Questions tagged [greek]

Koiné (from κοινή, "common") Greek was the form of post-classical Greek spoken and written in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity. It is the language of the Septuagint (LXX), Christian New Testament, and most early Christian theological writings.

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Hebrews 12:2 - Any Other Translations For "Enduring" the Cross?

Question In Hebrews 12:2, are there any alternate translation choices for endured, (ὑπομένω) -- that connote "Firmly Resolved to Face", as in the sense of bearing down to face a profound challenge -- ...
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Could the use of the Greek Middle voice is 1 Thess 4:16 imply returning to the resurrected life in Christ?

Eph 5:14 Wherefore <1352> he saith <3004> (5719), Awake thou <1453> (5669) that sleepest <2518> (5723), and <2532> arise <450> (5628) from <1537> the dead &...
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Confusion with "Eli, Eli..." at the Cross [duplicate]

In Mark 15:34-37, "At the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” When some of the bystanders ...
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Distinguishing the differences in meanings when of, by, in, through, with & for are added before the Spirit? [closed]

All taken from KJV for consistencey Romans 15:30 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers ...
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In 1 Timothy 3:6 is it a "new convert" or a "new arrival"? [duplicate]

NIV 1 Timothy 3: 1Here is a trustworthy saying: Whoever aspires to be an overseer desires a noble task. 2Now the overseer is to be above reproach, faithful to his wife, temperate, self-...
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555 views

What are the implications of Paul's use of the present tense of the verb δικαιόω (to justify) in Romans 3:24, 26, 28, and 4:5?

In four verses (Romans 3:24, 3:26, 3:28, and 4:5) the apostle Paul used present tense verbs when describing justification. What makes this harder is all four are either infinitives or participles, ...
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4answers
645 views

In John 1:9 is it "the true light was coming into the world" or "lights every man coming into the world"?

Are both readings plausible or is it clear from the grammar (not just the context) which is correct? New American Standard Bible There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens ...
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334 views

1 Cor. 12:24-25 What was done to prevent schism?

In 1 Corinthians 12:24-25 (KJV) which states, For our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked: That there ...
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Since BDAG says "και" suggests a semantic aspect at Titus 2:13 that justifies that “our Great God” is the Father and not Jesus, is και adjunctive?

Since BDAG says "και" suggests a semantic aspect at Titus 2:13 that justifies that “our Great God” is the Father and not Jesus, is και adjunctive?
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Does Colossians 1:18 refer to Mortals or Corpses as the Dead "nekron" (νεκρῶν)?

If Jesus is "Firstborn" (πρωτότοκος) "out from the Dead" (ἐκ τῶν νεκρῶν) as stated by Paul & Timothy in [Colossians 1:18], and not conceived from "a man" | ἄνδρα (...
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234 views

In 1 John 1:1 should it read "the word of life" or "the living message"?

Note: I am double-posting this from my own question on B-Greek for whomever would like to follow along or participate there. mGNT 1 John 1:1-3 1 ὃ ἦν ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς ὃ ἀκηκόαμεν ὃ ἑωράκαμεν τοῖς ὀφθαλμοῖς ...
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5answers
640 views

Jesus Christ was concealed in Old Testament why? [closed]

Jesus in the Old Testament was concealed for a reason, but then the New Testament makes him known. Please explain to me, with scriptural backing, why GOD could only bring forth the manifested Christ ...
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How to determine proper interpretation of "Kingdom of God" from context and grammar?

Question: Is the "Kingdom of God" a reference to "Sovereignty" or rule, or "the place of a National State"? How do you determine the proper interpretation of "...
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Can you give the Greek Word ekklēsia a masculine ending? [closed]

I know that the Greek word translated as church (in the Bible) is a feminine noun. But, is it possible to give ecclesia a masculine ending - making it a masculine noun? Thank you.
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What does פִּיו mean in the modern Hebrew translation of διʼ αὐτοῦ in John 1:7?

What does פִּיו mean in the modern Hebrew translation of διʼ αὐτοῦ in John 1:7? The ha-Berit ha-ḥadashah translates ἵνα πάντες πιστεύσωσιν διʼ αὐτοῦ 1 as כְּדֵי שֶׁעַל–פִּיו יַאֲמִינוּ הַכֹּל . ...
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Should "from the father" be translated instead as "beside a father" in John 1:14?

