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Questions tagged [hebrew-bible]

The Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica) refers to the Jewish Tanakh and/or Christian Old Testament texts. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the Hebrew Bible rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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What is the earliest dating we can put on the orderings of the books of the old testament?

What is the earliest dating we can put on the ordering of the books of the old testament? I understand that there are two orderings or at least, broadly, two orderings. One being the Tanach/Tanak/...
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Multiple characters with the same name in the bible

In the Bible most of the names are unique, especially for the main characters. As far as I know there is only one Abraham and only one Moses etc. There are some names that appear more than once like ...
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2answers
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What was Nicodemus supposed to know from the Old Testament about being born again?

“Nicodemus said to Him, "How can these things be?" Jesus answered and said to him, "Are you the teacher of Israel and do not understand these things?” ‭‭John‬ ‭3:9-10‬ ‭NASB‬‬ Jesus asks Nicodemus ...
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Does Job 38:13-14 say that God sees the earth “as a clay seal”?

Is G d seeing the earth as one big clay/wax seal or is He being misleading to suggest that it looks this way or is He just operating within the cosmology of those alive then despite it conflicting ...
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1answer
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What is the justification for translating se'eth as “accepted” in regards to Cain?

If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? (Gen. 4:7 KJV). This is the only time this Hebrew word is translated as "accepted" and I'm looking for some justification for doing so.
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What was the significance of witnesses being the first to act against the offender in Deutoronomy 17:7?

Deuteronomy 17:6-7 [6]On the evidence of two witnesses or three witnesses, he who is to die shall be put to death; he shall not be put to death on the evidence of one witness. [7]The hand of the ...
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1answer
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Do translators really know how to translate “a man after his own heart” ? 1 Sam. 13:14

After a brief study, it appears that translators are unsure how to translate this phrase. The NET bible translation notes say "Heb 'according to his heart.' The idiomatic expression means to be like-...
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1answer
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What was David's infant son's age at death?

"On the seventh day the child died" (2 Sam. 12:18). Is there a way textually or contextually to know if these seven days refer to the age of the infant, or instead, seven days of sickness?
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3answers
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What do we know about “Lilith” in Isaiah 34:14?

In the New American Bible translation ( from Wikipedia) I find these for Isaiah 34:14 (12) Her nobles shall be no more, nor shall kings be proclaimed there; all her princes are gone. (13) Her ...
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1answer
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How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema?

How does the right hand and forehead for the mark of the beast correlate to the hand and forehead for the Shema? Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, ...
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Who is King Lemuel in Proverbs 31?

Who is King Lemuel in Proverbs 31? I did a search for King Lemuel in my entire library of encyclopedias, commentaries, Bible dictionaries, etc. and there is very limited information on him. Some see ...
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1answer
106 views

What did Moses see on the backside of God?

What did Moses see on the backside of God? Does seeing the back of God mean seeing God? "Then I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back, but my face shall not be seen.” (Exodus 33:23 ESV)
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Why was the tabernacle of Joseph rejected? (Psalm 78:67)

When we read of the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, one would have naturally expected the line of priesthood to continue down to Joseph (being the favorite of his father and for all that he went ...
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1answer
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Reconcile Honour thy father and mother with abuse [closed]

To ensure the child is a willing participant within abuse, many who abuse their children use Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the Lord your ...
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2answers
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In Zechariah 1:21 what do the four horns of the Gentiles represent?

Zechariah 1:21 speaks of the four horns of the Gentiles/nations. Why are there four? What do the four horns of the Gentiles represent? And I said, “What are these coming to do?” He said, “These ...
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2answers
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“Stealing the word” in Jeremiah 23:30. What does the prophet mean by this?

What does the phrase "stealing the word" really mean as used in Jeremiah 23:30? Therefore, behold, I am against the prophets, declares the Lord, who steal my words from one another. (ESV)
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2answers
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Why were they always meeting their future wives at the well?

