Questions tagged [hebrews]

For questions about the letter to the Hebrews. For questions about the Hebrew language use the [hebrew] tag instead; for questions about members of the Hebrew religion, the [judaism] tag may be appropriate.

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In Hebrews 4:12 what is the difference between ψυχή ("soul") and πνεῦμα ("spirit")?

Hebrews 4:12 seems to distinguish between "soul" and "spirit" (or ψυχή and πνεῦμα, respectively) in some manner similar to the difference between "joint" and "marrow." For the word of God is quick, ...
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What does "made perfect" mean in Heb 5:9?

Hebrews 5:8-10 (ESV) Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him, being designated by ...
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4 answers
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In what way was Jesus' prayer heard (Hebrews 5:7)?

Hebrews 5:7 (ESV): During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of ...
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6 answers
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In Hebrews 12:2 what is the joy "set before" Jesus?

The author of "To the Hebrews" seems to assert that the messiah had a motivating "carrot" set before him. What does the "joy set before" Jesus refer to? What reward does the author of Hebrews ...
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16 votes
4 answers
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What does it mean that Jesus was a priest like the "Order of Melchizedek" in Hebrews 7:11?

In Genesis 14 there is a man named Melchizedek. He is not mentioned very much and you might argue that he does not seem very important from this text alone. 17 After Abram returned from defeating ...
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9 answers
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Hebrews 5:7, Did Jesus suffer death or not?

Hebrews 5:7 (DRB): Who in the days of his flesh, with a strong cry and tears, offering up prayers and supplications to him that was able to save him from death, was heard for his reverence. The ...
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4 votes
5 answers
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How should we understand the nature of angels in light of Hebrews 1:14 and 13:2?

Hebrews 1:13-14 (ESV): 13 And to which of the angels has he ever said, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet”? 14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to ...
19 votes
8 answers
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In Hebrews 1:2, to what does the Greek word «αἰῶνας» refer?

In Heb. 1:1-2, the Greek text according to the Textus Receptus states, Αʹ Πολυμερῶς καὶ πολυτρόπως πάλαι ὁ θεὸς λαλήσας τοῖς πατράσιν ἐν τοῖς προφήταις Βʹ ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτων τῶν ἡμερῶν τούτων ἐλάλησεν ...
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Israelite covenant: everlasting or obsolete?

1 Chronicles 16:6-7,14-18 (NIV) says that the Israelite covenant is everlasting: 6 and Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests were to blow trumpets regularly before the ark of the covenant of God. 7 Then ...
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6 answers
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Where does the extra information about Melchizedek come from in Hebrews 7?

The Genesis account of Abraham's encounter with Melchizedek leaves us with powerful few details about his life, yet later on the author of Hebrews clearly uses his priestly work as a type of Christ, ...
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According to Hebrews 9:12, did the Lord Jesus Christ offer his blood in heaven?

In Heb. 9:12, it is written, 12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. KJV, 1769 ΙΒʹ οὐδὲ δι᾽...
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12 votes
4 answers
488 views

Would it matter if the ID of 'Auctor' was revealed and who are the potential candidates?

The author of Hebrews, being generally uncertain, sometimes goes by the moniker "Auctor". But who or what lies behind the mask? What clues do we have to work with that could tip us off to their ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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In Hebrews 9:23, why does the author use the plural “better sacrifices” rather than the singular "better sacrifice"?

In Heb. 9:23, it is written, 23 It is necessary, therefore, the pattern indeed of the things in the heavens to be purified with these, and the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than ...
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8 votes
9 answers
752 views

In Hebrews 1:8-9: Is ὁ θεός nominative or vocative?

In Hebrews 1:8-9, ὁ θεός appears in the nominative spelling in both verses. The question is this; should ὁ θεός be treated as a nominative or more as a vocative of address as it is every other place ...
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4 answers
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At what exact moment did the old covenant become obsolete? Hebrews 8

Hebrews 8 (ESV): Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 2 a minister in the holy places, ...
4 votes
6 answers
593 views

In Philippians 2:9-11 does YHVH surrender his name to the Messiah?

