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Questions tagged [hebrew]

The language in which the Jewish Scriptures (Tanakh) -- or the "Old Testament" in Christian Bibles -- were written.

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What does the word אדֹנִי (adoni) mean throughout the Hebrew Bible?

The word אדֹנִי is used several times in the Hebrew Bible, such as Psalms 110: נְאֻם יְהֹוָה  לַאדֹנִי Genesis 24:54: וַיֹּאמֶר שַׁלְּחֻנִי לַאדֹנִי Genesis 32:5: לַאדֹנִי לְעֵשָׂו What is the ...
0 votes
2 answers
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Why does God remember the covenant with God? (self-reference)

Genesis 9:16 NKJV - The rainbow shall be in the cloud, and I will look on it to remember the everlasting covenant between God (אֱלֹהִ֔ים) and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.” ...
1 vote
2 answers
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In Psalm 13, what takes "take counsel in my soul" mean?

I've personally appreciated Psalm 13's expressions of emotional trouble during a difficult time, and its usefulness for prayer. For quite a few years, I've wondered what the phrase in verse 2, really ...
45 votes
15 answers
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What does "image" in Genesis 1:26-27 mean?

Genesis 1:26-27 (ESV) 26Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the ...
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7 answers
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What does Cain say to Abel in Genesis 4:8?

The Masoretic version of Genesis 4:8 reads as follows: וַיֹּאמֶר קַיִן, אֶל-הֶבֶל אָחִיו; וַיְהִי בִּהְיוֹתָם בַּשָּׂדֶה, וַיָּקָם קַיִן אֶל-הֶבֶל אָחִיו וַיַּהַרְגֵהוּ. And Cain said to his brother ...
7 votes
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Did Job repent?

Many translations of Job 42:6 have something like the NIV: Therefore I despise myself and repent in dust and ashes. However, in the article on Job from The Dictionary for Theological ...
3 votes
2 answers
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Based on the entire use of "call on the name" throughout Scripture, what do saints in Bible times believe about Jesus whenever they call on His name? [closed]

On Christianity Stack Exchange, I asked the question Do all instances of the phrase “call on the name” prove that Jesus is God?, in which I explain, in detail and with far more references, that the ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Philippians 3:5—Paul’s description of his advantages “in the flesh"

I’m seeking an understanding of the list in Philippians 3:3-6 ESV, especially vv 5-6 3 For we are the circumcision, who worship by the Spirit of God and glory in Christ Jesus and put no confidence in ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Dissecting Psalm 22 metrically

In his comments on Psalm 22, Hans-Joachim Kraus writes the following, "Metrically, Psalm 22 presents many problems, most of which cannot be solved by text-critical means. If we observe the text ...
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Genesis 1:3, Did God Make Light?

I'm trying to read Genesis 1 very closely and I'm noticing a thing about Genesis 1:3. God says יהי אור. Then it just says "and there was light." The form of "to be" (היה) here ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Plural ending -im with proper names

Muslim apologists claim that the word mahmadim from Song of Solomon 5:16 is name of Muhammad, although it is just a Hebrew word meaning precious and pleasant and it comes in other verses too. I have ...
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2 answers
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How can I use online bible resources to find a word in the Septuagint, and the Hebrew word it aligns with?

I've recently come to understand that the Septuagint is the Old Testament translated into Greek. This is an important discovery to me, as I now have the potential to see which Greek words are used to ...
9 votes
5 answers
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In Psalm 68:4 and Psalm 135:1 how are contractions formed in Hebrew and how does YHWH become Yah?

Psalm 68:4 expresses the name of God as Yah. This seems obvious related to the name of God as he expounded it to Moses in Exodus 3:14. We also see the two directly connected in passages such as Psalm ...
0 votes
2 answers
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According to the Hebrew Gospels of Matt 26:28, Mark 14:24 and Luke 22:19-20, was Jesus’ blood shed FOR many or BECAUSE OF many?

According to the Hebrew Gospels of Matthew 26:28, Mark 14:24 and Luke 22:19-20, was Jesus’ blood shed for many or because of many? The Greek uses peri and huper, and Aramaic S7191 D'aaKhLaaPH and ...
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Relative particle

Relative particle in Hebrew is "asher" meaning "who", "whom", "which", what". Some examples: min haadamah asher ererah yahweh because of the ground which ...
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3 answers
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What is the most likely form of John 1:1 in Hebrew? [closed]

Since Hebrew has different words for "God" John 1:1 could have been more precise than the Greek. In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with Elohim and the Word was Elohim In the ...
5 votes
2 answers
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Does Jesus mean "Salvation" or "God is Salvation"?

