Questions tagged [hebrew-bible]

The Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica) refers to the Jewish Tanakh. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the Hebrew Bible rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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1 Samuel 16:1-13 was David anointed in the horn because of his purpose?

1 Sam 16:13 So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the LORD came upon David in power. Samuel then went to Ramah. Was ...
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Dreaming a Dream vs. Dreaming

I have had this question sitting in MY for some time unanswered, despite repeated bounties, so I think I'll give it a try here. Throughout the Bible, the root חלם, to dream, is used. Often, a dream ...
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In Isaiah 60:16 why did Isaiah speak of kings as a mother?

I know that the Prophet Isaiah made several allusions to kings and queens probably because he was the cousin of King Uzziah. According to New World Encyclopedia: His ease of access to the court ...
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What do bible authors mean by “they remain there till this day…”?

Biblical authors like to proclaim how some monument/stone/altar/name remains intact to-this-day. Cool. Should I take that as till the day the author wrote it down (in which case: meh), or should I ...
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What does הֵיכַ֥ל mean in 1 Sam. 1:9?

Many translations including the JPS Tanakh translate הֵיכַ֥ל as temple, although the temple wasn't built until Solomon's time. Some translate it tabernacle although that is not a usual word for ...
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Psalm 69:28 What is the “book of the living”?

It appears this is an evidentiary registry, but who or what qualifies a person to be added and consequently remain registered? “Let them be blotted out of the book of the living; let them not be ...
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Are the Hebrew Scriptures in general to be understood as continuous discourses or fragmental remains of much larger collections? [closed]

I often encounter the idea that the Hebrew Scriptures, or at least many of them, are summaries or fragments of larger works. However, considering the value and tight control that the Jews seem to have ...
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Could there have been a Threshold-god associated with 1 Samuel 5:5

Among the Romans there were three gods which made up the entrance of a door - "Cardea (Hinge-goddess), called after hinges, and Forculus (Door-god) after doors, and Limentinus (Threshold-god) after ...
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Textual criticism of the Hebrew bible and the rule of the ‘lectio difficilior'

I have a basic idea that, in New Testament text criticism, there is a guideline that the more difficult reading is more likely to be correct. (Mentioned in this answer on BH.SE. Even Wikipedia knows ...
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How should עֹ֥ז be translated in Psalm 8:3?

Modern translations translate עֹ֥ז as strength. Out of the mouth of babies and infants, you have established strength because of your foes, to still the enemy and the avenger. (Psalm 8:2, ESV) ...
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Sandals and Holy Ground

In Exodus 3, Moses is commanded to take off his shoes because he is standing on holy ground, yet before him is appearing an Angel of the LORD, not God himself (in contrast to Exodus 19 an onward where ...
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In Zechariah 1:21 what do the four horns of the Gentiles represent?

Zechariah 1:21 speaks of the four horns of the Gentiles/nations. Why are there four? What do the four horns of the Gentiles represent? And I said, “What are these coming to do?” He said, “These ...
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Are the words Tartan and Rabshakeh Assyrian titles or proper names in Isaiah?

A recent argument involved two passages from Iasiah, 20:1 and 36:2: When looking at the most modern translations and comparing them with older ones there is – as a tendency I presume – a glaring ...
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Nash papyrus. How different it really is?

I've read that the Nash papyrus commandments have differences with the ones found at the Hebrew Bible of the time. I was only able to find out that one of them is the sequence of 3 of the ...
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Are the divine name and its contracted form somehow unique or are they truly inter-changeable?

According to Strongs H3050, there are 48 occurrences in the Hebrew Bible where God's name is rendered as יָהּ (Yah). Most of these are found in the Psalms. This suggests it is a poetic form. ...
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Is Jesus claiming to be God with his statement in Luke 21:33?

Is Jesus claiming to be God with his statement in Luke 21:33? What Jesus said in Luke 21:33 sounds like claiming to be God: Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will never pass away. (...
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In what sense did Job see God? (Job 42:5)

I had heard about you with my ears, but now my eye sees you; — ‭‭(Job)‬ ‭42:5‬ ‭ Given that in some situations no man can see God and live (Exodus 33:20), yet in other situations God is seen and ...
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

A new-born son was named 'I-chabod' by the dying mother. She said, ‘The glory has departed from Israel’ but the word also seems to infer a question, ‘Where is the glory?’ I note from a commentary that ...
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The funerary custom of burning corpses

It seemed to be a matter of great ignonimy to be burnt upon one’s death or burnt to death:1 “From this it may be concluded that the burning of the human body was looked upon with horror.”2 Footnotes  ...
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What is the difference between **power ( כֹּחַ )** and **might ( חַיִל )** in Zechariah 4:6?

