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Questions tagged [hebrew-bible]

The Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica) refers to the Jewish Tanakh. Questions about specific texts should only be tagged with the name of the text. This tag is reserved for questions related to a collection of texts within the Hebrew Bible rather than only one individual text within this collection.

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What is the correct translation of Exodus 17:16 about Amalek?

This passage has been difficult for translators with nearly every version rendering it differently and making notes of uncertainty. Different attempts at rendering the Hebrew words vary broadly. After ...
Joshua B's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
68 views

Why did God use Azazel during the Day of Atonement? (Leviticus 16)

Some scholars believe that Azazel is a fallen angel (demon "the book of Enoch") who brought sin to mankind; then how could God used Azazel to take away mankind's sin again? “Aaron shall ...
Lark murry's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
123 views

What is the significance of the bovine sacrificial animal being referred to as ' heifer ' in the OT?

Old Testament refers to cow, especially that meant as a sacrificial offering as ' heifer'. A heifer is a cow in the making in that it has not borne a calf. Did God want his people to spare cows with ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
65 views

Why does the Septuagint us ph for the name Philistines?

Reading the ever-surprising Timeline of the name Palestine, I noticed that the Egyptian, Assyrian, and biblical Hebrew have a "P" as the first consonant of the names equivalent to Peleshet/...
trespda's user avatar
  • 41
3 votes
6 answers
164 views

Heb 1:1-2 Didn't he also speak to us through His Angels?

Given the topics covered in Hebrews chapter 1, when, in verse one, it says "Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the..." I expected the following word to be '...
Austin's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Where is Luke 24:47 referenced in the Old Testament? [duplicate]

According to Luke 24:47. Jesus says "it is written" that "...repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name" Where, in the Old Testament, the allusion that ...
Joseph's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
420 views

Help identifying this Hebrew word: "lesh," meaning "narcissistic"?

I am trying to track down a Hebrew word mentioned by Rabbi Rami Shapiro in his book The Divine Feminine in Biblical Wisdom Literature: There are two types of people according to Proverbs: those who ...
Daniel Hyland's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
94 views

What does the psalmist mean in Psalm 38:3-4?

In verse 3, when he says ... nor any health in my bones because of my sin... the hebrew word for "health", used there, is "shalom". Is he talking about peace in his spiritual (...
Lazarus Frost's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
126 views

The gender of the Hebrew word Spirit in Hebrew English Interlinear

Every resource I've come accross that coments on the gender of the Hebrew word for Spirit mentions that it is generally female in gender. For example 'The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old ...
Austin's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
147 views

Why was Israel allowed to take spoil from Ai, but not Jericho?

Before Israel conquered Jericho, the Lord commanded them in Joshua 6:18–19: "And you, by all means abstain from the accursed things, lest you become accursed when you take of the accursed things,...
Philip's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Resting in Genesis 2:2 (ESV) and the concept of Tikkun

The English Standard Version (ESV) of Genesis 2:2 states: "And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done.&...
Humberto José Bortolossi's user avatar
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0 answers
19 views

Scholarly sources for numeric symbolism in the Old and New Testaments?

I'm wondering if anyone knows a good scholarly/academic source for the study of numbers and their significance in the Old and New Testaments? I often come across remarks about the Hebrew and/or ...
Daniel Hyland's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
134 views

JESUS and the Old Covenant [closed]

This is my first question. I’m not trying to rock the boat. I believe what the New Covenant says about God’s name. The New Covenant says there is ONE NAME. The New Covenant doesn’t say there are two, ...
John Wright's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
176 views

What kind of sanctification/purifying was done in Joshua 3:5?

What or how exactly did all Israel purify/consecrate themselves according to Joshua 3:5? "And Joshua said to the people, 'sanctify yourselves, for tomorrow the Lord will do wonders among you.'&...
Philip's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
67 views

How many mighty warriors did David have? 37 or 53?

2 Samuel 23 was likely recorded at the end of David's reign and it records 37 mighty men and guards 2 Samuel 23:1 (NKJV): "Now these are the last words of David..." 2 Samuel 23:39 (NKJV): ...
User2280's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
67 views

What is the difference between the two Hebrew words nâtsar and ‛ârûm

In Genesis 3:1 the word "subtil" is translated from the Hebrew word "‛ârûm" referring to the serpent and in Proverbs 7:10 the word "subtil" is translated from the ...
Douglas's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
50 views

Does hermeneutics refer to Hebrew text after,translation , or is exegesis and hermenutics always about original text of original language?

