Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
2answers
311 views

Were Rahab (Joshua 2) and the two women with the dead baby (1 Kings 3:16) really prostitutes or just inn keepers?

According to the "Treasury of Scripture" the word for "prostitute" and the word for "inn keeper" are the same word: harlots The word {zanoth}, rendered {harlots}, is here translated by the ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

Why the second דֹּֽר in Exodus 3:15?

I'm a little confused by the second דֹּֽר in this verse, which ends the verse. וַיֹּאמֶר֩ ע֨וֹד אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֗ה כֹּֽה־תֹאמַר֮ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבֹתֵיכֶ֗ם אֱלֹהֵ֨י ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

What is the meaning and function of הַהִוא֒ in Exodus 3:8?

I'm translating Exodus 3:8, but I'm a bit stumped on the meaning and function of the following word: הַהִוא֒ וָאֵרֵ֞ד לְהַצִּיל֣וֹ ׀ מִיַּ֣ד מִצְרַ֗יִם וּֽלְהַעֲלֹתוֹ֮ מִן־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַהִוא֒ אֶל־אֶ֤רֶץ ...
3
votes
3answers
164 views

How do you translate מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו in Exodus 3:7?

I'm having some trouble translating the phrase מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֔ה רָאֹ֥ה רָאִ֛יתִי אֶת־עֳנִ֥י עַמִּ֖י אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם וְאֶת־צַעֲקָתָ֤ם שָׁמַ֙עְתִּי֙ מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו ...
3
votes
3answers
129 views

In Psalm 40:12: is he surrounded by "evils" or by "iniquities"?

Psalm 40:12 (KJV) " For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore ...
4
votes
3answers
343 views

Help parsing (וַיִּשְׁבֹּת֙) in Genesis 2:2

I'm working through the 'Graded Reader of Biblical Hebrew' by Van Pelt & Pratico. In the second exercise, Genesis 2:1-3, I parsed (וַיִּשְׁבֹּת֙) as Piel imperfect 3ms WC, however, the book ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Is 1 Cor. 6:11 singular or plural?

I don't know Greek at all. 1 Cor. 6:11 says this in the SBL Greek New Testament: 11 καὶ ταῦτά τινες ἦτε· ἀλλὰ ἀπελούσασθε, ἀλλὰ ἡγιάσθητε, ἀλλὰ ἐδικαιώθητε ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ καὶ ἐν τῷ ...
1
vote
3answers
311 views

What does "as" mean in Matthew 6:10?

Matthew 6:10 "Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven". KJB Here "as" could be "because", alternatively it could be "in the same way". ...
-1
votes
3answers
1k views

Genesis 1:5 How can God call the light "Day" when light and day are two different concepts?

(Genesis 1:5) ויקרא אלהים ׀ לאור יום ולחשך קרא לילה ויהי־ערב ויהי־בקר יום אחד׃ פ (My translation of the bold part) And God called to the light, "Day" Just to make it clear, I understand that ...
2
votes
3answers
163 views

How do you translate οἱ καθ’ ἕνα? (Ephesians 5:33)

I'm having some problems understanding and translating Ephesians 5:33. 33 πλὴν καὶ ὑμεῖς οἱ καθ’ ἕνα, ἕκαστος τὴν ἑαυτοῦ γυναῖκα οὕτως ἀγαπάτω ὡς ἑαυτόν, ἡ δὲ γυνὴ ἵνα φοβῆται τὸν ἄνδρα. 33 but ye ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Genesis 1:4 - "divide" or "cause to be separate"?

Genesis 1:4 וירא אלהים את־האור כי־טוב ויבדל אלהים בין האור ובין החשך׃ (How KJV translates the verse) And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. (How I would ...
2
votes
2answers
321 views

What does "ἐν ῥήματι" mean in Ephesians 5:26?

I'm trying to understand Ephesians 5:25-6 and here is my rough translation below. 25 Οἱ ἄνδρες, ἀγαπᾶτε τὰς γυναῖκας, καθὼς καὶ ὁ Χριστὸς ἠγάπησεν τὴν ἐκκλησίαν καὶ ἑαυτὸν παρέδωκεν ὑπὲρ αὐτῆς, ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Historical present in Genesis 1:2

Genesis 1:2 והארץ היתה תהו ובהו וחשך על־פני תהום ורוח אלהים מרחפת על־פני המים׃ (My translation of the bolded part) And darkness is on the face of the deep My question regards the bolded section of ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

In Zechariah 12:10 what is the effect of אֵת (in conjunction with "to me")? [duplicate]

KJV Zec 12:10  And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they ...
4
votes
5answers
152 views

Why is the word 'anti' used in Ephesians 5:31 instead of 'heneka' when quoting Genesis 2:24?

Both Ephesians 5:31 and Matthew 19:5 quote Genesis 2:24: 'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.' However in ...
4
votes
2answers
414 views

Is 1 Timothy 6:15-16 about God or about Jesus?

