Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

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Could Adam's Rib be an extended metaphor for the womb? [closed]

I am curious from reading the mehanical translation of Genesis (Jeff A Benner,) if the rib taken from Adam could be interpreted as the womb, and any solid information which supports or contradicts. I ...
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Meaningless vs eternity in Ecclesiastes, are they opposites?

Ecclesiastes 1:2 "Meaningless! Meaningless!" says the Teacher. "Utterly meaningless! Everything is meaningless." Ecclesiastes 3:11 He has made everything beautiful in its time. He ...
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Malachi 3:10 “meat” vs “prey”?

Can "meat" in Malachi 3:10 KJV refer to "prey"? Specifically, the Hebrew word in question is "טֶ֨רֶף֙". The HLOT and BDB lexicons refer to the word meaning both "...
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Can the Ten Commandments be interpreted as declarative?

There is a variation in how John 14:15 is translated: "If you love me, you will keep my commandments." ESV “If you love Me, you will keep My commandments." NASB “If you love me, keep ...
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Translation of Exodus 3:12

I realise that this is very improbable but I thought that I might as well ask it. Exodus 3:12: He said, “But I will be with you, and this shall be the sign for you, that I have sent you: when you ...
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Were the teraphim (household gods) Rachel stole from Laban like a deed to his property?

While there are several questions related to this occurrence in Gen. 31:19, none seem to mention this as even possible. It was also not mentioned in a resent commentary I read. That the teraphim ...
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Why does the Hebrew switch in Genesis 12:3 for the same English translated word curse?

Upon closer reading of the text in the Hebrew passage the same translated word in English to curse is actually two different words in the Hebrew with two different root meanings. What does each word ...
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GENESIS 4:3-4 - What type of offering? [closed]

There were various offerings throughout the Old Testament. In the book of Job, we see burnt offerings to cover ‘sins’. During the wilderness, these were defined. But, what type of offering were Cain ...
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How to translate Zechariah 14:6?

Zechariah 14:6 On that day there shall be no light, יְקָר֖וֹת וְקִפָּאֽוֹן׃ How to translate the last two Hebrew words?
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Why does the KJV translate בָּאֲפֵ֖ר as ashes in 1 Kings 20:38

וַיֵּ֙לֶךְ֙ הַנָּבִ֔יא וַיַּעֲמֹ֥ד לַמֶּ֖לֶךְ עַל־הַדָּ֑רֶךְ וַיִּתְחַפֵּ֥שׂ בָּאֲפֵ֖ר עַל־עֵינָֽיו׃ 1 Kings 20:38 KJV 38 So the prophet departed, and waited for the king by the way, and disguised ...
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(Genesis 4:5) Was Cain Angry? Hebrew

I'm reading through the Hebrew for Genesis 4. I am now really confused about what is happening when God does not gaze at Cain's offering and I was wondering if any of the Hebrew experts here can help....
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Why did the Elders tell King Ahab not to agree to Ben-Haddad, King of Syria second command?

1 Kings 20:4 And the king of Israel answered and said, “My lord, O king, just as you say, I and all that I have are yours.” 1 Kings 20:7-8 7 So the king of Israel called all the elders of the land, ...
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Meaning of God's thought concerning Abraham in Genesis 18:19

Genesis 18:19 For I have chosen him, that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice, so that the Lord may bring to Abraham ...
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Exodus 3:17 and Judges 2:1 - the Validity of the Vav-Conversive

In Exodus 3:17, we find the phrase אַעֲלֶה אֶתְכֶם (aʿaleh etkhem). The word אַעֲלֶה is a verb conjugated from the verb עָלָה in the imperfect aspect, as indicated by the prefixed א. Reviewing the ...
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Simon the leper and Simon the Pharisee are one person and Mary of Bethany is not the woman of ill-repute with alabaster jar [closed]

The Hebrew Roots Bible denotes Simon in these events of the women anointing Jesus as Simon the potter. In Aramaic the name Simon is Shimeon for the Pharisee and for the potter. Is it possible that ...
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Who does the deceiving in Ezekiel 14:9?

