Questions tagged [hebrew-bible]

The Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica) refers to the Jewish Tanakh. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the Hebrew Bible rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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7
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2answers
13k views

What is the significance of the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel?

Two patriarchs have their named changed. Abram becomes Abraham and Jacob becomes Israel: Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations ...
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1answer
936 views

Micah 4:14 or 5:1 - why the discrepancy?

In most translations of the Bible I have seen, it is noted that Micah 5:1 is actually Micah 4:14 in Hebrew. (see note "a") What is the cause of this discrepancy?
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3answers
302 views

Are the divine name and its contracted form somehow unique or are they truly inter-changeable?

According to Strongs H3050, there are 48 occurrences in the Hebrew Bible where God's name is rendered as יָהּ (Yah). Most of these are found in the Psalms. This suggests it is a poetic form. ...
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2answers
475 views

Does the use of אֶחָד in Hebrew in the old Testament represent unity?

A friend said to me, the usage of echad (אֶחָד) means one-ness (unity) in the Old Testament. We see in Genesis 1:5: 3117 [e] yō-wm | י֥וֹם | day [Noun] 259 [e] ’e-ḥāḏ. | אֶחָֽד׃ | the first [...
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1answer
937 views

Was the idol of jealousy in Ezekiel 8:5 the “abomination causing desolation” that Jesus refer to?

Then said he unto me, Son of man, lift up thine eyes now the way toward the north. So I lifted up mine eyes the way toward the north, and behold northward at the gate of the altar this image of ...
8
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2answers
479 views

Should the word 'satan' be left untranslated, merely be transliterated and left to the traditional connotations?

The word 'satan' is being used and heard as if it were a name. How could it be rendered in a way not distracting from its actual meaning of opposition and enmity? The texts where this is an issue are ...
5
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1answer
120 views

Calling the book of Isaiah “Maxie”? What translation is this?

A piece of software I used to use many years ago would pop up with a bible verse every time you opened it (it was a timesheet management program...), but to this day I've never been able to track down ...
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1answer
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Ezra 5:1 > Could the prophet Haggai be a prophetess?

Ezra 5:1 Now the prophets, Haggai and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied to the Jews who were in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel who was over them. Upon further investigation ...
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4answers
6k views

What is “the Lord's Day” in Revelation 1:10?

The phrase, the Lord's day, found in Revelation chapter one, occurs only once in the New Testament. What grounds do we have to determine what day John was speaking about (the day his readers would ...
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3answers
834 views

Ancient Hebrew Calendar(s) and Modern Translations of “Years”

When we read Genesis or Samuel/Kings/Chronicles (or any OT book that attempts any sort of reliable chronology), what are reasonable meanings of the word (translated) "year?" Suppose I wanted to ...
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2answers
468 views

How are the 3 types of OT quotes in the NT distributed?

In the New Testament, there are 3 types of Old Testament quotes: from the Hebrew, from the Septuagint (Greek), and "spontaneous" (ie, not directly from either). My question is, can anyone kindly ...
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4answers
5k views

Why does the Septuagint contain non-Tanakh books?

The deuterocanonical books, treated as part of the Bible by the Orthodox and Catholic churches, are accepted because they appear in the Septuagint. However, they are excluded from the Jewish Bible, ...
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1answer
281 views

Was the Son of David expected to bring mercy?

Matthew, Mark, and Luke record blind men calling out to Jesus. For example (NET): 27 As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed him, shouting, “Have mercy on us, Son of David!” (Matthew 9:...
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2answers
568 views

Is there room to recontextualize the Genesis 3 serpent?

"The root chash is the basis of terms such as nachash and lachash, which pertain to different types of divination." (Frankiel, 173) According to Gesenius and Robinson, Nun is interchangeable with ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do the KJV and BHS have a different number of chapters in Joel and Malachi?

Note- Title was "Why do different Bible versions, KJV and WLC(Westminster Leningrad Codex), have a different number of chapters in Joel and Malachi?" I've changed it to ... Since then i've found that ...
3
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1answer
540 views

In Isaiah 65:17-25 does the author envision death in the new Heavens and new Earth?

In Isaiah 65:17 there is a picture of a new heaven and new earth. One view (from a Christian perspective) is that this passage paints a picture of the eschatological expectation that Israel held of ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Are there any published compendia of alleged distortions in the Masoretic Text?

