Questions tagged [galatians]

The Apostle Paul's epistle to the Galatians.

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22
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7answers
15k views

Where did the idea that the law was administered through angels come from?

The idea that the law was given through angels seems common enough in the first century literature: Galatians 3:19 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring ...
20
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2answers
9k views

Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of a ...
16
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4answers
5k views

What was destroyed in Galatians 2:18?

In Galatians 2:18, Paul writes, "If I rebuild what I destroyed, I prove that I am a lawbreaker." What is he referring to when he mentions rebuilding what was destroyed and how does that answer the ...
15
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4answers
2k views

Which covenant is "New" in Galatians 3?

The Hebrew scriptures point toward a new covenant that God will make (Jeremiah 31:31-34), and the New Testament interprets this as realized in Jesus (Hebrews 8). However, in Galatians 3, it almost ...
14
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8answers
8k views

Why did God choose circumcision and Paul cancel it? [closed]

Genesis 17:9 — Then God said to Abraham, “Your responsibility is to obey the terms of the covenant. You and all your descendants have this continual responsibility. This is the covenant that you and ...
14
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11answers
814 views

Could the law give life?

This is more of a semantic question, but I keep coming back to it and can't seem to come to a conclusion. Was the law able to give life? I know that Galatians 3:21-22 (and other places) tells us that ...
14
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9answers
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Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Church in Jerusalem?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility (...
13
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1answer
715 views

Galatians 2:16: is it really "not by works but by faith"?

The NASB renders Galatians 2:16 as follows: nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus . . . The way this is rendered, it sounds ...
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3answers
9k views

What does "guardian/tutor" mean in Galatians 3:24

Galatians 3:24 reads in the ESV (and several modern translations) So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith.ESV In the KJV it reads: ...
12
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2answers
393 views

Meaning of ἐκ and ἐν in Galatians 3:11-12

Galatians 3:11-12 reads: 11 Now it is evident that no one is justified before God by the law, for “The righteous shall live by faith.” 12 But the law is not of faith, rather “The one who does ...
11
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1answer
643 views

Is it appropriate to translate Galatians 3:21 as "If a law had been given"?

I do not read Hebrew or Greek but my interpretation of Pauline epistles is different than traditional protestants. Gal 3:21 (ESV) Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! ...
11
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11answers
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Does Paul reject the idea of celebrating holidays in Galatians?

Paul has some very strong words against the Galatians implying that they are returning to their former state: Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not ...
11
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17answers
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In Romans and Galatians, what does Paul mean by “the works of the law”?

The phrase “works of the law” occurs 5 times in the King James Version translation. What is meant by the phrase “the works of the law” in the following verses: Romans 9:32 Wherefore? Because they ...
11
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6answers
8k views

What role did James have in Paul's conflict with Peter?

In Galatians 2, Paul records a conflict he had with Peter. In doing so, he mentions that "certain men came from James" and that after their arrival, Peter separated himself from eating with ...
10
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3answers
1k views

Why the definite article in 'Abba, Father'?

In both Jesus' prayer : Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee. Mark 14:36. [KJV.] and in Paul's epistles : For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have ...
10
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1answer
396 views

Would the Romans have known what Paul meant by "works of the law"?

In Romans 3:20, Paul writes that no one is δικαιωθήσεται by works of the law (ἔργων νόμου). The only other place I know of the phrase in the New Testament is in Galatians. Does this phrase have use ...
10
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10answers
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What does Paul mean by allegory in Galatians 4:24?

Paul's method of interpretation in Galatians 4:21-31 seems a bit unusual as compared to most modern methods. He says these things may be "interpreted allegorically." What is his method of exegesis? ...
10
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1answer
3k views

What are some examples of drug use in Paul's day that would describe what would be considered pharmakeia/sorcery as he lists it in Galatians 5:20?

In Galatians 5:20, among the deeds of the flesh, Paul lists "pharmakeia," which, as i understand, is commonly translated as sorcery or witchcraft, referring to the use or administering of drugs or ...
9
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4answers
23k views

The difference between living by and walking by the Spirit

Galatians 5:25 (NASB) says: "If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit." What is the difference between living by the Spirit and walking by the Spirit?
9
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3answers
309 views

How does the translation of γενόμενον as "made (of)" imply a previous state of existence?

The Pulpit Commentary* says that the word γενόμενον (KJV: made) in the phrase γενόμενον ἐκ γυναικός (made of a woman) in Galatians 4:4 implies a previous state of existence, whereas "born" (so NASB, ...
9
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1answer
438 views

Commas amid the fruit of the Spirit

Galatians 5:19-21 includes a list of the works of the flesh: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality... There are 14 of them, and in both Greek and English they are separated by commas.* In vv. 22-...
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6answers
830 views

In Acts 15:19-21 did James and the Jerusalem leaders intend to abandon the Torah?

When Paul and Barnabas when down to Jerusalem to consult with the apostles about whether Gentiles ought to be compelled to be circumcised, the final word comes from James: Therefore my judgment is ...
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5answers
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Did the Hebrews spend time in Egypt for 400 or 430 years?

I know this seems like an old question but here's the contradiction I'm struggling with: 400 years "Then the LORD said to Abram, "Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a ...
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6answers
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How to save Paul from the Galatians 3 "seed" vs "seeds" argument blunder?

Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. How does one rescue Paul from the obvious ...
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2answers
11k views

Which apostles did Paul see while he was in Jerusalem after his conversion?

In Galatians 1:16b-19, 22 (ESV), Paul writes that after his conversion in Damascus, ...I did not immediately consult with anyone; nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me,...
7
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2answers
3k views

Galatians 6:10 - true meaning of 'and especially'

This verse is oft quoted to support various ideas in relation to helping others (particularly in charitable situations). So then, as we have opportunity, let us do good to everyone, and especially to ...
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3answers
3k views

How can we understand "another gospel" in its historical context?

