Questions tagged [historical-interpretation]

Questions about the interpretation of a passage across different periods of history.

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4answers
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Why the leaven prohibition in Exodus 23:18 and Leviticus 2:11?

We find many times in the OT that leaven or anything containing leaven is not to be served to God. For example, Leviticus 2:11 exhorts the Israelites: No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto ...
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In 2 Chronicles 35:20-22 why did Josiah fight Necho?

From 2 Chronicles 35 (NIV): 20 After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Necho king of Egypt went up to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah marched out to meet him in ...
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The “traditional” reading of Genesis 1:1 [duplicate]

This is how the book of Genesis starts: בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ There are two viable ways of reading this rather complicated verse. "In the beginning of god's ...
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In Gen. 4, Seth is “appointed” as another seed “instead of Abel.” What is the ancient interpretation of this appointment?

In Genesis 4:25, it states: "And Adam knew his wife again; and she bore a son, and called his name Seth: 'for God hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel; for Cain slew him" What is the ...
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What were the four standards around which the tribes of Israel were camped (Numbers 2:1-34)?

H1714 Original: דּגל Transliteration: degel BDB Definition: 1) banner, standard Numbers 2:17 (NKJV) "And the tabernacle of meeting shall move out with the camp of the ...
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What does it mean to “Kiss the Son” Psalm 2:12?

Psalm 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest He be angry, And you perish in the way, When His wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all those who put their trust in Him. What did it mean to "Kiss the Son&...
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In Acts 19:14 - How else could “Seven sons of Skeva” be translated?

In Acts 19:14, Is "Seven Sons of Skeva" a valid translation? Are there any other plausible interpretations? Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] ἦσαν δέ τινος Σκευᾶ Ἰουδαίου ἀρχιερέως ἑπτὰ υἱοὶ ...
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What did Lilies mean in Solomon's era or from what he taught about plants that caused Huram to cast them onto the pillars of the temple? 1 Kings 7:19

According to Exodus 31:2-3, Bezalel had divine wisdom and used it in his crafting of the tabernacle. Huram succeeded him and crafted the articles for the temple. The capitals which were on top of ...
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1answer
243 views

Was Ezekiel's prophecy referring to only Egypt or does it imply that Africa (the land of Ham) will become the lowest of the Kingdoms? Ezekiel 29:14

Egypt is still relevant today contrary to what we should expect going by Ezekiel's prophecy. Ezekiel 29:14 "I will bring back the captives of Egypt and cause them to return to the land of ...
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Why are false teachers referred to as “late autumn trees” in Jude 1:12

Men are referred to as trees throughout scripture. Abimelech and the men of Shechem in Judges 9:8-19 Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel 4:20-22 Pharaoh and the King of Assyria in Ezekiel 31:2-18 In Jude:1.4, ...
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Of what relevance is the “song of the well” in the broader scriptural narrative (Numbers 21:17-18)

Songs are of prophetic significance through out the Bible e.g Song of Moses (Ps 90) Song of Miriam (Exo 15) Song of Deborah (Judg 5) Song of Hannah (1-Sam 2) Song of the Lamb (Rev 15:3) But I don't ...
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What does “wandering stars” mean in Jude 1:13?

Jude:1.4 For certain men have crept in unnoticed, who long ago were marked out for this condemnation, ungodly men, who turn the grace of our God into lewdness and deny the only Lord God and ...
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In Jeremiah - Who is the “Queen of Heaven”?

In Jeremiah - Who is the "Queen of Heaven"? Is this a reference to a god in chaldea or somewhere else? NKJV, Jeremiah 44:25 - Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, saying: ‘You ...
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How is Japheth is enlarged if confined to the tents of Shem? Gen 9:27

In this passage, Noah explicitly states that Japheth will have no dwelling place of his own. Genesis:9.27 May God enlarge Japheth, And may he dwell in the tents of Shem;.... Note: Japheth will ...
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bible ownership [closed]

Apart from the Ethiopian, whom Philip meets Acts 8;29, is there any evidence for the private ownership of any works of Scripture before about 400 A.D.? Otherwise, what is the earliest evidence that ...
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In Leviticus 23:24 what is the function of the “festival of the trumpets”?

