Questions tagged [grammar]

Understanding the grammar of the source texts; this tag should be accompanied by the appropriate language tag.

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Why does Psalm 103:8 use the dual form of אַפַּ֣יִם (anger)?

In Psalm 103:8 we read: אֶ֖רֶךְ אַפַּ֣יִם וְרַב־חָֽסֶד Why is אַפַּ֣יִם (anger) in its dual form?
7
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3answers
354 views

How might Matthew 16:22 in the Codex Vaticanus be best translated to reflect the etymology of the text?

While translating Matthew 16 today, I ran across what the NET Bible calls a "highly elliptical expression" in verse 22: καὶ προσλαβόμενος αὐτὸν ὁ Πέτρος ἤρξατο ἐπιτιμᾶν αὐτῷ λέγων· Ἵλεώς σοι, ...
3
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0answers
102 views

Not keep silent or to make silent in Job 41:12?

Job 41:4 (MT; v. 12 in English versions): NRSV: I will not keep silence concerning its limbs ... ESV: I will not keep silence concerning his limbs ... NASB: I will not keep silence concerning ...
3
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2answers
184 views

Does Paul's use of Greek represent the Son as Creator or Maker?

When the role of the Son is spoken of by Paul in Creation it is always as the intermediate agent (δια) or instrument (εν) used by God and not as source as in Creator Ex Nihilo. BDAG on the agency of ...
2
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2answers
75 views

In what sense is the word ἀνακρίνει used in 1 Corinthians 2:15?

NA 28 1 Corinthians 2:15 15ὁ δὲ πνευματικὸς ἀνακρίνει [τὰ] πάντα, αὐτὸς δὲ ὑπ’ οὐδενὸς ἀνακρίνεται. 1 Corinthians 2:15 KJV 15 But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is ...
2
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4answers
182 views

In Acts 11:26 what were the disciples called in Antioch?

Acts 11:26 - It was in Antioch that the disciples were first given the name of “Christians”. Disciples and Christians are both accusative masculine plural. If the disciples are the subject of the ...
2
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2answers
74 views

In Psalm 40:12: is he surrounded by “evils” or by “iniquities”?

Psalm 40:12 (KJV) " For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore ...
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1answer
18 views

In Acts 13:48 -“ τεταγμένοι” (appointed- YTL), What the Luke's narration implies to, “middle” or “passive ”voice?

Apparently, Luke simply narrates the event describing how "people throng" to Paul and Barnabas to hear the message, and with conscious volition "they" responded. Therefore, the "middle voice" would ...
1
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1answer
47 views

Is “the bread is in effect common” (1 Samuel 21:5) as translated by the NKJV accurate?

The MT reads: וַיַּ֩עַן֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶת־הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ כִּ֣י אִם־אִשָּׁ֤ה עֲצֻֽרָה־לָ֙נוּ֙ כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֔ם בְּצֵאתִ֕י וַיִּהְי֥וּ כְלֵֽי־הַנְּעָרִ֖ים קֹ֑דֶשׁ וְהוּא֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ חֹ֔ל ...
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0answers
13 views

Emphasis in Isaiah 50:11

Does the phrase here translated - "this you shall have of mine hand" - refer to the the previous portion of the verse, or does it refer to the latter portion of the verse? Is 50:11Behold, all ye ...
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0answers
31 views

בַּת צִיּוֹן in the Tanakh—Genitive of possession (Zion’s daughter) or appositional genitive (daughter Zion)?

In 2 Kings 19:21 (and other verses containing the phrase), should the phrase בַּת צִיּוֹן (bat Tzion) be understood as a genitive of possession (Zion’s daughter) or a genitive of apposition, equating ...
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1answer
84 views

How can be translated 1Peter 3:21?

Good morning. For some time I have a question about 1 Peter 3:21. I want to know all the possibilities of translating the text to know how to interpret the text. I noticed that there are textual ...
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2answers
78 views

In Isaiah 29:6 should פָּקַד be translated as “visited” or “inspected”?