From time to time the point is made that the Masoretes may have deliberately distorted some of their readings of the Hebrew in order to refute Christological interpretations of the Old Testament. A ...
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1answer
817 views

Do Hebrew active verbs frequently express a permission, e.g. Exodus 4:21?

Dr Robert Young, who is author of Young’s Analytical Concordance and Hints To Bible Interpretation, (and possibly some others too) claims that some Hebrew verbs are in "permissive" rather than "...
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2answers
692 views

In Exodus 34:33, did Moses speak with the Israelites veiled or unveiled?

The Hebrew text of Exo. 34:33 states, לג וַיְכַל מֹשֶׁה מִדַּבֵּר אִתָּם וַיִּתֵּן עַל פָּנָיו מַסְוֶה One website sites, So, did Moses speak to the Israelites with a veil upon his face or ...
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1answer
338 views

Are the 7 appearances of “Jehovah” in the KJV significant or random?

Why did Tyndale (and later, the KJV translating committees) keep Jewish tradition by translating the Tetragrammaton as LORD thousands of times, but make exceptions by translating it as "Jehovah" only ...
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5answers
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Which hermeneutical approaches support a literal interpretation of the Creation account?

I had always been told that a day meant 24 hours, but a systematic theology textbook I read disputed that pretty well. (Please do not address this item in particular. This isn't the question I'm ...
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1answer
154 views

What evidence suggests Luke's “Psalms” is shorthand for the whole “Writings” division of the Hebrew Bible?

In the traditional Hebrew Bible layout there were three major groupings: the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings. It seems like a pretty easy connection to say that when Luke mentions “Moses and all ...
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1answer
78 views

Questions concerning Zec. 2:11

Here is the Hebrew text of Zec. 2:11 (2:15 Masoretic): וְנִלְווּ גוֹיִם רַבִּים אֶל יהוה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא וְהָיוּ לִי לְעָם וְשָׁכַנְתִּי בְתוֹכֵךְ וְיָדַעַתְּ כִּי יהוה צְבָאוֹת שְׁלָחַנִי אֵלָיִךְ ...
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0answers
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Different chapter verse numbering in Job 40 between Masoretic and other texts

Can someone explain how there came to be different chapter/verse numberings in Chapter 40 of the book of Job? MT 40:25 becomes 41:1 in many other Bibles. Thanks!
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3answers
2k views

What do bible authors mean by “they remain there till this day…”?

Biblical authors like to proclaim how some monument/stone/altar/name remains intact to-this-day. Cool. Should I take that as till the day the author wrote it down (in which case: meh), or should I ...
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1answer
3k views

How were the manuscripts of the Bible written? [closed]

Did they have spaces, punctuation, paragraphs...? I mean the manuscripts that are closer to the original ones, do we know how the prophets wrote it?
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1answer
2k views

Is there a time gap between the book of Zechariah and the Gospel of Matthew?

I believe that there is a time gap (I'm referring to a time gap between the events related in those books, not between the time of writing of the books themselves) between the last books of the Old ...
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2answers
1k views

Why are the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) significant?

Is there anything that the Dead Sea Scrolls made clearer regarding the texts of the Old Testament? Did their discovery change the way we view the development of the Tanakh?
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0answers
68 views

Means of transportation in the case of Jephthah and his daughter [duplicate]

Can we infer from the Bible passage below (or from other sources) that Jephthah was passing the lengths of the territory on his legs or rather there is the possibility for other means of ...
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3answers
62k views

Where does the Tanakh differ from the Christian Old Testament?

Relating to this question: Is the Jewish Tanakh same as the 'Old Testament' which Christians use? Do they contain the same books and is the textual content same? If not where do they differ?
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3answers
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Psalm 110:7 what does “he shall drink of the brook in the way” mean?

Psalm 110:7 "He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head." It seems almost out of place considering the Psalm seems to be talking about God. So what does it mean? ...
5
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1answer
336 views

Textual criticism of the Hebrew bible and the rule of the ‘lectio difficilior'

I have a basic idea that, in New Testament text criticism, there is a guideline that the more difficult reading is more likely to be correct. (Mentioned in this answer on BH.SE. Even Wikipedia knows ...
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1answer
2k views

Does Genesis say where evil came from? [closed]

The first hint of evil in the Tanakh seems to come in Genesis 3:1 (NJPS): Now the serpent was the shrewdest of all the wild beasts that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really ...
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7answers
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How do Jewish scholars differ from Christian scholars in their approach to the Tanakh?

