Questions tagged [hebrew-bible]

The Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica) refers to the Jewish Tanakh. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the Hebrew Bible rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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9
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7answers
16k views

Was Haman an Agagite?

Esther 3:1 says After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him. Wikipedia says &...
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2answers
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Does the KJV mistranslate Exodus 4:20?

Exodus 4:20 KJV 20 And Moses took his wife and his sons, and set them upon an ass, and he returned to the land of Egypt: and Moses took the rod of God in his hand. Is "sons" plural a ...
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2answers
147 views

‘In’ or ‘On’ the earth (Hebrew) - Genesis 6:5

It interesting to observe בארץ being translated by different English (and non English) translations as either in the earth or on the earth. This is not limited to this verse by any means. “The ...
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5answers
865 views

How do you reconcile Nehemiah 13:1-3 with the fact that King David's great-grandmother was Moabite?

In Nehemiah 13:1–3 the Jews returning to Jerusalem separated themselves from people with mixed decent, including Ammonites and Moabites:  On that day they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing ...
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2answers
590 views

Waters above the heavens true or false - Psalm 148:4

I realize there is a similar question In Psalm 148:4 are the waters above the highest heaven? But I’d like to revisit this verse and ask a different question or pose the question differently ...
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3answers
488 views

What is shekhar?

«And the nesekh (libation offering) thereof shall be the fourth-hin for the one keves: baKodesh (i.e., the Mizbe'ach) shalt thou cause the nesekh shekhar to be poured out unto Hashem.» ‭‭Bamidbar‬ ‭...
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4answers
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What is meant by “as numerous as the stars of the sky”?

The Bible in a few places references the stars as a large number. Genesis 22:17, Deut 1:10, Deut 28:62 all make statements referring to the Nation of Israel being as "numerous as the stars of the sky"....
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1answer
81 views

Is “Ish-bosheth” a modified form of “Eshbaal?”

A professor of mine made an interesting claim in class today with regard to 2 Samuel 2:8: But Abner the son of Ner, commander of Saul's army, had taken Ish-bosheth the son of Saul and brought him ...
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1answer
79 views

Visible and Invisible God - Judges 6:22,23

I’m sorry if this is splitting hairs but this question is about the trinity or not. Gideon has a visitation from an angel. He proceeds to bring him a sacrifice “Please do not depart from here ...
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1answer
568 views

What is the significance of the waving of an offering before God?

“"You shall take the breast of the ram of Aaron's ordination and wave it for a wave offering before the Lord, and it shall be your portion.” ‭‭Exodus‬ ‭29:26‬ ‭ESV Why the waving? “And the ...
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6answers
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Who is he and what is the name of his son? Proverbs 30:4

“Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what ...
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4answers
851 views

Psalm 69:28 What is the “book of the living”?

It appears this is an evidentiary registry, but who or what qualifies a person to be added and consequently remain registered? “Let them be blotted out of the book of the living; let them not be ...
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In what sense did Job see God? (Job 42:5)

I had heard about you with my ears, but now my eye sees you; — ‭‭(Job)‬ ‭42:5‬ ‭ Given that in some situations no man can see God and live (Exodus 33:20), yet in other situations God is seen and ...
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2answers
388 views

Why would God test Adam's obedience?

I need help putting different Bible verses together so I can understand them consistently. Please follow my logic here: The Bible says that God created the world (Gen 1). Lord Jesus said that the ...
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2answers
101 views

What is the earliest dating we can put on the orderings of the books of the Old Testament?

What is the earliest dating we can put on the ordering of the books of the Old Testament? I understand that there are two orderings or at least, broadly, two orderings. One being the Tanach/Tanak/...
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2answers
655 views

Does Job 38:13-14 say that God sees the earth “as a clay seal”?

Is G d seeing the earth as one big clay/wax seal or is He being misleading to suggest that it looks this way or is He just operating within the cosmology of those alive then despite it conflicting ...
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1answer
42 views

What is the justification for translating se'eth as “accepted” in regards to Cain?

