Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

41 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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Is Leviticus 16:2 an explanation or instruction?

The Lord said to Moses: “Tell your brother Aaron that he is not to come whenever he chooses into the Most Holy Place behind the curtain in front of the atonement cover on the ark, or else he will ...
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106 views

Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end

Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end. The Hebrew New Testament (Bible Society of Israel) has הַשִּׁלּוֹחַ (apparently qal passive participle) with no ending m sound from the Hebrew ...
4
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1answer
57 views

What is the meaning of “And who is their father?” in 1 Samuel 10:12?

1 Samuel 10:9 As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changed Saul’s heart, and all these signs were fulfilled that day. 10When he and his servant arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the ...
4
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1answer
54 views

What are the banner-bearers in Songs 6:4 and 6:10, and why is the word feminine?

In Song of Songs 6, verses 4 and 10, the woman is described as כַּנִּדְגָּלֽוֹת אֲיֻמָּ֖ה, "awesome as the banner-exalting [ones]", with the participle "banner-exalting" being feminine plural. I think ...
4
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1answer
61 views

Is there a first person verb with a plural subject in Hebrew?

I am aware of singular verbs with plural subjects in the third person, masculine, singular. Such as Exodus 4:29, but I am wondering if there is a 1cs that has a plural subject? Feel free to add or ...
3
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1answer
81 views

Why the conjunction from Genesis 1:2 onwards?

It seems that some choose to read into the text of Genesis 1 a title and also claim that day 1 begins in v3. Why would the text go through the trouble of connecting all the “verses” that follow to the ...
3
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0answers
42 views

What would be good sources for the evidence for the change in language between Prot/Deutero/Trito Isaiah in the Bible?

I am very interested in understanding the biblical book of Isaiah. I have read in numerous places that virtually no modern scholars view the book as having been written only by the historical Isaiah ...
3
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71 views

Genesis 17:24 and 17:26 — Who circumcised Abraham?

In Genesis 17, it is written, 24 Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 26 That very same day Abraham was circumcised, and his son Ishmael; NKJV, ©...
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56 views

Meaning of God's thought concerning Abraham in Genesis 18:19

Genesis 18:19 For I have chosen him, that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice, so that the Lord may bring to Abraham ...
3
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64 views

A question about the word שׁוֹשָׁן (lilies) in I Kings 7:22,26

The record in Kings - I Kings 7:22 and 26 - of 'lily work', on the top of the two pillars, Jachin and Boaz, in the temple that Solomon built, uses the Hebrew word shoshan (as noted by Robert Young in ...
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69 views

How do we know that gârash H1644 can mean ‘divorced’?

Gârash generally means driven out, but in the case of a woman, it is commonly translated ‘divorced’. Why is it not translated ‘driven out’, ‘sent away’, ‘separated from her husband’? eg Lev 21:7 (...
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2answers
647 views

How is Malachi 1:11 to be understood?

Early Christians linked the sacrifice of the Eucharist with the sacrifice described in Malachi 1. In the King James Version, this passage relevant reads 10 ... I have no pleasure in you, saith the ...
3
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3answers
201 views

Was worship expected of Adam?

And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. (Genesis 2:15 KJV) וַיִּקַּח יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָֽאָדָם וַיַּנִּחֵהוּ בְגַן־עֵדֶן לְעָבְדָהּ ...
3
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106 views

Not keep silent or to make silent in Job 41:12?

Job 41:4 (MT; v. 12 in English versions): NRSV: I will not keep silence concerning its limbs ... ESV: I will not keep silence concerning his limbs ... NASB: I will not keep silence concerning ...
3
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2answers
42 views

In Psalm 90:2 is “from age to age” a restatement of “in generation after generation”?

[Psa 90:1-2 YLT] (1) A Prayer of Moses, the man of God. Lord [ADONAY], a habitation Thou -- Thou hast been, To us -- in generation and generation, (2) Before mountains were brought forth, And Thou ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Leviticus 20:20,21; what is the difference between “shall die without children” and “shall be without children”?

Leviticus 20:11,20,21; (DRB): 11If a man lie with his stepmother, and discover the nakedness of his father, let them both be put to death: their blood be upon them. 20If any man lie with the wife of ...
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1answer
49 views

Interpretations and translations of a Moises speech

I study Latin and I don't understand this sentence "absumat ebria sitientem", found in deuteronomy:29:19 Context (just before the sentence): [because when such a person hears the words of this oath, ...
2
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1answer
40 views

Emphasis in Isaiah 50:11

Does the phrase here translated - "this you shall have of mine hand" - refer to the the previous portion of the verse, or does it refer to the latter portion of the verse? Is 50:11Behold, ...
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0answers
41 views

Why does the LXX occcassionally have “fear God” instead of “fear the Lord” in Proverbs?

The fear of the LORD (YHVH) is found throughout Proverbs. In the KJV, the exact phrase occurs 14 times; twice it is feareth the LORD; once fear the LORD and once fear thou the LORD. What I find ...
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2answers
88 views

How did Jerome arrive at his Translation of Judges 15:8?

Reading Judges this morning, I came across Judges 15:8: Judges 15:8 (DRB) And he [Samson] made a great slaughter of them, so that in astonishment they laid the calf of the leg upon the thigh. (The ...
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1answer
265 views

Does the narrator of Numbers assert that the Anakim come from the Nephilim?

The Nephilim are named only in two verses in the Bible, in Genesis 6:4 and Numbers 13:33. Numbers 13:33 says that the Anakim come from the Nephilim, but different translations render this in a variety ...
2
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3answers
89 views

In Psalm 40:12: is he surrounded by “evils” or by “iniquities”?