This is inspired by Does God command someone to do something against His laws? English Standard Version Ezekiel 14:91 And if the prophet is deceived and speaks a word, I, the LORD, have deceived that ...
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Can you help me read this Hebrew text? [closed]

I need to read the text in the picture below. I know it's from the Old Testament, but I can't read the characters correctly. It would be nice if someone can help out with this.
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Hebrew Ben Chayyim Second Rabbinic Bible is missing Joshua 6:9 to 7:1

I have a copy of the Hebrew Ben Chayyim Second Rabbinic Bible which was scanned and in the book of Joshua it is missing Joshua 6:9 to 7:1. It is obviously a mistake and not intentional because the ...
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What does הרקיע mean in Genesis 1? [duplicate]

In Genesis 1, God divides the waters from the firmament (הרקיע) What does firmament mean? Does it simply mean sky, as in the blue dome of air above us?
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Does ἄγγελος κυρίου in the NT (e.g. Acts 12:7) refer to the angel of the LORD in the OT?

Does ἄγγελος κυρίου in the NT (e.g. Acts 12:7) refer to the angel of the LORD in the OT? An example of Apollonius Corollary. is ἄγγελος κυρίου (angel of the Lord) at Acts 12:7. Wallace promotes the ...
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Genesis 5:2, grammatically, how does a plural pronoun refer to a singular noun?

Genesis 5:2 (DRB): He created them male and female; and blessed them: and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created. How does the plural pronoun refer to singular noun (called ...
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(John 19:19, Hebrew) was YHWH written on the Cross?

I was just reading a few stories pointing at medieval art that conceived of what was written in Aramaic on the cross and that Pilate had put the four words "Jesus the-nazorean, and-king of-the-jews". ...
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Is the Hebrew word chesed (חָ֫סֶד) an auto-antonym?

The Hebrew word חֶסֶד (checed) occurs 248 times in 241 verses, and in 28 of the 39 OT books. Clearly, it is an important theme. The word first appears in Genesis 19:19 Now behold, your servant has ...
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How does the Douay Rheims Bible(DRB) translate burnt offering עֹלָ֥ה as Holocaust in Numbers 28:3?

3 These are the sacrifices which you shall offer: Two lambs of a year old without blemish every day for the perpetual holocaust In other versions it is translated as burnt offering: KJV 3 And thou ...
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Could the Genitive at Ps 136/7:6 both partitive and of subordination within rules of grammar?

Could the Genitive at Ps 136/7:6 both partitive and of subordination within rules of grammar? In Psalm 137:6 we find the Greek αρχή rendered from the Hebrew reshit. It is the head noun the genitive “...
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What tool or resource can I use to find a list of all the words that commonly co-occur with a word? (STRONG's)

In the past I have asked for tools to help me find references for the co-occurrence of multiple words. Now I am asking for tools or resources that will allow me to enter one word and find a ranked ...
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What does החרוץ actually mean in Joel 4:14

Joel 4:14 (Jewish enumeration) 3:14 (English enumeration) הֲמוֹנִים הֲמוֹנִים, בְּעֵמֶק הֶחָרוּץ: כִּי קָרוֹב יוֹם יְהוָה, בְּעֵמֶק הֶחָרוּץ. Does the phrase mean Multitudes of multitudes in ...
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(Isaiah 51:9) Feminine God in Exile

I previously asked and got great responses to an exploration of pronouns in psalm 139. There was a fascinating technical resolution to that one. This question is related but significantly different. ...
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(Judges 7:16) Gideon's empty pitchers

Judges 7:16 (KJV), "And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers." Now the Hebrew ends the ...
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(Psalm 139:18) Feminine God?

Psalm 139:17-18 (KJV), "How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! how great is the sum of them! If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with ...
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(Genesis 4:7) What is Cain Ruling Over? Sin? The Door?

So I was spending some time with the Hebrew under the Cain and Abel narrative in Genesis 4. I noticed a peculiarity in the Hebrew in God's instructions to Cain after his offering was rejected. I ...
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2 Samuel 13:3 why Jonadab is described as “אישׁ חכם מאד׃”?

2 Samuel 13:3 (DRB): Now Amnon had a friend, named Jonadab the son of Semmaa the brother of David, a very wise man: ולאמנון רע ושׁמו יונדב בן־שׁמעה אחי דוד ויונדב אישׁ חכם מאד How does the Hebrew ...
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How can I search for the co-occurrence of two words (ideally searching by Strong’s numbers)?

Are there any resources I can use to enter two Strong’s numbers to find places that they both occur in the same verse or chapter? The purpose is to narrow down relevant places to focus my study, where ...
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Tetelestai - What did Jesus really say in John 19:30 assuming he spoke Aramaic or Hebrew?

I have been researching for a long time John 19:30, more specifically the word Tetelestai (τετελεσται) in the Greek. But recently came across the topic of the Hebrew Gospels (possible late ...
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What was Moses “content” about in Leviticus 10:20?

