Questions tagged [gospels]

Questions related to the four canonical gospels-Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Questions may refer to narratives unique to a gospel or shared between gospels.

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22
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8answers
51k views

What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew 11:...
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8answers
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Omission of 'fasting' in Mark 9:29

I would like to know why some versions feel it apt to omit the word "fasting" from Mark 9:29. Is this because it was not concurrent with the correct translation/ meaning of this verse? For example. ...
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4answers
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Translation of “Hosanna” (ὡσαννά)

What does "Hosanna" (ὡσαννά) mean (as it appears in the Gospels)? What is its etymology/derivation from Hebrew/Aramaic?
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Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
16
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3answers
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In the Gospel of Mark, why does Jesus heal this blind man twice?

There’s this episode in Mark’s gospel which is particularly puzzling. Here it is in chapter 8: 22 They came to Bethsaida, and some people brought a blind man and begged Jesus to touch him. 23 He ...
14
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2answers
262 views

Why the Inconsistency of the name Mary in the NT?

Or rather, why is the mother of Jesus exclusively written μαριαμ, and the others inconsistently either μαρια or μαριαμ? I was originally prompted by a mini quest into the original meaning of the ...
14
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10answers
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What does 'Salt of the Earth' mean?

"You are the salt of the earth. But what good is salt if it has lost its flavor? Can you make it salty again? It will be thrown out and trampled underfoot as worthless." - Matthew 5:13 (NLT) ...
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8answers
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What does Matthew 9:5 mean that it is “easier” to say “Your sins are forgiven”?

Matthew 9:5 NIV 5 Which is easier: to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk’? Was Christ contrasting the two or he was referring to something else?
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4answers
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Did Jesus have the legal authority to cleanse the temple?

The narrative of Jesus' cleansing of the temple is present in all four gospels: Mark 11:15-17, Matthew 21:12-13, Luke 19:45-46, John 2:13-17. When He cleanses the temple, there does not seem to be any ...
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9answers
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In John 18:10 why does John note the name of the servant whose ear was cut off?

Unlike the synoptics, John notes the name of the man whose ear was cut off during Jesus' arrest. John 18:10 - Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, ...
11
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2answers
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How Is the Date of Composition of the Gospels Estimated?

So considering that the oldest copies of the gospels are dated to around 400 AD (I'm thinking of the Codex Sinaiticus), how do scholars go about estimating the date of composition of the gospels? I ...
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In Mark 4 what does Jesus mean by “the secret of the kingdom”?

In Mark 4, before explaining to his disciples the parable of the sower, Jesus tells them: [Mar 4:11 NIV] (11) He told them, "The secret of the kingdom of God has been given to you. But to those on ...
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3answers
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What is meant by “inherit the earth”?

What is meant by "[X] shall inherit the earth"? This phrase is found countless times in the scripture (cf. Psalm 37:11, Matthew 5:5), but should this be interpreted as a physical possession of land? ...
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Reconciling the accounts of the calling of Simon Peter

How do you reconcile the two accounts of Jesus calling Peter? (Matt 4:18-19 and John 1:35-42) In the Matthew passage, Peter and Andrew are together fishing. In the John passage, Andrew was with John ...
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In Mark 14:44 why did Judas betray Jesus with a kiss?

Why did Judas betray Jesus with a kiss? The simplest explanation is of course the one we find in Matthew and Mark. This was the prearranged sign by which Judas identified Jesus to the arresting ...
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6answers
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Was Jesus anointed once or twice on the feet with perfume?

Disclaimer: I've already asked this question on Christianity SE and got a great answer. I'm asking it here to get an expert response (and because it is one of my favourite stories). If the community ...
9
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7answers
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Difference between Son of Man and Son of God

The evangelists seem to have their favored ways of talking about who Jesus was. I've also noticed that one controversial thing in people's discussions on this site is the designation between Son of ...
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6answers
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In Matthew 21:4-5 and John 12:14-15, why did Jesus enter Jerusalem on a donkey?