YLT 1Ti 6:13  I charge thee, before God, who is making all things alive, and of Christ Jesus, who did testify before Pontius Pilate the right profession,  1Ti 6:14  that thou keep the command ...
1
vote
2answers
273 views

How should Revelation 11:15 be translated (so the implied pronoun and expressed referent agree)?

Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] Rev 11:15 Καὶ ὁ ἕβδομος ἄγγελος ἐσάλπισεν· καὶ ἐγένοντο φωναὶ μεγάλαι ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ, λέγοντες Ἐγένετο ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ κόσμου τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν καὶ τοῦ χριστοῦ αὐτοῦ,...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

In Ephesian 5:27 what does Christ "present to himself"?

I was struck with the oddness of a groom "presenting" one's bride "to himself" as it doesn't match our culture where the father of the bride "gives away" his daughter. As I looked at this familiar ...
-1
votes
8answers
498 views

Which resources are essential for self-study of Biblical Hebrew? [closed]

I am a fairly new student of Biblical Hebrew. For various reasons, I am going to do this on my own, from my home. Please suggest which books I need for serious study in this area. I have Logos plus ...
5
votes
1answer
159 views

What is the significance to writing "the-light" as האור or לאור?

Hebrew lacks a definite article and "the" is indicated by prefixing a letter: And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. (Genesis 1:4 ESV) וירא ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

In Philippians 2:11 are "God" and "the Father" used in apposition?

According to Wikipedia, Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side, with one element serving to identify the other in a different ...
1
vote
3answers
222 views

In Ephesians 3:17 are the saints becoming rooted and established or already rooted and established in love?

Regarding Ephesians 3:17, "And I pray that you, being rooted and established in love": 1) Was Paul saying that the Ephesians were already rooted and established in love, or was he praying that they ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

In Romans 11:11 who is made jealous of whom?

YLT Rom 11:11 I say, then, Did they stumble that they might fall? let it not be! but by their fall the salvation is to the nations, to arouse them to jealousy; Do the fallen Jews make the ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

Why does the ASV translate πᾶσα γραφὴ θεόπνευστος in 2 Timothy 3:16 as "every scripture inspired of God"?

The ASV's translation of 2 Tim 3:16 reads: Every scripture inspired of God is also profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for instruction which is in righteousness. What arguments ...
2
votes
3answers
159 views

Is δέ in Eph. 5:32 an adversative or copulative particle?

Eph. 5:32: This is a great sacrament; but [autem / δὲ] I speak in Christ and in the church. Some English translations say "and" instead of "but". Translating "δὲ" as "but" would seem to exclude ...
2
votes
2answers
316 views

Does the grammar of Romans 5:9 suggest from whose wrath "we will be saved"?

Romans 5:9 ends with the phrase σωθησόμεθα δι’ αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ τῆς ὀργῆς -- "we will be saved by him from the wrath". Most, though not all, English translations add "of God" to qualify "wrath". What ...
0
votes
2answers
533 views

What are the implications of Paul's use of the present tense of the verb δικαιόω (to justify) in Romans 3:24, 26, 28, and 4:5?

In four verses (Romans 3:24, 3:26, 3:28, and 4:5) the apostle Paul used present tense verbs when describing justification. What makes this harder is all four are either infinitives or participles, ...
3
votes
3answers
282 views

John 10:33 — Nominative vs. Accusative Nuance (θεος / θεον)

John 10:33 in the Greek reads (NA28): ἀπεκρίθησαν αὐτῷ οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι· περὶ καλοῦ ἔργου οὐ λιθάζομέν σε ἀλλὰ περὶ βλασφημίας, καὶ ὅτι σὺ ἄνθρωπος ὢν ποιεῖς σεαυτὸν θεόν. There is nothing special or ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

A word ending in "ti"--in archaic Hebrew, who does it refer to?

In Judges 5:7 (in the song of Deborah) we find:   חָדְלוּ פְרָזוֹן בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל,  חָדֵלּוּ, עַד שַׁקַּמְתִּי דְּבוֹרָה, שַׁקַּמְתִּי אֵם בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל The archaic Hebrew word shakamti is ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the meaning of "Let" in the phrase "Let there be light"?

Genesis 1:3 (KJV) And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. What's the meaning of the word "let"? Is the meaning closer to: cause/effect, i.e. physics-related; or allow/permit (cf), ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Why does the Greek use different words for "like" in Revelation 13:11?

Westcott & Hort 1881 Καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς γῆς, καὶ εἶχεν κέρατα δύο ὅμοια ἀρνίῳ, καὶ ἐλάλει ὡς δράκων. Revelation 13:11-18 English Standard Version (ESV) The Second Beast ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Why does the Apostle Paul use the verb παρακαλέω twice in Philippians 4:2?

Philippians 4:2 2 I beseech Euodias, and beseech Syntyche, that they be of the same mind in the Lord. KJV, 1679 Βʹ εὐωδίαν παρακαλῶ καὶ Συντύχην παρακαλῶ τὸ αὐτὸ φρονεῖν ἐν κυρίῳ TR, 1550 Why does ...
-1
votes
1answer
81 views

Should it be be ἐν or ἐστιν in Galatians 5:22 & Ephesians 5:9?