I'm unsure as to whether Jesus means "Salvation", or "God is Salvation". Strongs tells me that "Jesus" (G2424) is derived from the Hebrew, H3091. H3091 is yᵊhôšûaʿ, ...
1 vote
2 answers
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What is the significance of the term die, die ( מוֹת מוֹת, mûṯ mûṯ) at Genesis 2:17? Die repeated twice

What is the significance of the term die, die (מוֹת מוֹת, mûṯ mûṯ) at Genesis 2:17? Die is repeated twice. Genesis 2:17 (New International Version): but you must not eat from the tree of the ...
2 votes
4 answers
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Why are women and children viewed as plunder in Deuteronomy 20:14?

Deuteronomy 20 is about how Israel should wage war against nations that are far from them (excluding Canaan) However, I am having trouble understanding why verse 14 views women and children as plunder,...
6 votes
2 answers
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Where can I find Targum Neofiti online?

I'm looking for Targum Neofiti online in the original Hebrew/Aramaic lettering. Does anyone know where I can find it?
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Translation of "wayhî" (וַֽיְהִי־) in Genesis 1

Most of us are probably familiar with the formulaic "and there was evening and there was morning, the Nth day" in Genesis 1. Recently, however, I came across a source quoting the KJV, which ...
2 votes
2 answers
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Why do some translations render Genesis 2:5-7 as a chronology?

Skeptics often accuse Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 of contradicting (note also How does Genesis 2:6 reconcile with Genesis 1:11-13 AND to Genesis 2:5?). This is based on Genesis 2 translations such as the ...
2 votes
1 answer
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How do I know if a word in the English translation is implied by the Hebrew or Greek, or specifically stated?

I understand that one way to know is if an English translation like the NKJV or NASB has words in italics. Then I can know that the English word is implied rather than actually stated in the original ...
0 votes
1 answer
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How can I find all the Strongs Concordance words that originate from a certain root word?

I use the Interlinear tools of the Blue Letter Bible website to find the original Hebrew or Greek words used in verses, as compiled by the Strongs Concordance. If the word is a not a primitive root (...
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Vowel change in the plural form

I know that after adding "im" vowels can change, Eloah - Elohim (not Eloahim) But does this kind of changing happen in other words? Machmad - machamaddim (not machmadim) Words similar to it, ...
5 votes
1 answer
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How does וְ / הֶאֱמִן vᵊhe'ĕmin "believe" reflect the root word אָמַן 'āman?

The Hebrew word for "believe" is וְ / הֶאֱמִן vᵊhe'ĕmin. As in Genesis 15:6: "Then he believed in the Lord; and He reckoned it to him as righteousness." The root for וְ / הֶאֱמִן ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Exodus 14:23 - The Death of Pharaoh and the Singular Grammar Used

Exodus 14:23 And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. What is the grammatical reason for the plurality of ...
1 vote
1 answer
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KJV v.s. NLT translations [closed]

As I understand, the King James Version of the Bible is the closest translation to the original spoken words that the apostles actually wrote themselves. Knowing this, why would other authors of ...
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2 answers
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Did the ENTIRE Egyptian army drown at sea?

The following is an excerpt of a critique on "Reason to Believe": Under these conditions, were the Ten Plagues and a total crush of the Egyptian army in the Red Sea waters to happen, as we ...
10 votes
3 answers
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According to the original Hebrew, how did Moses's Red sea crossing look?

I heard a different viewpoint on the depiction of the whole red sea crossing than I am used to, and now I am wondering what the correct interpretation is. Instead of the sea splitting open and ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Can the 'bravery' of Isaiah 3: 18 be understood as 'magic power'?

"In that day the Lord will take away the bravery of their anklets . . ." I can understand that 'bravery' can possibly be words like 'finery' but recently heard from one of the more esoterically ...
4 votes
2 answers
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What is Jeremiah 31:34a speaking about when promising a cessation of men teaching one another?

Jeremiah 31:34 promises some sort of cessation of religious teaching under this covenant made with Israel: וְלֹא יְלַמְּדוּ עוֹד אִישׁ אֶת־רֵעֵהוּ וְאִישׁ אֶת־אָחִיו לֵאמֹר דְּעוּ אֶת־יְהֹוָה כִּי־...
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When Jesus read from the Scroll of Isaiah, did he translate it into Aramaic?

What language did Jesus speak when he read Isaiah 61:1,2? Would Aramaic be spoken in the synagogue? Luke 4:16-19 New International Version 16 He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on ...
2 votes
1 answer
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What is the proper translation of Exodus 17:16?