I am confused! Biblical text seems to be gloss or whitewash,of original Tora and Tanach text, in some cases! To do a proper study of the scripture at hand,should one convert the text of any bible ...
user61972's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
55 views

Was Jesus of Nazareth based on the Old Testament Jesuses? [closed]

Jesus (Joshua) son of Nun, kills the king of Jerusalem, hangs him on a tree, takes him down before sunset, throws the body in a cave, and rolls heavy rocks in front of the cave. These are all NT ...
Lucas Hunt's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
64 views

Understanding simple words in the Bible

How can I understand the meaning of the word "saw" in Gen 6:2, Gen 9:22, and "flesh" in Gen 6:12? Apparently these words are more than they seem. I am hesitant to indicate research ...
Omowright's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
160 views

Who is the Morning Star? [closed]

Job 38:7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy? Rev 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and ...
Cominglord's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
384 views

What is the host of heaven in 2 Kgs. 17:16; 21:3 & 2 Chr. 33:3

In 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles, it speaks of the Israelites and their leaders worshipping "all the host of heaven". The term host of heaven can refer to angels and also the stars/planets. ...
Any_mouse's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
161 views

Are those who see the Messiah or a Messiah making a covenant in Daniel 9:27 using sound hermeneutics?

I struggle when I see learned theologians affirming the Messiah or a Messiah is the one making a covenant in verse 27. It seems it is just the eagerness to debunk a key factor for those who embrace ...
Augustinian23's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
128 views

Is Miller correct when he says that Daniel in Dan 8:17 feared not due to Gabriel but by the presence of the one having the appearence of a man?

Daniel 8:15-17 When I, Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought to understand it. And behold, there stood before me one having the appearance of a man. 16 And I heard a man's voice between the banks of ...
Augustinian23's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
68 views

Slavery function and Samuel's intention at 1 Sam 8:17

Now, you should read the context of this passage. It isn't much in the connection to this specific verse, but I will still share. Samuel tells the people asking for a king that the servants, male and ...
logan's user avatar
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7 votes
6 answers
666 views

Was God tired while creating the universe?

Exodus 31:17 (ESV) reads: It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed. I ...
User880's user avatar
  • 306
2 votes
2 answers
59 views

Masoretic apparatus in Psalm 89 of the Stuttgartensia

What is the significance of the Hebrew letter làmεḏ preceding a number of verses in Psalm 89 in the margin of the Masoretic text?
ed huff's user avatar
  • 375
0 votes
1 answer
82 views

Why is the frequency of the "Lord of Hosts" greater in the post-exilic prophets than in any other OT text?

While preparing a sermon on Haggai 2 this week, I realized that the designation "Lord of Hosts" occurs 0 times in the Torah, makes up less than a fraction of a percentage of text of the ...
Daniel Ockrin's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Where is the location of the "Red Sea" crossing depicted in the events of Exodus? (Exodus 14)

Modern Documentaries There seems to be a rash of video documentaries about finding the location of the Red Sea crossing by the Israelites in the story depicted in the book of Exodus. With the ...
ray grant's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
89 views

What did the people present, including the Pharisees, hear when they heard Jesus say the Holy Spirit in the unpardonable sin verses?

My question is on a specific portion of the unpardonable sin verses. The verses quoted below are from the NASB 1995 Matthew 12:31, 32 31 Therefore I say to you, any sin and blasphemy shall be ...
Tyler's user avatar
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4 votes
6 answers
787 views

Does righteousness come from the law or not? [closed]

In Ezekiel 18:9 it says (ESV): "walks in my statutes, and keeps my rules by acting faithfully—he is righteous; he shall surely live, declares the Lord God." And in Ezekiel 14:14 (ESV) it ...
User2280's user avatar
  • 734
3 votes
4 answers
920 views

Why is Bilhah referred to as Jacob's wife in one passage and his concubine in another? can the hebrew be tranlsated it as woman and not wife

Why is Bilhah referred to as Jacob's wife in one passage and his concubine in another? can the hebrew be tranlsated as woman and not wife? Genesis 30:4 (NIV) So she gave him her servant Bilhah as a ...
funchurchnation's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
280 views

Where should Isaiah 9:1 be and honor/afflict

I wanted to see the arguments for and against the placement of Isaiah 9:1 and the translation of "כָּבַד". [ie, 3513] So, What are the arguments for the placement of Isaiah 9:1 in Isaiah 9 ...
User2280's user avatar
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4 votes
7 answers
5k views

Who was the Man Jacob wrestled with at Peniel?

The Bible tells of a tale where Jacob wrestled with a Man and he prevailed. And because of this he was named Israel. Scripture refers to him as both Man and God respectively. Genesis 32:24 And Jacob ...
Dong Li's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

On Why Joseph Specifically Chose Simeon to be the Hostage in Gen. 42?

As a follow-up to When Did Israel First Expect Deliverance from Egypt?, I would like to add: In Gen 42:25, we read (regarding Joseph)--- And taking Simeon, and binding him in their presence, he ...
DDS's user avatar
  • 563
0 votes
1 answer
185 views

Does Isaiah 43:5 refer to the Philippines? Can you also provide details supporting that Isaiah 46:11 refer to Cyrus of Persia?

