologue properly.2 This is not about that debate. Based ...
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1answer
621 views

How do scholars explain the Bible's seeming discrepancy over Morningstar/Daystar?

Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning-star. (WBS) Jesus calls Himself the ...
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5answers
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What is the significance of Gen 46:10 “Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman”?

What message is being conveyed in Gen 46:10 when it says of one of Simeon's sons: "Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman" (KJV)? Judah also had three sons by a Canaanite woman (Gen 38:2-5), Er, Onan, ...
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2answers
165 views

Can 1 Cor. 1:10-13 be interpreted as a Commandment against Cults?

Question: In 1 Cor. 13, is the Early Church's understanding of the Command against "Divisions", pragmatically equivalent to the modern Church's prohibition against "Cults"? Notes: The commandment "...
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2answers
499 views

Galatians 1:2 - Who are the brethren who were with Paul?

Galatians 1:1-2 says (KJV): 1 Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;) and all the brethren which are with me, unto the ...