What is the difference between power ( כֹּחַ ) and might ( חַיִל ) in Zechariah 4:6? I was studying the verse with interlinear bibleand got these words power - koach ( כֹּחַ ) which means --> a ...
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Why is Luke 24:44 rendered “ψαλμοῖς” instead of “Αγιογραφία”?

This verse appears to be referring to the Tanakh, which of course contains the Torah ("Teaching", which contains the Law of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings" or "Hagiographa"), but ...
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What is the imagery in Psalm 19:5?

Psalm 19:5 It is like a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, like a champion rejoicing to run his course. What does this signify? Is it romantic/sexual?
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Judges 5:30 - The Hebrew word for womb or damsel translated as “two”. Why?

Judges 5:30 One interpretation says: http://biblehub.com/esv/judges/5.htm ‘Have they not found and divided the spoil?— A womb or two for every man; The word Strong's #7361 ra·ḥă·mā·ṯa·yim means ...
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Isaiah14:12 truth of translation

Was Isaiah 14:12 not even about the devil, but just a king , when referencing the Torah but that early church council supplemented the devil for the king in the Christian bible based on motives of ...
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What did Moses see on the back side of God?

What did Moses see on the back side of God? Does seeing the back of God mean seeing God? "Then I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back, but my face shall not be seen.” (Exodus 33:23 ESV)...
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Is there room to recontextualize the Genesis 3 serpent?

"The root chash is the basis of terms such as nachash and lachash, which pertain to different types of divination." (Frankiel, 173) According to Gesenius and Robinson, Nun is interchangeable with ...
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Are the 7 appearances of “Jehovah” in the KJV significant or random?

Why did Tyndale (and later, the KJV translating committees) keep Jewish tradition by translating the Tetragrammaton as LORD thousands of times, but make exceptions by translating it as "Jehovah" only ...
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BDB under אֹ֣הֶל uses the structure of Ex. 39:32 to support מִשְׁכַּ֖ן and אֹ֣הֶל מוֹעֵ֑ refers to separate terms. How does Hebrew support this?

Reference ( אֹ֣הֶל, BDB, 1977 ed., p.14): וַתֵּ֕כֶל כָּל־עֲבֹדַ֕ת מִשְׁכַּ֖ן אֹ֣הֶל מוֹעֵ֑ד , (Ex 39:32, BHSa). Ex 39:32; 40:2, 6, 29, cf. 1 Ch 6:17 (BDB) all have the same structure, and BDB ...
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What would be the reason behind Deuteronomy 21:10-14?

From the the era Exodus God is so much concern of morality and even given the Israelites to maintain purity. God also instructed them not to take girl from other tribes or clans. If God is so much ...
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Is there significance to Jesus' tunic being kept intact while the Temple veil was torn apart?

Matthew, Mark, and John record casting lots to divide Jesus' clothing. John adds the Old Testament quote from Psalm 22:18 and provides other details: When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they ...
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Why do translations use “wild ox”?

Several translations frequently speak of the "wild ox." Where I come from, Ox is not the natural ("wild") state of such creatures. Oxen are normally relatively docile, castrated animals, which doesn't ...
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What is the meaning of “And who is their father?” in 1 Samuel 10:12?

1 Samuel 10:9 As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changed Saul’s heart, and all these signs were fulfilled that day. 10When he and his servant arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the ...
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Did Jesus add to the words of Moses from Deuteronomy 6:5?

I'm not sure if this is to do with Hebrew being translated to Greek, but when looking at "The greatest commandment" Deuteronomy 6:5 says: "And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, ...
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What is the significance of the waving of an offering before God?

“"You shall take the breast of the ram of Aaron's ordination and wave it for a wave offering before the Lord, and it shall be your portion.” ‭‭Exodus‬ ‭29:26‬ ‭ESV Why the waving? “And the ...
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What was David's infant son's age at death?

