Questions tagged [exodus]

The second book of the Hebrew Bible, starting with Israel in Egyptian slavery and ending with the building of the tabernacle in the desert.

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What's the significance of pomegranates?

I'm curious about the significance of pomegranates - rimmown. While this word occurs 32 times in 25 verses in the Hebrew concordance of the KJV, we can limit the scope of this question to Exodus. In ...
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Exodus 4:1 - Who were Moses' signs for?

According to the text of Exodus 3 & 4, were the signs listed in Exodus 4 given in response to Moses' concerns about Pharaoh, the elders of Israel, or both? Then Moses answered, "But behold, ...
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Which are the other tests/complaints mentioned in Numbers 14:22?

Numbers 14:22 Surely all the men who have seen My glory and My signs which I performed in Egypt and in the wilderness, yet have put Me to the test these ten times and have not listened to My voice, ...
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Which fell first the manna or the quail in Exodus 16 & Numbers 11?

(KJV) Exodus 16:13-15 13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. 14 And when the dew that lay was gone ...
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Is Hosea 11:1 referencing the initiation of the Exodus or the sojourn in Egypt?

The New JPS translation of Hosea 11:1 reads: I fell in love with Israel When he was still a child; And I have called [him] My son Ever since Egypt. This seems to indicate that when Israel (...
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Is it possible to say where the lampstand was in the tabernacle?

The golden altar of incense was in front of the vail, behind which vail was the ark of the testimony, Exodus 30:6 and Exodus 40:5. As to the lampstand (I prefer not to say 'candlestick' as it was an ...
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What is the significance of Pharaoh's “Tomorrow” in Exodus 8:10?

Exodus 8:6 So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land. 7But the magicians did the same things by their secret arts; they also made frogs come ...
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10 Commandments: Ketubah or Suzerain

In Exodus 20, we are given the 10 commandments. Some have compared this gift of the 10 commandments to a Ketubah - a Jewish marriage contract, while others have compared this to a Suzerain Covenant ...
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Are Exodus 24:9-11 and Exodus 24:12-14 two separate trips, or two stages in one trip?

I'm having trouble understanding the sequence of events here. first we see this: Ex. 24:9-11   Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and they saw the ...
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What is the meaning behind Psalm 114:2

Psalm 114 is recited by Jews at Passover, commemorating the departure of God's people from Egypt. This year (2021) it falls on the evening of Sunday 28 March. Verse 1 recalls God's great redemptive ...
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How did Moses already know the law in Exodus 18:16?

The verse records as such: Exodus 18:16 (ESV) when they have a dispute, they come to me and I decide between one person and another, and I make them know the statutes of God and his laws.” What I'...
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Why does Nehemiah require that the firstborn of the Israelites be redeemed in Nehemiah 10:36?

Nehemiah 10:36 NASB 36 and bring to the house of our God the firstborn of our sons and of our cattle, and the firstborn of our herds and our flocks as it is written in the law, for the priests who ...
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Can שֵׁם mean “title” in Exodus 20:7?

Exodus 20:7 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave anyone unpunished who takes His name in vain. I could not understand why misusing the personal ...
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Why was Abraham required to bring three year old offerings/sacrifices in Genesis 15:7?

(KJV) Genesis 15:7-9 And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it. 8 And he said, Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that I ...
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Sandals and Holy Ground

In Exodus 3, Moses is commanded to take off his shoes because he is standing on holy ground, yet before him is appearing an Angel of the LORD, not God himself (in contrast to Exodus 19 an onward where ...
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Nash papyrus. How different it really is?

I've read that the Nash papyrus commandments have differences with the ones found at the Hebrew Bible of the time. I was only able to find out that one of them is the sequence of 3 of the ...
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In Hebrews 11:27, to whom does «τὸν…ἀόρατον» refer, and what is the meaning of «ἐκαρτέρησεν»?

