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Questions tagged [hebrew-bible]

The Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica) refers to the Jewish Tanakh and/or Christian Old Testament texts. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the Hebrew Bible rather than only one ...

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Textual Criticism of 2 Samuel 23:8 and 1 Chronicles 11:11

2 Samuel 23:8 אלה שמות הגברים אשר לדוד ישב בשבת תחכמני ראש השלשי הוא עדינו העצנו על־שמנה מאות חלל בפעם אחד ס These are the names of David’s mighty warriors: Josheb-Basshebeth, a Tahkemonite, ...
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What is the oldest inscription of Yahweh found? (Related to Exodus 3:14) [closed]

Is it true that archeologist Friedrich Delitzsch found an inscription of Yahweh dating to 2500 B.C.? Does Exodus 3:14: God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And he said, “Say this to the people of ...
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What is Yahweh translated to in the arabic Bible? [closed]

Is Yahweh translated as allah in the arabic Bible?
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What do porcupines symbolise in the Holy Bible?

(Isaiah 14:23, English Revised Version) I will also make it a possession for the porcupine, and pools of water: and I will sweep it with the besom of destruction, saith the LORD of hosts. (Isaiah ...
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Did God command the making of graven images, in Exodus and Numbers?

Exodus 20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: ...
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Who is the King Darius in Haggai 1:1?

"In the second year of King Darius, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the Lord came through the prophet Haggai to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua son of ...
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Are the words Tartan and Rabshakeh Assyrian titles or proper names in Isaiah?

A recent argument involved two passages from Iasiah, 20:1 and 36:2: When looking at the most modern translations and comparing them with older ones there is – as a tendency I presume – a glaring ...
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According to Genesis 2 vs 18, how was Eve a helper to Adam? [duplicate]

How was Eve a helper to Adam, did this mean that the man needed help?
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How do you reconcile Nehemiah 13:1-3 with the fact that King David's great-grandmother was Moabite?

In Nehemiah 13:1–3 the Jews returning to Jerusalem separated themselves from people with mixed decent, including Ammonites and Moabites:  On that day they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing ...
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Why the second דֹּֽר in Exodus 3:15?

I'm a little confused by the second דֹּֽר in this verse, which ends the verse. וַיֹּאמֶר֩ ע֨וֹד אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֗ה כֹּֽה־תֹאמַר֮ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבֹתֵיכֶ֗ם אֱלֹהֵ֨י ...
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Is Jeremiah 9:23-24 a good example of chiasm?

Jeremiah 9:23-24 (JUB), for example: 23Thus hath the LORD said, a) Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, b) neither let the mighty man glory in his might, c) let not the rich man glory in his ...
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If the sinners in Luke 15:2 are the Pharisee's am haarets, how does this affect applying Ezra and Nehemiah to Christians? [closed]

Here is a reference to relating the use of the term ἁμαρτωλοὺς (sinners) by the Pharisees to mean עַמֵּ֖י הָאֲרָצ֑וֹת translated (peoples of the land by the ESV): Some take “sinners” here to mean ...
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Are Exodus 23:8 and Deuteronmy 16:19 meant to be identical?

There are two verses in the Pentateuch that exhort against bribery. Exodus 23:8 וְשֹׁחַד לֹא תִקָּח כִּי הַשֹּׁחַד יְעַוֵּר פִּקְחִים וִיסַלֵּף דִּבְרֵי צַדִּיקִים Deuteronomy 16:19 לֹא ...
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Which resources are essential for self-study of Biblical Hebrew? [closed]

I am a fairly new student of Biblical Hebrew. For various reasons, I am going to do this on my own, from my home. Please suggest which books I need for serious study in this area. I have Logos plus ...
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

A new-born son was named 'I-chabod' by the dying mother. She said, ‘The glory has departed from Israel’ but the word also seems to infer a question, ‘Where is the glory?’ I note from a commentary that ...
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“Unbiased” Intro to Old Testament [closed]