Leviticus 10 (KJV) gives us an account of the death of Nadab and Abihu for using a strange fire. God sends down His fire of judgement in verse 2. Moses then goes ahead to give out a series of ...
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What does “reward” mean in Genesis 15:1?

"..the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision: "Fear not, Abram, I am your shield; your reward shall be very great." But Abram said, O Lord God , what will you give me for I continue childless..?" ...
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Psalm 82:1-8 - why is ELOHIM used differently during these verses?

ELOHIM In Hebrew is used in 82:1 as God, in 6 as gods & 8 as God - but in Hebrew the word is exactly the same, why changed in verse 6, is this bad or deliberate translation. Psalm 82 1-8 1 God ...
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In Song 2:17 and 4:6, why is it normally assumed that “until the day breathe and the shadows flee” moderates the subsequent, not preceding, clause?

Song of Songs 2:16-17 (without punctuation) reads: דּוֹדִי לִי וַאֲנִי לוֹ הָרֹעֶה בַּשּׁוֹשַׁנִּים עַד שֶׁיָּפוּחַ הַיּוֹם וְנָסוּ הַצְּלָלִים סֹב דְּמֵה-לְךָ דוֹדִי לִצְבִי אוֹ לְעֹפֶר הָאַיָּלִים ...
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In John 20:17 does Jesus intent ἀναβέβηκα to have a secondary meaning related to sacrifice?

In John 20:17 does Jesus intent ἀναβέβηκα to have a secondary meaning related to sacrifice? This question is not intended to question the correct way translations have translated this word, but to ...
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In Proverbs 3:3 and 16:6, are the NRSV/RSV/REB/CSB Bibles justified in their translation of “chesed” as “loyalty?”

This deviates from the majority of Christian Bibles, it seems. I understand that the underlying sense of chesed is love, mercy, covenant loyalty, etc. but simply translating it as "loyalty," as in: ...
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How does Hebrew wordplay in the Bible inform our theology?

How does Hebrew/Aramaic wordplay inform our theology? Anyone familiar with the story of Jonah knows he was commanded to go to Nineveh. After refusing, he was subsequently swallowed by a great fish (...
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Is there a connection between the Hebrew words 'midbar' and 'dabar'?

Midbar מִדְבָּר in the Hebrew means desert (wilderness or lonely place)(Botterweck, 8: 87 ff.). Dabar דָּבַר in Hebrew means to speak (2: 84 ff) and is a word which is theologically pregnant – it is ...
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What is the meaning of: ויהי בצאת נפשה כי מתה

I am not a Hebrew expert, and the following sentence felt ambiguous to me. ויהי בצאת נפשה כי מתה From biblical Hebrew: Genesis 35:18 Strong's Hebrew Does it mean that: the soul was departing because ...
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Is the Bible any easier to understand in Hebrew (or Aramaic/Greek) than it is in English?

I ask this question because when I read or study the Bible, it sometimes takes me quite a while to figure out what the Bible is saying because the text seems a little "dense" (like in Romans or ...
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Leviticus 20:20,21; what is the difference between “shall die without children” and “shall be without children”?

Leviticus 20:11,20,21; (DRB): 11If a man lie with his stepmother, and discover the nakedness of his father, let them both be put to death: their blood be upon them. 20If any man lie with the wife of ...
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why the word “Conscience” is absent from the Old Testament? [closed]

The word "Conscience" nearly is the axis of God's messages. When I was searching this word in the Bible I was surprised. This very important word wasn't mentioned in the whole old testament. ...
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Exodus 33:20, “see my face” or “see me”?

Exodus 33:20 (DRB): And again he said: Thou canst not see my face: for man shall not see me and live. Did Moses say that he wants to "see the Face of the LORD" or he wants to "see the LORD"? The ...
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Exodus 33:18, Did Moses see the Glory of the LORD?

Exodus 33:18 (DRB): And he said: Shew me thy glory. Did Moses see the Glory of the LORD in Exodus 33:19?, Or No One see the Glory of the LORD and live, in Exodus 33:20? Exodus 33:18-20, (KJV): ...
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Exodus 33:19, How the LORD will proclaim the name of the LORD?

Exodus 33:19, (DRB): He answered: I will shew thee all good, and I will proclaim in the name of the Lord before thee: and I will have mercy on whom I will, and I will be merciful to whom it shall ...
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Should Isaiah 55:10 by considered as Messianic or alluding to the Messianic age?

“For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven and do not return there but water the earth, making it bring forth and sprout, giving seed to the sower and bread to the eater, (...

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