Questions tagged [exodus]

The second book of the Hebrew Bible, starting with Israel in Egyptian slavery and ending with the building of the tabernacle in the desert.

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Why does Yhwh instruct Moses to leave him alone in Exodus 32:10?

In Exodus 32:10, after the LORD's brief monologue on the golden calf incident (vv. 7-9), speaking to Moses he says: וְעַתָּה הַנִּ֣יחָה לִּי וְיִֽחַר־אַפִּ֥י בָהֶם וַאֲכַלֵּ֑ם וְאֶֽעֱשֶׂה אוֹתְךָ ...
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Does the Hebrew word “olam“ mean “forever” in Leviticus 23:41?

Several passages refer to keeping a feast as a statute forever. For instance, Exodus 12:14 reads: “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; throughout ...
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Moses' manufacture of the “bronze serpent” - what bronze?

In Numbers 21:9 it says: So Moses made a bronze snake and put it on a pole, so that if a snake had bitten someone, when he looked at the bronze snake he lived. [NET] Where would Moses probably get ...
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Is Jesus against or in favor of the law of retaliation (“eye for eye, tooth for tooth”)?

The law of retaliation can be found in Exodus 21:22-25 (ESV): 22 “When men strive together and hit a pregnant woman, so that her children come out, but there is no harm, the one who hit her shall ...
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Why did the Egyptians view shepherds as detestable and why did they refuse to eat with the Hebrews?

Why would the Egyptians refuse to eat with the Hebrew people? The first mention of this is in Genesis 43:32 when Joseph’s brothers first come to Egypt. The Egyptians could not eat with Joseph (a ...
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Exo. 4:16 - “And you shall be to him for [an] elohim” (וְאַתָּה תִּהְיֶה לֹּו לֵאלֹהִים)

In Exo. 4:16, it is written, And he shall speak for you to the people, and he shall be --- he shall be to you for a mouth, and you shall be to him for [an] elohim [אֱלֹהִים] וְדִבֶּר הוּא לְךָ אֶל ...
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In Exodus 3:2-4 does God stand beside the angel in the burning bush?

I am reading in the book of Exodus chapter 3 (KJV) about the angel of the Lord appearing to Moses in the burning bush.It is written, Exodus 3:2 And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a ...
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Exodus 33:11 Did Moses See God?

Someone here has said that Moses saw God face to face. Well lets be technical here. The text actually says that : Thus the LORD used to speak to Moses face to face - NASB It does not mention ...
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Which of Egypt's gods were judged in Ex 12:12?

When Jehovah freed his people from slavery in Egypt via Moses which were the Egyptian gods judged? Does each of the 10 plagues correspond to a specific Egyptian god? NWT Exodus 12:12 " . . . I ...
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Whose rod is used to wrongly strike the rock in Numbers 20?

Num 20:8-9  "Take the rod; and you and your brother Aaron assemble the congregation and speak to the rock before their eyes, that it may yield its water. You shall thus bring forth water for them out ...
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“From Mount Horeb” (Exodus 33:6), how should we understand the preposition “from” in context?

Exodus 33:6, וַיִּתְנַצְּלוּ בְנֵי-יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת-עