Questions tagged [hebrew-bible]

The Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica) refers to the Jewish Tanakh. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the Hebrew Bible rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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41
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8answers
4k views

How do Jewish scholars differ from Christian scholars in their approach to the Tanakh?

What are the characteristic differences between how Jewish scholarship approaches the text of the Tanakh (Old Testament) and that of Christian scholars? If their approach was the same I assume they ...
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8answers
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Why is the Septuagint (LXX) significant?

What is the LXX and why is it so noteworthy that there is a Greek translation of the OT? Wouldn't it be better to directly reference manuscripts in the original languages?
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Ancient Hebrew Calendar(s) and Modern Translations of "Years"

When we read Genesis or Samuel/Kings/Chronicles (or any OT book that attempts any sort of reliable chronology), what are reasonable meanings of the word (translated) "year?" Suppose I wanted to ...
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2answers
510 views

Should the word 'satan' be left untranslated, merely be transliterated and left to the traditional connotations?

The word 'satan' is being used and heard as if it were a name. How could it be rendered in a way not distracting from its actual meaning of opposition and enmity? The texts where this is an issue are ...
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1answer
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Did God want to kill Moses?

In Exodus 4:24 (NASB) But it came about at the overnight encampment on the way, that the Lord met Moses, and sought to put him to death. Did God want to kill Moses?
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1answer
662 views

Why was Lot afraid and ran to hill places?

"Now Lot went up out of Zoar and settled in the hills with his two daughters, for he was afraid to stay in Zoar; so he lived in a cave with his two daughters." Genesis 19:30 NRSV https://...
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4answers
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(John 3:16) Greek: Only Begotten

John 3:16, “For God so loved the world that he gave his only (μονογενῆ) Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life." My question resides in the greek term ...
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1answer
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Exodus 6:3 - what is the significance of God's different names in the Tanakh?

Exodus 6:3: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob by the name of God Almighty, but by My name JEHOVAH was I not known to them. (KJV) This is a strange and unique verse in the ...
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What is "the Lord's Day" in Revelation 1:10?

The phrase, the Lord's day, found in Revelation chapter one, occurs only once in the New Testament. What grounds do we have to determine what day John was speaking about (the day his readers would ...
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1answer
613 views

How do those who argue the Hebrew Bible does not have a concept of the afterlife support that claim?

I was going over some old lecture notes from Christine Hayes - Introduction to the Old Testament recently. I noticed in Lecture 2 she makes this claim: No life after death in the Bible either [...
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2answers
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Orthodox Jews take Deut. 12:5 to refer to the temple in Jerusalem. How should we?

Orthodox Jews take Deut. 12:5 to refer to the temple in Jerusalem. But you shall seek the place that the LORD your God will choose out of all your tribes to put his name and make his habitation there....
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Sandals and Holy Ground

In Exodus 3, Moses is commanded to take off his shoes because he is standing on holy ground, yet before him is appearing an Angel of the LORD, not God himself (in contrast to Exodus 19 an onward where ...
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Why did the Mosaic Law prohibit the ancient Israelites from eating pork?

The book of Leviticus1 contains a prohibition against the consumption of pork. What is the reason for this prohibition? “And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be cloven footed, yet he ...
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What are the 7 Pillars of Wisdom's House?

In Mishlei / Proverbs 9, we are told Chakmot (חָכְמוֹת) resides in a House built on 7 Pillars. Proverbs 9 [1] Wisdom has built her house; she has hewn her seven pillars. (חָכְמוֹת בָּנְתָ֣ה בֵיתָ֑הּ ...
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4answers
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What did Moses see on the back side of God?

What did Moses see on the back side of God? Does seeing the back of God mean seeing God? "Then I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back, but my face shall not be seen.” (Exodus 33:23 ESV)...
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1answer
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How would Christians answer Dan Barker? [closed]

Yesterday I came across an article by Dan Barker titled: "the top 10 worst Old Testament verses" in his article Mr. Barker, an Evangelical turned Atheist quoted many verses to prove his ...
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1answer
94 views

What was the purpose of the Old Testament prophecies whose contents were not recorded for posterity?