Matthew (21:4-5) and John (12:14-15) point to a prophetic fulfillment of Zachariah 9:9, Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout aloud, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is ...
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4answers
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What did John the Baptist eat?

Matthew 3:4 and Mark 1:6 describe the food of John the Baptist as locusts and wild honey. The word locust takes different definitions as follows: a. large and mainly tropical grasshopper with ...
8
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1answer
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Luke 22:38 - ἱκανόν ἐστιν - Does it mean, “It is enough” or “Enough!”

In Luke 22:38, did Jesus mean that two swords were enough (i.e., sufficient) or did he intend to say, “Enough of this!”? English translation according to the King James Version: 36 Then said he ...
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3answers
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Why does John describe himself or another disciple “Jesus loved” using phileo love ἐφίλει?

The phrase "disciple whom Jesus loved" is used 5 times in John's Gospel. It is commonly accepted each use refers to the same person, John the Apostle. Four of the 5 times the word [G25 - agapao] is ...
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2answers
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Was John the Baptist confused or mistaken about the nature of Jesus' ministry?

John preached a message of imminent judgment: Luke 3:7-9 John said to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, "You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bear ...
7
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2answers
850 views

What is the reason for the darkening of the sun during the crucifixion?

Matthew 27:45 (NKJV) Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness over all the land. Every event during the crucifixion was symbolic, sometimes even prophetic. So that's what ...
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3answers
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In what way was Jesus' prayer heard (Hebrews 5:7)?

Hebrews 5:7 (ESV): During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of ...
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1answer
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What was the relationship in ages between Jesus and his disciples?

There are a few texts in the gospels which give some flavor of Jesus' relationship with his disciples (citing the NIV here): Matt 10:24 - The student [μαθητὴς] is not above the teacher [διδάσκαλον]...
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Explanation of Chronological Disparities between St. John and the Synoptic Gospels Concerning Jesus' Passion

Significant chronological disparities exist between St. John's telling of the life and death of Jesus and those of the synoptic gospels. For instance, St. John discusses a lot of Jesus' ministry, ...
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2answers
809 views

Is oral history like the telephone game?

Bart Ehrman argues that the gospel texts are not historically reliable beginning with this analogy: It is [oral circulation] that causes special problems for historians who want to know what ...
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2answers
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How many times did Peter really deny Christ?

All four gospels record Peter denying Jesus 3 times, but it seems they record different events. Either they can all be reconciled to three, or there were more than three denials. Looking at the ...
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1answer
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Whose home was unroofed by the paralytic's friends?

In Mark 2:1, we have A few days later, when Jesus again entered Capernaum, the people heard that he had come home. (NIV) Was he in his own home? If so, how does this change the interpretation ...
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1answer
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How did the gospels get their names? [closed]

Unlike the epistles, which have the author's name at the beginning, the gospels do not say who wrote them. How did the names Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John get attached to them, and how certain can we ...
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3answers
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Was the young man in Mark 14:51-52 one of the disciples?

There are lots of debates over the the way and manner the Book of Mark was concluded. One of the most confusing accounts I found in Mark ending is the young man that fled naked. And a young man ...
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2answers
112 views

What was Jesus’ πατρίδι (hometown/homeland) in John 4:44?

What was Jesus’ πατρίδι (hometown/homeland) in John 4:44? I had always assumed that this referred to Nazareth and Galilee, where Jesus grew up. However, Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg in The Jewish ...
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3answers
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Is “The Lord of the Sabbath” the LORD God?

The Gospel of Jesus Christ records that Jesus states He is Lord of the Sabbath: For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath. (Matthew 12:8 ESV) So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath. (...
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2answers
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What is the 'cock's crow'?

Another question of semantics - was the cock's crow which Jesus prophesied Peter would hear before he betrayed Him thrice, the crow of a rooster or a trumpet blast which happened every 3 hours, or so.
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3answers
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In the Gospels, How Should the Hours of the Day be Understood?