Can the word translated as "visited" in Isaiah 29:6 be more accurately translated as "inspected" as it is translated in the Youngs Literal Translation?: YLT Isa 29:6  By Jehovah of Hosts thou art ...
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2answers
211 views

How should Revelation 11:15 be translated (so the implied pronoun and expressed referent agree)?

Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] Rev 11:15 Καὶ ὁ ἕβδομος ἄγγελος ἐσάλπισεν· καὶ ἐγένοντο φωναὶ μεγάλαι ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ, λέγοντες Ἐγένετο ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ κόσμου τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν καὶ τοῦ χριστοῦ αὐτοῦ,...
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2answers
47 views

Assuming Paul intended Titus 2:13 to mean two different referents, what advantage does his choice of words have over others which are unambiguous?

Paul wrote to Titus to exhort him to sound teaching (or doctrine). He said this 5 times in the first 26 verses (1:9, 13-14, 2:1, 7, 10). Then he follows with a statement whose meaning is disputed: ...
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1answer
36 views

What does the first human language look like?

Genesis 2:16-17 And the LORD God commanded the man, "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you ...
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8 views

Who are the “among these that stand by” in Zechariah 3 3:7?

Who are the "among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my house, and ...
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1answer
26 views

What does it mean that the Greek middle voice is used at Luke 4:3 to command the stone to become bread?

The devil said to him, "If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread (Luke 4:3, NIV) (NA28) εἶπεν δὲ αὐτῷ ὁ διάβολος· εἰ υἱὸς εἶ τοῦ θεοῦ, εἰπὲ ⸂τῷ λίθῳ τούτῳ ἵνα γένηται [a] ἄρτος⸃ I ...
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36 views

Psalm 104:30 grammar

Does the grammar in Psalm 104:30 support what is to come, as opposed to what has happened in the past? From my extremely basic understanding it supports what is to come, but I want to be sure. 30 ...
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31 views

Should Job 22:23-25 be understood as a sequential list?

I'm a 2nd year undergrad Bible student so I haven't been able to take Hebrew so I don't know how to interpret this- don't be afraid to give me details however, I am still nerdy and like to use ...
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1answer
89 views

In Romans 11:15, whose “loss” is it and whose “bounty”?

In working on a related question I realized that there it was unclear to me who was the subject and who was the object in this verse: Rom 11:15 KJV - 15 For if the casting away of them be the ...
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1answer
248 views

Does Hebrews 7:12 say that the Law has changed?

μετατιθεμένης (being changed) γὰρ (indeed) τῆς (the) ἱερωσύνης (priesthood) ἐξ (from out) ἀνάγκης (of a necessity) καὶ (and) νόμου (of a law) μετάθεσις (a change) γίνεται (takes place) The KJV says: ...
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34 views

Is the article at 2 Thessalonians 1:12 anaphoric to θεός in 1:1?

2 Thessalonians 1:12 is a text which some interpret with Sharp’s rule, is a clear case where anaphora identifies God as the Father. The articular “God” finds its antecedent in the classic anarthrous “...
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1answer
73 views

Should it be be ἐν or ἐστιν in Galatians 5:22 & Ephesians 5:9?

The Apostle Paul uses the verb ἐστιν when expressing the "Fruit of the Spirit" in Galatians 22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, ...
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28 views

Does the Anaphoric article remove ambiguity at Romans 9:5?

Does the Anaphoric article remove ambiguity at Romans 9:5? The oldest manuscripts do not have punctuation. BDAG comments on the punctuation issue. If there is a period the doxology θεός refers to ...
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1answer
115 views

What is the mood of {יהיו} in Psalm 19:15

יהיו לרצון they shall be of desiring/liking אםרי פי speech of my mouth והגיון לבי and reasoning/logic of my heart לפניך יי צורי וגאלי before you Hashem my rock and my redeemer. What is the ...
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1answer
206 views

Did Jesus make 4 promises to the church of Philadelphia?

A traditional Jewish Passover meal incorporated four cups, one for each of the promises the LORD made before He brought the nation of Israel out of Egypt: Therefore, tell the Israelites, ‘I am the ...