Questions tagged [historical-interpretation]

Questions about the interpretation of a passage across different periods of history.

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30
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7answers
27k views

Why is Isaiah 14:12-15 interpreted by some to refer to Satan?

Is 14:12 “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations! 13 For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ascend ...
17
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3answers
1k views

Was there precedent for John to link the satan and the serpent?

In Revelation 20:2, John links the satan and the serpent: He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. A couple preliminary questions:...
22
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6answers
12k views

Are Job's friends the voice of the Accuser?

I have often struggled with the book of Job, wondering what rubric should guide my interpretation as I read through the speeches of Job's "friends". They say so much that is "true" (so much that ...
4
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7answers
3k views

Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset?

1. Question - a Reference Request In view of the question : Luke 23:54 - How should "Sabbath Dawning" be Interpreted? Whether or not Luke is stating that the Sabbath began at dawn, or not ...
11
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4answers
23k views

What does "the assembly of the LORD" refer to?

Deuteronomy 23:1-8 lists some people that are forbidden to enter "the assembly of the LORD". Deuteronomy 23:1-8 (NKJ) Those Excluded from the Congregation 1 “He who is emasculated by ...
10
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2answers
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What is an "anachronism" in Biblical Hermeneutics?

I have run across several definitions as it relates to "anachronism" in Biblical Hermeneutics and I am confused: An anachronism in word studies takes place when we read a definition of a word ...
7
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6answers
389 views

Who are "the Jews" in John's gospel?

Were "the Jews" in John 10:19-21 the same group of people or a different group than the ones mentioned in 10:24-39? Some in vs 21 seem on the verge of believing in Him, while the ones in the second ...
13
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4answers
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Historical interpretations of Ezekiel's vision of a temple

From Ezekiel 40 to the end, the author records a pretty detailed vision of a temple. Historically, what are the main ways this vision been interpreted? Did the rabbis consider this vision to be ...
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8answers
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Does the idea of being "born again" have a root earlier than John/Peter (or Jesus)?

In John 3:3, Jesus famously tells Nicodemus that to see the kingdom of God, one must be born again. Likewise, 1 Peter 1:3 and 1:23 both use this idea of a new or second birth. 1 Peter 1:3[...] In his ...
11
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2answers
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Assessments of the evidence for the "Gap Theory" reading of Genesis 1:1-2?

Ever since the emergence of an understanding of "geological time" in the 18th Century, there has been a perceived tension with the six-day account of creation in Genesis 1 -- at least, if those "days" ...
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3answers
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What is the historical basis for viewing Genesis 3:15 as the 'protoevangelium'?

Genesis 3:15 is referred to by Christian theologians as the protoevangelium (first proclamation of the [Christian] gospel). The text reads: Hebrew (MT): וְאֵיבָ֣ה׀ אָשִׁ֗ית בֵּֽינְךָ֙ וּבֵ֣ין ...
7
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3answers
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Who are the "third and fourth generation" in Exodus 20:5?

“You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down ...
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2answers
310 views

In Nehemiah - Who are the Jews?

Closely Related: - Identity of "the Jews" in John's gospel Can Nehemiah 2:16 be interpreted "parenthetically", to define who "The Jews" are? And if, not - then "In Nehemiah 13, Who ...
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3answers
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The significance of the designations of families who will mourn in Zechariah 12

As the prophet Zechariah proclaims the greatness of Jerusalem's mourning, he says: 12“All Israel will mourn, each clan by itself, and with the husbands separate from their wives. The clan of David ...
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5answers
81k views

What does a mustard seed grow into?

Jesus said, “How shall we picture the kingdom of God, or by what parable shall we present it? It is like a mustard seed, which, when sown upon the soil, though it is smaller than all the seeds that ...
8
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2answers
13k views

What does Isaiah 55:1 mean by "buying without money"?

“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Isaiah 55:1 (ESV) What does Isaiah 55:1 ...
8
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6answers
32k views

What is the story behind mourning for Hadad-rimmon in Zechariah 12:11?

Zechariah, like Revelation which draws on it, is a tough nut to crack but very rich. In the twelfth chapter, the prophet records the word of Yahweh that The sorrow and mourning in Jerusalem on that ...
8
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4answers
21k views

The Ten Commandments were based on the Code of Hammurabi?