"On the seventh day the child died" (2 Sam. 12:18). Is there a way textually or contextually to know if these seven days refer to the age of the infant, or instead, seven days of sickness?
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In the LXX version of 2 Samuel 1:18, where did the bow go?

Translating 2 Samuel 1:18 seems to be a very difficult task. Could anyone please lay a helping hand? A very accurate solution seems to be: NET: He gave instructions that the people of Judah should ...
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Were there 600,000 Israelites, or 600 “soldiers”? [duplicate]

This question is a follow-up from this answer where a user on Christianity.SE claimed that the Hebrew words for "thousand" and "soldier" were mixed up in the transcription and translation of the Bible,...
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Who is he and what is the name of his son? Proverbs 30:4

“Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what ...
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Is Jeremiah 9:23-24 a good example of chiasm?

Jeremiah 9:23-24 (JUB), for example: 23Thus hath the LORD said, a) Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, b) neither let the mighty man glory in his might, c) let not the rich man glory in his ...
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Why do English bibles change “Yearn for Purity” (נַשְּׁקוּ בַר) in Psalm 2:12 to “Kiss the Son” or “Kiss his Son”?

We read in Tehillim 2:12 [MT], "Yearn for Purity, lest He be angry and your-way will perish when suddenly His-wrath will kindle. Happy [are] all who take refuge in-Him" (נַשְּׁקוּ בַ֡ר פֶּן ...
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What are the 7 Pillars of Wisdom's House?

In Mishlei / Proverbs 9, we are told Chakemot (חָכְמוֹת) resides in a House built on 7 Pillars. Proverbs 9 [1] Wisdom has built her house; she has hewn her seven pillars. (חָכְמוֹת בָּנְתָ֣ה בֵיתָ֑הּ ...
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How should we view/interpret Jacob's initiative involving the rolling of the stone from the mouth of the well?

Genesis 29:7-9 seems to indicate that the shepherds of Haran had the traditional practice/technique of watering the flock of sheep by waiting until all the sheep flock gather together, and then (...
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How are the 3 types of OT quotes in the NT distributed?

In the New Testament, there are 3 types of Old Testament quotes: from the Hebrew, from the Septuagint (Greek), and "spontaneous" (ie, not directly from either). My question is, can anyone kindly ...
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What is the literary term used to describe the common Hebrew idiom in which the extremes are given to represent the whole?

Often in the Bible (particularly the Hebrew portions) a certain figure of speech is used in which two extremes are given to represent the whole. I can't remember what it is called. Examples include ...
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God’s wrath and jealousy vs the fruits of the spirit

As NT believers we are delivered from God’s wrath thanks to Jesus. Nevertheless throughout the OT we can read about God’s wrath and jealousy for His people Isreal. This wrath and jealousy is always ...
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What is shekhar?

«And the nesekh (libation offering) thereof shall be the fourth-hin for the one keves: baKodesh (i.e., the Mizbe'ach) shalt thou cause the nesekh shekhar to be poured out unto Hashem.» ‭‭Bamidbar‬ ‭...
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What is the earliest dating we can put on the orderings of the books of the Old Testament?

What is the earliest dating we can put on the ordering of the books of the Old Testament? I understand that there are two orderings or at least, broadly, two orderings. One being the Tanach/Tanak/...
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Why is a clean house still cursed after הִסְגִּ֣יר quarantine - in Leviticus 14?

In Leviticus / Vayikra 14, we read that a priest can declare a plastered house clean after the home owner's quarantine. - Yet the clean house still requires a ritual atonement. Why is a clean house ...
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Who are the “Shepherds Like-My Heart” (רֹעִ֖ים כְּלִבִּ֑י) recounted by the prophet Yirmiyahu in Jeremiah 3:15?

In Jeremiah 3:15, the prophet Yirmiyahu begins declaring the Word of YHVH (דְבַר־יְהֹוָה֙) in past tense first-person singular : I gave (נָֽתַתִּ֥י) See Ivri conjugation of "Natati" (...
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Orthodox Jews take Deut. 12:5 to refer to the temple in Jerusalem. How should we?

Orthodox Jews take Deut. 12:5 to refer to the temple in Jerusalem. But you shall seek the place that the LORD your God will choose out of all your tribes to put his name and make his habitation there....