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Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

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In Song 2:17 and 4:6, why is it normally assumed that "until the day breathe and the shadows flee" moderates the subsequent, not preceding, clause?

Song of Songs 2:16-17 (without punctuation) reads: דּוֹדִי לִי וַאֲנִי לוֹ הָרֹעֶה בַּשּׁוֹשַׁנִּים עַד שֶׁיָּפוּחַ הַיּוֹם וְנָסוּ הַצְּלָלִים סֹב דְּמֵה-לְךָ דוֹדִי לִצְבִי אוֹ לְעֹפֶר הָאַיָּלִים ...
Julian Newman's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
187 views

Assuming Paul intended Titus 2:13 to mean two different referents, what advantage does his choice of words have over others which are unambiguous?

Paul wrote to Titus to exhort him to sound teaching (or doctrine). He said this 5 times in the first 26 verses (1:9, 13-14, 2:1, 7, 10). Then he follows with a statement whose meaning is disputed: ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
-1 votes
5 answers
249 views

Since BDAG says "και" suggests a semantic aspect at Titus 2:13 that justifies that “our Great God” is the Father and not Jesus, is και adjunctive?

Since BDAG says "και" suggests a semantic aspect at Titus 2:13 that justifies that “our Great God” is the Father and not Jesus, is και adjunctive?
user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
377 views

How does the fact that the Father is the “only true God” (Θεός) at J 17:3 in a convertible proposition affect the sense in which Jesus is θεός?

How does the fact that the Father is the “only true God” (Θεός) at J 17:3 in a convertible proposition affect the sense in which Jesus is θεός?
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3 votes
1 answer
352 views

Genesis 22:8, 9: is there a difference in the meaning due to the use of the indefinite article ‘a’ and the definite article ‘the’?

Genesis 22:8, 9 ..., God will provide himself ‘a’ lamb for a burnt offering; ... (KJV) ..., God will provide for Himself ‘the’ lamb for a burnt offering, ... (The Interlinear Bible Hebrew-Greek-...
Tesfaye Wolde's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
3k views

Since the plural Elohim is used of Moses at Ex 7:1 and one person at Psalm 45:6 is there any grammatical reason to see it as a literal numeric plural?

Since the plural Elohim is used of Moses at Exodus 7:1 [a] and one person at Psalm 45:6 [b] is there any grammatical reason to see it as a literal numeric plural when used of the one true God? [a] ...
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0 votes
4 answers
159 views

Why did H.S direct John to use the word for "to happen" in Revelation 16:17 instead off the normal word for "to complete"?

Revelation 16:17 Then the seventh poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple from the throne, saying, “It is done! ”--that is, "γέγονεν." What catches my eye here is ...
Bob Blocher's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
259 views

What does it mean that the Greek middle voice is used at Luke 4:3 to command the stone to become bread?

The devil said to him, "If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread (Luke 4:3, NIV) (NA28) εἶπεν δὲ αὐτῷ ὁ διάβολος· εἰ υἱὸς εἶ τοῦ θεοῦ, εἰπὲ ⸂τῷ λίθῳ τούτῳ ἵνα γένηται [a] ἄρτος⸃ I ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
84 views

How should δὲ in Luke 24:44 be translated?

The Greek text of Luke 24:44 states: Εἶπεν δὲ πρὸς αὐτούς Οὗτοι οἱ λόγοι μου οὓς ἐλάλησα πρὸς ὑμᾶς ἔτι ὢν σὺν ὑμῖν, ὅτι δεῖ πληρωθῆναι πάντα τὰ γεγραμμένα ἐν τῷ νόμῳ Μωϋσέως καὶ τοῖς προφήταις ...
SW1903's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
324 views

Owlam in Gen:6:4

I have looked at the Stack Exchange comments on Genesis 6:4 but have not found the following opinion expressed. Could someone schooled in Hebrew please comment on my use of the word "Owlam" (Strong's ...
brmicke's user avatar
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7 votes
5 answers
4k views

Who is the "possessor of heaven and earth" in Genesis 14:19. Abraham or God?

Who is the "possessor of heaven and earth" in Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 and blessed be the most high ...
Siju George's user avatar
-4 votes
2 answers
228 views

Does Martin Smart’s Rule indicate that “Lord” and “God” have two referents at John 20:28?

In October 2000, "Smart's Rule," started as a parody of Sharp's Rule, was proposed on the B-GREEK list list by Martin Smart. The rule states: In the proper native[a] Koine Greek of the ...
user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
2k views

What is the accurate translation of "οὗτος" in John 1:2?

In John 1:2, what is the accurate translation of "οὗτος"? John 1:2 (DRB): The same was in the beginning with God. John 1:2 (GNT): oὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν Θεόν. I looked about ...
salah's user avatar
  • 3,995
3 votes
2 answers
564 views

Since the Word received life in John 1:3-4 per the UBS Greek text, can the prologue also support the Word was eternal?

The problem: The grammar of John 1:1-4, especially in our critical editions of the Greek text give substantial reason to view the Word as having received his very life in the beginning. However ...
user avatar
-8 votes
5 answers
638 views

What does the "beginning of creation” at Rev 3:14 mean using a Biblical Hermeneutic?

