Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

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GENESIS 4:3-4 - What type of offering? [closed]

There were various offerings throughout the Old Testament. In the book of Job, we see burnt offerings to cover ‘sins’. During the wilderness, these were defined. But, what type of offering were Cain ...
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Is the Hebrew word chesed (חָ֫סֶד) an auto-antonym?

The Hebrew word חֶסֶד (checed) occurs 248 times in 241 verses, and in 28 of the 39 OT books. Clearly, it is an important theme. The word first appears in Genesis 19:19 Now behold, your servant has ...
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Could Adam's Rib be an extended metaphor for the womb? [closed]

I am curious from reading the mehanical translation of Genesis (Jeff A Benner,) if the rib taken from Adam could be interpreted as the womb, and any solid information which supports or contradicts. I ...
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1answer
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Meaningless vs eternity in Ecclesiastes, are they opposites?

Ecclesiastes 1:2 "Meaningless! Meaningless!" says the Teacher. "Utterly meaningless! Everything is meaningless." Ecclesiastes 3:11 He has made everything beautiful in its time. He ...
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Why was crocodile (תנין) from Exodus 7:10 translated as snake or serpent?

In Exodus, chapter 7, verse 10, Aaron throws his staff of the ground in front of Pharaoh and it becomes a תנין in the Hebrew Bible as well as the Leningrad Codex. The Septuagint translates it as ...
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Malachi 3:10 “meat” vs “prey”?

Can "meat" in Malachi 3:10 KJV refer to "prey"? Specifically, the Hebrew word in question is "טֶ֨רֶף֙". The HLOT and BDB lexicons refer to the word meaning both "...
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1answer
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Psalm 104:30 grammar

Does the grammar in Psalm 104:30 support what is to come, as opposed to what has happened in the past? From my extremely basic understanding it supports what is to come, but I want to be sure. 30 ...
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Why does the KJV translate בָּאֲפֵ֖ר as ashes in 1 Kings 20:38

וַיֵּ֙לֶךְ֙ הַנָּבִ֔יא וַיַּעֲמֹ֥ד לַמֶּ֖לֶךְ עַל־הַדָּ֑רֶךְ וַיִּתְחַפֵּ֥שׂ בָּאֲפֵ֖ר עַל־עֵינָֽיו׃ 1 Kings 20:38 KJV 38 So the prophet departed, and waited for the king by the way, and disguised ...
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Leviticus 20:20,21; what is the difference between “shall die without children” and “shall be without children”?

Leviticus 20:11,20,21; (DRB): 11If a man lie with his stepmother, and discover the nakedness of his father, let them both be put to death: their blood be upon them. 20If any man lie with the wife of ...
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What are God's voice, charge, commandments, statutes & laws that Abraham kept?

What are God's voice, charge, commandments, statutes & laws that Abraham obeyed & kept Genesis 26:4-6 and I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy ...
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3answers
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Can the Ten Commandments be interpreted as declarative?

There is a variation in how John 14:15 is translated: "If you love me, you will keep my commandments." ESV “If you love Me, you will keep My commandments." NASB “If you love me, keep ...
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Exodus 33:20, “see my face” or “see me”?

Exodus 33:20 (DRB): And again he said: Thou canst not see my face: for man shall not see me and live. Did Moses say that he wants to "see the Face of the LORD" or he wants to "see the LORD"? The ...
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Translation of Exodus 3:12

I realise that this is very improbable but I thought that I might as well ask it. Exodus 3:12: He said, “But I will be with you, and this shall be the sign for you, that I have sent you: when you ...
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What is the intended image of “pierced my hands and feet” in Psalm 22:16?

I sometimes struggle to understand how some of the NT authors describe OT passages as messianic prophecies. One of these is from the 22nd Psalm. Psalm 22:16 NASB (emphasis added) For dogs have ...
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3answers
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What does החרוץ actually mean in Joel 4:14

Joel 4:14 (Jewish enumeration) 3:14 (English enumeration) הֲמוֹנִים הֲמוֹנִים, בְּעֵמֶק הֶחָרוּץ: כִּי קָרוֹב יוֹם יְהוָה, בְּעֵמֶק הֶחָרוּץ. Does the phrase mean Multitudes of multitudes in ...
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How should רַקָּה in Songs 4:3 and 6:7 be translated?

In Song of Songs 4:3 and 6:7, we have כְּפֶלַח הָרִמּוֹן רַקָּתֵךְ מִבַּעַד לְצַמָּתֵךְ which translates "As a cut of pomegranate is your * behind your veil." The missing word * is רַקָּה, which ...
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Is “בְּמֹתָ֑יו” Singular or Plural, and What is it's Meaning in Isa. 53:9?