The Apostle Paul uses the verb ἐστιν when expressing the "Fruit of the Spirit" in Galatians 22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

"זֶה ... וְזֶה" referring to the same or different entities

The construction זֶה ... וְזֶה can indicate both "one ... the other ..." and "this one ... this one", so the entity that the two זֶהs refer to can be the same or different. This is ...
1
vote
1answer
443 views

Ephesians 2:8, why is "πίστις" in the Genitive?

Sorry if this seems like a dumb question but I am not well versed with N.T. Greek Grammar, but I am decently versed with Germanic grammar, which is probably too different in some cases to be ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Genesis 19:13 "the cry of them" צַעֲקָתָם?

In Genesis 18:20 and 19:13 the reason is given for the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah: (Westminster Leningrad Codex interlinear with vowels) And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

1 Tim 6:13 - need direction for Greek grammar, please

1 Tim 6:13 in the KJV has: I give thee charge in the sight of God The Amplified (classis) reads: I [solemnly] charge you I have been studying the Bible for 40 years as a layman with no formal ...
2
votes
2answers
279 views

Which is the main verb of the sentence in 2 Peter 1,3-4?

I have been struggling to locate the main verb in the sentence that comprises 2 Peter 1,3-4. NA28 gives full stops at the end of verses 2 and 4. Thus, if verses 3-4 are punctuated as a complete ...
-2
votes
1answer
153 views

What is the mood of {יהיו} in Psalm 19:15

יהיו לרצון they shall be of desiring/liking אםרי פי speech of my mouth והגיון לבי and reasoning/logic of my heart לפניך יי צורי וגאלי before you Hashem my rock and my redeemer. What is the ...
2
votes
3answers
225 views

Subjective or objective genitive found in 1 Tim 3:6?

The passage of 1 Tim 3:6 reads as follows (KJV) - Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. μὴ νεόφυτον, ἵνα μὴ τυφωθεὶς εἰς κρίμα ἐμπέσῃ τοῦ ...
3
votes
2answers
646 views

Is 'darkness upon' in Genesis 1:2 cosmic, rather than merely terrestrial, despite that the central subject and Biblical grammar suggests the latter?

Is 'darkness upon' in Genesis 1:2 cosmic, rather than merely terrestrial, despite that the central subject (Earth) and Biblical Hebrew grammar (ex:Luke 23:44, Exodus 14:20, Deuteronomy 4:11, Joshua ...
7
votes
3answers
242 views

Why did angels speak a sentence of eleven words without a verb?

Δοζα εν υφιστοις Θεω Glory in highest Godward και επι γης ειρηνη and upon earth peace εν ανθρωποις ευδοκια in humanity goodwill Note : ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Is it 'He who Overcomes' or 'They who Overcome' in Rev chapters 2 and 3

The below references in Revelation speak of 'He' who overcomes. Several people present this to me as being one person, someone that is alive currently - or will come in the future. Does the original ...
3
votes
2answers
832 views

In Jeremiah 29:8 what kind of dream was Israel not to listen to?

In Jeremiah, which dreams is God saying to not listen to? NKJV, Jeremiah 29:8 - For thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Do not let your prophets and your diviners who are in your ...
0
votes
1answer
339 views

Most accurate version of the Bible? [closed]

According to linguistics, history and culture which version of the Bible today is most accurate translation of the ancient original?
4
votes
3answers
583 views

Why do λέγω and εἴπατε both have the same Strong's number (3004)?

The difference in meaning between Matthew 10:27 and Luke 12:3 depends utterly on one word. If this word is swapped the verses are parallel. We might expect the passages are exactly parallel because ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

"Let there be light," or "He is becoming light?"

I recently came across someone writing on his own website on a wide variety of biblical subjects, and have found a great many of the ideas he writes on to be highly questionable. One of the ideas He ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What was sanctified by the blood in Hebrews 10:29?

The subject of the verb αγιάζω in Hebrews 10:29 could be either "the covenant" or "one [...] who has trampled the Son of God underfoot" so: 1. What was sanctified by the blood? 2. Why do most ...
2
votes
3answers
229 views

What is the part of speech and meaning of אַ֚ף in Gn 3:1?

The word אַף is often used as a noun meaning "nose", "nostril", or "anger", but here it is used in a different way. The Scholars Gateway parses it as a conjunction, and ...
5
votes
3answers
914 views

How do you parse this verb (וְהִשְׁקָה)?

In Genesis 2:6, there is a verb which seems to be a hiphil verb (3sg fem.) but it doesn't fit the normal pattern of conjugation. וְאֵד יַעֲלֶה מִן־הָאָרֶץ וְהִשְׁקָה אֶת־כָּל־פְּנֵי־הָאֲדָמָה׃ And a ...

1
3 4
5
6 7
9