I was reviewing occurrences of יָהּ throughout the Tanakh. It occurs in Exo. 17:16 which [verse] I noticed is translated differently by the various English versions. Hebrew text: וַיֹּאמֶר כִּי ...
5 votes
3 answers
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How does the NIV translation of Psalm 42:4 arrive at the phrase "under the protection of the Mighty One"?

In Psalm 42:4, the NIV translates the phrase כִּי אֶעֱבֹר בַּסָּךְ, אֶדַּדֵּם עַד-בֵּית אֱלֹהִים as "how I used to go to the house of God under the protection of the Mighty One" while the ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Genesis 4:8 - Cain kills himself?

Genesis 4:8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. καὶ εἶπεν Καιν πρὸς Αβελ τὸν ἀδελφὸν ...
4 votes
3 answers
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Why do some think that Ezekiel had his first vision on his 30th birthday?

Why do some think that Ezekiel had his first vision on his 30th birthday in [Ezekiel 1]? The Bible Project mentions the vision happening on Ezekiel's birthday in this video
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Is the translation 'the earth abideth for ever' accurate (Ecclesiastes 1:4)?

Ecclesiastes 1:4 : One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever. [KJV] A generation is going, and a generation is coming, and the earth to the age is ...
2 votes
2 answers
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When Jesus said "I am the way". Did he refer to halakha?

When Jesus said "יֵשׁוּעַ אָנֹכִי הַדֶּרֶךְ". Did he refer to הֲלָכָה? John 14:6 ESV Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through ...
2 votes
4 answers
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In Daniel 11:37, is it possible to translate god of his father with "god" lowercase in the singular form?

Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all. (Daniel 11:37 - King James Version) ‎וְעַל־אֱלֹהֵ֤י אֲבֹתָיו֙ לֹ֣א ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Why do many English translations substitute “Merab” for “Michal” in 2 Samuel 21:8?

The Hebrew says: וְאֶת־חֲמֵ֗שֶׁת בְּנֵי֙ מִיכַ֣ל בַּת־שָׁא֔וּל אֲשֶׁ֥ר יָלְדָ֛ה לְעַדְרִיאֵ֥ל בֶּן־בַּרְזִלַּ֖י הַמְּחֹלָתִֽי My translation: and the five sons that Michal daughter of Shaul bore to ...
3 votes
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"Thousands" or "the thousandth generation" in Exodus 20:6?

Exodus 20:6 declares God's mercy to "thousands" or to "the thousandth generation" -- see Bible Gateway for a list of the various translations. From what I can see, early versions ...
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Question about the "daily" sacrifice. What might it refer to?

My question arises and is asked from a futurist prophetic perspective - that the ultimate fulfillments will be in future events leading up to Christ's return. It is not about the accepted ...
5 votes
7 answers
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Separation of Seven and Sixty Two in Daniel 9:25

In the Dead Sea Scrolls, the translation of Daniel 9:25 in 11Q13 (Melchizedek scroll) seems to separate the seven and sixty two weeks. Here is the translation of verse 25: until an anointed prince,...
5 votes
1 answer
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Why is Isaiah 9:6 translated in the future tense

In different translations of Isaiah 9:6 we see (emphasis mine): ESV: For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called ...
1 vote
3 answers
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What kind of parallelism is Proverbs 18:22 and how is it translated?

There are different kinds of parallelism in the book of Proverbs and I would like to know which one is in Proverbs 18:22 and how it is translated in terms of its original audience and present ...
11 votes
5 answers
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How do we reconcile John 17:22 with Isaiah 42:8?

We read: “The glory which You have given Me I have given to them, that they may be one, just as We are one;” ‭‭John‬ ‭17:22‬ This was in the context of Eternal life being given to the elect^^^ ...
10 votes
4 answers
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In Daniel 9.26 does the end "come like a flood" or will the end "be with a flood"?

I am reading from the Book of Daniel Chapter 9:26 (NIV) concerning an end-time prophecy, where it is written, 26 After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be put to death and will have ...
2 votes
2 answers
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Exodus 12:36 Did the Egyptians obey because they favored the Israelites, or because God favored the Israelites?

Exodus 12:36 Comparing some different translations of this passage, half them read like "God made all the Egyptians like/be magically charmed by/look favorably upon the Israelites so much, that ...
2 votes
5 answers
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What does "Put the wood in order" mean in 1 Kings 18:33?

Several translation of 1 Kings 18:33 (ESV, RSV, KJV, etc.) say "And he put the wood in order..." What was the "order" spoken of here? Similarly, Genesis 22:9 also speaks of putting wood "in order" ...

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