Questions tagged [greek]

Koiné (from κοινή, "common") Greek was the form of post-classical Greek spoken and written in Hellenistic and Roman antiquity. It is the language of the Septuagint (LXX), Christian New Testament, and most early Christian theological writings.

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Is John 18:31 better understood as "It is not lawful for us to murder anyone."

There are several questions about the ability of the Sanhedrin to legally carryout capital punishment. On one hand, Pilate seems to affirm the right: John 18:31 (ESV) Pilate said to them, “Take him ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
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Does the Greek text for Mark 15:33 contain an example of an aorist participle whose action occurs before the action of the main verb?

The Greek text of Mark 15:33 reads: Καὶ γενομένης ὥρας ἕκτης, σκότος ἐγένετο ἐφ’ ὅλην τὴν γῆν ἕως ὥρας ἐνάτης. The English translation (KJV) of Mark 15:33 reads: And when the sixth hour was come, ...
warriorfortruth's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
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Why did the angel speak to Mary in the future tense (Lk. 1:26-38)?

If the angel Gabriel was seeking Mary's consent to be the mother of God*, why did he speak to her in the future tense in Lk. 1:26-38, as though the prophesied events will occur through her regardless ...
Geremia's user avatar
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Matthew 5:23-24 Who does adelphos (ἀδελφός, brother) refer to?

23 Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee; 24 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy ...
theisticdebater's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
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Why did Jesus say He wouldn’t drink of the vine when it seems like He did?

Jesus said, according to scripture: Matthew 26:29 NKJV 29 But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.” ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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Is the Greek word for "put to death" in Colossians 3:5 nekrosate or nekroō?

In Colossians 3:5 it says "therefore put to death your members which are on the earth..." (NKJV). Various articles online point out that the original Greek for "put to death" is ...
Luke's user avatar
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John 20:4: προέδραμεν has a singular subject. What does that mean?

John 20:4 reads: ἔτρεχον δὲ οἱ δύο ὁμοῦ· καὶ ὁ ἄλλος μαθητὴς προέδραμεν τάχιον τοῦ Πέτρου... The subject is singular, John himself. He runs faster than Peter. Why does John use a plural ...
drrossum's user avatar
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John 1:4-5. If life is the light of men, what is the darkness?

John 1:4-5 NKJV 4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. What is the darkness?
Jason_'s user avatar
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2 Thessalonians 2:8-9 - After/According to OR Against the Working of Satan?

The Scripture in Question 2 Thessalonians 2:8-9 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: [...
Katie Rose Müller's user avatar
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What is the correct interpretation of Revelation 2:4?

There seem to be several interpretations of the admonition of Jesus to the church at Ephesus. Jesus first compliments the church at Ephesus for their labor, their endurance, their not tolerating evil, ...
Dieter's user avatar
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What is the justification for translating James 2:14b as "Can such faith save them?"?

The NSRV translates this verse correctly as … if you say you have faith but do not have works? Can faith save you? James 2:14 A variety of Christian translations render the verse a different way and ...
Avi Avraham's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Why do translators translate Luke 2:25 and 11:13 as "the Holy Spirit" instead of "a holy spirit"?

The Greek text here unambiguously says “a holy spirit” (pneuma [ēn] hagion) in both of these passages. However it appears that most Christian translations choose a different wording: He was waiting ...
Avi Avraham's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is ὅλος not more apt than πάντα

The word πάντα gives a sense of eternity i.e. time quantity as opposed to ὅλος. Would Matthew 28:19 not have been more aptly written as ὅλος έθνη instead of πάντα τὰ έθνη as ὅλος is used in the ...
Waslap's user avatar
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3 answers
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The meaning of "akoe" in Matthew 24:6

Matthew 24:6 says: You will hear of wars and rumors of wars, but see to it that you are not alarmed. Such things must happen, but the end is still to come. (NIV) The word "akoe" is ...
Kidburla's user avatar
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Why do some translations have a completely opposite interpretation of John 18:37?

In John 18:37, Pilate asks Jesus whether he is a king, and Jesus confirms the fact: YLT: Pilate, therefore, said to him, 'Art thou then a king?' Jesus answered, 'Thou dost say it; because a king I am,...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
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1 answer
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Did Judas realize his sin at the moment of the kiss?

In my studies of the Gospel of Mark, I’ve stumbled upon an interesting differentiation in the words used for “kiss” as found in Mark 14:44-45. The sign that Judas was to use to allow the captors to ...
Jay Zorn's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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What is the difference between archas, exousias, kosmokratoras? (Ephesians 6:12)

I notice that there are overlapping usages in the different words used here: Ephesians 6:12 NKJV 12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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Whats the reasoning behind the "understands" vs "hears" in Acts 22:9 and Acts 9:7?

