Questions tagged [historical-interpretation]

Questions about the interpretation of a passage across different periods of history.

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2answers
133 views

In Isaiah 59:21 are the descendants of the apostles (even today) likewise infallible?

KJV Isaiah 59: (20) And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD. (21) As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My ...
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Why did they celebrate again the day after the New Moon in 1 Samuel 20:27?

1 Samuel 20:24-27 So David hid in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food. 25The king sat on his seat as usual, the seat by the wall; then Jonathan rose up and Abner sat ...
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What is the significance of Sarah denying having laughed in Genesis 18:15?

Gen. 18:12-16 So Sarah laughed to herself as she thought, “After I am worn out and my lord is old, will I now have this pleasure?” 13 Then the LORD said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh and say,...
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148 views

The incongruity of God's covenant with Abram in Gen 12:1?

Gen 12:1 1The Lord had said to Abram, “Go from your country, your people and your father’s household to the land I will show you. 2 “I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless ...
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1answer
124 views

In Psalm 81 how does the blowing of the horn relate to the Exodus?

Psalm 81:3-6 (NIV) 3 Sound the ram’s horn at the New Moon, and when the moon is full, on the day of our festival; 4 this is a decree for Israel, an ordinance of the God of Jacob. 5 When God ...
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2answers
86 views

Is ἱεράτευμα (hierateuma) intrinsically male?

In 1 Peter 2:5 and 2:9 we find the word ἱεράτευμα (hierateuma), translated "priesthood," which Strong's Concordance defines as "the act or office of priesthood." The word's root appears to be ἱερεύς (...
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Was there some other secret ingredient added to the testing formula in Numbers 5:11-31?

Num. 5 goes into great length to preserve an ancient Israelite test for the unfaithful wife. The test was in the form of a drinking formula. The formula basically consisted of water, soil and the ...
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420 views

What is the meaning of “Hush! We must not mention the name of the Lord.”? - Amos 6:10

Amos 6:9-10 If ten people are left in one house, they too will die. 10 And if the relative who comes to carry the bodies out of the house to burn them asks anyone who might be hiding there, “Is ...
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681 views

How does George Howard's The Hebrew Gospel of Matthew (1987; 1995 2nd ed. quoted) help our understanding of Matthew 5:17-20?

There are many verses in the New Testament that have been interpreted to mean that the commands and covenants of the Old Testaments have been done away with. However, there are also verses in the New ...
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289 views

How can we trust the Gospels if nobody was there to witness? [closed]

I am reading the Gospels and sometimes I wonder how can some stories have been recorded and then written down. The case is when Jesus is basically by himself and nobody there to witness or when he is ...
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What is the significance of copulating in the same place one was born (in Song of Songs)?

I can think of few times in the Song of Songs where the sexual union is strongly connected with the place of birth 8:5 (NIV): Under the apple tree I roused you;     there your mother conceived ...
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437 views

In 1 Corinthians 10:11 to the end of what “ages” does Paul refer?

NIV 1 Cor 10:11 These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the culmination of the ages has come. My own thought is that he is referring to the ...
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5answers
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Why the leaven prohibition in Exodus 23:18 and Leviticus 2:11?

We find many times in the OT that leaven or anything containing leaven is not to be served to God. For example, Leviticus 2:11 exhorts the Israelites: No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto ...
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In 2 Chronicles 35:20-22 why did Josiah fight Necho?

From 2 Chronicles 35 (NIV): 20 After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Necho king of Egypt went up to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah marched out to meet him in ...
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The “traditional” reading of Genesis 1:1 [duplicate]

This is how the book of Genesis starts: בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ There are two viable ways of reading this rather complicated verse. "In the beginning of god's ...
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478 views

In Gen. 4, Seth is “appointed” as another seed “instead of Abel.” What is the ancient interpretation of this appointment?

In Genesis 4:25, it states: "And Adam knew his wife again; and she bore a son, and called his name Seth: 'for God hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel; for Cain slew him" What is the ...
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What were the four standards around which the tribes of Israel were camped (Numbers 2:1-34)?

