Questions tagged [hebrews]

For questions about the letter to the Hebrews. For questions about the Hebrew language use the [hebrew] tag instead; for questions about members of the Hebrew religion, the [judaism] tag may be appropriate.

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In Hebrews 4:12 what is the difference between ψυχή (“soul”) and πνεῦμα (“spirit”)?

Hebrews 4:12 seems to distinguish between "soul" and "spirit" (or ψυχή and πνεῦμα, respectively) in some manner similar to the difference between "joint" and "marrow." For the word of God is quick, ...
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9answers
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What does “made perfect” mean in Heb 5:9?

Hebrews 5:8-10 (ESV) Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him, being designated by ...
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6answers
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In Hebrews 12:2 what is the joy “set before” Jesus?

The author of "To the Hebrews" seems to assert that the messiah had a motivating "carrot" set before him. What does the "joy set before" Jesus refer to? What reward does the author of Hebrews ...
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What does it mean that Jesus was a priest like the “Order of Melchizedek” in Hebrews 7:11?

In Genesis 14 there is a man named Melchizedek. He is not mentioned very much and you might argue that he does not seem very important from this text alone. 17 After Abram returned from defeating ...
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In Hebrews 1:2, to what does the Greek word «αἰῶνας» refer?

In Heb. 1:1-2, the Greek text according to the Textus Receptus states, Αʹ Πολυμερῶς καὶ πολυτρόπως πάλαι ὁ θεὸς λαλήσας τοῖς πατράσιν ἐν τοῖς προφήταις Βʹ ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτων τῶν ἡμερῶν τούτων ἐλάλησεν ...
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Where does the extra information about Melchizedek come from in Hebrews 7?

The Genesis account of Abraham's encounter with Melchizedek leaves us with powerful few details about his life, yet later on the author of Hebrews clearly uses his priestly work as a type of Christ, ...
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Would it matter if the ID of 'Auctor' was revealed and who are the potential candidates?

The author of Hebrews, being generally uncertain, sometimes goes by the moniker "Auctor". But who or what lies behind the mask? What clues do we have to work with that could tip us off to their ...
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According to Hebrews 9:12, did the Lord Jesus Christ offer his blood in heaven?

In Heb. 9:12, it is written, 12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. KJV, 1769 ΙΒʹ οὐδὲ δι᾽...
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5answers
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In Philippians 2:9-11 does YHVH surrender his name to the Messiah?

As far back as Exodus, God told the Jews not to give YHVH's angel/agent a hard time because "my name is in/upon him": [Exo 23:21 KJV] (21) Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not;...
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How should we understand the nature of angels in light of Hebrews 1:14 and 13:2?

Hebrews 1:13-14 (ESV): 13 And to which of the angels has he ever said, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet”? 14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to ...
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7answers
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Can we tell from the text who wrote Hebrews?

I have pondered who wrote Hebrews for some time. In my studies, I have eliminated Paul for two reasons. 1) The style of Greek is different than the way Paul writes in his letters. It's a higher ...
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In what way was Jesus' prayer heard (Hebrews 5:7)?

Hebrews 5:7 (ESV): During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of ...
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How is the Law changed in Hebrews 7:12?

For when the priesthood is changed, the law must be changed also. Hebrews 7:12 (NIV) How is the Law changed in Hebrews 7:12?
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1answer
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Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT is always the Father?

This question is about "interpretation of a specific Bible passage," Hebrews 1:1-2 and how it informs our view of Jehovah in the OT. Question: Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT ...
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According to Hebrews 11:5, did Enoch actually die? (Compare Hebrews 11:13)

According to the Book of Hebrews, did Enoch actually die? How is this "contradiction" resolved? Excerpted from this answer, https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/a/27939/6338 By faith ...
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Hebrews 12:2 “for the joy” or “instead of the joy”?

Hbr 12:1-2 keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith. For the joy set out for him he endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right ...
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3answers
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Was Psalms 45:6 In our bibles a mistranslation (King instead of God)?