I frequently hear of approaches used by "other" Christian preachers and groups referred to as competing "gospels", such as the "social gospel" or "prosperity gospel" (or sometimes "health and wealth ...
7
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2answers
899 views

How should Galatians 5:10 be translated?

Galatians 5:10 seems to have fairly separate meanings in modern translations The NIV says that Paul is "confident in the Lord" that the Galatians will stay away from false teachings. I understand ...
7
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3answers
241 views

Can we interpret the "Woman" of Revelation (12:1-2, 13, 17) as the "Israel of God" both of the Old and New Covenants?

The great symbolism of the "woman" in the Book of Revelation (chapter 12) seems to represent Israel both of the Old and New Covenants: Revelation 12:1-2: "A great sign appeared in ...
6
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7answers
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Galatians 4:13: What was Paul's "infirmity of the flesh"?

Galatians 4:13 A.V. Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.
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4answers
306 views

How to reconcile "Carry one another’s burdens" in Galatians 6:1 and "carry his own load" in Galatians 6:5

I am trying to get the flow of what is written in Galatians 6:1–10: 1 Brothers, if someone is caught in a trespass, you who are spiritual should restore him with a spirit of gentleness. But watch ...
6
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7answers
8k views

Understanding argument in Galatians 3:19-20

I think I understand the argument in Galatians 3:19a about the purpose of the law. But then in the second half of the verse, Paul begins, "The law was given through angels and entrusted to a mediator. ...
6
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5answers
297 views

Law of God vs Law of Christ

The phrase "Law of Christ" appears only twice in the NT, namely, 1 Cor 9:21 & Gal 6:2. In the first of these, we read: To those without the law I became like one without the law (...
6
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3answers
195 views

What law are you under if you don't live by the spirit?

Galatians 5:18 talks about if you are of the spirit then you are not under the law. What law do they mean?
6
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4answers
6k views

Meaning of στοιχεῖον (stoicheion)

What does Paul mean by the word στοιχεῖον, and in particular the phrase τὰ στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου? Here is a list of occurrences of the word in the New Testament. Feel free to respond concerning the ...
6
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3answers
1k views

The Spirit of his Son

In Galatians 4:6 it reads, Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out "Abba, Father." (NIV) Is Paul saying the Son of the Trinity, Jesus Christ, ...
6
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6answers
523 views

What does Paul mean by the "Israel of God" (Galatians 6:16)?

In his Letter to the Galatians, Paul states the following: Galatians 6:16: "And those who will walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God" (emphasis added). ...
6
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2answers
741 views

In Galatians 1:19 is Paul saying he saw no apostles "except James" or "only James"?

In Galatians 1:19: New International Version: I saw none of the other apostles--only James, the Lord's brother. English Standard Version: But I saw none of the other apostles except James ...
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2answers
3k views

What does Paul mean by "if we preach...contrary to [ourselves]"?

I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel—not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and ...
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2answers
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Paul, apostle to the Gentiles, Peter, to the Jews... But Peter brought the gospel to the Gentiles?

Why does Paul say the following when Acts 10 shows Peter bringing the gospel to the Gentiles? ... the gospel for the uncircumcised had been committed to me, as the gospel for the circumcised was ...
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3answers
102 views

Who is Galatians 6:13 referring to?

Who is Galatians 6:13 referring to? Galatians 6:13 | NIV [13] Not even those who are circumcised keep the law, yet they want you to be circumcised that they may boast about your circumcision in the ...
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2answers
1k views

Why did Paul get Timothy circumcised,do we have a paradox here? [closed]

Acts 16:1-3 We see Paul getting Timothy circumcised because of certain Jews: [NIV] 1 Paul came to Derbe and then to Lystra, where a disciple named Timothy lived, whose mother was Jewish and a ...
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2answers
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Galatians 3:22 - Did the law imprison us under sin or imprison the things which were already under sin?

I have a question on the translation of Galatians 3:22. Most English translations give something like the NIV gives: But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin, so that what ...
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6answers
8k views

Is the fruit referred to in John 15:5 the same as the fruit of the Spirit?

I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing. (John 15:5 NKJV) Some commentators [John 15] believe this includes the ...
5
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7answers
522 views

Which transgressions?

GALATIANS 3:19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of ...
5
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1answer
351 views

What evidence exists to show that the Galatians could understand Greek?

I have seen before an atheist argument that the Galatians being migrant tribesmen from Gaul could not speak or read Greek, and therefore could not have understood an epistle in Greek, much less a ...
5
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4answers
323 views

Is Paul being a bit extreme with his "wish" that they should mutilate themselves in Galatians 5:12?

In the Letter to the Galatians, the apostle Paul writes: Galatians 5:7-12: "You were running well; who hindered you from obeying the truth? 8This persuasion did not come from Him who calls you. ...
5
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1answer
1k views

How Do We Know Paul's Opponents in Galatians Profess to be Followers of Jesus?

I have a question about the nature of the professed faith of Paul's opponents, which is difficult to answer because we are just seeing one side of this debate. So Paul's opponents are trying to get ...
5
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1answer
812 views

Paul rebukes Peter in Galatians: short and sweet or speech?

The ESV has Paul's rebuke to Peter consist of just verse 2:14 and verses 15-21 are directed back at the Galatians. This is indicated with a section heading and the lack of quotation marks starting ...
5
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2answers
200 views

What is the ontological constitution of a believer according to Galatians 2:20?

I am interested in understanding the components or makeup of the whole person -- their "ontology" -- when a nonbeliever becomes a believer. Paul writes in Galatians 2:20 - NIV I have been ...