In Acts 22:9 (NASB): "And those who were with me saw the light, but did not understand the voice of the One who was speaking to me." And Acts 9:7 (NASB): "The men who traveled with him ...
User2280's user avatar
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When discussing age in Greek, is use of the aorist tense more indicative of when one turned a certain age rather than them just simply being that age?

The Greek text for Luke 2:42 reads: Καὶ ὅτε ἐγένετο ἐτῶν δώδεκα, ἀναβαινόντων αὐτῶν κατὰ τὸ ἔθος τῆς ἑορτῆς The English translation (KJV) of Luke 2:42 reads: And when he was twelve years old, they ...
warriorfortruth's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
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Should we ONLY say the Lord's Prayer?

In In Matthew 6:9, the Greek it literally says: "Thus therefore pray you" or "Οὕτως οὖν προσεύχεσθε ὑμεῖς". Is Jesus saying that we should pray like that and only like that? ...
User2280's user avatar
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2 votes
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What is the best translation of Matthew 7:14?

NKJV: Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it. NIV: But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it. ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
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Is "because" the best way to describe the meaning of ὅτι in the Prologue?

The Prologue in John's Gospel uses the conjunction ὅτι with three successive statements. John 1:15-17 (ESV) (John bore witness about him, and cried out, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
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How should Romans 5:18-19 best be translated?

This is the verse in question and how David Bentley Hart translates it... Romans 5:18-19 Greek Ἄρα οὖν ὡς δι᾽ἑνὸς παραπτώματος εἰς πάντας ἀνθρώπους εἰς κατάκριμα, οὕτως καὶ δι᾽ ἑνὸς δικαιώματος εἰς ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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-1 votes
3 answers
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Which are the Biblical references summarising early Christian Community life? [closed]

Text of a Sunday School lesson speaks of four Greek terms that summarize early Christian community life. The words are: Koinonia meaning Fellowship; Diaconia meaning Service; Kerygma meaning ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
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του πνεύμα εκ του πνεύματος The spirit of the Spirit? Gal 6:8

The context from Galatians 6:7-8 is: you reap what you sow, the flesh vs. the Spirit. All good, clear enough. Looking this up in the Apostolic Bible Polyglot Interlinear translation, things seem a bit ...
Rachel's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
140 views

In John 5:18 should ἴσον be translated as "equal with" or "like"?

John 5:18 according to the ESV: This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself ...
Joshua B's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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What Greek mss (SBLGNT, MGNT and TR) or textual criticism philosophy most influenced main English Bible translations?

Some of the main Greek sources we may use include: SBLGNT MGNT TR (Textus Receptus) Septuagint Others? The _GNT are collections that basically include compilations of most of the same known Greek ...
Jesse's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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Is there a "most accurate" translation of Ephesians 4:8 (αἰχμαλωτεύω - αἰχμαλωσία, ας, ἡ)?

I've been looking at this verse in different versions. NKJV says: He led captivity captive. On the other hand ESV says: he led a host of captives. I'm wondering which is right: Ephesians 4:8 — The New ...
Jason_'s user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
41 views

How is heart to be understood in Rom. 10:10

The Old Testament makes a distinction at times, it seems between heart as center of thoughts (modern mind) and kidneys as center of emotions(also Revelation 2:23 makes the distinction). However, I’m ...
Dan's user avatar
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9 votes
7 answers
452 views

What is the better rendering of colossians 2:14?

What is the better rendering of Colossians 2:14 ? KJV " blotting out the handwriting of ordinances which was against us " ESV " by canceling the record of debt that stood against us ...
user63409's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
135 views

χάριτος (charitos)

What is the literal definition of χάριτος (charitos)? I have read some claim that this means "to give grace" while others claim it means "charming" "Loving" or "...
Patrick Shurina's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
52 views

Etymological History of Satana in Koine Greek

Can someone point me to an academic book on the etymological root of “satanas” (G4567)? Did it originate in the LXX when translating Job? Was satanas used extensively in Greco-Roman literature in ...
Jake Shanley's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
51 views

What does Luke mean in Acts 1:1 when he says "all things"?

In Acts 1:1 Luke says he wrote "concerning all things" that Jesus did and taught. Acts 1:1 (ESV): In the first book, O Theophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began to do and teach We ...
User2280's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
639 views

What’s the correct translation for Roman’s 4:3?