And why did the author of Hebrews quoted from this verse if it was badly translated? I'd really appreciate any help I could get because I'm having difficulties with this. Thanks
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2answers
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Does Hebrews 13:24 establish the provenance of the Epistle to the Hebrews?

In Hebrews 13:24, the author writes: Greet all your leaders and all the Lord’s people. Those from Italy send you their greetings. (NIV) Should this be read as indicating that the letter was ...
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Is conscience (συνείδησις) a particularly Pauline idea?

At the end of Hebrews (13:18) Autor petitions his hearers: "Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things." (ESV) I was reading this recently ...
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In Hebrews 11 why is Rahab included in the “Hall of Faith” while the spies are not?

Hebrews 11 list a number of people that Hebrews 12:1 calls a "great a cloud of witnesses". Among them are the usual suspects: Noah, Abraham, Issac, Jacob, Joseph, and Moses. But there are also some ...
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1answer
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In Hebrews 9:26 what does it mean that Christ “did away with the sin”?

Is it referring to "the sin" or to "the sin offering"? NIV Hebrews 9:26 Otherwise Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But he has appeared once for all at ...
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How should ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion) be translated in Romans 3:25?

The word ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion) is often translated in Romans 3:25 as "propitiation," "atonement," or "sacrifice [of atonement]" in Western conservative biblical translations. In Hebrews 9:5 it is ...
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What does Hebrews 6:4-6 mean?

This passage is a bit confusing. Could someone please shed some light on how to interpret what Paul said here? Hebrews 6:4-6 (NIV) It is impossible for those who have once been enlightened, who ...
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What basis do we have for defining Sabbatismos in Hebrews 4:9?

The word, Sabbatismos occurs in the Greek NT only once. Strongest Strong's defines it as Sabbath rest; Sabbath observance. Thayer's/Strong's defines it as a Sabbath keeping. Various English ...
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Does Hebrews 7 claim that the Lord Jesus Christ is Malki-Tzedek?

According to the Epistle of Hebrews, specifically chapter 7, is the Lord Jesus Christ the same person as Malki-Tzedek (מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק) (cp. Gen. 14:18), or are they different people? Here is the ...
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Is Jesus the λόγος in Hebrews 4:12?

For the word of God is alive and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart ( ...
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3answers
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Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38?

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38? Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. The "just shall live by faith" part ...
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Why does blood have to shed for purification and forgiveness of sins? Hebrews 9:22

I'm trying to make sense and reach a deeper understanding of the concept of blood shedding for the atonement of sins. I'm particularly interested in the why aspect of it. Hebrews 9 is an intriguing ...
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Why doesn't Hebrews mention the temple (naos) anywhere?

The Epistle to the Hebrews spends a lot of time interpreting various aspects of Israel's worship at the tabernacle or temple. All kinds of furniture and practices are mentioned that would have been ...
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Matthew 16:24 & Hebrews 12:2 > What are the possible interpretations of the σταυρός (cross) in Greek in the Bible?

Matthew 16:24 Then Jesus told his disciples, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his σταυρὸν and follow me. Hebrews 12:2 looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our ...
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In Hebrews 1, why is Psalms 102:25–28 seen as referring to Jesus, rather than to God?

In the beginning of Ps 102, the Psalmist uses the term "O LORD" v1 Hear my prayer, O LORD, And let my cry come to You It makes sense to assume that v 1-24 are referring to God the Father. In ...
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2answers
164 views

What are the “own works” that believers cease from in Hebrews 4:10?

Hebrews writes of believers as entering in to their own rest saying, "he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his." (Heb 4:10) What are 'my own works'?
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What does conscience (συνείδησις) mean in Hebrews 9-10?

The word 'conscience' appears in Hebrews 9-10 three times: 9(which is symbolic for the present age). According to this arrangement, gifts and sacrifices are offered that cannot perfect the ...
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5answers
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What is the “Sabbath-rest for the people of God” in Hebrews 4:9-11 referring to

Hebrews 4:9-11 New International Version (NIV) 9 There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; 10 for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from their works,[a] just as God did from ...
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1answer
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In Hebrews 9:23, why does the author use the plural “better sacrifices” rather than the singular “better sacrifice”?

