Questions tagged [hebrew-bible]

The Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica) refers to the Jewish Tanakh. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the Hebrew Bible rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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1answer
73 views

"Unbiased" Intro to Old Testament [closed]

I teach Intro to Old Testament at a community college. I am looking for something that may be a unicorn.But, I am going to ask anyway. Does anyone know of an Intro to Old Testament that does not ...
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1answer
281 views

Difference between "surely die" between Genesis 2:17 and 1 Kings 2:42

I noticed that the phrase "surely die" in Genesis 2:17 is different from 1 Kings 2:42 Look at the hebrew letters in both of them (I found it kinda difficult to copy past them here): http://biblehub....
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1answer
292 views

Dreaming a Dream vs. Dreaming

I have had this question sitting in MY for some time unanswered, despite repeated bounties, so I think I'll give it a try here. Throughout the Bible, the root חלם, to dream, is used. Often, a dream ...
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6answers
556 views

Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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2answers
321 views

What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (John 1:9) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (Gen 1:1)?

What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (e.g. John 1:9f) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (e.g. Genesis 1:1f)? אֶרֶץ - Earth goes from the ...
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1answer
437 views

Is there a distinction between "demon" and "devil" in the original texts?

I am not competent in Greek nor Hebrew as used in Biblical texts. The two common English words for evil spirits have a lot of overlap in modern/current English usage. I am curious as to whether or ...
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3answers
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The Nephilim and Abortions? [closed]

Since the semantic range for the Hebrew root nphl can indicate a miscarriage* (1), or even an abortion (2) (as it does in modern Hebrew today), is it possible that the Genesis 6:4 reading regarding ...
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1answer
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In Revelation 17:7, Who is the woman riding the Beast?

But the angel said to me, "Why are you so amazed? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast with seven heads and ten horns that carries her. -- Revelations 17:7 (NRS) Dave Hunt, ...
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3answers
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In 2 Samuel did God cause Absalom to sin?

When David committed adultery with Bathsheba and killed her husband Uriah the Hittite, God said that this would be his punishment: 11Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee ...
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1answer
947 views

Micah 4:14 or 5:1 - why the discrepancy?

In most translations of the Bible I have seen, it is noted that Micah 5:1 is actually Micah 4:14 in Hebrew. (see note "a") What is the cause of this discrepancy?
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Was the idol of jealousy in Ezekiel 8:5 the "abomination causing desolation" that Jesus refer to?

Then said he unto me, Son of man, lift up thine eyes now the way toward the north. So I lifted up mine eyes the way toward the north, and behold northward at the gate of the altar this image of ...
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1answer
128 views

Calling the book of Isaiah "Maxie"? What translation is this?

A piece of software I used to use many years ago would pop up with a bible verse every time you opened it (it was a timesheet management program...), but to this day I've never been able to track down ...
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2answers
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Why was the length of purification required for female children longer than that of males? [duplicate]

I understand that any ideas or research presented on this matter will keep the company of "hypothetical" since, even the Jewish sages are divided and uncertain. What we know is that if a woman gave ...
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5answers
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Is there significance to Jesus' tunic being kept intact while the Temple veil was torn apart?

Matthew, Mark, and John record casting lots to divide Jesus' clothing. John adds the Old Testament quote from Psalm 22:18 and provides other details: When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they ...
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1answer
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Approximately how many manuscripts of the Old Testament are extant today?

When looking into this, the closest I got to an answer is that the Masoretes were great copyists, but that they also had a way of disposing of older manuscripts, through the process of burial, and ...
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3answers
689 views

Is there room to recontextualize the Genesis 3 serpent?

"The root chash is the basis of terms such as nachash and lachash, which pertain to different types of divination." (Frankiel, 173) According to Gesenius and Robinson, Nun is interchangeable with ...
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1answer
271 views

Could there have been a Threshold-god associated with 1 Samuel 5:5

Among the Romans there were three gods which made up the entrance of a door - "Cardea (Hinge-goddess), called after hinges, and Forculus (Door-god) after doors, and Limentinus (Threshold-god) after ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do the KJV and BHS have a different number of chapters in Joel and Malachi?

