Questions tagged [historical-interpretation]

Questions about the interpretation of a passage across different periods of history.

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28
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7answers
20k views

Why is Isaiah 14:12-15 interpreted by some to refer to Satan?

Is 14:12 “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations! 13 For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ascend ...
16
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3answers
984 views

Was there precedent for John to link the satan and the serpent?

In Revelation 20:2, John links the satan and the serpent: He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. A couple preliminary questions:...
3
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7answers
1k views

Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset?

1. Question - a Reference Request In view of the question : Luke 23:54 - How should "Sabbath Dawning" be Interpreted? Whether or not Luke is stating that the Sabbath began at dawn, or not ...
21
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6answers
10k views

Are Job's friends the voice of the Accuser?

I have often struggled with the book of Job, wondering what rubric should guide my interpretation as I read through the speeches of Job's "friends". They say so much that is "true" (so much that ...
7
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3answers
15k views

Who are the “third and fourth generation” in Exodus 20:5?

“You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down ...
10
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2answers
3k views

What is an “anachronism” in Biblical Hermeneutics?

I have run across several definitions as it relates to "anachronism" in Biblical Hermeneutics and I am confused: An anachronism in word studies takes place when we read a definition of a word ...
9
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2answers
3k views

Assessments of the evidence for the “Gap Theory” reading of Genesis 1:1-2?

Ever since the emergence of an understanding of "geological time" in the 18th Century, there has been a perceived tension with the six-day account of creation in Genesis 1 -- at least, if those "days" ...
5
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5answers
267 views

Who are “the Jews” in John's gospel?

Were "the Jews" in John 10:19-21 the same group of people or a different group than the ones mentioned in 10:24-39? Some in vs 21 seem on the verge of believing in Him, while the ones in the second ...
12
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4answers
3k views

Historical interpretations of Ezekiel's vision of a temple

From Ezekiel 40 to the end, the author records a pretty detailed vision of a temple. Historically, what are the main ways this vision been interpreted? Did the rabbis consider this vision to be ...
10
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4answers
16k views

What does “the assembly of the LORD” refer to?

Deuteronomy 23:1-8 lists some people that are forbidden to enter "the assembly of the LORD". Deuteronomy 23:1-8 (NKJ) Those Excluded from the Congregation 1 “He who is emasculated by ...
7
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3answers
3k views

What is the historical basis for viewing Genesis 3:15 as the 'protoevangelium'?

Genesis 3:15 is referred to by Christian theologians as the protoevangelium (first proclamation of the [Christian] gospel). The text reads: Hebrew (MT): וְאֵיבָ֣ה׀ אָשִׁ֗ית בֵּֽינְךָ֙ וּבֵ֣ין ...
1
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2answers
254 views

In Nehemiah - Who are the Jews?

Closely Related: - Identity of "the Jews" in John's gospel Can Nehemiah 2:16 be interpreted "parenthetically", to define who "The Jews" are? And if, not - then "In Nehemiah 13, Who ...
12
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2answers
2k views

The significance of the designations of families who will mourn in Zechariah 12

As the prophet Zechariah proclaims the greatness of Jerusalem's mourning, he says: 12“All Israel will mourn, each clan by itself, and with the husbands separate from their wives. The clan of David ...
8
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4answers
16k views

The Ten Commandments were based on the Code of Hammurabi?

A topic that was discussed among peers was that the Ten Commandments of Christian and Jewish faith were based off the Code of Hammurabi. I looked into the Wikipedia article and was informed that ...
8
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5answers
74k views

What does a mustard seed grow into?

Jesus said, “How shall we picture the kingdom of God, or by what parable shall we present it? It is like a mustard seed, which, when sown upon the soil, though it is smaller than all the seeds that ...
7
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6answers
24k views

What is the story behind mourning for Hadad-rimmon in Zechariah 12:11?

Zechariah, like Revelation which draws on it, is a tough nut to crack but very rich. In the twelfth chapter, the prophet records the word of Yahweh that The sorrow and mourning in Jerusalem on that ...
6
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1answer
4k views

Historically, how was Jonah classified in terms of literary genre?

I've been reading through a lengthy discussion at this site over the historical nature of Jonah. One position that has been advanced is that there are internal text indicators that the narrative is ...
5
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5answers
3k views

What is the significance of Gen 46:10 “Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman”?

What message is being conveyed in Gen 46:10 when it says of one of Simeon's sons: "Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman" (KJV)? Judah also had three sons by a Canaanite woman (Gen 38:2-5), Er, Onan, ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Revelations 18:23 - Who or what are the “Merchants” and the “magic spell” that led the whole Earth astray?

Rev 18:23 "Your merchants were the world’s important people. By your ...
6
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2answers
3k views

What did “ekklesia” mean in the Classical Greek and later the Septuagint, and did the meaning change when it was translated in the KJV bible?

I have a scholarly friend who believes if you examine the meaning of the word "ekklesia" in the original Classical Greek and later in the Septuagint it had the meaning of a "meeting"(an event in time) ...
6
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3answers
459 views

How Should “Mammon” be Interpreted - Linguistically?

