Questions tagged [hebrew-bible]

The Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica) refers to the Jewish Tanakh. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the Hebrew Bible rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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4answers
249 views

In Luke 1 vs 28 - 29, why was Mary troubled by the greeting of the angel?

In Luke 1 vs 28 - 29, why was Mary troubled by the greeting of the angel when it seemed like a favourable greeting? 28 The angel went to her and said, “Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord ...
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Why do English bibles change the correct meaning of אֶקְרָ֑א Eqra “I-will-call” in Psalms, but אֶקְרָ֑א “I-call” in Proverbs (as if קוֹרֵא Qore)?

Tehillim תְּהִלִּים “Psalms” 55:17 in Irvit states : אֲנִי אֶל־אֱלֹהִ֣ים אֶקְרָ֑א וַֽ֜יהֹוָ֗ה יֽוֹשִׁיעֵֽנִי | “Ani el-Elohim Eqra Va-YHVH yoshieni”. In English NKJV bible, this verse is in Psalms 55:...
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Did God's sovereignty put Deut. 12:5 in place so that, 40 years after Christ's sacrificial death, sacrifices under the Law of Moses ceased?

The Jews in the first century and even today interpret Deut. 12:5 to mean the Temple in Jerusalem. But you shall seek the place that the LORD your God will choose out of all your tribes to put his ...
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Is Joseph the son of Jacob or Heli?

In Matthew 1:16 Joseph is said to be the son of Jacob. "Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary" In Luke 3:23 Joseph is said to be the son of Heli. "the son of Heli" Which ...
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Storehouses of snow and hail? - Job 38:22

Job 38:22 ESV, Have you entered the storehouses of the snow, or have you seen the storehouses of the hail, What are these storehouses of snow and/or hail? There doesn't appear to be any special ...
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Were Israelite Sukkot סֻּכּ֗וֹת “Booths” in Leviticus 23:42-43 simply Ohalim אֹהָלִים “Tents”? - based on Balaam’s observations in Numbers 24:5?

When Balaam raised his eyes and saw Israel dwelling according to its tribes, and the spirit of God rested upon him - Did God confirm through Balaam that Sukkot were good “Tents”? [Bamidbar | Numbers ...
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Does God condone or command that Jephthah sacrifice his daughter? (Judges 11:34-39)

I was reading through Judges yesterday and I came across Judges 11:39-40, where Jephthah makes a promise unto God that if he is successful in warfare he will sacrifice the first thing that comes from ...
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Daniel 11:30 - Romans?

I am reading through A New English Translation of the Septuagint, currently in the Book of Daniel, where two different versions, the Old Greek and Theodotion, are given. The Old Greek NETS version of ...
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Who is the Master craftsman?

Who is the master craftsman in Proverbs 8:30? John1:1-14 Refers to the Word being in the beginning, and that everything was made through Him. But the context of Proverbs 8 refers to wisdom as a women. ...
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Could the book of Daniel been deliberately archaised

There is this book Dating the Old Testament by NASA contractor Craig Davis, that goes through each book of the Old Testament to look at the the evidence of when each book was written. For Daniel he ...
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In Numbers 15:34, Why was a מִשְׁמָר Guard allowed to work on the Sabbath Day?

While בַּמִּדְבָּ֑ר In-the-Desert [Bamidbar] or "Numbers" chapter 15 verses 33-34, we notice Guards are permitted to work (provide security) on the Sabbath. "[34] They put him under-...
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NASB 2020 Translation choice in Exodus 39:5

I have just finished reading the five books of Moses in NASB 2020, believe or not, this following part was actually the strangest bit to me. Anyone who studied the original languages, could you please ...
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Do women and children belong to "assembly of Israel?"

The verse in question is Joshua 8:35. There was not a word of all that Moses commanded that Joshua did not read before all the assembly of Israel, and the women, and the little ones, and the ...
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Should translations pay more attention to the antithetical parallelism of Prov. 3:34?

אִם־לַלֵּצִ֥ים‬ הֽוּא־יָלִ֑יץ וְ֝לַעֲנָיִ֗ים‬ יִתֶּן־חֵֽן׃ (Prov. 3:34, MT) Does it better fit the antithetical parallelism of the poetry of this verse to translate the verse: Although He will turn ...
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In Psalm 2:9 is the verb תְּ֭רֹעֵם from the root רָעָה shepherd or רָעַע break?

In Psalm 2:9 is the verb תְּ֭רֹעֵם from the root רָעָה shepherd or רָעַע break? תְּ֭רֹעֵם has multiple homonyms, three based on the root רָעָה and two off the root רָעַע. Two of these five make sense,...
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Is there a justification for a "prophetic waw consecutive imperfect" as suggested somewhat, by Net bible in Isaiah 9:6 as not "and he was called"?