Note- Title was "Why do different Bible versions, KJV and WLC(Westminster Leningrad Codex), have a different number of chapters in Joel and Malachi?" I've changed it to ... Since then i've found that ...
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2answers
626 views

Does the use of אֶחָד in Hebrew in the old Testament represent unity?

A friend said to me, the usage of echad (אֶחָד) means one-ness (unity) in the Old Testament. We see in Genesis 1:5: 3117 [e] yō-wm | י֥וֹם | day [Noun] 259 [e] ’e-ḥāḏ. | אֶחָֽד׃ | the first [...
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1answer
286 views

Was the Son of David expected to bring mercy?

Matthew, Mark, and Luke record blind men calling out to Jesus. For example (NET): 27 As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed him, shouting, “Have mercy on us, Son of David!” (Matthew 9:...
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1answer
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In Isaiah 65:17-25 does the author envision death in the new Heavens and new Earth?

In Isaiah 65:17 there is a picture of a new heaven and new earth. One view (from a Christian perspective) is that this passage paints a picture of the eschatological expectation that Israel held of ...
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613 views

How do those who argue the Hebrew Bible does not have a concept of the afterlife support that claim?

I was going over some old lecture notes from Christine Hayes - Introduction to the Old Testament recently. I noticed in Lecture 2 she makes this claim: No life after death in the Bible either [...
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2answers
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Are there any published works on the development of "satan/Satan" in the Hebrew Bible to the New Testament? [closed]

I was wondering if anyone knew of any published works (books or papers) that study the development of the hebrew word satan and particularly how it came to be associated in some places with the New ...
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Are there any published compendia of alleged distortions in the Masoretic Text?

From time to time the point is made that the Masoretes may have deliberately distorted some of their readings of the Hebrew in order to refute Christological interpretations of the Old Testament. A ...
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1answer
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Is Cain really the father of all vampires as he is cursed to drink his brother's blood, which may assimilate the essential feature of vampires. [closed]

I was every now and then accumulating the description that Cain is the father of all vampires as I constantly read various tales though some of them are not really strictly quoted from the ...
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193 views

Nash papyrus. How different it really is?

I've read that the Nash papyrus commandments have differences with the ones found at the Hebrew Bible of the time. I was only able to find out that one of them is the sequence of 3 of the ...
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2answers
320 views

Are any unvocalized versions of the Masoretic Text available, online or otherwise?

I have been looking for some time for a version of the Hebrew Old Testament text that removes the vocalizations that were added in the Masorah. I would think that such a text would be more ...
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1answer
892 views

Do Hebrew active verbs frequently express a permission, e.g. Exodus 4:21?

Dr Robert Young, who is author of Young’s Analytical Concordance and Hints To Bible Interpretation, (and possibly some others too) claims that some Hebrew verbs are in "permissive" rather than "...
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What is the significance of the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel?

Two patriarchs have their named changed. Abram becomes Abraham and Jacob becomes Israel: Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations ...
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1answer
169 views

What evidence suggests Luke's "Psalms" is shorthand for the whole "Writings" division of the Hebrew Bible?

In the traditional Hebrew Bible layout there were three major groupings: the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings. It seems like a pretty easy connection to say that when Luke mentions “Moses and all ...
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65 views

Different chapter verse numbering in Job 40 between Masoretic and other texts

Can someone explain how there came to be different chapter/verse numberings in Chapter 40 of the book of Job? MT 40:25 becomes 41:1 in many other Bibles. Thanks!
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How is the Shema interpreted by those who think Israel had henotheistic beliefs?

Deut. 6:4 says, שְׁמַ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ יְהוָ֥ה ׀ אֶחָֽד ׃(Westminster Leningrad Codex) "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God the Lord (is) one:" I know there are a few people ...
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1answer
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How were the manuscripts of the Bible written? [closed]

Did they have spaces, punctuation, paragraphs...? I mean the manuscripts that are closer to the original ones, do we know how the prophets wrote it?
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What does "milk and honey" refer to?

Beginning in Exodus 3:8*, the land promised to the Israelites is often described as "flowing with milk and honey": I have come down to deliver them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them ...
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Is there a time gap between the book of Zechariah and the Gospel of Matthew?

I believe that there is a time gap (I'm referring to a time gap between the events related in those books, not between the time of writing of the books themselves) between the last books of the Old ...
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3answers
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Sandals and Holy Ground

In Exodus 3, Moses is commanded to take off his shoes because he is standing on holy ground, yet before him is appearing an Angel of the LORD, not God himself (in contrast to Exodus 19 an onward where ...
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0answers
68 views

Means of transportation in the case of Jephthah and his daughter [duplicate]

Can we infer from the Bible passage below (or from other sources) that Jephthah was passing the lengths of the territory on his legs or rather there is the possibility for other means of ...
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2answers
258 views

Would the Judeans in Babylonian exile have learnt to write “Cush” to mean Mesopotamia?

When did the cuneiform literature use the term “Cush” to refer to all or part of Mesopotamia, as happens in Genesis, if ever? Why does this matter? In the Pentateuch, “Cush” seems only to refer to ...
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1answer
358 views

Textual criticism of the Hebrew bible and the rule of the ‘lectio difficilior'

I have a basic idea that, in New Testament text criticism, there is a guideline that the more difficult reading is more likely to be correct. (Mentioned in this answer on BH.SE. Even Wikipedia knows ...
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5answers
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What are the many Sabbaths referred to in scripture?

As I was studying this morning, I came across Ezekiel 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them. ...
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Why do translations use "wild ox"?

Several translations frequently speak of the "wild ox." Where I come from, Ox is not the natural ("wild") state of such creatures. Oxen are normally relatively docile, castrated animals, which doesn't ...
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2answers
863 views

Hermeneutically, how do we reconcile Jesus' teaching on loving our enemies and YHWH's telling Israel to destroy their enemies? [closed]

A variation of this question was asked a few days ago, and I can no longer find it. Having spent umpteen hours crafting an answer to the OP's question, I think it only fitting that I post his or her ...
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1answer
80 views

Questions concerning Zec. 2:11

Here is the Hebrew text of Zec. 2:11 (2:15 Masoretic): וְנִלְווּ גוֹיִם רַבִּים אֶל יהוה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא וְהָיוּ לִי לְעָם וְשָׁכַנְתִּי בְתוֹכֵךְ וְיָדַעַתְּ כִּי יהוה צְבָאוֹת שְׁלָחַנִי אֵלָיִךְ ...
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921 views

Is there a way to express monotheism in hebrew language? [closed]

The arab has a way to express monotheism. La ilah la Ilalah In english, it means no god but the god. Or no god but Allah. Here, the word ilah in arabic language and the word god in english means ...
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1answer
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Frequency of each binyan (grammatical conjugation) in the OT?

I'm wondering how frequently each of the binyanim (grammatical conjugations) occur in the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible)? I would be happy with either quantities or percentages. So either of the ...
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1answer
273 views

Who is "not speaking" in Jeremiah 10:5?

In the beginning of Jeremiah 10 there is a discussion of those who cut down trees, and then erect them and decorate them. I assume this was some sort of idolatrous practice. In verse 5 the verse ...
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2answers
487 views

How are the 3 types of OT quotes in the NT distributed?

In the New Testament, there are 3 types of Old Testament quotes: from the Hebrew, from the Septuagint (Greek), and "spontaneous" (ie, not directly from either). My question is, can anyone kindly ...
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1answer
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Did God want to kill Moses?

In Exodus 4:24 (NASB) But it came about at the overnight encampment on the way, that the Lord met Moses, and sought to put him to death. Did God want to kill Moses?
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288 views

Why is Luke 24:44 rendered "ψαλμοῖς" instead of "Αγιογραφία"?

This verse appears to be referring to the Tanakh, which of course contains the Torah ("Teaching", which contains the Law of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings" or "Hagiographa"), but ...
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1answer
297 views

What is the meaning of "stars" in Psalm 8:3?

In Psalm 8:3 we can read (NIV): When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place, What word "stars" (וְ֝כוֹכָבִ֗ים, wə·ḵō·w·ḵā·ḇîm) ...