As far back as Exodus, God told the Jews not to give YHVH's angel/agent a hard time because "my name is in/upon him": [Exo 23:21 KJV] (21) Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not;...
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17 votes
7 answers
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Can we tell from the text who wrote Hebrews?

I have pondered who wrote Hebrews for some time. In my studies, I have eliminated Paul for two reasons. 1) The style of Greek is different than the way Paul writes in his letters. It's a higher ...
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20 votes
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Jesus was tempted, but God cannot be tempted. How, then, do we reconcile James 1:13 and Heb. 4:15?

The Bible clearly explains: James 1:13: "God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone" (emphasis added). God cannot be tempted. Yet the text just as clearly ...
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Is Jesus the λόγος in Hebrews 4:12?

For the word of God is alive and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart ( ...
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How is the Law changed in Hebrews 7:12?

For when the priesthood is changed, the law must be changed also. Hebrews 7:12 (NIV) How is the Law changed in Hebrews 7:12?
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Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT is always the Father?

This question is about "interpretation of a specific Bible passage," Hebrews 1:1-2 and how it informs our view of Jehovah in the OT. Question: Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT ...
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9 votes
7 answers
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According to Hebrews 11:5, did Enoch actually die? (Compare Hebrews 11:13)

According to the Book of Hebrews, did Enoch actually die? How is this "contradiction" resolved? Excerpted from this answer, https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/a/27939/6338 By faith ...
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8 votes
9 answers
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What is the logos in Heb 4:12?

Heb 4:12 For the word (logos) of God is living and active, and sharper than any two-edged sword, even penetrating as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to ...
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1 answer
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Hebrews 12:2 "for the joy" or "instead of the joy"?

Hbr 12:1-2 keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith. For the joy set out for him he endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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Does Hebrews 13:24 establish the provenance of the Epistle to the Hebrews?

In Hebrews 13:24, the author writes: Greet all your leaders and all the Lord’s people. Those from Italy send you their greetings. (NIV) Should this be read as indicating that the letter was ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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Was Psalms 45:6 In our bibles a mistranslation (King instead of God)?

And why did the author of Hebrews quoted from this verse if it was badly translated? I'd really appreciate any help I could get because I'm having difficulties with this. Thanks
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Who is "His" in NASB "Scepter of HIS kingdom" Hebrews 1:8 if the Father is speaking to the Son?

Hebrews 1:8 NASB 1995 But of the Son He says, “YOUR THRONE, O GOD, IS FOREVER AND EVER, AND THE RIGHTEOUS SCEPTER IS THE SCEPTER OF HIS KINGDOM. Who is this "HIS" if the Father is speaking ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is conscience (συνείδησις) a particularly Pauline idea?

At the end of Hebrews (13:18) Autor petitions his hearers: "Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things." (ESV) I was reading this recently ...
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4 votes
6 answers
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Hebrews 1:8 – should it be ‘god’ or ‘God’?

The word God in Greek is Θεὸς ("theos") – no differentiation ‘g’ or ‘G’ & god is a righteous servant of God, a king, a prophet, or a Messiah etc… Hebrews 1:8 8 But unto the Son he saith, ...
3 votes
5 answers
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Is Hebrews 13:8 an affirmation of Christ’s deity?

I do already affirm trinitarian doctrine, so I’m not intending to be biased, however, does Hebrews 13:8 affirm Jesus’ deity? To ask the question is simple, but to define Jesus as “unchanging” seems to ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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In Hebrews 11 why is Rahab included in the "Hall of Faith" while the spies are not?

Hebrews 11 list a number of people that Hebrews 12:1 calls a "great a cloud of witnesses". Among them are the usual suspects: Noah, Abraham, Issac, Jacob, Joseph, and Moses. But there are also some ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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In Hebrews 9:26 what does it mean that Christ "did away with the sin"?

Is it referring to "the sin" or to "the sin offering"? NIV Hebrews 9:26 Otherwise Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But he has appeared once for all at ...
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17 votes
4 answers
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How should ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion) be translated in Romans 3:25?