A topic that was discussed among peers was that the Ten Commandments of Christian and Jewish faith were based off the Code of Hammurabi. I looked into the Wikipedia article and was informed that ...
6
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1answer
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Historically, how was Jonah classified in terms of literary genre?

I've been reading through a lengthy discussion at this site over the historical nature of Jonah. One position that has been advanced is that there are internal text indicators that the narrative is ...
6
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2answers
239 views

Does the literary content of Genesis 1 compel the conclusion that it is a fictive construct for corrective polemics?

It typically is held among professional Christian scholars that Genesis 1 originated as a corrective polemic against pagan creation myths. Additionally, I presume that this theory as to origin of ...
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5answers
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What is the significance of Gen 46:10 "Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman"?

What message is being conveyed in Gen 46:10 when it says of one of Simeon's sons: "Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman" (KJV)? Judah also had three sons by a Canaanite woman (Gen 38:2-5), Er, Onan, ...
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2answers
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Revelations 18:23 - Who or what are the "Merchants" and the "magic spell" that led the whole Earth astray?

Rev 18:23 "Your merchants were the world’s important people. By your ...
2
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3answers
177 views

Is there any interpretative room for considering the prophetic predictions of Matthew 24:29-31 as already fulfilled?

Matthew 24:29-31 (YLT): 29 `And immediately after the tribulation of those days, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from the heaven, and the ...
25
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7answers
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What is the significance of '14 generations' in Matthew’s account of Jesus's genealogy?

After giving Jesus's genealogy in the first chapter, Matthew goes on to point out the number of generations between significant events: Thus there were fourteen generations in all from Abraham to ...
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6answers
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John 19:30 - What did Jesus say "was finished"?

Closely Related: - Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’? NKJV, John 19:30 - So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished (Τετέλεσται, interlinear)!...
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3answers
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In Matthew 18:34, what does the Greek word βασανισταῖς (“torturers”) mean?

At the end of the parable of the unmerciful servant, the master has him jailed and handed over to be tortured: 34 And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should ...
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1answer
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Is King Solomon the bridegroom in the Song of Solomon?

A few objections against Solomon being the bridegroom are that Solomon was a king, not a shepherd (1:7), that he had hundreds of wives (versus 6:9, remembering that Solomon's first wife was an ...
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2answers
3k views

What did "ekklesia" mean in the Classical Greek and later the Septuagint, and did the meaning change when it was translated in the KJV bible? [closed]

I have a scholarly friend who believes if you examine the meaning of the word "ekklesia" in the original Classical Greek and later in the Septuagint it had the meaning of a "meeting"(an event in time) ...
7
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3answers
586 views

How Should "Mammon" be Interpreted - Linguistically?

Closely Related: - In Luke 16 : Are the Uses of "Mammon" Contradictory, in the Same Context? 1. Question - Historical Interpretation And Lexical Semantics : How is "Mammon" ...
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2answers
567 views

How can one be in pain while dead?

Acts 2:24 (NIV): But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. It is my understanding that the word ...
4
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5answers
273 views

What is the "Sabbath-rest for the people of God" in Hebrews 4:9-11 referring to

Hebrews 4:9-11 New International Version (NIV) 9 There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; 10 for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from their works,[a] just as God did from ...
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2answers
530 views

What does ονομα mean in Matthew 28:19?

What does ονομα mean in Matthew 28:19? Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name (ονομα) of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19 NRSV). ...
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1answer
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Does the allegorical approach to the Song of Solomon do the text justice?

Through two millennia the Song of Solomon was interpreted by most Jewish and Christian scholars as an allegory of God's relationship with Israel, or Jesus' relationship with the church. Only lately ...
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2answers
5k views

How far was a "Sabbath's Day Journey"?

From the information in Acts, what is the least amount of distance the disciples might have traveled, in order to get an idea of what they thought a "Sabbath's Day Journey" was? NKJV, Acts 1:12 - ...
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3answers
3k views

2 Corinthians 6:14 - What does "Unequally Yoked" mean?

1. Question - A Reference Request In 2 Corinthians 6:14 - What does the phrase: "Unequally Yoked" - mean? References to Scriptural and Literary Bases Please: Are there any Scriptural or Literary ...
2
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1answer
580 views

Genesis 2:18 - How to interpret "before", in "helper before him"?

