Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

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8
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2answers
194 views

Is Leviticus 16:2 an explanation or instruction?

The Lord said to Moses: “Tell your brother Aaron that he is not to come whenever he chooses into the Most Holy Place behind the curtain in front of the atonement cover on the ark, or else he will ...
8
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1answer
739 views

Why does Psalm 103:8 use the dual form of אַפַּ֣יִם (anger)?

In Psalm 103:8 we read: אֶ֖רֶךְ אַפַּ֣יִם וְרַב־חָֽסֶד Why is אַפַּ֣יִם (anger) in its dual form?
8
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1answer
86 views

Is the Hebrew word chesed (חָ֫סֶד) an auto-antonym?

The Hebrew word חֶסֶד (checed) occurs 248 times in 241 verses, and in 28 of the 39 OT books. Clearly, it is an important theme. The word first appears in Genesis 19:19 Now behold, your servant has ...
7
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2answers
151 views

The use of הָאֵ֑לֶּה and הָהֵ֔ם in Zechariah 8

In Zechariah 8 we read (KJV): [9] Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Let your hands be strong, ye that hear in these (הָאֵ֑לֶּה) days these (הָאֵ֑לֶּה) words by the mouth of the prophets, which were in ...
6
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3answers
88 views

Psalm 96 (95) Why does the LXX translate אלילים as δαιμόνια?

Psalm 96 (95) v. 5 (Westminister Leningrad Codex) כִּ֤י ׀ כָּל־אֱלֹהֵ֣י הָעַמִּ֣ים אֱלִילִ֑ים וַֽ֝יהוָ֗ה שָׁמַ֥יִם עָשָֽׂה׃ (LXX) ὅτι πάντες οἱ θεοὶ τῶν ἐθνῶν δαιμόνια, ὁ δὲ κύριος τοὺς ...
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54 views

How do I use the English index in Gesenius's Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon?

Recently acquired the book Gesenius's Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon, from H. W. F. Geneius. While trying to search the word angel, I've gone to the English index and, associated with angel, could read ...
5
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2answers
189 views

Does “first” demand a “second” in Zechariah 12:7?

Does the Hebrew for "first" in Zechariah 12:7 carry the same logical implication we would apply in English that there must then be, at least, a second? “And the LORD will give salvation to the ...
4
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1answer
231 views

Is there a contradiction between 1 Samuel 15:29 and 1 Samuel 15:35?

The same verb root נ-ח-ם conjugated in binyan Nifʿal, referring to the same subject (i.e., God), occurs in both 1 Sam. 15:29 and 1 Sam. 15:35, the first occurrence being a negation, while the second ...
4
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1answer
151 views

Did Jesus add to the words of Moses from Deuteronomy 6:5?

I'm not sure if this is to do with Hebrew being translated to Greek, but when looking at "The greatest commandment" Deuteronomy 6:5 says: "And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, ...
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100 views

Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end

Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end. The Hebrew New Testament (Bible Society of Israel) has הַשִּׁלּוֹחַ (apparently qal passive participle) with no ending m sound from the Hebrew ...
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27 views

What are the banner-bearers in Songs 6:4 and 6:10, and why is the word feminine?

In Song of Songs 6, verses 4 and 10, the woman is described as כַּנִּדְגָּלֽוֹת אֲיֻמָּ֖ה, "awesome as the banner-exalting [ones]", with the participle "banner-exalting" being feminine plural. I think ...
3
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0answers
47 views

A question about the word שׁוֹשָׁן (lilies) in I Kings 7:22,26

The record in Kings - I Kings 7:22 and 26 - of 'lily work', on the top of the two pillars, Jachin and Boaz, in the temple that Solomon built, uses the Hebrew word shoshan (as noted by Robert Young in ...
3
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0answers
65 views

How do we know that gârash H1644 can mean ‘divorced’?

Gârash generally means driven out, but in the case of a woman, it is commonly translated ‘divorced’. Why is it not translated ‘driven out’, ‘sent away’, ‘separated from her husband’? eg Lev 21:7 (...
3
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1answer
153 views

Was worship an activity expected of Adam?

And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. (Genesis 2:15 KJV) וַיִּקַּח יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָֽאָדָם וַיַּנִּחֵהוּ בְגַן־עֵדֶן לְעָבְדָהּ ...
3
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102 views

Not keep silent or to make silent in Job 41:12?