If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? (Gen. 4:7 KJV). This is the only time this Hebrew word is translated as "accepted" and I'm looking for some justification for doing so.
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1answer
188 views

Are the words Tartan and Rabshakeh Assyrian titles or proper names in Isaiah?

A recent argument involved two passages from Iasiah, 20:1 and 36:2: When looking at the most modern translations and comparing them with older ones there is – as a tendency I presume – a glaring ...
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1answer
24 views

What was the significance of witnesses being the first to act against the offender in Deutoronomy 17:7?

Deuteronomy 17:6-7 [6]On the evidence of two witnesses or three witnesses, he who is to die shall be put to death; he shall not be put to death on the evidence of one witness. [7]The hand of the ...
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1answer
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Do translators really know how to translate “a man after his own heart” ? 1 Sam. 13:14

After a brief study, it appears that translators are unsure how to translate this phrase. The NET bible translation notes say "Heb 'according to his heart.' The idiomatic expression means to be like-...
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Why was the length of purification required for female children longer than that of males? [duplicate]

I understand that any ideas or research presented on this matter will keep the company of "hypothetical" since, even the Jewish sages are divided and uncertain. What we know is that if a woman gave ...
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2answers
241 views

In Isaiah 60:16 why did Isaiah speak of kings as a mother?

I know that the Prophet Isaiah made several allusions to kings and queens probably because he was the cousin of King Uzziah. According to New World Encyclopedia: His ease of access to the court ...
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5answers
458 views

Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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2answers
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Why were they always meeting their future wives at the well?

Rebekah was approached at the well to marry Isaac. Jacob met Rachel at the well and Moses also had his first encounter with Ziphora at the well. Below are the references to the three cases I cited ...
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2answers
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Who or what is the author speaking about when he wrote 'walls' in Isaiah 49:16?

Isaiah 49:16, New American Standard Bible (NASB): 16 “Behold, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands; Your walls are continually before Me."
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1answer
103 views

Reconcile Honour thy father and mother with abuse [closed]

To ensure the child is a willing participant within abuse, many who abuse their children use Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the Lord your ...
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1answer
697 views

Do Genesis 7 and 8 imply a month was 30 days long?

Young's Literal Translation Genesis 7:11 ... In the six hundredth year of the life of Noah, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, in this day have been broken up all fountains of ...
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1answer
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1answer
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What do porcupines symbolise in the Holy Bible?

(Isaiah 14:23, English Revised Version) I will also make it a possession for the porcupine, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts. (Isaiah 34:...
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1answer
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Who is the King Darius in Haggai 1:1?

"In the second year of King Darius, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the Lord came through the prophet Haggai to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua son of ...
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3answers
560 views

Is Jeremiah 9:23-24 a good example of chiasm?

Jeremiah 9:23-24 (JUB), for example: 23Thus hath the LORD said, a) Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, b) neither let the mighty man glory in his might, c) let not the rich man glory in his ...
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2answers
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Why the second דֹּֽר in Exodus 3:15?

I'm a little confused by the second דֹּֽר in this verse, which ends the verse. וַיֹּאמֶר֩ ע֨וֹד אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֗ה כֹּֽה־תֹאמַר֮ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבֹתֵיכֶ֗ם אֱלֹהֵ֨י ...
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1answer
221 views

Could there have been a Threshold-god associated with 1 Samuel 5:5

Among the Romans there were three gods which made up the entrance of a door - "Cardea (Hinge-goddess), called after hinges, and Forculus (Door-god) after doors, and Limentinus (Threshold-god) after ...
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1answer
1k views

Frequency of each binyan (grammatical conjugation) in the OT?

I'm wondering how frequently each of the binyanim (grammatical conjugations) occur in the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible)? I would be happy with either quantities or percentages. So either of the ...
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1answer
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In Revelation 17:7, Who is the woman riding the Beast?

