Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

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9
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4answers
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In Romans 8:28 do "all things work together" or does "God work all things together" for the good?

Romans 8:28 (NA28) reads: Οἴδαμεν δὲ ὅτι τοῖς ἀγαπῶσιν τὸν θεὸν πάντα συνεργεῖ εἰς ἀγαθόν, τοῖς κατὰ πρόθεσιν κλητοῖς οὖσιν. There is also a textual variant that explicitly makes 'God' the subject ...
9
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2answers
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John 3:16 - how is it "His Son"?

Standard caveat: I'm new to NT Greek, so please be gentle if my question is silly, basic or obvious. John 3:16 in the UBS5 is: Οὕτως γὰρ ἠγάπησεν ὁ θεὸς τὸν κόσμον, ὥστε τὸν υἱὸν τὸν μονογενῆ ...
8
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4answers
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Is there a difference between "the sin" and "sin" in Romans?

In the Youngs Literal Translation, Romans 5:12 reads Romans 5:12 because of this, even as through one man the sin did enter into the world, and through the sin the death; and thus to all men the ...
8
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5answers
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In Psalm 68:4 and Psalm 135:1 how are contractions formed in Hebrew and how does YHWH become Yah?

Psalm 68:4 expresses the name of God as Yah. This seems obvious related to the name of God as he expounded it to Moses in Exodus 3:14. We also see the two directly connected in passages such as Psalm ...
7
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8answers
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Is it grammar or theology that causes translators to typically translate John 10:33 as "declare Yourself to be God" as opposed to "a god"?

John 10:33 is typically translated as something like "“We are not stoning You for any good work,” said the Jews, “but for blasphemy, because You, who are a man, declare Yourself to be God.”"...
7
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3answers
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Does Luke 24:16 use passive voice in the Greek?

In Luke 24:16, in the use of the passive voice true to the Greek? "Their eyes were kept from recognizing him." (NRSV) Only one English translation (NLV) has it that God kept them from recognizing ...
6
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1answer
327 views

Why did Judah's wife "תסף" Shelah?

From Genesis 38 (KJV, with interpolated Hebrew): 2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite, whose name was Shuah; and he took her, and went in unto her. 3 And she conceived (ותהר), ...
5
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1answer
187 views

Zephaniah 3:9 - 'People' or 'Peoples'?

Various translations disagree over whether Zephaniah 3:9's עַמִּ֖ים (amm-im) should be 'people' or 'peoples'. A multitude of nations are mentioned throughout Zephaniah, but apart from this single ...
5
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2answers
116 views

What is the best translation of the participles in the Great Commission, Matt. 28:19-20?

All the verbs in the Great Commission are participles except for μαθητεύσατε ("make disciples). For example, πορευθέντες (going) is often translated as an imperative although it is a participle. ...
5
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5answers
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In Colossians 2:18 what is the "worship of angels"?

In Colossians 2:18, Paul warns his readers, "Do not let anyone who delights in false humility and the worship of angels disqualify you for the prize" (NIV emphasis mine). Of course, that it is in the ...
5
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2answers
958 views

Does the definite article 'the', occur in front of the name of God in the Hebrew language?

Or is the an interpolation from the English translators of the bible? I'm no Hebrew expert but I'm curious to know how the name was written and read in Hebrew. Was it the YAHWEH or just YAHWEH? ...
5
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3answers
120 views

Charles Ellicott on 1 Timothy 6:10

In his commentary on 1 Timothy 6:10, Charles Ellicott wrote, For the love of money is the root of all evil.—Some would water down this strong expression by translating the Greek words by “a root of ...
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2answers
86 views

The spirit but which spirit? "which" or "who/whom"?

Unlike English, other languages like Greek, Hebrews have something called "gender". That is, some nouns are masculine, others are feminine, and still, others are neuter. Something like we ...
3
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1answer
139 views

How should one read "Ark of the Covenant" in Exodus 25:22?