The Greek text of Heb. 11:27 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΚΖʹ Πίστει κατέλιπεν Αἴγυπτον μὴ φοβηθεὶς τὸν θυμὸν τοῦ βασιλέως τὸν γὰρ ἀόρατον ὡς ὁρῶν ἐκαρτέρησεν TR, 1550 which the King ...
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“A mighty hand” in Exodus 3:19

Exodus 3:19 reads: וַאֲנִ֣י יָדַ֔עְתִּי כִּ֠י לֹֽא־יִתֵּ֥ן אֶתְכֶ֛ם מֶ֥לֶךְ מִצְרַ֖יִם לַהֲלֹ֑ךְ וְלֹ֖א בְּיָ֥ד חֲזָקָֽה׃ (WLC) But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless ...
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Why was Aaron not punished for making the golden calf? (Exodus 32:1-4)

Exodus 32:1-4 (NRSV) The Golden Calf 1" When the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people gathered around Aaron, and said to him, “Come, make gods for us, who ...
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How long to cross the Red Sea?

In Exodus 12:29-32 (NASB) 29 Now it came about at midnight that the Lord struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the ...
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Why were the Sabbath breakers not punished in Exodus 16:27-28?

Exodus 16:27 NIV 27 Nevertheless, some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather it, but they found none. 28 Then the Lord said to Moses, “How long will you[c] refuse to keep my commands and ...
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Is there archaeological evidence to suggest that the locust plague in Exodus 10:15 spread over a larger area?

Exodus 10:15 states: They covered the face of the whole land, so that the land was darkened, and they ate all the plants in the land and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Not a ...
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Is Jesus' “I am” statement in John 8:58 equivalent to God's “I am” statement in Exodus 3:14?

Is Jesus' "I am" statement in John 8:58 equivalent to God's "I am" in Exodus 3:14? What is the meaning of "I am" in John 8:58 and what is the meaning of "I am" in Exodus 3:14?
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Why does Deuteronomy 29:5-6 say they ate no bread for forty years?

Deuteronomy 29:5-6 NASB 5 I have led you forty years in the wilderness; your clothes have not worn out on you, and your sandal has not worn out on your foot. 6 You have not eaten bread, nor have ...
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If the Exodus and conquest of Canaan took place around 1446 BC, why are there so many references to iron in that period's writing?

It has been reasonably argued by the Associates for Biblical Research, for example, that Exodus must have taken place in 1446 B.C., and that the conquest of Canaan must have taken place around 1406 B....
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Fourth plague in Egypt--what was it?

This is how the fourth plague is described in Exodus chapter 8:20-21 (טז) וַיֹּאמֶר יְדֹוָד אֶל משֶׁה הַשְׁכֵּם בַּבֹּקֶר וְהִתְיַצֵּב לִפְנֵי פַרְעֹה הִנֵּה יוֹצֵא הַמָּיְמָה וְאָמַרְתָּ אֵלָיו ...
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Moses and the Rock [duplicate]

Was Moses reprimanded in Exodus 17 and Numbers 20:10-13 for not speaking (therefore showing a lack of faith in the Lord’s abilities to turn Moses' weaknesses into strength (which was why the Lord put ...
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Was the commandment to keep the Sabbath holy created at Mount Sinai and given to the Israelites only?

Exodus 31:12-17 (NIV) reads: 12 Then the Lord said to Moses, 13 “Say to the Israelites, ‘You must observe my Sabbaths. This will be a sign between me and you for the generations to come, so you may ...
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The Menorah - A Shammash?

Exodus 25:31-37 (KJV) 31 And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of ...
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Is Mount Horeb the same as Mount Sinai?

Psalms 106:19 19 They made a calf in Horeb, And worshiped the molded image. NKJV, 1982 Exodus 31:18 18 And when He had made an end of speaking with him on Mount Sinai, He gave Moses two ...
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What did the label “abomination” indicate in Egyptian society?

The word תּוֹעֵבָה (tôʿēbâ, "abomination") is very common in the Hebrew Bible, usually designating breaches of covenant stipulations which are tôʿēbâ in the sight of YHWH. These uses are concentrated ...
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Did the Hebrews spend time in Egypt for 400 or 430 years?

I know this seems like an old question but here's the contradiction I'm struggling with: 400 years "Then the LORD said to Abram, "Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a ...
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Tetragrammaton originally יהיה (yihayah) (3PersMascSing 'exist, be') and subsequently the nominal form (יהוה) (the Being)?