Leviticus 23:24 reads, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy ...
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Woman behavior according to 1 Timothy 2.9-15 - historical context

I am meditating in the pastoral letters of Paul, trying to understand deeply his advice. However due to my lack of historical context knowledge, I couldn't really understand what he really meant on 1 ...
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Why does the NIV translate 2 Thessalonians 2:2 as “the day of the Lord”?

What is the meaning of “the day of Christ” as found in several New Testament passages? Using the KJV, it is specifically referenced in 1 Corinthians 1:8, 5:5, 2 Corinthians 1:14 and 2 Thessalonians 2:...
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How can we understand the different dates in Haggai & Daniel about King Darius?

Haggai 1 [1]In the second year of Darius the king, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the Lord came by the prophet Haggai to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to ...
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How far was a “Sabbath's Day Journey”?

From the information in Acts, what is the least amount of distance the disciples might have traveled, in order to get an idea of what they thought a "Sabbath's Day Journey" was? NKJV, Acts 1:12 - ...
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224 views

What did the ram mean to ancient Hebrew shepherds as to inform it's use as a guilt/trespass offering?

Why is a ram without blemish used for the guilt offering? N.B: Unlike the bulls, goats and lambs used for sin offerings, the ram is not required to be young only that it be without blemish. Lev 6:...
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Understanding the purpose of the trumpets in Numbers 10?

Numbers 10:9 states And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the Lord your God, ...
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Who is Apollyon in Greek Culture?

NASB, Revelation 9:11 - They have as king over them, the angel of the abyss; his name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in the Greek he has the name Apollyon. Who is "Apollyon", and how does an understanding ...
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What does it mean to “Patiently Endure”?

1. Question: What does it mean to "Patiently Endure"? In English, this seems a little redundant, (or perhaps emphatic?). Is this verse really saying that a believer should have a particular ...
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John 10:34 - Is there a basis to call “Psalms” : “the Law”?

Is there a Biblical basis, (perhaps in the prophets), or precedent in ancient Jewish literature, (before Jesus), to refer to the Psalms as, "The law"? NASB, John 10:34-35 - Jesus answered ...
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John 19:30 - What did Jesus say “was finished”?

Closely Related: - Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’? NKJV, John 19:30 - So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished (Τετέλεσται, interlinear)!...
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How to determine proper interpretation of “Kingdom of God” from context and grammar?

Question: Is the "Kingdom of God" a reference to "Sovereignty" or rule, or "the place of a National State"? How do you determine the proper interpretation of "...
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Genesis 2:18 - How to interpret “before”, in “helper before him”?

Closely Related: - What was Eve's role in relation to Adam? Question : What does "Before" Imply? What is the significance of the word choices, between "going before" in Hebrew ...
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271 views

In Nehemiah - Who are the Jews?

Closely Related: - Identity of "the Jews" in John's gospel Can Nehemiah 2:16 be interpreted "parenthetically", to define who "The Jews" are? And if, not - then "In Nehemiah 13, Who ...
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How should the, “discernment of spirits,” in 1 Corinthians 12:10 be interpreted taking cultural context into account?

It seems this is often interpreted as a gift of wisdom or discernment and doesn't take into account a cultural context that believes in the existence of real spirits. But to each one is given the ...
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Luke 1 - What time of the year were John and Jesus born?

Question : Given the specific details from the passages, is it possible to infer an approximate time of the year when John and Jesus were born? Or, are certain times of the year excluded by the text? ...
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“Seven spirits of God” - literal or numerogical interpretation in early Christianity?

In Rev. 5:6 "... a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth" and also 4:5 and 3:1 Bible speaks ...
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0answers
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1 Samuel 20:18: How was the First of the Month / New Moon Determined?

Closely Related: • Judaism.SE/How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen? • Calculating months and weeks in the Mosaic Law • Astronomy.SE/How Soon Could a Waxing Crescent Moon Be ...
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John 19:31 - How does the Sabbath Explain why Jesus' Body had to be Taken Down?