Some examples are: 1) Numbers 11:23-30 (NIV): 23 The Lord answered Moses, “Is the Lord’s arm too short? Now you will see whether or not what I say will come true for you.” 24 So Moses went out and ...
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3answers
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Where does the Tanakh differ from the Christian Old Testament?

Relating to this question: Is the Jewish Tanakh same as the 'Old Testament' which Christians use? Do they contain the same books and is the textual content same? If not where do they differ?
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1answer
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In Isaiah 65:17-25 does the author envision death in the new Heavens and new Earth?

In Isaiah 65:17 there is a picture of a new heaven and new earth. One view (from a Christian perspective) is that this passage paints a picture of the eschatological expectation that Israel held of ...
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1answer
286 views

Was the Son of David expected to bring mercy?

Matthew, Mark, and Luke record blind men calling out to Jesus. For example (NET): 27 As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed him, shouting, “Have mercy on us, Son of David!” (Matthew 9:...
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What is the meaning of the phrase in Jonah 4:10b "... IN A SON OF A NIGHT and perished IN A SON OF A NIGHT." (literal translation from Hebrew)

This is a literal translation of the phrase שֶׁבִּן־לַ֥יְלָה הָיָ֖ה וּבִן־לַ֥יְלָה אָבָֽד in Jonah 4:10b. What is the meaning of the phrase, "son in a night" and "perish in a night.&...
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Zechariah’s vision: one or two donkeys?

Jesus Enters Jerusalem - Gustave Doré 1832-1883 Triumphal Entry of the Messiah in Jerusalem This is Zachariah’s famous vision/prophecy: Rejoice greatly, daughter of Zion! Shout, daughter of Jerusalem!...
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Why was the length of purification required for female children longer than that of males? [duplicate]

I understand that any ideas or research presented on this matter will keep the company of "hypothetical" since, even the Jewish sages are divided and uncertain. What we know is that if a woman gave ...
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What are the many Sabbaths referred to in scripture?

As I was studying this morning, I came across Ezekiel 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them. ...
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Why does the Septuagint contain non-Tanakh books?

The deuterocanonical books, treated as part of the Bible by the Orthodox and Catholic churches, are accepted because they appear in the Septuagint. However, they are excluded from the Jewish Bible, ...
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What does "milk and honey" refer to?

Beginning in Exodus 3:8*, the land promised to the Israelites is often described as "flowing with milk and honey": I have come down to deliver them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them ...
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Was Haman an Agagite?

Esther 3:1 says After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him. Wikipedia says &...
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What was Nicodemus supposed to know from the Old Testament about being born again?

“Nicodemus said to Him, "How can these things be?" Jesus answered and said to him, "Are you the teacher of Israel and do not understand these things?” ‭‭John‬ ‭3:9-10‬ ‭NASB‬‬ Jesus asks Nicodemus ...
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Why are the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) significant?

Is there anything that the Dead Sea Scrolls made clearer regarding the texts of the Old Testament? Did their discovery change the way we view the development of the Tanakh?
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What is the significance of the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel?

Two patriarchs have their named changed. Abram becomes Abraham and Jacob becomes Israel: Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations ...
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1answer
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What evidence suggests Luke's "Psalms" is shorthand for the whole "Writings" division of the Hebrew Bible?

In the traditional Hebrew Bible layout there were three major groupings: the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings. It seems like a pretty easy connection to say that when Luke mentions “Moses and all ...
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5answers
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How do you reconcile Nehemiah 13:1-3 with the fact that King David's great-grandmother was Moabite?