The Question Essentially Is it possible that God's name is a nominal version of the third person masculine singular verb to exist or to be: יהיה. Can יהיה be validly understood as "he [that] ...
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Is the Destroyer of Exodus 12:23 the same as that of Revelation 9:11?

In the Old Covenant narrative of the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt, Yahweh tells Moses to instruct each Hebrew to paint the blood of the passover lamb on the doorposts so that the destroying angel ...
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Numbers 12:2 - Translation Discrepancy - Did the Lord speak only through Moses?

Numbers 12:2 says: And they said, “Has the Lord indeed spoken only through Moses? Has he not spoken through us also?” And the Lord heard it. The word "through Moses" in Hebrew is בְּמֹשֶׁה֙ or bə·...
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If no one has ever seen God, how come Moses was allowed to see His back?

John 1:18 claims that no one has ever seen God, except Jesus: 18 God no one hath ever seen; the only begotten Son, who is on the bosom of the Father -- he did declare. However, Moses was apparently ...
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Exodus 33:19, How the LORD will proclaim the name of the LORD?

Exodus 33:19, (DRB): He answered: I will shew thee all good, and I will proclaim in the name of the Lord before thee: and I will have mercy on whom I will, and I will be merciful to whom it shall ...
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Why does the passage in Exodus about the Burning Bush appear to refer to the “angel of the Lord” and God as the same entity?

Exodus 3:3-6: There the angel of the Lord appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up. 3 So Moses thought, "I will go ...
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Why would God afflict the Israelites if they were not able to go into the desert to sacrifice to Him?

In Exodus 5:3 (KJV) it is written: And they said, The God of the Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, we pray thee, three days' journey into the desert, and sacrifice unto the Lord our God; lest he ...
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Pronoun confusion in Exodus 31:17? Who rested?

Exodus 31 closes with Moses being told what to say to the people, verbatim. The use of first person pronoun to refer to the LORD is consistent throughout the section. I quote it all just to display ...
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How does one interpret the phrase “in the water under the earth” in Exodus 20:4?

In Exodus 20:4 there is a phrase בַּמַּיִם מִתַּחַת לָאָרֶץ that is often translated as "in the water under the earth". What location is this a reference to?
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What is Shesh Mashzar?

The Hebrew words occuring all over the latter parts of Exodus: שֵׁשׁ מָשְׁזָר mean some sort of fancy fabric. Is it reasonable to think of this as silk? I was thinking this might be derived from "...
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Different reason for Sabbath

In Exodus 20:1-17 and in Deuteronomy 5:6-21 we read about the 10 Commandments. The major difference between both passages is in the following two excerpts Exodus 20:8-11 8 “Remember the Sabbath day, ...
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Can Moses enter the holy of holies?

In Exodus 25:22 There I will meet with you; and from above the atoning cover, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about every commandment that I ...
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How would a single author theory of the Pentateuch reconcile the different time of release of the Hebrew slave?

The law regarding the time of release of a Hebrew slave, and whether the slave should be let free empty handed or not, is treated differently in Exodus, Deuteronomy, and Leviticus: Exodus 21:2: ...
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Is there a difference between מַסְוֶה and צָעִיף (veil)?

I noticed that in Exodus 34, the term מַסְוֶה is used throughout in reference to the veil Moses wore on his face to hide his radiance. However, in Genesis throughout the Hebrew term used (for veil) is ...
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How old is the Passover animal required to be in Exodus 12:5?

According to Exodus 12:5 is the animal required to be less than one year old (but at least 8 days old), at least one year old (mature/adult), or a year old (older than zero, less than two, aka a "...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:27, is the apostle Paul alluding to Exodus 34:15 concerning an idolatrous feast to a heathen god?

In 1 Cor. 10:27, it is written, 27 If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake. KJV, 1769 ...
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Why does God warn Moses to not allow the priests or the people to approach Sinai?

In Exodus 19, God describes a number of preparations that Moses should make before He will descend to the top of Mount Sinai. One of them is to cordon off an area around the mountain: You shall ...
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What sacrificial animals would be detestable to the Egyptians?

In Exodus 8:26 (NIV) But Moses said, "That would not be right. The sacrifices we offer the LORD our God would be detestable to the Egyptians. And if we offer sacrifices that are detestable in ...

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