I teach Intro to Old Testament at a community college. I am looking for something that may be a unicorn.But, I am going to ask anyway. Does anyone know of an Intro to Old Testament that does not ...
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Difference between “surely die” between Genesis 2:17 and 1 Kings 2:42

I noticed that the phrase "surely die" in Genesis 2:17 is different from 1 Kings 2:42 Look at the hebrew letters in both of them (I found it kinda difficult to copy past them here): http://biblehub....
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Dreaming a Dream vs. Dreaming

I have had this question sitting in MY for some time unanswered, despite repeated bounties, so I think I'll give it a try here. Throughout the Bible, the root חלם, to dream, is used. Often, a dream ...
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Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (John 1:9) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (Gen 1:1)?

What is the difference between κόσμος used in the New Testament (e.g. John 1:9f) and אֶרֶץ (erets meaning earth, land, dirt) in the Old Testament (e.g. Genesis 1:1f)? אֶרֶץ - Earth goes from the ...
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Is there a distinction between “demon” and “devil” in the original texts?

I am not competent in Greek nor Hebrew as used in Biblical texts. The two common English words for evil spirits have a lot of overlap in modern/current English usage. I am curious as to whether or ...
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The Nephilim and Abortions? [closed]

Since the semantic range for the Hebrew root nphl can indicate a miscarriage* (1), or even an abortion (2) (as it does in modern Hebrew today), is it possible that the Genesis 6:4 reading regarding ...
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In Revelation 17:7, Who is the woman riding the Beast?

But the angel said to me, "Why are you so amazed? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast with seven heads and ten horns that carries her. -- Revelations 17:7 (NRS) Dave Hunt, ...
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Did God cause Absalom to sin?

When David committed adultery with Bathsheba and killed her husband Uriah the Hittite, God said that this would be his punishment: 11Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee ...
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Micah 4:14 or 5:1 - why the discrepancy?

In most translations of the Bible I have seen, it is noted that Micah 5:1 is actually Micah 4:14 in Hebrew. (see note "a") What is the cause of this discrepancy?
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Was the idol of jealousy in Ezekiel 8:5 the “abomination causing desolation” that Jesus refer to?

Then said he unto me, Son of man, lift up thine eyes now the way toward the north. So I lifted up mine eyes the way toward the north, and behold northward at the gate of the altar this image of ...
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Calling the book of Isaiah “Maxie”? What translation is this?

A piece of software I used to use many years ago would pop up with a bible verse every time you opened it (it was a timesheet management program...), but to this day I've never been able to track down ...
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Why was the length of purification required for female children longer than that of males?

I understand that any ideas or research presented on this matter will keep the company of "hypothetical" since, even the Jewish sages are divided and uncertain. What we know is that if a woman gave ...
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Is there significance to Jesus' tunic being kept intact while the Temple veil was torn apart?

Matthew, Mark, and John record casting lots to divide Jesus' clothing. John adds the Old Testament quote from Psalm 22:18 and provides other details: When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they ...
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Approximately how many manuscripts of the Old Testament are extant today?

When looking into this, the closest I got to an answer is that the Masoretes were great copyists, but that they also had a way of disposing of older manuscripts, through the process of burial, and ...
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Is there room to recontextualize the Genesis 3 serpent?

"The root chash is the basis of terms such as nachash and lachash, which pertain to different types of divination." (Frankiel, 173) According to Gesenius and Robinson, Nun is interchangeable with ...
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Could there have been a Threshold-god associated with 1 Samuel 5:5

Among the Romans there were three gods which made up the entrance of a door - "Cardea (Hinge-goddess), called after hinges, and Forculus (Door-god) after doors, and Limentinus (Threshold-god) after ...
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Why do the KJV and BHS have a different number of chapters in Joel and Malachi?

Note- Title was "Why do different Bible versions, KJV and WLC(Westminster Leningrad Codex), have a different number of chapters in Joel and Malachi?" I've changed it to ... Since then i've found that ...
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Does the use of אֶחָד in Hebrew in the old Testament represent unity?

