Questions tagged [hebrews]

For questions about the letter to the Hebrews. For questions about the Hebrew language use the [hebrew] tag instead; for questions about members of the Hebrew religion, the [judaism] tag may be appropriate.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
19
votes
6answers
3k views

In Hebrews 1:2, to what does the Greek word «αἰῶνας» refer?

In Heb. 1:1-2, the Greek text according to the Textus Receptus states, Αʹ Πολυμερῶς καὶ πολυτρόπως πάλαι ὁ θεὸς λαλήσας τοῖς πατράσιν ἐν τοῖς προφήταις Βʹ ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτων τῶν ἡμερῶν τούτων ἐλάλησεν ...
18
votes
6answers
4k views

Where does the extra information about Melchizedek come from in Hebrews 7?

The Genesis account of Abraham's encounter with Melchizedek leaves us with powerful few details about his life, yet later on the author of Hebrews clearly uses his priestly work as a type of Christ, ...
18
votes
6answers
5k views

Leviticus says animal sacrifice will cleanse you from your sins. Hebrews says it's impossible. What does “clean” mean?

Leviticus 16: 2The Lord said...6Aaron is to offer the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household...9 Aaron shall bring the goat whose lot falls to the Lord and ...
17
votes
3answers
3k views

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38?

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38? Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. The "just shall live by faith" part ...
16
votes
7answers
14k views

Can we tell from the text who wrote Hebrews?

I have pondered who wrote Hebrews for some time. In my studies, I have eliminated Paul for two reasons. 1) The style of Greek is different than the way Paul writes in his letters. It's a higher ...
16
votes
4answers
10k views

How should ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion) be translated in Romans 3:25?

The word ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion) is often translated in Romans 3:25 as "propitiation," "atonement," or "sacrifice [of atonement]" in Western conservative biblical translations. In Hebrews 9:5 it is ...
15
votes
4answers
49k views

What does it mean that Jesus was a priest like the “Order of Melchizedek” in Hebrews 7:11?

In Genesis 14 there is a man named Melchizedek. He is not mentioned very much and you might argue that he does not seem very important from this text alone. 17 After Abram returned from defeating ...
14
votes
4answers
10k views

What does “word of God” mean in Hebrews 4:12?

Hebrews 4:12 (KJV) 12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, ...
13
votes
8answers
2k views

In Hebrews 4:12 what is the difference between ψυχή (“soul”) and πνεῦμα (“spirit”)?

Hebrews 4:12 seems to distinguish between "soul" and "spirit" (or ψυχή and πνεῦμα, respectively) in some manner similar to the difference between "joint" and "marrow." For the word of God is quick, ...
13
votes
9answers
3k views

What does “made perfect” mean in Heb 5:9?

Hebrews 5:8-10 (ESV) Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him, being designated by ...
12
votes
4answers
457 views

Would it matter if the ID of 'Auctor' was revealed and who are the potential candidates?

The author of Hebrews, being generally uncertain, sometimes goes by the moniker "Auctor". But who or what lies behind the mask? What clues do we have to work with that could tip us off to their ...
12
votes
2answers
168 views

Faulty “covenant” or “ministry” in Hebrews 8:7?

Hebrews 8:7 refers to something with 'fault', and the referent is almost invariably indicated to be the first 'covenant' in English translations. Some of the more literal translations miss the word ...
11
votes
9answers
7k views

Who is “The Son” in Hebrews chapter 1: 8 ? Is He God in the strictest sense of the word, or a created being?

The majority of versions render Hebrew 1:8 along the lines of the NASB, where it is written.. But of the Son He says, "Your throne, O God is forever and ever, And the righteous scepter is the ...
11
votes
1answer
264 views

How is literary dependence or relationship established?

I see many claims that texts are related to or dependent upon each other in many publications. For example: Although Paul did not write Hebrews, the text possesses a crucially important ...
11
votes
12answers
64k views

According to Hebrews 9:12, did the Lord Jesus Christ offer his blood in heaven?

In Heb. 9:12, it is written, 12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. KJV, 1769 ΙΒʹ οὐδὲ δι᾽...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Whose faith is the subject of Hebrews 11:11?

Πίστει καὶ αὐτὴ Σάρρα δύναμιν εἰς καταβολὴν σπέρματος ἔλαβεν καὶ παρὰ καιρὸν ἡλικίας, ἐπεὶ πιστὸν ἡγήσατο τὸν ἐπαγγειλάμενον (Hebrews 11:11, Westcott and Hort) The traditional translation of Hebrews ...
10
votes
9answers
5k views

What basis do we have for defining Sabbatismos in Hebrews 4:9?