In Heb. 9:23, it is written, 23 It is necessary, therefore, the pattern indeed of the things in the heavens to be purified with these, and the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than ...
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2answers
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In Hebrews 9:22, How Should “Almost” be Interpreted, and What does it Apply to?

1. Question Clarification of the Greek Syntax : How should the word "Almost, [σχεδὸν]" be understood in Hebrews 9:22, and what does it apply to, in view of Greek Syntax, and especially in ...
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In Hebrews 9:26 how did the sacrifice of Jesus end the Levitic sin offerings?

New International Version Hebrews 9:26 Otherwise Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But he has appeared once for all at the culmination of the ages to do ...
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1answer
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In Hebrews 11:3 what is the meaning of κατηρτίσθαι?

Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] Πίστει νοοῦμεν κατηρτίσθαι τοὺς αἰῶνας ῥήματι θεοῦ, εἰς τὸ μὴ ἐκ φαινομένων τὸ βλεπόμενον γεγονέναι. This is rendered variously as "formed", "made", "created", ...
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2answers
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In Hebrews 1:4 what does it mean that Jesus “inherits” a more excellent name?

[Heb 1:4 DBY] (4) taking a place by so much better than the angels, as he inherits a name more excellent than they. 1:4 τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος τῶν ἀγγέλων ὅσῳ διαφορώτερον παρ᾽ αὐτοὺς ...
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3answers
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Was Jesus 'delivered from his fear' or 'delivered because he had fear' of God?

In Hebrews 5:7 Jesus has his 'prayer heard in what he feared' or 'heard in respect to what he feared' - 'εισακουσθεις απο της ευλαβειας'. The ESV had his prayer was heard 'because of his reverence' ...
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9answers
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What laws, exactly, will God put in Christians' hearts and write in their minds?

Hebrews 10:15-16 (NIV) reads: 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them after that time, says the Lord. I will put my laws in ...
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Does “learned obedience” imply that Jesus was disobedient?

In Hebrews 5:8 it says that the Son "learned obedience" through what he suffered. Does this imply that he was disobedient at some point, or is there another way to understand it?
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What is the meaning of “Rest” in Heb. 4:3-5?

εἰσερχόμεθα γὰρ εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσιν οἱ πιστεύσαντες καθὼς εἴρηκεν Ὡς ὤμοσα ἐν τῇ ὀργῇ μου Εἰ εἰσελεύσονται εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσίν μου καίτοι τῶν ἔργων ἀπὸ καταβολῆς κόσμου γενηθέντων(Heb. 4:3 TR) "We ...
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Does the “fear of death” in Hebrews 2:15 refer to the dread of physically dying, or to something else?

In the Christian New Testament, we find the following: Hebrews 2:14-15 (NASB) 14Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through ...
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2answers
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In Hebrews 1:3 does απαυγασμα refer to the essential attributes of Christ or God's qualities he reflects?

απαυγασμα is radiance: The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he ...
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What is the promise in Hebrews 11:13?

All these people were still living by faith when they died. They did not receive the things promised; they only saw them and welcomed them from a distance, admitting that they were foreigners and ...
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1answer
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In Hebrews 1:9 what is the “oil of gladness”?

What is "happiness oil"? Does it make you happy? Or is happiness the oil? Heb 1:8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of ...
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6answers
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Which day is the “another day” mentioned in Hebrews 4:8?

Hebrews 4:1-11 (NIV): Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. 2 For we also have had the good news ...
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2answers
542 views

Hebrews 6:18 - Impossibility for God?

In a discussion with a friend about the meaning of God's omnipotence, Hebrews 6:18 came up. I have always understood this to mean that God literally cannot lie, but my friend understands it to mean ...
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3answers
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Why does God command all his angels to worship his Son, and what does this tell us about his Son's nature?

My understanding is that God is a jealous God and does not tolerate that anyone else be worshiped (Exodus 20:4-5; Luke 4:8). Yet, Hebrews 1:6 (NIV) says: 6 And again, when God brings his firstborn ...