"There I will meet with you; and from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about all that I will give you in ...
3
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2answers
135 views

Is "the bread is in effect common" (1 Samuel 21:5) as translated by the NKJV accurate?

The MT reads: וַיַּ֩עַן֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶת־הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ כִּ֣י אִם־אִשָּׁ֤ה עֲצֻֽרָה־לָ֙נוּ֙ כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֔ם בְּצֵאתִ֕י וַיִּהְי֥וּ כְלֵֽי־הַנְּעָרִ֖ים קֹ֑דֶשׁ וְהוּא֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ חֹ֔ל ...
3
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3answers
141 views

What is the logic used in Romans 7:1-2 to help us know our relationship with the Law?

Romans 7:1-2 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? 2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the ...
3
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3answers
106 views

Who is, or are the correct referent(s) of the pronouns in John 1:3-4?

The Fourth Gospel begins: 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 This One was in the beginning with God. 3 All things came-into-being through Him, ...
2
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2answers
171 views

What does the word "for" mean and imply in Psalms 18:17?

Psalm 18:17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them which hated me: for they were too strong for me. Can for in this verse be translated because? Did God deliver David because his ...
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2answers
80 views

Christology in Ephesians--what is meant by "the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory"?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
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5answers
1k views

2 Cor 5:20: "be reconciled to God" translation

I heard somewhere that in 2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech [you] by us: we pray [you] in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God because of ...
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2answers
169 views

Is the article ο in ο θεός at Hebrews 1:9 anaphoric to θεός at Hebrews 1:8? If not, what grammatical reason prevents it?

Is the article ο in ο θεός at Hebrews 1:9 anaphoric to θεός at Hebrews 1:8? If not, what grammatical reason prevents it? Note: Keep in mind and address that Wallace says "Most individualizing ...
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2answers
154 views

In Philippians 2:11 are "God" and "the Father" used in apposition?

According to Wikipedia, Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side, with one element serving to identify the other in a different ...
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1answer
64 views

In Romans 11:11 who is made jealous of whom?

YLT Rom 11:11 I say, then, Did they stumble that they might fall? let it not be! but by their fall the salvation is to the nations, to arouse them to jealousy; Do the fallen Jews make the ...
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1answer
130 views

What is the meaning and function of הַהִוא֒ in Exodus 3:8?

I'm translating Exodus 3:8, but I'm a bit stumped on the meaning and function of the following word: הַהִוא֒ וָאֵרֵ֞ד לְהַצִּיל֣וֹ ׀ מִיַּ֣ד מִצְרַ֗יִם וּֽלְהַעֲלֹתוֹ֮ מִן־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַהִוא֒ אֶל־אֶ֤רֶץ ...
0
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1answer
286 views

In 3 John 1:14 what does he mean by "greet the friends by name"?

CSB 3 John 1:14: Peace to you. The friends send you greetings. Greet the friends by name. mGNT 3 John 1:14: εἰρήνη σοι ἀσπάζονταί σε οἱ φίλοι ἀσπάζου τοὺς φίλους κατ’ ὄνομα What does he mean by "...
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1answer
346 views

Most accurate version of the Bible? [closed]

According to linguistics, history and culture which version of the Bible today is most accurate translation of the ancient original?
-4
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1answer
75 views

Are the articles at Ro 9:6,8 ultimately anaphoric to 9:5/1:4? If not, what are the grammatical reasons they are not?

Are the articles at Ro 9:6,8 ultimately anaphoric to 9:5/1:4? If not, what are the grammatical reasons they are not?
-5
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2answers
147 views

Is the article at Titus 2:13 anaphoric? If not, what grammatical reasons deny it is?

Is the article at Titus 2:13 anaphoric? If not, what grammatical reasons deny it is? Note: Keep in mind that Wallace says "Most individualizing articles will be anaphoric" [a] Also ...

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