In 1979 the 2nd edition Bauer-Arndt-Gingrich-Danker Greek lexicon (BAGD) said of “the beginning of creation” used of Christ at Rev 3:14 that “the mng. beginning=‘first created’ is linguistically ...
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4 votes
4 answers
321 views

Does Paul's use of Greek represent the Son as Creator or Maker?

When the role of the Son is spoken of by Paul in Creation it is always as the intermediate agent (δια) or instrument (εν) used by God and not as source as in Creator Ex Nihilo. BDAG on the agency of ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
660 views

Did Jesus speak pidgin or ungrammatically at John 8:58?

Every native speaker can intuitively tell that "Before Abraham was born, I am" is not grammatical English. To take "I am" as a title of God is equivalent to "Before Abraham ...
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2 votes
4 answers
345 views

Is the article in 2 Peter 1:2 (του θεου) anaphoric to θεός in 1:1? If not, what grammar denies it?

Is the article in 2 Peter 1:2 (του θεου) anaphoric to θεός in 1:1? If not, what grammar denies it? Note: Keep in mind and address that Wallace says "Most individualizing articles will be ...
user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
1k views

Jehovah in the New Testament

Among the reasons the Watchtower society gives for inserting the name Jehovah in the New Testament is the following: "In Greek, is the definite article missing from before Kyʹri·os (Lord), where it ...
Jerome's user avatar
  • 217
0 votes
1 answer
213 views

Did Jesus ask once or repeatedly? Mark 5:8

The text translated says something to the effect “For he was saying to him, "Come out of the man, you unclean spirit!"” ‭‭Mark‬ ‭5:8‬ ‭ Which would cause one to assume Jesus said it once only ...
Nihil Sine Deo's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
118 views

Psalm 104:30 grammar

Does the grammar in Psalm 104:30 support what is to come, as opposed to what has happened in the past? From my extremely basic understanding it supports what is to come, but I want to be sure. 30 ...
Stacy's user avatar
  • 11
5 votes
2 answers
168 views

A male child is born to us

Is there a difference, even very small, in the meaning of: A male child is born to us. vs A male child has been born to us. The "is born" is rather unusual in English. What is the best ...
Quidam's user avatar
  • 217
1 vote
1 answer
51 views

Rom 8:31 ?..Who can be against us? Is this a valid grammatical adjustment?

Rom 8:31 (NKJV)  What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? Does the Greek text allow for this translation? What then shall we say to these things if God is for ...
John Wellspring's user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
1k views

Could Matthew 28:18-19 be translated in the Koine Greek to be an exhortation and not a commandment as some may think?

"Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,” Could this mean, ”while you are going out and about or while you are on ...
Buzz Speedo's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
233 views

In the Shema, how should we understand "with all your strength" when the Hebrew word מְאֹ֑ד is rarely used this way?

In Deuteronomy 6:5, the Hebrew text reads "and with all your might"(ESV). Most English translations take this as "strength" or "might." The LXX uses a common word for power/strength/might and Mark's ...
Nathan Mudd's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
79 views

How should the 2fs form of amar be understood in Psalm 16:2

Psalm 16:2 reads: אָמַרְתְּ לַיהוָה אֲדֹנָי אָתָּה טוֹבָתִי בַּל-עָלֶיךָ אָמַרְתְּ is 2fs in form. I was curious about how to understand this. Looking around, most translations seem to understand ...
firebush's user avatar
  • 285
3 votes
2 answers
294 views

Is "the bread is in effect common" (1 Samuel 21:5) as translated by the NKJV accurate?

The MT reads: וַיַּ֩עַן֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶת־הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ כִּ֣י אִם־אִשָּׁ֤ה עֲצֻֽרָה־לָ֙נוּ֙ כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֔ם בְּצֵאתִ֕י וַיִּהְי֥וּ כְלֵֽי־הַנְּעָרִ֖ים קֹ֑דֶשׁ וְהוּא֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ חֹ֔ל ...
bach's user avatar
  • 7,278
5 votes
7 answers
2k views

Imperfect Indicative Active in John 1:1-4

John 1:1 (ESV) 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through him, and without him was not any ...
The Votive Soul's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
365 views

Faulty "covenant" or "ministry" in Hebrews 8:7?

Hebrews 8:7 refers to something with 'fault', and the referent is almost invariably indicated to be the first 'covenant' in English translations. Some of the more literal translations miss the word ...
Jack Douglas's user avatar
  • 12.5k
3 votes
1 answer
96 views

Is Jeremiah 18:2 grammatically incorrect?

This may seem like an insignificant question but I was wondering why the Hebrew "וְשָׁ֖מָּה" which is feminine appears in Jeremiah 18:2 to refer to "בֵּ֣ית" which is masculine: קוּם וְיָרַדְתָּ ...
David the Prince's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
407 views

Emphasis in Isaiah 50:11

Does the phrase here translated - "this you shall have of mine hand" - refer to the the previous portion of the verse, or does it refer to the latter portion of the verse? Is 50:11 (KJV) ...
brmicke's user avatar
  • 581
1 vote
4 answers
3k views

Is Noah's "youngest son" in Genesis 9:24 Ham or Canaan?