H1714 Original: דּגל Transliteration: degel BDB Definition: 1) banner, standard Numbers 2:17 (NKJV) "And the tabernacle of meeting shall move out with the camp of the ...
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What does it mean to “Kiss the Son” Psalm 2:12?

Psalm 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest He be angry, And you perish in the way, When His wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all those who put their trust in Him. What did it mean to "Kiss the Son&...
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In Acts 19:14 - How else could “Seven sons of Skeva” be translated?

In Acts 19:14, Is "Seven Sons of Skeva" a valid translation? Are there any other plausible interpretations? Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] ἦσαν δέ τινος Σκευᾶ Ἰουδαίου ἀρχιερέως ἑπτὰ υἱοὶ ...
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What did Lilies mean in Solomon's era or from what he taught about plants that caused Huram to cast them onto the pillars of the temple? 1 Kings 7:19

According to Exodus 31:2-3, Bezalel had divine wisdom and used it in his crafting of the tabernacle. Huram succeeded him and crafted the articles for the temple. The capitals which were on top of ...
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1answer
256 views

Was Ezekiel's prophecy referring to only Egypt or does it imply that Africa (the land of Ham) will become the lowest of the Kingdoms? Ezekiel 29:14

Egypt is still relevant today contrary to what we should expect going by Ezekiel's prophecy. Ezekiel 29:14 "I will bring back the captives of Egypt and cause them to return to the land of ...
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1answer
500 views

Why are false teachers referred to as “late autumn trees” in Jude 1:12

Men are referred to as trees throughout scripture. Abimelech and the men of Shechem in Judges 9:8-19 Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel 4:20-22 Pharaoh and the King of Assyria in Ezekiel 31:2-18 In Jude:1.4, ...
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1answer
331 views

Of what relevance is the “song of the well” in the broader scriptural narrative (Numbers 21:17-18)

Songs are of prophetic significance through out the Bible e.g Song of Moses (Ps 90) Song of Miriam (Exo 15) Song of Deborah (Judg 5) Song of Hannah (1-Sam 2) Song of the Lamb (Rev 15:3) But I don't ...
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759 views

In Jeremiah - Who is the “Queen of Heaven”?

In Jeremiah - Who is the "Queen of Heaven"? Is this a reference to a god in chaldea or somewhere else? NKJV, Jeremiah 44:25 - Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, saying: ‘You ...
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How is Japheth is enlarged if confined to the tents of Shem? Gen 9:27

In this passage, Noah explicitly states that Japheth will have no dwelling place of his own. Genesis:9.27 May God enlarge Japheth, And may he dwell in the tents of Shem;.... Note: Japheth will ...
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bible ownership [closed]

Apart from the Ethiopian, whom Philip meets Acts 8;29, is there any evidence for the private ownership of any works of Scripture before about 400 A.D.? Otherwise, what is the earliest evidence that ...
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In Leviticus 23:24 what is the function of the “festival of the trumpets”?

Leviticus 23:24 reads, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy ...
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674 views

Woman behavior according to 1 Timothy 2.9-15 - historical context

I am meditating in the pastoral letters of Paul, trying to understand deeply his advice. However due to my lack of historical context knowledge, I couldn't really understand what he really meant on 1 ...
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864 views

Why does the NIV translate 2 Thessalonians 2:2 as “the day of the Lord”?

What is the meaning of “the day of Christ” as found in several New Testament passages? Using the KJV, it is specifically referenced in 1 Corinthians 1:8, 5:5, 2 Corinthians 1:14 and 2 Thessalonians 2:...
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How can we understand the different dates in Haggai & Daniel about King Darius?

Haggai 1 [1]In the second year of Darius the king, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the Lord came by the prophet Haggai to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to ...
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How far was a “Sabbath's Day Journey”?

From the information in Acts, what is the least amount of distance the disciples might have traveled, in order to get an idea of what they thought a "Sabbath's Day Journey" was? NKJV, Acts 1:12 - ...
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1answer
389 views

What did the ram mean to ancient Hebrew shepherds as to inform it's use as a guilt/trespass offering?

Why is a ram without blemish used for the guilt offering? N.B: Unlike the bulls, goats and lambs used for sin offerings, the ram is not required to be young only that it be without blemish. Lev 6:...
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1answer
846 views

Understanding the purpose of the trumpets in Numbers 10?