But the angel said to me, "Why are you so amazed? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast with seven heads and ten horns that carries her. -- Revelations 17:7 (NRS) Dave Hunt, ...
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2answers
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In Genesis 6:4 how should נְפִילִים (nephilim/giants) be translated?

Are there other translations of the word "Giant"? Please note that this question is related to this question. Genesis 6:4 KJV There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, ...
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2answers
133 views

Are Exodus 23:8 and Deuteronmy 16:19 meant to be identical?

There are two verses in the Pentateuch that exhort against bribery. Exodus 23:8 וְשֹׁחַד לֹא תִקָּח כִּי הַשֹּׁחַד יְעַוֵּר פִּקְחִים וִיסַלֵּף דִּבְרֵי צַדִּיקִים Deuteronomy 16:19 לֹא ...
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1answer
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If the sinners in Luke 15:2 are the Pharisee's am haarets, how does this affect applying Ezra and Nehemiah to Christians? [closed]

Here is a reference to relating the use of the term ἁμαρτωλοὺς (sinners) by the Pharisees to mean עַמֵּ֖י הָאֲרָצ֑וֹת translated (peoples of the land by the ESV): Some take “sinners” here to mean ...
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7answers
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Why did the Mosaic Law prohibit the ancient Israelites from eating pork?

The book of Leviticus1 contains a prohibition against the consumption of pork. What is the reason for this prohibition? “And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be cloven footed, yet he ...
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8answers
425 views

Which resources are essential for self-study of Biblical Hebrew? [closed]

I am a fairly new student of Biblical Hebrew. For various reasons, I am going to do this on my own, from my home. Please suggest which books I need for serious study in this area. I have Logos plus ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

A new-born son was named 'I-chabod' by the dying mother. She said, ‘The glory has departed from Israel’ but the word also seems to infer a question, ‘Where is the glory?’ I note from a commentary that ...
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1answer
69 views

“Unbiased” Intro to Old Testament [closed]

I teach Intro to Old Testament at a community college. I am looking for something that may be a unicorn.But, I am going to ask anyway. Does anyone know of an Intro to Old Testament that does not ...
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1answer
233 views

Difference between “surely die” between Genesis 2:17 and 1 Kings 2:42

I noticed that the phrase "surely die" in Genesis 2:17 is different from 1 Kings 2:42 Look at the hebrew letters in both of them (I found it kinda difficult to copy past them here): http://biblehub....
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1answer
276 views

Dreaming a Dream vs. Dreaming

I have had this question sitting in MY for some time unanswered, despite repeated bounties, so I think I'll give it a try here. Throughout the Bible, the root חלם, to dream, is used. Often, a dream ...
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1answer
2k views

Why do translations use “wild ox”?

Several translations frequently speak of the "wild ox." Where I come from, Ox is not the natural ("wild") state of such creatures. Oxen are normally relatively docile, castrated animals, which doesn't ...
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1answer
187 views

Nash papyrus. How different it really is?

I've read that the Nash papyrus commandments have differences with the ones found at the Hebrew Bible of the time. I was only able to find out that one of them is the sequence of 3 of the ...
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2answers
217 views

What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (John 1:9) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (Gen 1:1)?

What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (e.g. John 1:9f) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (e.g. Genesis 1:1f)? אֶרֶץ - Earth goes from the ...
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1answer
323 views

Is there a distinction between “demon” and “devil” in the original texts?

I am not competent in Greek nor Hebrew as used in Biblical texts. The two common English words for evil spirits have a lot of overlap in modern/current English usage. I am curious as to whether or ...
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3answers
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The Nephilim and Abortions? [closed]

Since the semantic range for the Hebrew root nphl can indicate a miscarriage* (1), or even an abortion (2) (as it does in modern Hebrew today), is it possible that the Genesis 6:4 reading regarding ...
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2answers
297 views

Are any unvocalized versions of the Masoretic Text available, online or otherwise?

I have been looking for some time for a version of the Hebrew Old Testament text that removes the vocalizations that were added in the Masorah. I would think that such a text would be more ...