Isaiah 53:9 says, "וַיִּתֵּ֤ן אֶת־רְשָׁעִים֙ קִבְרֹ֔ו וְאֶת־עָשִׁ֖יר בְּמֹתָ֑יו עַ֚ל לֹא־חָמָ֣ס עָשָׂ֔ה וְלֹ֥א מִרְמָ֖ה בְּפִֽיו׃(Westminster Leningrad Codex) "Violence not Because in his death the ...
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Is the “cock that crows” in Luke 22:34 not an actual rooster but a man that calls for prayer?

https://news.ag.org/Features/Sometimes-a-Rooster-is-Not-a-Rooster This article from the Assemblies of God relates how ancient Jewish phrases in the Bible can be taken too literally and not understood ...
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Were the teraphim (household gods) Rachel stole from Laban like a deed to his property?

While there are several questions related to this occurrence in Gen. 31:19, none seem to mention this as even possible. It was also not mentioned in a resent commentary I read. That the teraphim ...
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Why are Hebrew verbs in the “perfect” form so often translated as present tense in modern translations?

Why are Hebrew verbs in the "perfect" form so often translated as present tense in modern translations? For example in Psalm 119:47 : וְאֶשְׁתַּֽעֲשַׁ֥ע בְּמִצְוֹתֶ֗יךָ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָהָֽבְתִּי׃ Most ...
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Why does the Hebrew switch in Genesis 12:3 for the same English translated word curse?

Upon closer reading of the text in the Hebrew passage the same translated word in English to curse is actually two different words in the Hebrew with two different root meanings. What does each word ...
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How to translate Zechariah 14:6?

Zechariah 14:6 On that day there shall be no light, יְקָר֖וֹת וְקִפָּאֽוֹן׃ How to translate the last two Hebrew words?
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Is Leviticus 16:2 an explanation or instruction?

The Lord said to Moses: “Tell your brother Aaron that he is not to come whenever he chooses into the Most Holy Place behind the curtain in front of the atonement cover on the ark, or else he will ...
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Is God speaking to Jesus Christ in Genesis 1:3?

I came across this translation of the Bible, https://www.scripture4all.org/OnlineInterlinear/Hebrew_Index.htm, and the following phrase really jumped out at me: Genesis 1:3: and he-is-saying Elohim ...
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How should graded numerical parallelism in Hebrew poetry be understood?

In Hebrew poetry, especially proverbs, we see examples of monotonically increasing numbers that set up parallels. For instance Proverbs 30:15 (NJPS): The leech has two daughters, “Give!” and “Give!...
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What does “Jealous” mean in Exodus 34:14?

Most translations seem to agree that "Jealous" is the best translation for this passage. For example: Exodus 34:14 (NASB) —for you shall not worship any other god, for the LORD, whose name is ...
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(Genesis 4:5) Was Cain Angry? Hebrew

I'm reading through the Hebrew for Genesis 4. I am now really confused about what is happening when God does not gaze at Cain's offering and I was wondering if any of the Hebrew experts here can help....
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Why did the Elders tell King Ahab not to agree to Ben-Haddad, King of Syria second command?

1 Kings 20:4 And the king of Israel answered and said, “My lord, O king, just as you say, I and all that I have are yours.” 1 Kings 20:7-8 7 So the king of Israel called all the elders of the land, ...
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(Genesis 4:7) What is Cain Ruling Over? Sin? The Door?

So I was spending some time with the Hebrew under the Cain and Abel narrative in Genesis 4. I noticed a peculiarity in the Hebrew in God's instructions to Cain after his offering was rejected. I ...
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Meaning of God's thought concerning Abraham in Genesis 18:19

Genesis 18:19 For I have chosen him, that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice, so that the Lord may bring to Abraham ...
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1answer
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Exodus 3:17 and Judges 2:1 - the Validity of the Vav-Conversive

In Exodus 3:17, we find the phrase אַעֲלֶה אֶתְכֶם (aʿaleh etkhem). The word אַעֲלֶה is a verb conjugated from the verb עָלָה in the imperfect aspect, as indicated by the prefixed א. Reviewing the ...
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Simon the leper and Simon the Pharisee are one person and Mary of Bethany is not the woman of ill-repute with alabaster jar [closed]

The Hebrew Roots Bible denotes Simon in these events of the women anointing Jesus as Simon the potter. In Aramaic the name Simon is Shimeon for the Pharisee and for the potter. Is it possible that ...
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Who does the deceiving in Ezekiel 14:9?