I’ve heard some say that "Logizomai" actually means to reason, not to credit. Also, the word "to" in the phrase, "to him as righteousness" is not in the Greek! It would ...
Thejesusdude's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
59 views

Are "Almighty God" and its variations a poor translation? [duplicate]

I do not speak any ancient languages. I have no relevant scholarly credentials. I do know how to read and use a dictionary. I have read the whole Bible. When God is referred to as "God Almighty&...
g s's user avatar
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1 answer
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Does whoever Lord is in James 1:7 refer to whomever God is in James 1:5? [duplicate]

James 1:5, 7 5 If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask God, who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him. 7 For that person must not suppose that he will receive anything ...
JosephDoggie's user avatar
10 votes
8 answers
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In James 1:7 is Lord referring to God the Father or Jesus Christ?

Please help me to write this acceptably. James 1:5 in the NIV states that: If any of you lacks wisdom, you should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to ...
JosephDoggie's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
55 views

What is “plural of class”?

I was recently having a conversation and we discussed Titus 1:6. The idea of “plural of class” was applied to tekna. I was surprised, I had never heard of this type of plural. Is there such a plural? ...
Larry's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
66 views

ἀναγκάζω and ἐκβάλλω, ‘compel’ and ‘forcefully cast’ or ‘drive’ or ‘thrust’

Matt 9:38 and Luke 14:23 are two different passages with two different Greek words, but it seems the idea of force is quite similar. Both are allegories Jesus told. In the one, God as banquet host has ...
Rachel's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
107 views

Do the four beasts in Daniel 7 represent the Diadochi kingdoms

I heard an argument that I was curious if anyone discussed and considered. Is there strong exegetical evidence to support identifying the four beasts described in Daniel 7:3 as representing the four ...
Servant's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Meaning of Sophrosyne and Polytelei

I would like to know a real ancient Greek meaning of sophrosyne and polytelei when we talking of clothing. Sophrosyne is translated as self-control or sound mind but also self-restraint So range of ...
monique's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Can the nominative case justify the insertion of a definite article?

For example, In Isaiah 1:1 there is no definite article for the vision being spoken of. ὅρασις ἣν εἶδεν Ησαιας υἱὸς Αμως ἣν εἶδεν κατὰ τῆς Ιουδαίας καὶ κατὰ Ιερουσαλημ ἐν βασιλείᾳ Οζιου καὶ Ιωαθαμ καὶ ...
Sojourner97's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
132 views

According to NT is wearing gold a sin against Gods Divine Law?

I have been reading a lot of Church Fathers and early Christian writers and they translated the Bible is opposed to women's adornment and they all said the Bible condemns all jewelry (as apparently ...
monique's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
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Can "in the name of Allah", actually be the mark of the beast? [duplicate]

This is where we get the 666 from in the Book of Revelation. Revelation 13:18 (NASB) Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for the number is that of a man; ...
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
34 views

Is this a fair translation of Isaiah 5:1 (LXX)?

ᾄσω δὴ τῷ ἠγαπημένῳ ᾆσμα τοῦ ἀγαπητοῦ τῷ ἀμπελῶνί μου ἀμπελὼν ἐγενήθη τῷ ἠγαπημένῳ ἐν κέρατι ἐν τόπῳ πίονι Now I will sing to the loved a song of the Beloved, my vineyard: "A vineyard became a ...
Sojourner97's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
67 views

Confused about “missing” Greek words. Phil 2:7

Are there NT manuscripts “missing” and/or with different Greek words in Philippians 2:7? Specifically, in reference to the word servant? Also note other word variations seen regarding this verse. ...
Rachel's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
44 views

2 Thess. 2:11; Strong's (G1753, energeia) delusion (G4106, plane); planet energy?

Don't know much about the root meaning of words, but is what these words could be referring to, like the lie is associated with planet energy? 2 Thessalonians 2:11 KJV And for this cause God shall ...
ThatwemaybethepraiseofHisglory's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
232 views

Is God responsible for the Unbelief of the Unconverted Mankind, according to Romans 11:32?

(I found an earlier question on this but it is a word comparison between Rom 11:32 and Luke 5:6). Though as startling and controversial as it may sound, the Scripture seems to be emphatic: it is God ...
Nephesh Roi's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
647 views

Does the use of the past tense in the verse imply that the blind man literally saw Jesus before he was healed?

John 9:37 New English Translation Jesus told him, “You have seen him; he is the one speaking with you.” Does the use of the past tense in the verse imply that the blind man literally saw Jesus ...
Betho's's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
76 views

Pre-New Testament use of "kataboles kosmou"

I'm working on Luke 11:48-54, and the phrase, katabolēs kosmou. It's not in the LXX; any idea of its usage pre-NT? 51 As a result, this generation will be charged with the blood of all the prophets ...
Wes Howard-Brook's user avatar

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