A friend said to me, the usage of echad (אֶחָד) means one-ness (unity) in the Old Testament. We see in Genesis 1:5: 3117 [e] yō-wm | י֥וֹם | day [Noun] 259 [e] ’e-ḥāḏ. | אֶחָֽד׃ | ...
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Was the Son of David expected to bring mercy?

Matthew, Mark, and Luke record blind men calling out to Jesus. For example (NET): 27 As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed him, shouting, “Have mercy on us, Son of David!” (Matthew 9:...
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In Isaiah 65:17-25 does the author envision death in the new Heavens and new Earth?

In Isaiah 65:17 there is a picture of a new heaven and new earth. One view (from a Christian perspective) is that this passage paints a picture of the eschatological expectation that Israel held of ...
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How do those who argue the Hebrew Bible does not have a concept of the afterlife support that claim?

I was going over some old lecture notes from Christine Hayes - Introduction to the Old Testament recently. I noticed in Lecture 2 she makes this claim: No life after death in the Bible either [...
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Are there any published works on the development of “satan/Satan” in the Hebrew Bible to the New Testament? [closed]

I was wondering if anyone knew of any published works (books or papers) that study the development of the hebrew word satan and particularly how it came to be associated in some places with the New ...
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Are there any published compendia of alleged distortions in the Masoretic Text?

From time to time the point is made that the Masoretes may have deliberately distorted some of their readings of the Hebrew in order to refute Christological interpretations of the Old Testament. A ...
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Is Cain really the father of all vampires as he is cursed to drink his brother's blood, which may assimilate the essential feature of vampires. [closed]

I was every now and then accumulating the description that Cain is the father of all vampires as I constantly read various tales though some of them are not really strictly quoted from the ...
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Nash papyrus. How different it really is?

I've read that the Nash papyrus commandments have differences with the ones found at the Hebrew Bible of the time. I was only able to find out that one of them is the sequence of 3 of the ...
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Are any unvocalized versions of the Masoretic Text available, online or otherwise?

I have been looking for some time for a version of the Hebrew Old Testament text that removes the vocalizations that were added in the Masorah. I would think that such a text would be more ...
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Do Hebrew active verbs frequently express a permission, e.g. Exodus 4:21?

Dr Robert Young, who is author of Young’s Analytical Concordance and Hints To Bible Interpretation, (and possibly some others too) claims that some Hebrew verbs are in "permissive" rather than "...
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What is the significance of the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel?

Two patriarchs have their named changed. Abram becomes Abraham and Jacob becomes Israel: Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations ...
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What evidence suggests Luke's “Psalms” is shorthand for the whole “Writings” division of the Hebrew Bible?

In the traditional Hebrew Bible layout there were three major groupings: the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings. It seems like a pretty easy connection to say that when Luke mentions “Moses and all ...
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Different chapter verse numbering in Job 40 between Masoretic and other texts

Can someone explain how there came to be different chapter/verse numberings in Chapter 40 of the book of Job? MT 40:25 becomes 41:1 in many other Bibles. Thanks!
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How is the Shema interpreted by those who think Israel had henotheistic beliefs?

Deut. 6:4 says, שְׁמַ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ יְהוָ֥ה ׀ אֶחָֽד ׃(Westminster Leningrad Codex) "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God the Lord (is) one:" I know there are a few people who ...
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How were the manuscripts of the Bible written? [closed]

Did they have spaces, punctuation, paragraphs...? I mean the manuscripts that are closer to the original ones, do we know how the prophets wrote it?
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What does “milk and honey” refer to?

Beginning in Exodus 3:8*, the land promised to the Israelites is often described as "flowing with milk and honey": I have come down to deliver them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them ...
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Is there a time gap between the book of Zechariah and the Gospel of Matthew?

I believe that there is a time gap (I'm referring to a time gap between the events related in those books, not between the time of writing of the books themselves) between the last books of the Old ...