Is there a justification for a "prophetic waw consecutive imperfect" as suggested somewhat, by NET Bible in Isaiah 9:6 as not "and he was called"? i.e. Sometimes Isaiah 9:6 is ...
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Was Mal’ak of YHVH מַלְאַ֣ךְ יְהֹוָ֗ה definitive in [2 Kings 19:35], “an angel” (MT) or “the angel” (KJV)?

KJV translates the title “ἄγγελος κυρίου“ from LXX as a definitive title “the angel of the Lord”, although the Hebrew text excludes a definitive “Ha-” הַ for this מַלְאַ֣ךְ Mal’ak. [2 Kings 19:35, KJV]...
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Should I start with the Old or New Testament? [closed]

I am incredibly new to Christianity and I have only recently got myself a Bible and wondered if you could give me some advice - what canon should I read first, the Old Testament or New Testament? I ...
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Does God order that infants be dashed to pieces in Hosea 13:16?

Three days ago I got into an argument with my Atheist friend, who said that God orders that infants be dashed to pieces and that every women with child shall be ripped open, does God order this to ...
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Why did Kohanim in 1 Kings 8:9 discard Ark of the Covenant inventory of Hebrews 9:4?

The NT author of Hebrews 9:4 recounts items in the Ark of the Covenant, while at the desert tabernacle. [Hebrews 9:4] "Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round ...
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Is devil a cherub or seraphim?

The looks of the devil is confusing. In Revelation 20:2, He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; the devil is described as an ...
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Why did King David not drink הֲדַ֣ם הָאֲנָשִׁים "The-Blood of The-Men" in [1 Chronicles 11:19]?

1 Chronicles 11:19 documents David's respectful response to three mighty men who brought him water from Bethlehem : [1 Chronicles 11:19] For he said, “God forbid that I should do this! Can I drink ...
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Why does Nehemiah 1:5 in the NIV translate הַבְּרִית֙ וָחֶ֔סֶד "HaB'rit va-Chesed" as "[His] Covenant [of Love]"?

In Nehemiah 1:5 of the NIV Bible, we read a phrase : "[who] keeps [His] Covenant [of love]". Is וָחֶ֔סֶד "va-Chesed" really describing the type of Covenant? Why does Nehemiah 1:5 ...
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How should we translate אֵלַ֛י in Job 42:7?

most translations translate "of/about me" for you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has. (in Job 42:7, ESV) for you have not spoken the truth about Me as did My ...
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Are there any other books contemporary to the Old Testament early books? [closed]

Are there any other books written in the Hebrew contemporary to the books from Genesis to the Second Chronicles and the book of Job, or all these books is all we have?
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What verses can I use to prove the Trinity? [closed]

My grandad's currently a Jehovah's Witness and we recently got into a three hour debate on the Trinity, but I am struggling to point to the absolute verses which prove the trinity, what verses can I ...
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The Role of Angels at Mt Sinai

There is already an existing question (Reference) that asks about the ‘angel’ that Stephen says spoke with Moses on Mt Sinai. The accepted answer included.... “The angel of the Lord that Stephen talks ...
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1answer
212 views

How would Christians answer Dan Barker? [closed]

Yesterday I came across an article by Dan Barker titled: "the top 10 worst Old Testament verses" in his article Mr. Barker, an Evangelical turned Atheist quoted many verses to prove his ...
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1answer
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Guides to Academic Commentaries [closed]

When beginning to (self) study a new book I find myself spending quite a bit of time searching around my library sampling commentaries in my library as well as searching for reviews to try and get a ...
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Zechariah’s vision: one or two donkeys?

Jesus Enters Jerusalem - Gustave Doré 1832-1883 Triumphal Entry of the Messiah in Jerusalem This is Zachariah’s famous vision/prophecy: Rejoice greatly, daughter of Zion! Shout, daughter of Jerusalem!...
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Is removal from the Tree of Life in Gen. 3:22 Adam and Eve's death?

Then the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us in knowing good and evil. Now, lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live forever—” (Gen. 3:22, ...
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In Gen. 3:5 is יֹדְעֵ֖י ט֥וֹב וָרָֽע experiential knowledge rather than intellectual knowledge?

In Gen. 3:5 is יֹדְעֵ֖י ט֥וֹב וָרָֽע (knowing good and evil) experiential knowledge rather than intellectual knowledge? Up to that time Adam and Eve only knew obedience. There was only one tree they ...
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Why does God order the murder of men, women and children in Ezekiel 9:6-7? [closed]

Three days ago I was doing a bible study with my friend and I came across Ezekiel 9:6-7, where God orders the slaughter of men, women and children, as a somewhat new Christian I was obviously ...
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Can you please recommend the most trustworthy sources of the King James Bible and New King James Bible, to order them online? [closed]

Please do not take offense as I am new to it all, but after doing a bit of research, in my opinion the KJV is the most accurate, non manipulated translation of the bible, and the NKJV was recommended ...
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What is a charmer in Deuteronomy 18:11?