The word, Sabbatismos occurs in the Greek NT only once. Strongest Strong's defines it as Sabbath rest; Sabbath observance. Thayer's/Strong's defines it as a Sabbath keeping. Various English ...
10
votes
3answers
525 views

Was Jesus 'delivered from his fear' or 'delivered because he had fear' of God?

In Hebrews 5:7 Jesus has his 'prayer heard in what he feared' or 'heard in respect to what he feared' - 'εισακουσθεις απο της ευλαβειας'. The ESV had his prayer was heard 'because of his reverence' ...
10
votes
2answers
971 views

Why does the Peshitta use the word ‘baptism’ for ‘enlightened’ in Hebrews 6:4?

In Hebrews it talks about certain apostates that can’t be renewed to repentance because they have undergone certain things, which they have then rejected, signifying something terribly wrong and ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Why doesn't Hebrews mention the temple (naos) anywhere?

The Epistle to the Hebrews spends a lot of time interpreting various aspects of Israel's worship at the tabernacle or temple. All kinds of furniture and practices are mentioned that would have been ...
10
votes
6answers
5k views

What does Hebrews 6:4-6 mean?

This passage is a bit confusing. Could someone please shed some light on how to interpret what Paul said here? Hebrews 6:4-6 (NIV) It is impossible for those who have once been enlightened, who ...
10
votes
8answers
188 views

Why does blood have to shed for purification and forgiveness of sins? Hebrews 9:22

I'm trying to make sense and reach a deeper understanding of the concept of blood shedding for the atonement of sins. I'm particularly interested in the why aspect of it. Hebrews 9 is an intriguing ...
9
votes
7answers
3k views

According to Hebrews 11:5, did Enoch actually die? (Compare Hebrews 11:13)

According to the Book of Hebrews, did Enoch actually die? How is this "contradiction" resolved? Excerpted from this answer, https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/a/27939/6338 By faith ...
9
votes
5answers
853 views

John 17:19, what is the meaning of “I sanctify myself”?

John 17:19, (DRB): And for them do I sanctify myself, that they also may be sanctified in truth. John 17:19, Latin Vulgate: et pro eis ego sanctifico me ipsum ut sint et ipsi sanctificati in ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Does Hebrews 7 claim that the Lord Jesus Christ is Malki-Tzedek?

According to the Epistle of Hebrews, specifically chapter 7, is the Lord Jesus Christ the same person as Malki-Tzedek (מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק) (cp. Gen. 14:18), or are they different people? Here is the ...
9
votes
1answer
335 views

Why is διὰ παντὸς translated as “continually” in Hebrews 13:15?

I wonder if anyone can clarify why διὰ παντὸς is universally translated as continually here, in all modern translations? I looked up παντὸς in BDAG, but it didn't offer any clues, not sure what I am ...
9
votes
2answers
472 views

How far back in time is yesterday in the phrase “yesterday today the same” in Hebrews?

Questions like this: Does John 1:3 identify Jesus Christ as the creator? raise the issue of whether it is accurate to identify the Word as Jesus. Some hold the position "Jesus" is a name ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

In what way was Jesus' prayer heard (Hebrews 5:7)?

Hebrews 5:7 (ESV): During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

A little lower than angels, or lower for a little while?

Most translations render Hebrews 2:7 like the NIV: "…a little lower than the angels…", but several modern translations (eg NET, NASB etc) have a different sense like the ESV: 7You made him for a ...
8
votes
9answers
713 views

What laws, exactly, will God put in Christians' hearts and write in their minds?

Hebrews 10:15-16 (NIV) reads: 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them after that time, says the Lord. I will put my laws in ...
8
votes
6answers
60k views

What is the difference between hope and faith?

Since the words "faith" and "hope" are used side-by-side and in ways that faith (πίστις) is built on hope (ἐλπίς), they shouldn't have the same meaning. 1 Corinthians 13:13 And ...
8
votes
3answers
703 views

What hermeneutical approach does Hebrews use on the Old Testament

Psalm 2:7 is quoted in two different contexts in Hebrews, seeming to be used to support two vastly different arguments. In Hebrews 1:5, we read For to which of the angels did God ever say, “...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

Matthew 16:24 & Hebrews 12:2 > What are the possible interpretations of the σταυρός (cross) in Greek in the Bible?