Closely Related: - In Luke 16 : Are the Uses of "Mammon" Contradictory, in the Same Context? 1. Question - Historical Interpretation And Lexical Semantics : How is "Mammon" understood in ...
4
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6answers
890 views

John 19:30 - What did Jesus say “was finished”?

Closely Related: - Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’? NKJV, John 19:30 - So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished (Τετέλεσται, interlinear)!...
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3answers
2k views

2 Corinthians 6:14 - What does “Unequally Yoked” mean?

1. Question - A Reference Request In 2 Corinthians 6:14 - What does the phrase: "Unequally Yoked" - mean? References to Scriptural and Literary Bases Please: Are there any Scriptural or Literary ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Does the allegorical approach to the Song of Solomon do the text justice?

Through two millennia the Song of Solomon was interpreted by most Jewish and Christian scholars as an allegory of God's relationship with Israel, or Jesus' relationship with the church. Only lately ...
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2answers
132 views

In Acts 19:14 - How else could “Seven sons of Skeva” be translated?

In Acts 19:14, Is "Seven Sons of Skeva" a valid translation? Are there any other plausible interpretations? Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] ἦσαν δέ τινος Σκευᾶ Ἰουδαίου ἀρχιερέως ἑπτὰ υἱοὶ ...
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1answer
493 views

Genesis 2:18 - How to interpret “before”, in “helper before him”?

Closely Related: - What was Eve's role in relation to Adam? Question : What does "Before" Imply? What is the significance of the word choices, between "going before" in Hebrew as "לפניך", (in ...
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2answers
3k views

How far was a “Sabbath's Day Journey”?

From the information in Acts, what is the least amount of distance the disciples might have traveled, in order to get an idea of what they thought a "Sabbath's Day Journey" was? NKJV, Acts 1:12 - ...
-2
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1answer
151 views

When Should “Kingdom” be Interpreted as “The Sovereignty” or “The Kingdom” of God?

Question: Is the "Kingdom of God" a reference to "Sovereignty", or "a National State"? When should forms of the words "βασίλει*" be interpreted in senses of "Royal Authority" or "Kingdom Territory"? ...
13
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7answers
41k views

“Cakes of Raisins” in Hosea 3

Hosea 3:1 reads (ESV): And the LORD said to me, “Go again, love a woman who is loved by another man and is an adulteress, even as the LORD loves the children of Israel, though they turn to other ...
11
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3answers
4k views

In Matthew 18:34, what does the Greek word βασανισταῖς (“torturers”) mean?

At the end of the parable of the unmerciful servant, the master has him jailed and handed over to be tortured: 34 And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should ...
11
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2answers
248 views

Was there any significance to the term χριστὸς in koine Greek outside of Judeo-Christian thought?

This question is motivated by a reading of John 20:31: SBLGNT ταῦτα δὲ γέγραπται ἵνα πιστεύητε ὅτι Ἰησοῦς ἐστιν ὁ χριστὸς ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ ἵνα πιστεύοντες ζωὴν ἔχητε ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι αὐτοῦ. ...
10
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3answers
1k views

How is this passage on the authority of women to be interpreted?

I have heard it said that 1 Timothy 2:11,12 is to be examined through the "lens" of culture but what Paul writes right after it in verses 13 and 14 seems to nullify that. A woman should learn in ...
9
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3answers
740 views

What is the judgment in Psalm 1?

The ending of Psalm 1 provides great hope for those who delight in the instruction of the Lord: Not so the wicked; rather, they are like chaff that wind blows away. Therefore the wicked ...
6
votes
1answer
702 views

Is King Solomon the bridegroom in the Song of Solomon?

A few objections against Solomon being the bridegroom are that Solomon was a king, not a shepherd (1:7), that he had hundreds of wives (versus 6:9, remembering that Solomon's first wife was an ...
5
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2answers
1k views

In 2 Chronicles 35:20-22 why did Josiah fight Necho?

From 2 Chronicles 35 (NIV): 20 After all this, when Josiah had set the temple in order, Necho king of Egypt went up to fight at Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah marched out to meet him in ...
3
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4answers
1k views

Why the leaven prohibition in Exodus 23:18 and Leviticus 2:11?

We find many times in the OT that leaven or anything containing leaven is not to be served to God. For example, Leviticus 2:11 exhorts the Israelites: No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto ...
3
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2answers
246 views

Did the centurion Cornelius of Acts 10 have an illicit family?

In Acts 10 it states: 1 At Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion in what was known as the Italian Regiment. 2 He and all his family were devout and God-fearing; he gave generously ...
3
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2answers
440 views

Why did they celebrate again the day after the New Moon in 1 Samuel 20:27?

1 Samuel 20:24-27 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat. 25And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by ...
2
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2answers
410 views

Psalms 8:6 - Humans a little less from G-d

Please decipher Psalm 8:5, 6. מה אנוש כי תזכרנו ובן אדם כי תפקדנו ותחסרהו מעט מאלֹהים וכבוד והדר תעטרהו Who are humans that You have in memory and son of man whom you sustain Whom you reduce ...
0
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1answer
463 views

Understanding the purpose of the trumpets in Numbers 10?

Numbers 10:9 states And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the Lord your God, ...