This is inspired by Does God command someone to do something against His laws? English Standard Version Ezekiel 14:91 And if the prophet is deceived and speaks a word, I, the LORD, have deceived that ...
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(Isaiah 51:9) Feminine God in Exile

I previously asked and got great responses to an exploration of pronouns in psalm 139. There was a fascinating technical resolution to that one. This question is related but significantly different. ...
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“Strange god” or just “stranger”

My question is regarding the translation of the Heb. זָר which basically means an alien or a stranger. However, it is used in Isa 43:12 to refer to strange gods: אָנֹכִי הִגַּדְתִּי וְהֹושַׁעְתִּי ...
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On what basis is the name “Ephraim” given the etymology of “ash heap”?

The name Ephraim seems to commonly be given two etymologies, one referring to an "ash heap" and the other referring to "fruitfulness". Example I can understand the fruitfulness etymology linking ...
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What is the proper translation of the Hebrew word רוּחַ (ruach) in Genesis 3:8?

I recently discovered during the initial stage of study of the word “spirit” that the Hebrew word רוּחַ (ruach) in Genesis 3:8 is translated into English as “cool.” 8 And they heard the voice of the ...
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What is the meaning of the repetition of “holy” in Isaiah 6:3?

In Isaiah 6:3, the seraphim call one to another, saying: Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory!” (ESV) קָדֹ֧ושׁ׀ קָדֹ֛ושׁ קָדֹ֖ושׁ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָאֹ֑ות ...
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1answer
151 views

Did Jesus add to the words of Moses from Deuteronomy 6:5?

I'm not sure if this is to do with Hebrew being translated to Greek, but when looking at "The greatest commandment" Deuteronomy 6:5 says: "And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, ...
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Can you help me read this Hebrew text? [closed]

I need to read the text in the picture below. I know it's from the Old Testament, but I can't read the characters correctly. It would be nice if someone can help out with this.
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Hebrew Ben Chayyim Second Rabbinic Bible is missing Joshua 6:9 to 7:1

I have a copy of the Hebrew Ben Chayyim Second Rabbinic Bible which was scanned and in the book of Joshua it is missing Joshua 6:9 to 7:1. It is obviously a mistake and not intentional because the ...
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What does Amos mean by “restore” in Amos 9:11-15?

What is the meaning and implications of "restore" in Amos 9:11-15? Please help me analyse the function of the Hebrew word "'aqim [אקים]" as used in Amos 9:11 and its surrounding context. Amos 9:11 ...
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Does ἄγγελος κυρίου in the NT (e.g. Acts 12:7) refer to the angel of the LORD in the OT?

Does ἄγγελος κυρίου in the NT (e.g. Acts 12:7) refer to the angel of the LORD in the OT? An example of Apollonius Corollary. is ἄγγελος κυρίου (angel of the Lord) at Acts 12:7. Wallace promotes the ...
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1answer
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Could the Genitive at Ps 136/7:6 both partitive and of subordination within rules of grammar?

Could the Genitive at Ps 136/7:6 both partitive and of subordination within rules of grammar? In Psalm 137:6 we find the Greek αρχή rendered from the Hebrew reshit. It is the head noun the genitive “...
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Does Proverbs 8:22 say that God's wisdom was the first person/thing that God created?

Several translations have "possessed me" while others have "made me". Is "possessed me" the proper translation and if so, what does it mean? Or is "made me" the correct translation and if so, was ...
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2answers
390 views

Genesis 5:2, grammatically, how does a plural pronoun refer to a singular noun?

Genesis 5:2 (DRB): He created them male and female; and blessed them: and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created. How does the plural pronoun refer to singular noun (called ...
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2answers
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What does הרקיע mean in Genesis 1? [duplicate]

In Genesis 1, God divides the waters from the firmament (הרקיע) What does firmament mean? Does it simply mean sky, as in the blue dome of air above us?
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63 views

Why do the deer and ram share a common root?

I am trying to understand the relationship between an אַיִל (ram, Ovis canadensis) and אַיָּל (stag, Cervidae). According to scientific classification these are different families. They seem to share ...
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2answers
132 views

What is the power of Christ (2 Cor 12:9)

“And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon ...
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1answer
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How does Hebrew wordplay in the Bible inform our theology?

How does Hebrew/Aramaic wordplay inform our theology? Anyone familiar with the story of Jonah knows he was commanded to go to Nineveh. After refusing, he was subsequently swallowed by a great fish (...

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