The word ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion) is often translated in Romans 3:25 as "propitiation," "atonement," or "sacrifice [of atonement]" in Western conservative biblical translations. In Hebrews 9:5 it is ...
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15 votes
12 answers
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Why does blood have to be shed for purification and forgiveness of sins? Hebrews 9:22

I'm trying to make sense and reach a deeper understanding of the concept of blood shedding for the atonement of sins. I'm particularly interested in the why aspect of it. Hebrews 9 is an intriguing ...
10 votes
9 answers
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What basis do we have for defining Sabbatismos in Hebrews 4:9?

The word, Sabbatismos occurs in the Greek NT only once. Strongest Strong's defines it as Sabbath rest; Sabbath observance. Thayer's/Strong's defines it as a Sabbath keeping. Various English ...
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10 votes
6 answers
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What does Hebrews 6:4-6 mean? Can those who have been saved lose their salvation?

This passage is a bit confusing. Could someone please shed some light on how to interpret what the author said here? Hebrews 6:4-6 (NIV) It is impossible for those who have once been enlightened, ...
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3 answers
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Does Hebrews 7 claim that the Lord Jesus Christ is Malki-Tzedek?

According to the Epistle of Hebrews, specifically chapter 7, is the Lord Jesus Christ the same person as Malki-Tzedek (מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק) (cp. Gen. 14:18), or are they different people? Here is the ...
19 votes
3 answers
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Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38?

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38? Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. The "just shall live by faith" part ...
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Why doesn't Hebrews mention the temple (naos) anywhere?

The Epistle to the Hebrews spends a lot of time interpreting various aspects of Israel's worship at the tabernacle or temple. All kinds of furniture and practices are mentioned that would have been ...
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Matthew 16:24 & Hebrews 12:2 > What are the possible interpretations of the σταυρός (cross) in Greek in the Bible?

Matthew 16:24 Then Jesus told his disciples, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his σταυρὸν and follow me. Hebrews 12:2 looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our ...
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8 answers
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What is meant by "obsolete" in Hebrews 8:13?

Hebrews 8:13 (ESV): 13 In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. What is meant by obsolete? Related ...
6 votes
6 answers
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Does "learned obedience" imply that Jesus was disobedient?

In Hebrews 5:8 it says that the Son "learned obedience" through what he suffered. Does this imply that he was disobedient at some point, or is there another way to understand it?
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What is the "Sabbath-rest for the people of God" in Hebrews 4:9-11 referring to

Hebrews 4:9-11 New International Version (NIV) 9 There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; 10 for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from their works,[a] just as God did from ...
5 votes
6 answers
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In Hebrews 1, why is Psalms 102:25–28 seen as referring to Jesus, rather than to God?

In the beginning of Ps 102, the Psalmist uses the term "O LORD" v1 Hear my prayer, O LORD, And let my cry come to You It makes sense to assume that v 1-24 are referring to God the Father. In ...
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2 answers
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What are the "own works" that believers cease from in Hebrews 4:10?

Hebrews writes of believers as entering in to their own rest saying, "he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his." (Heb 4:10) What are 'my own works'?
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4 answers
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In Hebrews 9:26 how did the sacrifice of Jesus end the Levitic sin offerings?

Hebrews 9:26 (NIV): Otherwise Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But he has appeared once for all at the culmination of the ages to do away with sin [...
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4 votes
2 answers
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In Hebrews 9:22, How Should "Almost" be Interpreted, and What does it Apply to?

1. Question Clarification of the Greek Syntax : How should the word "Almost, [σχεδὸν]" be understood in Hebrews 9:22, and what does it apply to, in view of Greek Syntax, and especially in ...
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3 answers
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What does conscience (συνείδησις) mean in Hebrews 9-10?

The word 'conscience' appears in Hebrews 9-10 three times: 9(which is symbolic for the present age). According to this arrangement, gifts and sacrifices are offered that cannot perfect the ...
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3 votes
5 answers
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Is Hebrews 6:4-8 saying that Isaiah 27:4-5 does not apply to Christians who fall away or that it does?

[Hebrews 6:4-8 NASB20] (4) For it is impossible, in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, (5) and have ...
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3 answers
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In Hebrews 1:2, to what does the phrase “last days” refer?

In Heb. 1:2, it is written, 2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; KJV, 1769 Βʹ ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτου τῶν ἡμερῶν τούτων ...