Per this question, there was a comment suggesting that the 6th hour may actually be the 3rd hour - or even the noon hour. Being unfamiliar with this, how is the 6th hour possibly the same as the ...
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2answers
946 views

What would Jesus' qualifications have been for a “worthy” person for the disciples to stay within the Matthew 10 narrative?

When Jesus sends the twelve out in Matthew 10, he gives them instructions for what to do when they enter a city that include finding "worthy" citizens there. Matthew 10:11-13 (NASB) 11  And ...
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2answers
729 views

Hosanna — when?

From Wikipedia: Triumphal entry into Jerusalem: In the accounts of the four canonical Gospels, Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem takes place in the days before the Last Supper, marking the ...
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6answers
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In Luke 17:37 who are taken, who are left behind and where are they taken?

Luke 17:33-37 says, "Remember Lot's wife. Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall preserve it. I tell you, in that night there shall be ...
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6answers
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In the parable of the 10 virgins (Matthew 25 vs 1 - 8), who is the groom coming to marry? In other words who is the bride?

Who is the bride in this passage of scripture? The virgins are just preparing the way, and the groom is present, but the bride is not mentioned.
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4answers
587 views

Was Jesus’ commandment to “love enemies” (Matthew 5:43) meant literally?

Was Jesus’ commandment to his disciples to love their enemies in Matthew 5:43 intended to be understood literally? 43“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your ...
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2answers
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Why in John's account does Jesus reply to Pilate's inquiry with a question?

The initial exchange between Pilate and Jesus in Mark 15:2 is quite terse: And Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” And he answered him, “You have said so.” Matthew 27:11 and Luke 23:...
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2answers
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In luke 17:30-31: was Luke referring to the coming of Christ or destruction of Jerusalem?

Luke 17:30-31 NIV 30 “It will be just like this on the day the Son of Man is revealed. 31 On that day no one who is on the housetop, with possessions inside, should go down to get them. Likewise, ...
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5answers
327 views

Do the words “Israel” and “Jews” have a different meaning in the Gospels?

In my reading of the Gospels, I have not noticed any derogatory or sectarian statements using the word "Israel", such as in: Matthew 10:6 ... but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. ...
5
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1answer
816 views

Were Jesus' disciples gleaning?

In an incident recorded in all three synoptic gospels (Matt 12:1, Mark 2:23, Luke 6:1), Jesus and his disciples walk through grain fields on the Sabbath and raise the ire of the Pharisees by plucking ...
5
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1answer
145 views

When (and where) was the Sayings Gospel of Thomas written?

The Sayings Gospel of Thomas shares several of Jesus' proverbs and parables with the Synoptic tradition. Some websites place Thomas and the three Synoptics in four columns together, to be read in ...
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5answers
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Regarding Jesus' arrest, why might the gospels differ so much?

With the story of Jesus being arrested after the last supper, the four gospels differ quite a bit. Matthew 26:47-57 and Mark 14:43-53 simply have Judas arriving with a crowd having swords and clubs, ...
4
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2answers
103 views

Could the usage of the word “fish” be considered evidence for a later and more figurative writing of the gospels?

Per certain church teachings, the early church used the Icthus symbol as a recognization tool for other believers. The gospels as written also feature a large amount of fish imagery. Does this ...
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5answers
264 views

Is Jesus’ response to worship in John 9:38 only consistent with him being God?

ὁ δὲ ἔφη· πιστεύω, κύριε· καὶ προσεκύνησεν αὐτῷ.(John 9:38, NA27) He said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him. (John 9:38, ESV). The apostle Peter in Acts (10:26-27), similar incident with ...
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2answers
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Were charges required by Roman law?

In Matthew 27:37, the charges against Jesus are fastened to the cross above his head: Above his head they placed the written charge against him: This is Jesus, the King of the Jews. NIV In ...
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5answers
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In Mark 11:15-17 why did Jesus cleanse the temple?

Is the answer too obvious to ask? Why did Jesus cleanse the temple? In Mark 11, we read this 15 Then they came to Jerusalem. And He entered the temple and began to drive out those who were buying ...