Questions tagged [galatians]

The Apostle Paul's epistle to the Galatians.

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Did Paul refer to James as a literal brother of Jesus?

Christ mythicists claim that Paul refers to James as a brother of the Lord only in the same sense that all Christians are (spiritual) brothers. Here are the relevant passages (NRSV): Galatians 1:19 ...
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Is there a conflict between these 3 verses - Galatians 1:18-20 & 2:1-2 & Acts 9:26-32?

background Paul asserts Galatians 1:18-20 that he saw none of the apostles except Cephas and James the Lord's brother. Acts 9:26-30 (27) But Barnabas brings Paul to the apostles and brought to the ...
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Paraphrase translations NET and NLT rendering Galatians 3:3 "flesh" as "human effort", is this justified?

Gal 3:3b NET "are you now trying to finish by human effort?" NLT "why are you now trying to become perfect by your own human effort?" also some other paraphrase versions put it ...
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Is "Fruit of the Spirit" Plural or Singular?

I was reading Galatians 5:22-23 earlier in the Schlachter 2000 Bible, because I was planning on writing a short little guide on "what makes a biblical man," in German, then translating it into English ...
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Did the Hebrews spend time in Egypt for 400 or 430 years?

I know this seems like an old question but here's the contradiction I'm struggling with: 400 years "Then the LORD said to Abram, "Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a ...
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Why does the NIV capitalize "Seed" in Galatians 3:19?

Galatians 3:19 NIV 19 Why, then, was the law given at all? It was added because of transgressions until the Seed to whom the promise referred had come. The law was given through angels and entrusted ...
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Does 'panaq' (Proverbs 29:21) have relevance to Galatians 4:1-7 (sonship)?

The word panaq is used only once in scripture, in Proverbs 29:21, and thus has caused some head-scratching as is seen in the question on this site which asked if it were good to turn a 'slave' into a ...
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How should Galatians 5:10 be translated?

Galatians 5:10 seems to have fairly separate meanings in modern translations The NIV says that Paul is "confident in the Lord" that the Galatians will stay away from false teachings. I understand ...
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Which transgressions?

GALATIANS 3:19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of ...
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Is Paul being a bit extreme with his "wish" that they should mutilate themselves in Galatians 5:12?

In the Letter to the Galatians, the apostle Paul writes: Galatians 5:7-12: "You were running well; who hindered you from obeying the truth? 8This persuasion did not come from Him who calls you. ...
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Should we understand Deuteronomy 16:20, Ezekiel 18:9 and Habakkuk 2:4, Romans 1:17, Galatians 3:11 and Hebrews 10:38 to be the same teaching?

[Deuteronomy 16:20 NASB20] (20) "Justice, [and only] justice, you shall pursue, so that you may live and possess the land which the LORD your God is giving you. [Ezekiel 18:9 NASB20] (9) [if] he ...
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Kindness and goodness - fruit of Spirit, what is the difference?

I was studying Gl 5.22, and I came across this virtues - kindness and goodness. I am Brazilian, and I looked up in dictionary for these two words in Portuguese (Bondade and Benignidade) and they are ...
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If Psalm 119 is true, what 'law' is Galatians 2:21 referencing?

Paul presents a theological condition in [Galatians 2:21, KJV] regarding righteousness associated with the 'law'. "I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then ...
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Does Paul reject the idea of celebrating holidays in Galatians?

Paul has some very strong words against the Galatians implying that they are returning to their former state: Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not ...
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What does the clause ἐκ πίστεώς μου add to Habakkuk 2:4 LXX?

The NT leans very heavily on Habakkuk 2:4 and it is clear that it is not looking at the Hebrew, which reads like this: [Rom 1:17 NKJV] (17) For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith ...
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Law of God vs Law of Christ

The phrase "Law of Christ" appears only twice in the NT, namely, 1 Cor 9:21 & Gal 6:2. In the first of these, we read: To those without the law I became like one without the law (...
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Can we interpret the "Woman" of Revelation (12:1-2, 13, 17) as the "Israel of God" both of the Old and New Covenants?