What are the characteristic differences between how Jewish scholarship approaches the text of the Tanakh (Old Testament) and that of Christian scholars? If their approach was the same I assume they ...
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2answers
827 views

Hermeneutically, how do we reconcile Jesus' teaching on loving our enemies and YHWH's telling Israel to destroy their enemies? [closed]

A variation of this question was asked a few days ago, and I can no longer find it. Having spent umpteen hours crafting an answer to the OP's question, I think it only fitting that I post his or her ...
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2answers
853 views

Is there a way to express monotheism in hebrew language? [closed]

The arab has a way to express monotheism. La ilah la Ilalah In english, it means no god but the god. Or no god but Allah. Here, the word ilah in arabic language and the word god in english means ...
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1answer
268 views

Who is “not speaking” in Jeremiah 10:5?

In the beginning of Jeremiah 10 there is a discussion of those who cut down trees, and then erect them and decorate them. I assume this was some sort of idolatrous practice. In verse 5 the verse ...
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1answer
253 views

Why is Luke 24:44 rendered “ψαλμοῖς” instead of “Αγιογραφία”?

This verse appears to be referring to the Tanakh, which of course contains the Torah ("Teaching", which contains the Law of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings" or "Hagiographa"), but ...
2
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1answer
282 views

What is the meaning of “stars” in Psalm 8:3?

In Psalm 8:3 we can read (NIV): When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place, What word "stars" (וְ֝כוֹכָבִ֗ים, wə·ḵō·w·ḵā·ḇîm) ...
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2answers
238 views

Does kôkābîm (כוֹכָבִים) in Book of Daniel refer to any bright objects in the sky?

In Daniel 8:10 we read: : It grew great, even to the host of heaven. And some of the host and some of the stars it threw down to the ground and trampled on them. [English Standard Version] Its power ...
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1answer
1k views

Psalm 23:6 correct translation

In Psalm 23:6, the וְשַׁבְתִּ֥י (dwell, return), is Qal, Perfect aspect, yet all translate in the future "will dwell" or will return." Is it because the context?
9
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1answer
320 views

Have any of the books mentioned in but not included in the Old Testament been preserved?

At various places in the Old Testament, the authors refer to books not included in the Bible. A few examples: And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of ...
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2answers
1k views

David and Jonathan - why the secret meeting? [duplicate]

In 1 Samuel 20, David and Jonathan arrange an elaborate plan to allow Jonathan to secretly communicate with David regarding Saul's plans to kill David: 1 Samuel 20:18-23 (NIV) 18  Then ...
5
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3answers
158 views

Are the Hebrew Scriptures in general to be understood as continuous discourses or fragmental remains of much larger collections? [closed]

I often encounter the idea that the Hebrew Scriptures, or at least many of them, are summaries or fragments of larger works. However, considering the value and tight control that the Jews seem to have ...
2
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1answer
110 views

Numbers 12:2 Translation issue

One translation of Numbers 12:2 says: And they said, “Has the Lord indeed spoken only through Moses? Has he not spoken through us also?” And the Lord heard it. In the interlinear Bible I see the ...
2
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1answer
564 views

Judges 4:4- Woman, wife or burnt offering by fire?

Judges 4:4 says: Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. The Hebrew word אִשָּׁ֣ה (Strong's number 802 and 801) can be translated either "woman" - "wife" ...
4
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1answer
911 views

Judges 5:30 - The Hebrew word for womb or damsel translated as “two”. Why?

Judges 5:30 One interpretation says: http://biblehub.com/esv/judges/5.htm ‘Have they not found and divided the spoil?— A womb or two for every man; The word Strong's #7361 ra·ḥă·mā·ṯa·yim means ...
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3answers
3k views

Why are “Judah” and “Israel” distinguished in many verses?

Even though Judah is one of the tribes of Israel (Exo. 31:2), why, then, are Judah and Israel often distinguished when they occur in the same verse? For example, in Jer. 30:4 (KJV), it is written, ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Leviticus 20:27 - Why is this verse at the end of the chapter?

This verse, "A man or a woman who has a ghost or a familiar spirit shall be put to death; they shall be pelted with stones—their bloodguilt shall be upon them," is the last verse of the chapter. ...
2
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1answer
143 views

What is the significance of “naming” descendants after someone else, e.g. Tamar in 2 Samuel 14?

Is there any significance that David's son Absalom names his only daughter "Tamar" after Absalom's sister named "Tamar"? Also, what is the significance of the name "Tamar" meaning "Palm Tree" as it ...