Psalm 40:12 (KJV) " For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore ...
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4answers
809 views

According to Genesis 10:5, at the Tower of Babel, did God divide the new languages by family group?

5 By these have the isles of the nations been parted in their lands, each by his tongue, by their families, in their nations. (YLT) This verse (also verse 20 and 31) seems to suggest that God ...
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What is the correct interpretation of וְנִשָּׂ֥א In Daniel 11:12

Daniel 11:12 KJV And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it. And the multitude shall be ...
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101 views

(John 19:19, Hebrew) was YHWH written on the Cross?

I was just reading a few stories pointing at medieval art that conceived of what was written in Aramaic on the cross and that Pilate had put the four words "Jesus the-nazorean, and-king of-the-jews". ...
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1answer
123 views

Owlam in Gen:6:4

I have looked at the Stack Exchange comments on Genesis 6:4 but have not found the following opinion expressed. Could someone schooled in Hebrew please comment on my use of the word "Owlam" (Strong's ...
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1answer
56 views

In Psalm 22:20 is there a change to singular animals?

In Psalm 22 the Messiah refers to his enemies in the plural until verse 20. Is the singular in verse 20 a particular singular enemy or is this still the same plural referent only singular in form? Is ...
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1answer
60 views

Is “the bread is in effect common” (1 Samuel 21:5) as translated by the NKJV accurate?

The MT reads: וַיַּ֩עַן֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶת־הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ כִּ֣י אִם־אִשָּׁ֤ה עֲצֻֽרָה־לָ֙נוּ֙ כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֔ם בְּצֵאתִ֕י וַיִּהְי֥וּ כְלֵֽי־הַנְּעָרִ֖ים קֹ֑דֶשׁ וְהוּא֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ חֹ֔ל ...
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בַּת צִיּוֹן in the Tanakh—Genitive of possession (Zion’s daughter) or appositional genitive (daughter Zion)?

In 2 Kings 19:21 (and other verses containing the phrase), should the phrase בַּת צִיּוֹן (bat Tzion) be understood as a genitive of possession (Zion’s daughter) or a genitive of apposition, equating ...
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2answers
171 views

What is Job 24:22 saying about the powerful?

Some take this to say that God establishes the powerful, others that he "drags them away". The ESV says God "prolongs" the life of the rich and powerful: ESV Job 24:22: Yet God prolongs the life ...
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73 views

what exactly does “land of my birth” mean in מֽוֹלַדְתִּי֒

In Gen. 24:7, Abraham said: ז יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי הַשָּׁמַיִם, אֲשֶׁר לְקָחַנִי מִבֵּית אָבִי וּמֵאֶרֶץ מוֹלַדְתִּי, וַאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר-לִי וַאֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּע- לִי לֵאמֹר, לְזַרְעֲךָ אֶתֵּן אֶת-הָאָרֶץ ...
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Did God speak with Moses in a more “broken, simplified, or intimate” Hebrew dialect?

No specific Bible verse to quote, but it's something I've heard tossed around before. Can anyone confirm the validity of this claim? It went something along the lines of, "When Moses is writing ...
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3answers
852 views

What does Amos mean by “restore” in Amos 9:11-15?

What is the meaning and implications of "restore" in Amos 9:11-15? Please help me analyse the function of the Hebrew word "'aqim [אקים]" as used in Amos 9:11 and its surrounding context. Amos 9:11 ...
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2answers
79 views

In Isaiah 29:6 should פָּקַד be translated as “visited” or “inspected”?

Can the word translated as "visited" in Isaiah 29:6 be more accurately translated as "inspected" as it is translated in the Youngs Literal Translation?: YLT Isa 29:6  By Jehovah of Hosts thou art ...
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(NASB 1995) Psalm 19:13b (acquitted of great transgression) Vs (NASB 2020) Psalm 19:13b (blameless of great wrongdoing) What does Hebrew say?

NASB 2020 updated translation was just released. I was searching online to see the differences between NASB 1995 and NASB 2020. I just came across Psalm 19:13b which was translated differently. As we ...
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In Proverbs 3:3 and 16:6, are the NRSV/RSV/REB/CSB Bibles justified in their translation of “chesed” as “loyalty?”

This deviates from the majority of Christian Bibles, it seems. I understand that the underlying sense of chesed is love, mercy, covenant loyalty, etc. but simply translating it as "loyalty," as in: ...
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2answers
461 views

Exodus 4:22-26 - who was God going to kill?

And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord", Israel is my son, even my firstborn: And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I ...
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106 views

Who were before and afterwards, the mighty men or the sons of God? Genesis 6:4

What I am not asking I am not asking who the giants are, nor, who the sons of God are. Nor am I asking what the event was that marks the before and afterwards. Question In view of this passage “There ...
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65 views

Can the Hebrew word qara (קָרָא) mean to rename?

We see in Genesis 1:5 that God called the light as day and darkness as night. The Hebrew word used to translate this word is קָרָא. We see however that God was renaming something that already had a ...
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2answers
86 views

What's the point of the law saying “you shall not murder” if later on it says “whoever strikes a man … shall be put to death”?

There are two Old Testament commands that seem redundant to me: Exodus 20:13 ESV - You shall not murder. Exodus 21:12 ESV - Whoever strikes a man so that he dies shall be put to death. I know ...
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1answer
131 views

What is the mood of {יהיו} in Psalm 19:15

יהיו לרצון they shall be of desiring/liking אםרי פי speech of my mouth והגיון לבי and reasoning/logic of my heart לפניך יי צורי וגאלי before you Hashem my rock and my redeemer. What is the ...