The great symbolism of the "woman" in the Book of Revelation (chapter 12) seems to represent Israel both of the Old and New Covenants: Revelation 12:1-2: "A great sign appeared in ...
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What does Paul mean by the "Israel of God" (Galatians 6:16)?

In his Letter to the Galatians, Paul states the following: Galatians 6:16: "And those who will walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God" (emphasis added). ...
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What is the specific translation of "δωρεὰν" ("dorean") in Gal 2:21? Did righteousness used to come by the law?

In Galatians 2:21 it reads: "εἰ γὰρ διὰ νόμου δικαιοσύνη, ἄρα Χριστὸς δωρεὰν ἀπέθανεν" Some translations are: Latin Vulgate: "si enim per legem iustitia ergo Christus **...
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Is Paul contradicting himself about the observance of special days in Romans 14:5-6 and Galatians 4:8-11?

On the one hand, Paul seems to support both the observance and non-observance of special days as equally valid options in Romans 14:5-6 (NIV): 5 One person considers one day more sacred than another; ...
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Understanding argument in Galatians 3:19-20

I think I understand the argument in Galatians 3:19a about the purpose of the law. But then in the second half of the verse, Paul begins, "The law was given through angels and entrusted to a mediator. ...
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In Galatians 2:11-13 why does Peter fear the Jewish believers?

KJV Gal 2:11  But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed.  Gal 2:12  For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but ...
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In the spirit or by the spirit?

Galatians 5:25 AKJV If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit. ASV If we live by the Spirit, by the Spirit let us also walk. If we follow the Greek, which of them is more accurate. &...
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Grammar help please: συνεσταυρωμαι in Gal 2:20

I was looking at Galatians 2:20 - I have been crucified with Christ. (ESV version) And I wondered if there was anything in the Greek grammar that showed if "have been" indicated an action of a ...
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Who is Galatians 6:13 referring to?

Who is Galatians 6:13 referring to? Galatians 6:13 | NIV [13] Not even those who are circumcised keep the law, yet they want you to be circumcised that they may boast about your circumcision in the ...
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Could the law give life?

This is more of a semantic question, but I keep coming back to it and can't seem to come to a conclusion. Was the law able to give life? I know that Galatians 3:21-22 (and other places) tells us that ...
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Where did the idea that the law was administered through angels come from?

The idea that the law was given through angels seems common enough in the first century literature: Galatians 3:19 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring ...
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What is the "the grace of God" which is not nullified in Galatians 2:21?

What is the "the grace of God" which is not nullified in Galatians 2:21? Galatians 2:21 | NASB "I do not nullify the grace of God, for if righteousness comes through the Law, then Christ ...
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Why do most modern Greek text editions drop "that ye should not obey the truth" in Gal 3:1?

When I saw the Greek for Gal 3:1 I was surprised to find how modern literal translations of ESV, NRSV, NASB seem to drop the clause τῇ ἀληθείᾳ μὴ πείθεσθαι (that ye should not obey the truth). For ...
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In Christ - believers remain One (εἷς) non-ethnic genderless body [Galatians 3:27-28], unless it helps to be Jewish [Acts 21] or Roman [Acts 22]?

In Galatians 3:27-28 [NASB], Paul claims all baptized in Christ lose ethnicity and gender.

 [27] For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. [28] There is ...
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Law in Galatians 4:4-5

Is Gal. 4:4 saying that Christ was under law as a man or under the Law of Moses as a Jew? Both seem to be true. The former fits the context of verse 5 (the Galatians mainly being Gentiles), but the ...
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What Was the Messenger of Satan That Tormented Paul? [duplicate]

The apostle Paul describes being tormented by a "messenger of Satan": 2 Corinthians 12:7: “Because of the surpassing greatness of the revelations, for this reason, to keep me from exalting ...
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In Galatians 2:2, what was Paul afraid of?

After receiving a divine charge and 14 years of faithful labor Paul returns to Jerusalem concerned that it was all for nothing. Why was he concerned about that and what did he fear that the Jerusalem ...
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Christians don't circumcise their flesh, because baptism circumcised their flesh?