Closely Related: - What was Eve's role in relation to Adam? Question : What does "Before" Imply? What is the significance of the word choices, between "going before" in Hebrew ...
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2answers
206 views

In Acts 19:14 - How else could "Seven sons of Skeva" be translated?

In Acts 19:14, Is "Seven Sons of Skeva" a valid translation? Are there any other plausible interpretations? Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] ἦσαν δέ τινος Σκευᾶ Ἰουδαίου ἀρχιερέως ἑπτὰ υἱοὶ ...
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2answers
202 views

How to determine proper interpretation of "Kingdom of God" from context and grammar?

Question: Is the "Kingdom of God" a reference to "Sovereignty" or rule, or "the place of a National State"? How do you determine the proper interpretation of "...
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7answers
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"Cakes of Raisins" in Hosea 3

Hosea 3:1 reads (ESV): And the LORD said to me, “Go again, love a woman who is loved by another man and is an adulteress, even as the LORD loves the children of Israel, though they turn to other ...
13
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2answers
310 views

Was there any significance to the term χριστὸς in koine Greek outside of Judeo-Christian thought?

This question is motivated by a reading of John 20:31: SBLGNT ταῦτα δὲ γέγραπται ἵνα πιστεύητε ὅτι Ἰησοῦς ἐστιν ὁ χριστὸς ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ ἵνα πιστεύοντες ζωὴν ἔχητε ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι αὐτοῦ. ...
10
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3answers
835 views

What is the judgment in Psalm 1?

The ending of Psalm 1 provides great hope for those who delight in the instruction of the Lord: Not so the wicked; rather, they are like chaff that wind blows away. Therefore the wicked ...
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3answers
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Psalm 51:5 CEV vs ESV

How can we determine which translation is more close to the original message? Clearly "the day I was born" vs "mother conceive me" paints a completely different picture - and arguably, a different ...
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4answers
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In 2 Chronicles 35:20-22 why did Josiah fight Necho?

From 2 Chronicles 35 (NIV): 20 After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Necho king of Egypt went up to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah marched out to meet him in ...
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3answers
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Why did they celebrate again the day after the New Moon in 1 Samuel 20:27?

1 Samuel 20:24-27 So David hid in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food. 25The king sat on his seat as usual, the seat by the wall; then Jonathan rose up and Abner sat ...
3
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2answers
47 views

Blood as cause for ritual defilement in Lamentations 4:15?

Hebrew in Lamentations 4:14-16 reads: נָעוּ עִוְרִים בַּחוּצוֹת, נְגֹאֲלוּ בַּדָּם; בְּלֹא יוּכְלוּ, > יִגְּעוּ בִּלְבֻשֵׁיהֶם. {ס} טו סוּרוּ טָמֵא קָרְאוּ לָמוֹ, סוּרוּ > סוּרוּ אַל-...
3
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2answers
433 views

Did the centurion Cornelius of Acts 10 have an illicit family?

In Acts 10 it states: 1 At Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion in what was known as the Italian Regiment. 2 He and all his family were devout and God-fearing; he gave generously ...
3
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3answers
126 views

Was there some other secret ingredient added to the testing formula in Numbers 5:11-31?

Num. 5 goes into great length to preserve an ancient Israelite test for the unfaithful wife. The test was in the form of a drinking formula. The formula basically consisted of water, soil and the ...
3
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5answers
6k views

Why the leaven prohibition in Exodus 23:18 and Leviticus 2:11?

We find many times in the OT that leaven or anything containing leaven is not to be served to God. For example, Leviticus 2:11 exhorts the Israelites: No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto ...
2
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2answers
549 views

Psalms 8:6 - Humans a little less from G-d

Please decipher Psalm 8:5, 6. מה אנוש כי תזכרנו ובן אדם כי תפקדנו ותחסרהו מעט מאלֹהים וכבוד והדר תעטרהו Who are humans that You have in memory and son of man whom you sustain Whom you reduce ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Understanding the purpose of the trumpets in Numbers 10?

Numbers 10:9 states And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the Lord your God, ...