Matthew 16:24 Then Jesus told his disciples, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his σταυρὸν and follow me. Hebrews 12:2 looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

In Hebrews 1:3 does χαρακτηρ της υποστασεως αυτου say that Jesus is the same substance or similar substance to God?

Heb 1:3 He is the reflection of God's glory [shining?] and the exact likeness of his being, and he holds everything together by his [God's] powerful word. After he had provided ["performed"] a ...
8
votes
7answers
192 views

Does Hebrews 1:2 mean that Jesus can't be the Angel of the LORD?

Does Hebrew 1:2 mean that Jesus can’t be the Angel of the LORD? It states that in the old days God spoke to other people "but in these last days he has spoken by His son". So, does that mean ...
8
votes
6answers
3k views

Could saying that Melchizedek was “without beginning of days or end of life” possibly be a textual error?

Few mysteries of the Bible have attracted more interest than the mystery of the identity of Melchizedek. He is mentioned in Genesis 14:14-20; Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:6, 10, 6:20, 7:1-17; but Hebrews 7:...
8
votes
2answers
979 views

What is meant in the NT by the “laying on of hands”?

Paul mentions in his letters to Timothy a couple times about the laying on of hands: once in 1 Timothy 5:22 and again in 2 Timothy 1:6. Hebrews 6:1-2 seems to list it as one of the elementary ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

Is it corruption of the LXX for adding Deut 32:43 or of the Masoretic for lacking it as quoted in Hebrews 1:6?

What passage is the author of "To the Hebrews" quoting in Hebrews 1:6?: Heb 1:6 And again, when he reintroduces the firstbegotten into the populated lands, he says, "And let all the angels of God ...
8
votes
6answers
3k views

How is the Law changed in Hebrews 7:12?

For when the priesthood is changed, the law must be changed also. Hebrews 7:12 (NIV) How is the Law changed in Hebrews 7:12?
8
votes
4answers
810 views

How is Abraham offering Isaac a parable?

The word παραβολὴ (parable) is written outside the Gospels only in Hebrews: Which was a figure (παραβολὴ) for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not ...
8
votes
1answer
714 views

Hebrews 12:2 “for the joy” or “instead of the joy”?

Hbr 12:1-2 keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith. For the joy set out for him he endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

In Hebrews 7:27, why does it say that the High Priest had a need to offer sacrifices “daily” («καθ᾽ ἡμέραν»), etc.?

In Heb. 7:27, it is written, 27 who does not need daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the people’s, for this He did once for all when He ...
7
votes
6answers
708 views

Was Melchisedeck eternal in Hebrews 7:3?

Was Melchisedeck eternal in Hebrews 7:3? Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Did Abraham meet Jacob as alluded in Hebrews 11:9?

Hebrews 11:8-9 (KJV) 8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went. 9 By ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Is Jesus the λόγος in Hebrews 4:12?

For the word of God is alive and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart ( ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What is Hebrews 1:5-14 saying about Jesus?

Hebrews 1:5-14 should prove that Jesus is superior to angels, citing several Old Testament sources: 5 For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son; today I have become ...
7
votes
1answer
182 views

Can we determine the language(s) the author of Hebrews read from the list of Judges?

In Hebrews 11, at the end of the Hall of Faith, we get a short list: And what more shall I say? For time would fail me to tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the ...
7
votes
3answers
164 views

In Hebrews 11:17, why does the author use «προσενήνοχεν», first, and then shortly thereafter, «προσέφερεν»?

The Greek text of Heb. 11:17 according to Textus Receptus states, ΙΖʹ Πίστει προσενήνοχεν Ἀβραὰμ τὸν Ἰσαὰκ πειραζόμενος καὶ τὸν μονογενῆ προσέφερεν ὁ τὰς ἐπαγγελίας ἀναδεξάμενος TR, 1550 The ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

Does “learned obedience” imply that Jesus was disobedient?

In Hebrews 5:8 it says that the Son "learned obedience" through what he suffered. Does this imply that he was disobedient at some point, or is there another way to understand it?
6
votes
8answers
30k views

In Heb 6:4, What does it mean to “again crucify to themselves the Son of God and put Him to open shame”?

Heb 6:4-8 Whole Passage: 4 For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, 5 and have tasted the ...

1
2 3 4 5 6