A typical translation of John 1:14-18 usually reads about like this: (John 1:14–18, ESV) And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from ...
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discussion φαιλόνην

discussion φαιλόνην It has been suggested that the greek word φαιλόνην,as St Paul uses it in 2 Timothy 4:13 has a link to the shroud of Turin, as a early relic of Christianity; with links to the ...
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In Revelation 7:12 and 7:14 is there any significant difference between the Koine Greek words ἡ and τῆς?

I understand they both translate to the article "the" but is there any significant difference between these two words? I am looking at their use in Revelation 7:12 and Revelation 7:14. Rev 7:12, ...
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comprehension of ancient languages [closed]

is it necessary to have deep understanding/comprehension of ancient languages to know the "fullness" of the message of the Bible?
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590 views

What did Jesus teach about water baptism and discipleship in Matthew 28:19,20?

[Mat 28:19-20 KJV] 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have ...
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107 views

Need help translating "of" in the bible (genitive case) [closed]

I don't know much about Greek, but apparently when the word "of" is used, it's usually a noun in the genitive case. But since the genitive can be used several different ways, just like "of" can in ...
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684 views

Does 1 Corinthians 8:6 teach Unitarianism? [closed]

yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist. 1 Corinthians 8:6 ESV To me ...
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Where to start with the Apostolic Fathers [closed]

I'm looking to start reading the Apostolic Fathers (in Koine), using Michael Holmes' The Apostolic Fathers. Which of the fathers' Greek is most accessible, or most similar to that of the New Testament?...
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185 views

Why in KJV and ESV verses. 1.John 5:7 accept the trinity and erase the trinity? [duplicate]

ESV 7 For there are three that testify: KJV 7 For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.
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Will Jesus Baptize us with the Holy Spirit or with holy wind in Mk 1:8, Mtt 3:11, Lk 3:16, and Jn 1:33?

In Mark 1:8, Matthew 3:11, Luke 3:16, and John 1:33, John the Baptist declares that Jesus will baptize people in the Holy Spirit. For example, Matthew 3:11 says, “I indeed baptize you with water ...
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51 views

In Revelation 7:15 what does it mean that ὁ καθήμενος ἐπὶ τοῦ θρόνου σκηνώσει ἐπ’ αὐτούς?

Does ὁ καθήμενος ἐπὶ τοῦ θρόνου σκηνώσει ἐπ’ αὐτούς suggest that in the new covenant, represented by the new tabernacle, all in the new covenant will dwell in God's inner courts? Notes: The reason I ...
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94 views

Which version of the New Testament should one buy to study Biblical Greek? [closed]

I'm currently planning to buy material for the study of Biblical Greek, but I'm not aware of the form in which the current Greek New Testament are available. So as for a proper study of Biblical Greek,...
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82 views

Should it be be ἐν or ἐστιν in Galatians 5:22 & Ephesians 5:9?

The Apostle Paul uses the verb ἐστιν when expressing the "Fruit of the Spirit" in Galatians 22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, ...
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129 views

Should 1 Cor 14:2 say "by" or "unto"?

Would not the dative translation "by" serve 1 cor 14:2 better than the word "unto"? In 1 cor 14:21 it can be seen that God gives this gift and speaks to us "with" or through people..
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Romans 6:7 Was Christ Set Free From Sin?

Ignoring one's own particular theology and overall integrated understanding of the Bible, for a moment, is it good Greek to translate Romans 6:7 as something like the following? "for he having ...
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3answers
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Philippians 2:12 - How should "Work Out" be interpreted?

1. Question In Phil 2:12, How should "Work" be translated, and why is "Out" injected? Setting aside doctrinal presuppositions of faith/work/eternal salvation -- Phil 2:12, NASB - ...
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2answers
488 views

Do Greek and Hebrew words have only one meaning in scripture regardless of the context?