Job 41:4 (MT; v. 12 in English versions): NRSV: I will not keep silence concerning its limbs ... ESV: I will not keep silence concerning his limbs ... NASB: I will not keep silence concerning ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Meaningless vs eternity in Ecclesiastes, are they opposites?

Ecclesiastes 1:2 "Meaningless! Meaningless!" says the Teacher. "Utterly meaningless! Everything is meaningless." Ecclesiastes 3:11 He has made everything beautiful in its time. He ...
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44 views

Meaning of God's thought concerning Abraham in Genesis 18:19

Genesis 18:19 For I have chosen him, that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice, so that the Lord may bring to Abraham ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Leviticus 20:20,21; what is the difference between “shall die without children” and “shall be without children”?

Leviticus 20:11,20,21; (DRB): 11If a man lie with his stepmother, and discover the nakedness of his father, let them both be put to death: their blood be upon them. 20If any man lie with the wife of ...
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39 views

Why does the LXX occcassionally have “fear God” instead of “fear the Lord” in Proverbs?

The fear of the LORD (YHVH) is found throughout Proverbs. In the KJV, the exact phrase occurs 14 times; twice it is feareth the LORD; once fear the LORD and once fear thou the LORD. What I find ...
2
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1answer
62 views

How did Jerome arrive at his Translation of Judges 15:8?

Reading Judges this morning, I came across Judges 15:8: Judges 15:8 (DRB) And he [Samson] made a great slaughter of them, so that in astonishment they laid the calf of the leg upon the thigh. (The ...
2
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1answer
31 views

In Psalm 90:2 is “from age to age” a restatement of “in generation after generation”?

[Psa 90:1-2 YLT] (1) A Prayer of Moses, the man of God. Lord [ADONAY], a habitation Thou -- Thou hast been, To us -- in generation and generation, (2) Before mountains were brought forth, And Thou ...
2
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1answer
188 views

Does the narrator of Numbers assert that the Anakim come from the Nephilim?

The Nephilim are named only in two verses in the Bible, in Genesis 6:4 and Numbers 13:33. Numbers 13:33 says that the Anakim come from the Nephilim, but different translations render this in a variety ...
2
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2answers
465 views

How is Malachi 1:11 to be understood?

Early Christians linked the sacrifice of the Eucharist with the sacrifice described in Malachi 1. In the King James Version, this passage relevant reads 10 ... I have no pleasure in you, saith the ...
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2answers
92 views

Is the Bible any easier to understand in Hebrew (or Aramaic/Greek) than it is in English?

I ask this question because when I read or study the Bible, it sometimes takes me quite a while to figure out what the Bible is saying because the text seems a little "dense" (like in Romans or ...
2
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2answers
74 views

In Psalm 40:12: is he surrounded by “evils” or by “iniquities”?

Psalm 40:12 (KJV) " For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore ...
2
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4answers
599 views

According to Genesis 10:5, at the Tower of Babel, did God divide the new languages by family group?

5 By these have the isles of the nations been parted in their lands, each by his tongue, by their families, in their nations. (YLT) This verse (also verse 20 and 31) seems to suggest that God ...
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40 views

(John 19:19, Hebrew) was YHWH written on the Cross?

I was just reading a few stories pointing at medieval art that conceived of what was written in Aramaic on the cross and that Pilate had put the four words "Jesus the-nazorean, and-king of-the-jews". ...
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3answers
97 views

Ex 12:18-19 | Hebrew Breakdown of 7-Days of Unleavened Bread

Ex 12:18 'In the first [month,] on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. Ex 12:19 'Seven days there shall be ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Is “the bread is in effect common” (1 Samuel 21:5) as translated by the NKJV accurate?

The MT reads: וַיַּ֩עַן֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶת־הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ כִּ֣י אִם־אִשָּׁ֤ה עֲצֻֽרָה־לָ֙נוּ֙ כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֔ם בְּצֵאתִ֕י וַיִּהְי֥וּ כְלֵֽי־הַנְּעָרִ֖ים קֹ֑דֶשׁ וְהוּא֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ חֹ֔ל ...
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21 views

Interpretations and translations of a Moises speech

I study Latin and I don't understand this sentence "absumat ebria sitientem", found in deuteronomy:29:19 Context (just before the sentence): [because when such a person hears the words of this oath, ...
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1answer
63 views

Why do the deer and ram share a common root?

I am trying to understand the relationship between an אַיִל (ram, Ovis canadensis) and אַיָּל (stag, Cervidae). According to scientific classification these are different families. They seem to share ...
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0answers
34 views

בַּת צִיּוֹן in the Tanakh—Genitive of possession (Zion’s daughter) or appositional genitive (daughter Zion)?