Deuteronomy 18:11 or a charmer or a medium or a necromancer or one who inquires of the dead, What is a charmer in Deuteronomy 18:11?
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Why does the Septuagint remove "Amen" from Nehemiah 8:6?

Truly Truly the Greek Septuagint forgot an αμην "Amen"? - In the Hebrew Tanakh the phrase "Truly Truly" can be found in [Nehemiah 8:6]. Nehemiah 8:6 "And Ezra blessed YHVH, ...
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Are there any non-NT examples, from the Koine Greek, of an author using the phrase "truly, truly?" [closed]

I've read different interpretations of the significance of Jesus' use of "truly, truly," in the Gospels. From the very pious and serious, to an argument that Jesus is basically cracking ...
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סוֹף פָּסוּק‎ Sof pasuq cantillation mark [closed]

What's the earliest evidence of the סוֹף פָּסוּק‎ [Sof pasuq] cantillation mark? Did I correctly identify the sof pasuq right of my yellow highlights (the two dots vertical dots that look like a colon ...
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Does Jesus give license to break or to validate non canonical Scriptures?

In a certain context Jesus speaking to the religious leaders makes the following remark “-and Scripture cannot be broken—” ‭‭John‬ ‭10:35‬ ‭ The NT has texts that are used either to support doctrine ...
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Did Adam & Eve's children had to procreate among their own blood?

According to my understanding of the Bible, the world was empty of humans before Adam and Eve. Does it mean that their offspring had to procreate among themselves in order to populate the earth? Why ...
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1answer
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What does הֵיכַ֥ל mean in 1 Sam. 1:9?

Many translations including the JPS Tanakh translate הֵיכַ֥ל as temple, although the temple wasn't built until Solomon's time. Some translate it tabernacle although that is not a usual word for ...
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What part of the tabernacle did Hannah pray in 1 Samuel 1:1-20?

Herod's temple had court of women. Where did Hannah go to pray in the tabernacle in Shiloh?
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Did the Greek Septuagint ignore the Hebrew name change of Mikayehu מִיכָֽיְהוּ to Mikah מִיכָ֔ה in Judges 17:4-5?

Did the Greek Septuagint ignore the Hebrew name change of Mikayehu מִיכָֽיְהוּ to Mikah מִיכָ֔ה in Judges 17:4-5? When we read "Judges" / שֹֽׁפְטִ֑ים Shoftim 17:4-5 in the Tanakh, we notice ...
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What is the meaning of the phrase in Jonah 4:10b "... IN A SON OF A NIGHT and perished IN A SON OF A NIGHT." (literal translation from Hebrew)

This is a literal translation of the phrase שֶׁבִּן־לַ֥יְלָה הָיָ֖ה וּבִן־לַ֥יְלָה אָבָֽד in Jonah 4:10b. What is the meaning of the phrase, "son in a night" and "perish in a night.&...
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How should עֹ֥ז be translated in Psalm 8:3?

Modern translations translate עֹ֥ז as strength. Out of the mouth of babies and infants, you have established strength because of your foes, to still the enemy and the avenger. (Psalm 8:2, ESV) ...
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Could criminals repent?

According to the OT, an individual who violated the Mosaic law could only be put to death based on the testimony of 2-3 credible witnesses (Deuteronomy 17:6). Could the witnesses and maybe the court ...
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Why is a clean house still cursed after הִסְגִּ֣יר quarantine - in Leviticus 14?

In Leviticus / Vayikra 14, we read that a priest can declare a plastered house clean after the home owner's quarantine. - Yet the clean house still requires a ritual atonement. Why is a clean house ...
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Why was the priestly age requirement lowered from 30 years (Bamidbar 4:25) to 25 years (Bamidbar 8:24)?

In Numbers 4:35, God requires a 30-year-old (Sheloshim Shanah) as the youngest to serve in His Ohel Mo'ed. Bamidbar 4:35 "From the age of שְׁלשִׁ֤ים thirty שָׁנָה֙ years and upward, until the age ...
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What was the purpose of the Old Testament prophecies whose contents were not recorded for posterity?

Some examples are: 1) Numbers 11:23-30 (NIV): 23 The Lord answered Moses, “Is the Lord’s arm too short? Now you will see whether or not what I say will come true for you.” 24 So Moses went out and ...
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1 Samuel 16:1-13 was David anointed in the horn because of his purpose?

1 Sam 16:13 So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the LORD came upon David in power. Samuel then went to Ramah. Was ...

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