Rebekah was approached at the well to marry Isaac. Jacob met Rachel at the well and Moses also had his first encounter with Ziphora at the well. Below are the references to the three cases I cited ...
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5answers
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In Numbers 22:28 did Balaam's donkey actually talk?

We know there is nothing impossible for God to do. But it seems there is something figurative about Numbers 22:28 when it says the Lord opened the mouth of the donkey. Then the Lord opened the ...
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2answers
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In Isaiah 60:16 why did Isaiah speak of kings as a mother?

I know that the Prophet Isaiah made several allusions to kings and queens probably because he was the cousin of King Uzziah. According to New World Encyclopedia: His ease of access to the court ...
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1answer
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Do Genesis 7 and 8 imply a month was 30 days long?

Young's Literal Translation Genesis 7:11 ... In the six hundredth year of the life of Noah, in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, in this day have been broken up all ...
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1answer
116 views

Textual Criticism of 2 Samuel 23:8 and 1 Chronicles 11:11

2 Samuel 23:8 אלה שמות הגברים אשר לדוד ישב בשבת תחכמני ראש השלשי הוא עדינו העצנו על־שמנה מאות חלל בפעם אחד ס These are the names of David’s mighty warriors: Josheb-Basshebeth, a Tahkemonite, ...
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1answer
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What is Yahweh translated to in the arabic Bible? [closed]

Is Yahweh translated as allah in the arabic Bible?
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1answer
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What do porcupines symbolise in the Holy Bible?

(Isaiah 14:23, English Revised Version) I will also make it a possession for the porcupine, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts. (Isaiah ...
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Did God command the making of graven images, in Exodus and Numbers?

Exodus 20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: ...
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1answer
181 views

Who is the King Darius in Haggai 1:1?

"In the second year of King Darius, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the Lord came through the prophet Haggai to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua son of ...
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1answer
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Are the words Tartan and Rabshakeh Assyrian titles or proper names in Isaiah?

A recent argument involved two passages from Iasiah, 20:1 and 36:2: When looking at the most modern translations and comparing them with older ones there is – as a tendency I presume – a glaring ...
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According to Genesis 2 vs 18, how was Eve a helper to Adam? [duplicate]

How was Eve a helper to Adam, did this mean that the man needed help?
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6answers
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How do you reconcile Nehemiah 13:1-3 with the fact that King David's great-grandmother was Moabite?

In Nehemiah 13:1–3 the Jews returning to Jerusalem separated themselves from people with mixed decent, including Ammonites and Moabites:  On that day they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing ...
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2answers
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Why the second דֹּֽר in Exodus 3:15?

I'm a little confused by the second דֹּֽר in this verse, which ends the verse. וַיֹּאמֶר֩ ע֨וֹד אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֗ה כֹּֽה־תֹאמַר֮ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבֹתֵיכֶ֗ם אֱלֹהֵ֨י ...
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3answers
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Is Jeremiah 9:23-24 a good example of chiasm?

Jeremiah 9:23-24 (JUB), for example: 23Thus hath the LORD said, a) Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, b) neither let the mighty man glory in his might, c) let not the rich man glory in his ...
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1answer
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If the sinners in Luke 15:2 are the Pharisee's am haarets, how does this affect applying Ezra and Nehemiah to Christians? [closed]

Here is a reference to relating the use of the term ἁμαρτωλοὺς (sinners) by the Pharisees to mean עַמֵּ֖י הָאֲרָצ֑וֹת translated (peoples of the land by the ESV): Some take “sinners” here to mean ...
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2answers
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Are Exodus 23:8 and Deuteronmy 16:19 meant to be identical?