In Nehemiah 13:1–3 the Jews returning to Jerusalem separated themselves from people with mixed decent, including Ammonites and Moabites:  On that day they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing ...
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3answers
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Are the Hebrew Scriptures in general to be understood as continuous discourses or fragmental remains of much larger collections? [closed]

I often encounter the idea that the Hebrew Scriptures, or at least many of them, are summaries or fragments of larger works. However, considering the value and tight control that the Jews seem to have ...
5
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1answer
292 views

Dreaming a Dream vs. Dreaming

I have had this question sitting in MY for some time unanswered, despite repeated bounties, so I think I'll give it a try here. Throughout the Bible, the root חלם, to dream, is used. Often, a dream ...
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In what sense did Job see God? (Job 42:5)

I had heard about you with my ears, but now my eye sees you; — ‭‭(Job)‬ ‭42:5‬ ‭ Given that in some situations no man can see God and live (Exodus 33:20), yet in other situations God is seen and ...
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1answer
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Why is Luke 24:44 rendered "ψαλμοῖς" instead of "Αγιογραφία"?

This verse appears to be referring to the Tanakh, which of course contains the Torah ("Teaching", which contains the Law of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings" or "Hagiographa"), but ...
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6answers
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Who is he and what is the name of his son? Proverbs 30:4

“Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what ...
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2answers
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Does kôkābîm (כוֹכָבִים) in Book of Daniel refer to any bright objects in the sky?

In Daniel 8:10 we read: : It grew great, even to the host of heaven. And some of the host and some of the stars it threw down to the ground and trampled on them. [English Standard Version] Its power ...
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2answers
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Are there any published works on the development of "satan/Satan" in the Hebrew Bible to the New Testament? [closed]

I was wondering if anyone knew of any published works (books or papers) that study the development of the hebrew word satan and particularly how it came to be associated in some places with the New ...
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1answer
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Who is King Lemuel in Proverbs 31?

Who is King Lemuel in Proverbs 31? I did a search for King Lemuel in my entire library of encyclopedias, commentaries, Bible dictionaries, etc. and there is very limited information on him. Some see ...
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2answers
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The Role of Angels at Mt Sinai

There is already an existing question (Reference) that asks about the ‘angel’ that Stephen says spoke with Moses on Mt Sinai. The accepted answer included.... “The angel of the Lord that Stephen talks ...
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1answer
151 views

Were the 10 plagues really sent as a counter to the Egyptian gods?

In Exodus 7:14-12:51, God sends 10 plagues to Egypt. Some resources I've found online say that these plagues were jabs at the ineffectiveness of the Egyptian gods. Basically, it was a contest of ...
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1answer
927 views

Is "a thousand generations" declaration from God that Earthly World will last for at least 30000 years?

In Exodus 20:6 (in some translations), Deuteronomy 7:9 and 1Chronicles 16:15 the phrase "thousand generations" had mentioned, does this mean that the Earthly World will last for at least thirty ...
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1answer
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Was the idol of jealousy in Ezekiel 8:5 the "abomination causing desolation" that Jesus refer to?

Then said he unto me, Son of man, lift up thine eyes now the way toward the north. So I lifted up mine eyes the way toward the north, and behold northward at the gate of the altar this image of ...
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1answer
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Does the root meaning of the word "Hebrew" used in Genesis 14:13 mean "pass over"?

Does the root meaning of the word "Hebrew" used in Genesis 14:13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of ...
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4answers
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How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema?

How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema? Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, to ...
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0answers
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Means of transportation in the case of Jephthah and his daughter [duplicate]

Can we infer from the Bible passage below (or from other sources) that Jephthah was passing the lengths of the territory on his legs or rather there is the possibility for other means of ...
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3answers
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Free Will in the Old Testament [closed]

I'm trying to understand how the old testament understands the nature of Human Will. I don't see any direct references to free will. By free will, I mean that individual humans are the capable of ...
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1answer
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If the sinners in Luke 15:2 are the Pharisee's am haarets, how does this affect applying Ezra and Nehemiah to Christians? [closed]

Here is a reference to relating the use of the term ἁμαρτωλοὺς (sinners) by the Pharisees to mean עַמֵּ֖י הָאֲרָצ֑וֹת translated (peoples of the land by the ESV): Some take “sinners” here to mean ...
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1answer
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Was manna physical or spiritual?

The Bible says God gave the children of Israel manna in the desert for forty years, six days a week. “Now the house of Israel called its name manna. It was like coriander seed, white, and the taste ...