There are a number of religious groups here that say Isaiah 43:5 and 46:11 refer to the Philippines and a "filipino preacher". There are assumptions that mizrach and James Moffat's ...
Nathaniel Olaer's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
183 views

Is Psalm 5:3 referring to prayer or sacrifice?

Psalm 5:3, ESV: O Lord, in the morning you hear my voice; in the morning I prepare a sacrifice for you and watch. However, from the NIV: In the morning, Lord, you hear my voice; in the morning I ...
EJoshuaS - Stand with Ukraine's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

What Does "and of Their Fat" Specifically Mean in Abel's Sacrifice to God?

In Gen. 4:3-5 (D-R), we read: And it came to pass after many days, that Cain offered, of the fruits of the earth, gifts to the Lord. Abel also offered of the firstlings of his flock, and of their ...
DDS's user avatar
  • 563
1 vote
1 answer
86 views

May it be Inferred that the Sacrifices of Cain and Abel Occurred on a Sabbath?

We read in Gen. 4:3-5 (D-R): 3 And it came to pass after many days, that Cain offered, of the fruits of the earth, gifts to the Lord. 4 Abel also offered of the firstlings of his flock, and of their ...
DDS's user avatar
  • 563
2 votes
2 answers
103 views

Is Psalm 30:13[H] exhorting "my glory" or "my liver" (heart - keveidi[H]) to sing praises to YHVH?

In his commentary on the Psalms, Robert Alter refers to "one ancient Greek version, [reading] keveidi, 'my liver,' which he utilizes in his translation of this verse using the word 'heart' ...
ed huff's user avatar
  • 375
1 vote
1 answer
675 views

What does saraph mean? "a fiery serpent" "animal" "dragon" or "seraphim (angel)"

Does anyone know what saraph שָׂרָ֥ף means? It is sometimes translated as "fiery serpent" but this word הַשְּׂרָפִ֔ים, sharing the same root is also translated as "fiery" (serpent)...
cassjane's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
57 views

How should עִנִּיתָֽהּ be understood? (Dt. 21:10-14)

Dt. 21:10-14: (NLT) “Suppose you go out to war against your enemies and the Lord your God hands them over to you, and you take some of them as captives. 11 And suppose you see among the captives a ...
Amy's user avatar
  • 73
6 votes
2 answers
114 views

What are some sources about the idea of official titles being mistaken as proper names in the Bible?

I'm looking for scholarship on the phenomenon of the Bible treating official titles as though they were proper names. Examples of this seem to include: Pharaoh, Abimelekh, Rabshakeh (maybe Agag?), all ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
257 views

When a passage references days and nights (e.g. seven days and seven nights), is it to be taken literally as X complete days and X complete nights?

1 Samuel 30:12 KJV - And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, ...
O.J.'s user avatar
  • 488
2 votes
1 answer
77 views

BHS inscription between Psalms and Job

What is the significance of the inscription in the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia between the Psalter and the book of Job and what is the proper translation?
ed huff's user avatar
  • 375
3 votes
3 answers
557 views

Does the Fool say "There is no God" or "No to God" in Psalm 14:1

I saw Billy Graham say in a 1993 video that the Hebrew text says "No to God". Is that a possible translation he is described as a rebel against God's sovereignty/governance, or suggests the ...
Michael16's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
92 views

KJV & NKJV translate Isaiah 9:1(b) by stating affliction/oppression becomes worse but NASB1995 & ESV translate that it becomes more glorious

Isaiah 9:1 New American Standard Bible 1995 9 [a]But there will be no more gloom for her who was in anguish; in earlier times He treated the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali with contempt, but ...
user1338998's user avatar
  • 3,560
2 votes
4 answers
96 views

Is it appropriate to use Matt. 5:29-30 to explain why God asked Israel to utterly destroy many of the cities when they entered the promise land?

This question relates to apologetics, not the application of this passage today. If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
171 views

What are the Hebrew/OT/Aramaic equivalents of the words ἀπιστία (unbelief) or ἄπιστος (unbelieving), such as in Romans 4:20? [closed]

I am struck that these words/concepts are used frequently in the New Testament by speakers (Jesus and Paul among others, including Romans 4:20), who would have been (presumably) speaking/thinking in ...
spencerpedro's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
654 views

Saul not knowing Davids father? [duplicate]

According to 1.Sam.16:18 Saul heard that the boy -David- who came to play for him was a son of Jesse in Bethlehem. We also read that Saul sent messagers to Jesse with the request to sent him his son (...
sara's user avatar
  • 1,003
6 votes
1 answer
139 views

What manuscript tradition do Mark 1:2 & Matthew 11:10 quote from for Malachi 3:1?

In Mark 1:2 we see a quote from Malachi that reads: Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, Who will prepare Your way [before You.] Ἰδού, [ἐγὼ] ἀποστέλλω τὸν ἄγγελόν μου πρὸ προσώπου σου ὃς ...
Any_mouse's user avatar
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