And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: 21And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent. 22And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness ...
CMK's user avatar
  • 1,079
0 votes
2 answers
86 views

Some legend with meaning of V-RAP-NPM, API-3S etc

It is difficult for me to google the meaning of such short keywords like V-RAP-NPM or API-3S etc. The following is in my bible lexicon: 1 Peter 1:8 ον(R-ASM) G3739 ουκ(PRT-N) G3756 ειδοτες G1492 ...
Jarek C's user avatar
  • 113
0 votes
2 answers
345 views

In Acts 15:17 are the "remnant of men" and the "gentiles who are called by name" identical?

In the CSB it appears that they are: [Act 15:17 CSB] (17) "so the rest of humanity may seek the Lord -- even all the Gentiles who are called by my name -- declares the Lord who makes these ...
Ruminator's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
120 views

In Deuteronomy 8:3 why is "live" a future verb?

[Deu 8:3 ASV] (3) And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live ...
Ruminator's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
310 views

Is Mark 12:30 explicitly saying all WILL love God?

I don't know Greek myself, but comparing various translations of Mark 12:30 I was wondering whether what is often translated as 'shall' is necessary in the Greek? If it is an 'englishism' carried over ...
user30344's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
207 views

You all are gods vs. You all are God?

Plural Usage In the answer of Why is elohim translated as God rather than gods? the plural usage occurs because of the verb or adjective. Psalm 82:6 WLC אֲ‍ֽנִי־אָ֭מַרְתִּי אֱלֹהִ֣ים אַתֶּ֑ם וּבְנֵ֖י ...
Decrypted's user avatar
  • 975
4 votes
1 answer
438 views

Shouldn’t it read her tent? Genesis 9:21

In this verse the translators say that the tent belonged to Noah, ‘his tent’ but doesn't the feminine possessive suffix indicate that it should be her tent, as in his wife’s tent? “He drank of the ...
Nihil Sine Deo's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
71 views

Should "from the father" be translated instead as "beside a father" in John 1:14?

A typical translation of John 1:14-18 usually reads about like this: (John 1:14–18, ESV) And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from ...
Ruminator's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
429 views

What is the logic used in Romans 7:1-2 to help us know our relationship with the Law?

Romans 7:1-2 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? 2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the ...
Siju George's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
253 views

Jude vs 24: who has the joy?

Jude 24 in KJV says: Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy Various English translations render this ...
EdNerd's user avatar
  • 399
1 vote
5 answers
1k views

What does θεός mean in John 1:1, 20:28?

John 1:1 Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants] ΕΝ ΑΡΧΗ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. John 20:28 Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants] ἀπεκρίθη Θωμᾶς καὶ ...
R. Brown's user avatar
  • 6,081
7 votes
10 answers
7k views

Why does Matthew 28:19 say "in the name" and then proceed to give three names?

If written out in full would this verse read "in the name of the Father, and in the name of the Son, and in the name of the Holy Spirit"? Or is there some other reason apart from trimming obviously ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
  • 10.2k
2 votes
3 answers
278 views

In 1 Timothy 6:16 in what way does Jesus "have immortality" (if indeed he is the referent)?

[1Ti 6:11-16 ESV] (11) But as for you, O man of God, flee these things. Pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness, gentleness. (12) Fight the good fight of the faith. Take hold of ...
Ruminator's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
319 views

In Romans 2:7 what does Paul mean by "immortality" in relation to "everlasting life"?

[Rom 2:7 ESV] (7) to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; 2:7 τοῖς μὲν καθ᾽ ὑπομονὴν ἔργου ἀγαθοῦ δόξαν καὶ τιμὴν καὶ ἀφθαρσίαν ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
390 views

Why is the indefinite aorist tense used in Luke 22:15 'With desire I have desired / 'Ἐπιθυμίᾳ ἐπεθύμησα?

Why is the indefinite aorist tense used in Luke 22:15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer... I am most interested in the hebraism used here ...
Lowther's user avatar
  • 612
2 votes
2 answers
341 views

In Hebrews 1:4 what does it mean that Jesus "inherits" a more excellent name?

[Heb 1:4 DBY] (4) taking a place by so much better than the angels, as he inherits a name more excellent than they. 1:4 τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος τῶν ἀγγέλων ὅσῳ διαφορώτερον παρ᾽ αὐτοὺς ...
Ruminator's user avatar
3 votes
6 answers
5k views

What does "justified in the Spirit" refer to in 1 Timothy 3:16?

What does justified in the Spirit refer to in 1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, ...
Siju George's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
151 views

Is there any significance to the use and placement of the definite article in the phrase "last days"?

The New Testament has the phrase "last days" 5 times. Sometimes it is written with a definite article and sometimes without. Once the article is placed before "last days" and twice between "last days."...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
475 views

What does "even as" mean in Ephesians 1:4?

Ephesians 1:3-4 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, 4 even as he chose us in him before the ...
Siju George's user avatar

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