1. Question, for Historical Interpretation of Sabbath Law What Sabbath considerations might have applied - that would lead to a request to take Jesus' body down from the cross? Aside: Does the Greek ...
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In Joshua 20:1-6 why must the man-slayer wait until the death of the high priest?

Joshua 20:1-6 (noting verse 6 in particular): 1 Then the Lord spoke to Joshua, saying, 2 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'Designate the cities of refuge, of which I spoke to you through Moses,...
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How Should “Mammon” be Interpreted - Linguistically?

Closely Related: - In Luke 16 : Are the Uses of "Mammon" Contradictory, in the Same Context? 1. Question - Historical Interpretation And Lexical Semantics : How is "Mammon" ...
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Use of metochos versus koinonos in the Book of Hebrews

Can one draw any inference regarding whether the author regards the individuals addressed in Hebrews 6:4-6 as possessors or professors when he uses μετόχους rather than κεκοινώνηκεν (2:14) to ...
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Did Samaritans hear John the Baptist's message?

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John each speak to the work of John the Baptist, preaching and baptizing people in the Jordan River. While the descriptions of the people who came, heard, and were baptized is ...
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Does the literary content of Genesis 1 compel the conclusion that it is a fictive construct for corrective polemics?

It typically is held among professional Christian scholars that Genesis 1 originated as a corrective polemic against pagan creation myths. Additionally, I presume that this theory as to origin of ...
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Did the centurion Cornelius of Acts 10 have an illicit family?

In Acts 10 it states: 1 At Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion in what was known as the Italian Regiment. 2 He and all his family were devout and God-fearing; he gave generously ...
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Genesis 19:24, Two Yahwehs?

How is Genesis 19:24 best translated? Some translations translate it by apparently saying there are two Yahweh(s) involved in the act: ESV: Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah sulfur and fire ...
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cross of Jesus before his death [duplicate]

What does Jesus mean when he tells his disciples that if any would come after him they must deny themselves TAKE UP HIS CROSS and follow him. Jesus was yet to die.
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Who are “the Jews” in John's gospel?

Were "the Jews" in John 10:19-21 the same group of people or a different group than the ones mentioned in 10:24-39? Some in vs 21 seem on the verge of believing in Him, while the ones in the second ...
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What are the oldest known records of interpretation agreeing with New Perspective on Paul?

The "New Perspective on Paul", often abbreviated as "NPP", is a modern interpretation of Paul. The "old" perspective was that Paul characterized the Judaism of his day as a religion of legalistic ...
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Was Potiphar, being a captain of an Egyptian guard, likely a eunuch?

In Genesis, we read the infamous story of Joseph and Potiphar's wife. Potiphar's wife (who is named Zuleikha, at least according Sefer HaYashar) repeatedly makes sexual advances on Joseph, and as we ...
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2 Corinthians 6:14 - What does “Unequally Yoked” mean?

1. Question - A Reference Request In 2 Corinthians 6:14 - What does the phrase: "Unequally Yoked" - mean? References to Scriptural and Literary Bases Please: Are there any Scriptural or Literary ...
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1answer
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In Acts 21:4 - What does “Through the Spirit” Mean?

Closely Related To: - Does Luke show Agabus as errant in his prophecy in Acts 21? - In Scripture - Was Prophecy That was Spoken in Good Faith, ever Corrected? 1. Question - A Word Study Request, ...
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How was “Word of Knowledge” Understood?

How would Paul's original audience have understood the phrase "word of knowledge" in 1 Corinthians? NASB, 1 Corinthians 12:8 - For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and ...
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“if, humanly speaking, I fought with beasts at Ephesus” 1 Cor 15:32

What does Paul mean by "if, humanly speaking, I fought with beasts at Ephesus"? ESV: What do I gain if, humanly speaking, I fought with beasts at Ephesus? NIV: If I fought wild beasts in ...
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How is the Shema interpreted by those who think Israel had henotheistic beliefs?

Deut. 6:4 says, שְׁמַ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ יְהוָ֥ה ׀ אֶחָֽד ׃(Westminster Leningrad Codex) "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God the Lord (is) one:" I know there are a few people ...