Is it a legitimate linguistic feature within scriptures that the words of scripture only have one meaning each? For example, the KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), ...
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205 views

Which words are used for God in the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament? [closed]

Basically my question is the NT counterpart of this question: The name of God in ancient manuscripts My question: Which words are used for God in the oldest manuscripts of the New Testament?
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86 views

How convincing as a proof of the Inspiration of the Scriptures are the following patterns of 40 (and 41) in the Greek Scriptures? [closed]

There are exactly 40 times in the Greek New Testament Scriptures that God speaks the words 'EGO EIMI' (I AM). The Deity of Christ | ‘EGO EIMI’ (I AM) | 40 instances Matthew But straightway Jesus ...
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280 views

Did Jesus make 4 promises to the church of Philadelphia?

A traditional Jewish Passover meal incorporated four cups, one for each of the promises the LORD made before He brought the nation of Israel out of Egypt: Therefore, tell the Israelites, ‘I am the ...
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In Romans 1:11 why does Paul seem to fudge about his agenda by saying "some spiritual gift"?

NIV Romans 1: 11I long to see you so that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to make you strong— 12that is, that you and I may be mutually encouraged by each other’s faith. It sounds ...
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2answers
174 views

Can 1 Cor. 1:10-13 be interpreted as a Commandment against Cults?

Question: In 1 Cor. 13, is the Early Church's understanding of the Command against "Divisions", pragmatically equivalent to the modern Church's prohibition against "Cults"? Notes: The commandment "...
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2answers
169 views

Does Martin Smart’s Rule indicate that “Lord” and “God” have two referents at John 20:28?

In October 2000, "Smart's Rule," started as a parody of Sharp's Rule, was proposed on the B-GREEK list list by Martin Smart. The rule states: In the proper native[a] Koine Greek of the ...
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Is the Valley of Hinnom adequately translated as hell? [closed]

Transliteration vs. Translation vs.Travesty vs. Allegory Gehenna or Valley of Hinnom or Djennem or Hell? Through the prophecy and book of Jeremiah the Valley of Hinnom (ge hinnom) east of Jerusalem ...
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1answer
75 views

Are the articles at Ro 9:6,8 ultimately anaphoric to 9:5/1:4? If not, what are the grammatical reasons they are not?

Are the articles at Ro 9:6,8 ultimately anaphoric to 9:5/1:4? If not, what are the grammatical reasons they are not?
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Is the use of ἀγάπη (agape) and ἀγαπάω (agapao) evidence the Gospel and Letters of John were written from Ephesus?

John reports Jesus gave a new command which would identify followers of Jesus Christ: A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love (ἀγαπᾶτε) one another; as I have loved (ἠγάπησα) you, that ye ...
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108 views

Is the article at 2 Thessalonians 1:12 anaphoric? If not, what grammatical reasons deny it is?

Is the article at 2 Thessalonians 1:12 anaphoric? If not, what grammatical reasons deny it?
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Does the Greek of Revelation 21:17 indicate the angel was the same size as a man?

Here the cubit (which is based on arm length) seems to be analogous between an angel and a man. Or is this a translation or textual issue? Berean Literal Bible Rev 21:17 And he measured its wall, ...
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199 views

Why do trinitarians say the holy spirit is a person? [closed]

What is the Biblical basis for saying the holy spirit is a person? From my observation of the text, I see no basis for this belief. The holy spirit is continuously presented in the Bible as God's ...
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147 views

Is the article at Titus 2:13 anaphoric? If not, what grammatical reasons deny it is?

Is the article at Titus 2:13 anaphoric? If not, what grammatical reasons deny it is? Note: Keep in mind that Wallace says "Most individualizing articles will be anaphoric" [a] Also ...
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448 views

Why is the ESV translation of Ephesians 4 so terrible? [closed]

In the fourth chapter of Ephesians, in the 13th verse, the English Standard Version has that we are all to "attain ... to mature manhood, ..." I already raise my eyebrows at that word "manhood," ...
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393 views

What does the "beginning of creation” at Rev 3:14 mean using a Biblical Hermeneutic?

In 1979 the 2nd edition Bauer-Arndt-Gingrich-Danker Greek lexicon (BAGD) said of “the beginning of creation” used of Christ at Rev 3:14 that “the mng. beginning=‘first created’ is linguistically ...

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