In 2 Kings 19:21 (and other verses containing the phrase), should the phrase בַּת צִיּוֹן (bat Tzion) be understood as a genitive of possession (Zion’s daughter) or a genitive of apposition, equating ...
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63 views

what exactly does “land of my birth” mean in מֽוֹלַדְתִּי֒

In Gen. 24:7, Abraham said: ז יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי הַשָּׁמַיִם, אֲשֶׁר לְקָחַנִי מִבֵּית אָבִי וּמֵאֶרֶץ מוֹלַדְתִּי, וַאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר-לִי וַאֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּע- לִי לֵאמֹר, לְזַרְעֲךָ אֶתֵּן אֶת-הָאָרֶץ ...
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0answers
144 views

Did God speak with Moses in a more “broken, simplified, or intimate” Hebrew dialect?

No specific Bible verse to quote, but it's something I've heard tossed around before. Can anyone confirm the validity of this claim? It went something along the lines of, "When Moses is writing ...
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2answers
79 views

In Isaiah 29:6 should פָּקַד be translated as “visited” or “inspected”?

Can the word translated as "visited" in Isaiah 29:6 be more accurately translated as "inspected" as it is translated in the Youngs Literal Translation?: YLT Isa 29:6  By Jehovah of Hosts thou art ...
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1answer
72 views

(Isaiah 51:9) Feminine God in Exile

I previously asked and got great responses to an exploration of pronouns in psalm 139. There was a fascinating technical resolution to that one. This question is related but significantly different. ...
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0answers
14 views

In Proverbs 3:3 and 16:6, are the NRSV/RSV/REB/CSB Bibles justified in their translation of “chesed” as “loyalty?”

This deviates from the majority of Christian Bibles, it seems. I understand that the underlying sense of chesed is love, mercy, covenant loyalty, etc. but simply translating it as "loyalty," as in: ...
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1answer
39 views

In Psalm 22:20 is there a change to singular animals?

In Psalm 22 the Messiah refers to his enemies in the plural until verse 20. Is the singular in verse 20 a particular singular enemy or is this still the same plural referent only singular in form? Is ...
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0answers
101 views

Who were before and afterwards, the mighty men or the sons of God? Genesis 6:4

What I am not asking I am not asking who the giants are, nor, who the sons of God are. Nor am I asking what the event was that marks the before and afterwards. Question In view of this passage “There ...
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34 views

Should Job 22:23-25 be understood as a sequential list?

I'm a 2nd year undergrad Bible student so I haven't been able to take Hebrew so I don't know how to interpret this- don't be afraid to give me details however, I am still nerdy and like to use ...
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0answers
59 views

Can the Hebrew word qara (קָרָא) mean to rename?

We see in Genesis 1:5 that God called the light as day and darkness as night. The Hebrew word used to translate this word is קָרָא. We see however that God was renaming something that already had a ...
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2answers
138 views

What is Job 24:22 saying about the rich and powerful?

Some take this to say that God establishes the powerful, others that he "drags them away". The ESV says God "prolongs" the life of the rich and powerful: ESV Job 24:22: Yet God prolongs the life ...
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3answers
797 views

What does Amos mean by “restore” in Amos 9:11-15?

What is the meaning and implications of "restore" in Amos 9:11-15? Please help me analyse the function of the Hebrew word "'aqim [אקים]" as used in Amos 9:11 and its surrounding context. Amos 9:11 ...
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3answers
140 views

Is God speaking to Jesus Christ in Genesis 1:3?

I came across this translation of the Bible, https://www.scripture4all.org/OnlineInterlinear/Hebrew_Index.htm, and the following phrase really jumped out at me: Genesis 1:3: and he-is-saying Elohim ...
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2answers
85 views

What's the point of the law saying “you shall not murder” if later on it says “whoever strikes a man … shall be put to death”?

There are two Old Testament commands that seem redundant to me: Exodus 20:13 ESV - You shall not murder. Exodus 21:12 ESV - Whoever strikes a man so that he dies shall be put to death. I know ...
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1answer
116 views

What is the mood of {יהיו} in Psalm 19:15

יהיו לרצון they shall be of desiring/liking אםרי פי speech of my mouth והגיון לבי and reasoning/logic of my heart לפניך יי צורי וגאלי before you Hashem my rock and my redeemer. What is the ...