Numbers 10:9 states And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the Lord your God, ...
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Who is Apollyon in Greek Culture?

NASB, Revelation 9:11 - They have as king over them, the angel of the abyss; his name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in the Greek he has the name Apollyon. Who is "Apollyon", and how does an understanding ...
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What does it mean to “Patiently Endure”?

1. Question: What does it mean to "Patiently Endure"? In English, this seems a little redundant, (or perhaps emphatic?). Is this verse really saying that a believer should have a particular ...
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John 10:34 - Is there a basis to call “Psalms” : “the Law”?

Is there a Biblical basis, (perhaps in the prophets), or precedent in ancient Jewish literature, (before Jesus), to refer to the Psalms as, "The law"? NASB, John 10:34-35 - Jesus answered ...
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John 19:30 - What did Jesus say “was finished”?

Closely Related: - Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’? NKJV, John 19:30 - So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished (Τετέλεσται, interlinear)!...
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How to determine proper interpretation of “Kingdom of God” from context and grammar?

Question: Is the "Kingdom of God" a reference to "Sovereignty" or rule, or "the place of a National State"? How do you determine the proper interpretation of "...
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1answer
540 views

Genesis 2:18 - How to interpret “before”, in “helper before him”?

Closely Related: - What was Eve's role in relation to Adam? Question : What does "Before" Imply? What is the significance of the word choices, between "going before" in Hebrew ...
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276 views

In Nehemiah - Who are the Jews?

Closely Related: - Identity of "the Jews" in John's gospel Can Nehemiah 2:16 be interpreted "parenthetically", to define who "The Jews" are? And if, not - then "In Nehemiah 13, Who ...
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How should the, “discernment of spirits,” in 1 Corinthians 12:10 be interpreted taking cultural context into account?

It seems this is often interpreted as a gift of wisdom or discernment and doesn't take into account a cultural context that believes in the existence of real spirits. But to each one is given the ...
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753 views

Luke 1 - What time of the year were John and Jesus born?

Question : Given the specific details from the passages, is it possible to infer an approximate time of the year when John and Jesus were born? Or, are certain times of the year excluded by the text? ...
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998 views

“Seven spirits of God” - literal or numerogical interpretation in early Christianity?

In Rev. 5:6 "... a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth" and also 4:5 and 3:1 Bible speaks ...
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1 Samuel 20:18: How was the First of the Month / New Moon Determined?

Closely Related: • Judaism.SE/How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen? • Calculating months and weeks in the Mosaic Law • Astronomy.SE/How Soon Could a Waxing Crescent Moon Be ...
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John 19:31 - How does the Sabbath Explain why Jesus' Body had to be Taken Down?

1. Question, for Historical Interpretation of Sabbath Law What Sabbath considerations might have applied - that would lead to a request to take Jesus' body down from the cross? Aside: Does the Greek ...
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In Joshua 20:1-6 why must the man-slayer wait until the death of the high priest?

Joshua 20:1-6 (noting verse 6 in particular): 1 Then the Lord spoke to Joshua, saying, 2 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'Designate the cities of refuge, of which I spoke to you through Moses,...
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3answers
536 views

How Should “Mammon” be Interpreted - Linguistically?

Closely Related: - In Luke 16 : Are the Uses of "Mammon" Contradictory, in the Same Context? 1. Question - Historical Interpretation And Lexical Semantics : How is "Mammon" ...
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Use of metochos versus koinonos in the Book of Hebrews

Can one draw any inference regarding whether the author regards the individuals addressed in Hebrews 6:4-6 as possessors or professors when he uses μετόχους rather than κεκοινώνηκεν (2:14) to ...
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766 views

Did Samaritans hear John the Baptist's message?

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John each speak to the work of John the Baptist, preaching and baptizing people in the Jordan River. While the descriptions of the people who came, heard, and were baptized is ...
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177 views

Does the literary content of Genesis 1 compel the conclusion that it is a fictive construct for corrective polemics?

It typically is held among professional Christian scholars that Genesis 1 originated as a corrective polemic against pagan creation myths. Additionally, I presume that this theory as to origin of ...