Based on the following verses - Are Christians required to circumcise their flesh or not? - "Paul" (Παῦλον) seems to contradict himself regarding circumcision. Colossians 2:11 "[11] and ...
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What is meant by "freedom in Christ" and "slavery" in Galatians 2:4?

Galatians 2:1-5 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. 2 I went up because of a revelation and set before them (though privately ...
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Is Ezekiel 20 talking about works-based salvation when it says "my rules, by which, if a person does them, he shall live"?

Ezekiel 20:13 (ESV): 13 But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness. They did not walk in my statutes but rejected my rules, by which, if a person does them, he shall live; and my ...
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Is the Sabbath part of the "special days and months and seasons and years" Paul is referring to in Galatians 4:10?

Galatians 4:8-11 (NIV) says: 8 Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods. 9 But now that you know God—or rather are known by God—how is it that you are ...
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Why did God choose circumcision and Paul cancel it? [closed]

Genesis 17:9 — Then God said to Abraham, “Your responsibility is to obey the terms of the covenant. You and all your descendants have this continual responsibility. This is the covenant that you and ...
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Did James & the elders in Jerusalem advise Paul to compromise in Acts 21:21-24?

(KJV)Acts 21:21-24 And they are informed of thee, that thou teachest all the Jews which are among the Gentiles to forsake Moses, saying that they ought not to circumcise their children, neither to ...
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Acts 9 19b vs Galatians 1 16b

So I don't have any issue reconciling Acts 9 with Galatians one with regards to timelines or accuracy. The only thing I still struggle with that I'm hoping to get an answer on is the second part of ...
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Did Paul spend 3 years in Arabia or Damascus?

After Paul met Jesus, he arrived in Damasus. Galatians 1:17 I [Paul] did not go up to Jerusalem to see those who were apostles before I was, but I went into Arabia. Later I returned to Damascus. 18 ...
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Are men and women equal or not? Galatians 3:26-29 vs 1 Timothy 2:11-15

On the one hand, they appear to be equal: 26 For you are all sons and daughters of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with ...
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Galatians 4:13: What was Paul's "infirmity of the flesh"?

Galatians 4:13 A.V. Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.
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Galatians 4:3,8,9,21; could we consider elements of the world as Principalities and Powers?

Galatians 4:3,8,9,21;Colossians 1:16, Colossians 2:15; Titus 3:1; Ephesians 6:12. Could we consider elements of the world as Principalities and Powers? Galatians 4:3,8,9,21 (DRB): 3So we also, when ...
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What does αποκαλυψαι tell us of Paul's received revelation in Galatians 1:15,16?

Paul says, in Galatians 1:15, 16 : οτε δε ευδοκησεν ο θεος ... αποκαλυψαι τον υιον αυτου εν εμοι [TR] But when it pleased God ... to reveal His Son in me [[KJV] The same word, αποκαλυψαι, is used ...
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What difference does Paul intend the Galatians to place on the changing of Peter's name from Cephas to Peter and back to Cephas?

In writing to the Galatians, Paul includes some historical material: 18 Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to visit Cephas and remained with him fifteen days. 19 But I saw none of the ...
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What does it mean to "not be subject to the law" in Galatians 5:18?

Galatians 5:13-26 (NRSV): 13 For you were called to freedom, brothers and sisters; only do not use your freedom as an opportunity for self-indulgence, but through love become slaves to one another. ...
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Was the commandment to keep the Sabbath holy created at Mount Sinai and given to the Israelites only?

Exodus 31:12-17 (NIV) reads: 12 Then the Lord said to Moses, 13 “Say to the Israelites, ‘You must observe my Sabbaths. This will be a sign between me and you for the generations to come, so you may ...
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What law are you under if you don't live by the spirit?

Galatians 5:18 talks about if you are of the spirit then you are not under the law. What law do they mean?
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"When it pleased God"

Gal 1:15 But when God, who set me apart from my mother’s womb and called me by his grace, was pleased Is there anything in the literal or idiom Greek that would support a literal, preselected date? ...