There are two verses in the Pentateuch that exhort against bribery. Exodus 23:8 וְשֹׁחַד לֹא תִקָּח כִּי הַשֹּׁחַד יְעַוֵּר פִּקְחִים וִיסַלֵּף דִּבְרֵי צַדִּיקִים Deuteronomy 16:19 לֹא ...
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8answers
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Which resources are essential for self-study of Biblical Hebrew? [closed]

I am a fairly new student of Biblical Hebrew. For various reasons, I am going to do this on my own, from my home. Please suggest which books I need for serious study in this area. I have Logos plus ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

A new-born son was named 'I-chabod' by the dying mother. She said, ‘The glory has departed from Israel’ but the word also seems to infer a question, ‘Where is the glory?’ I note from a commentary that ...
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1answer
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“Unbiased” Intro to Old Testament [closed]

I teach Intro to Old Testament at a community college. I am looking for something that may be a unicorn.But, I am going to ask anyway. Does anyone know of an Intro to Old Testament that does not ...
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1answer
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Difference between “surely die” between Genesis 2:17 and 1 Kings 2:42

I noticed that the phrase "surely die" in Genesis 2:17 is different from 1 Kings 2:42 Look at the hebrew letters in both of them (I found it kinda difficult to copy past them here): http://biblehub....
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1answer
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Dreaming a Dream vs. Dreaming

I have had this question sitting in MY for some time unanswered, despite repeated bounties, so I think I'll give it a try here. Throughout the Bible, the root חלם, to dream, is used. Often, a dream ...
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Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (John 1:9) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (Gen 1:1)?

What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (e.g. John 1:9f) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (e.g. Genesis 1:1f)? אֶרֶץ - Earth goes from the ...
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1answer
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Is there a distinction between “demon” and “devil” in the original texts?

I am not competent in Greek nor Hebrew as used in Biblical texts. The two common English words for evil spirits have a lot of overlap in modern/current English usage. I am curious as to whether or ...
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The Nephilim and Abortions? [closed]

Since the semantic range for the Hebrew root nphl can indicate a miscarriage* (1), or even an abortion (2) (as it does in modern Hebrew today), is it possible that the Genesis 6:4 reading regarding ...
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1answer
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In Revelation 17:7, Who is the woman riding the Beast?

But the angel said to me, "Why are you so amazed? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast with seven heads and ten horns that carries her. -- Revelations 17:7 (NRS) Dave Hunt, ...
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1answer
356 views

In 2 Samuel did God cause Absalom to sin?

When David committed adultery with Bathsheba and killed her husband Uriah the Hittite, God said that this would be his punishment: 11Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee ...
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1answer
864 views

Micah 4:14 or 5:1 - why the discrepancy?

In most translations of the Bible I have seen, it is noted that Micah 5:1 is actually Micah 4:14 in Hebrew. (see note "a") What is the cause of this discrepancy?
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1answer
183 views

Was the idol of jealousy in Ezekiel 8:5 the “abomination causing desolation” that Jesus refer to?

Then said he unto me, Son of man, lift up thine eyes now the way toward the north. So I lifted up mine eyes the way toward the north, and behold northward at the gate of the altar this image of ...
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1answer
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Calling the book of Isaiah “Maxie”? What translation is this?

A piece of software I used to use many years ago would pop up with a bible verse every time you opened it (it was a timesheet management program...), but to this day I've never been able to track down ...
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2answers
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Why was the length of purification required for female children longer than that of males? [duplicate]

I understand that any ideas or research presented on this matter will keep the company of "hypothetical" since, even the Jewish sages are divided and uncertain. What we know is that if a woman gave ...
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2answers
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Is there significance to Jesus' tunic being kept intact while the Temple veil was torn apart?

Matthew, Mark, and John record casting lots to divide Jesus' clothing. John adds the Old Testament quote from Psalm 22:18 and provides other details: When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they ...
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1answer
304 views

Approximately how many manuscripts of the Old Testament are extant today?

When looking into this, the closest I got to an answer is that the Masoretes were great copyists, but that they also had a way of disposing of older manuscripts, through the process of burial, and ...
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2answers
340 views

Is there room to recontextualize the Genesis 3 serpent?

"The root chash is the basis of terms such as nachash and lachash, which pertain to different types of divination." (Frankiel, 173) According to Gesenius and Robinson, Nun is interchangeable with ...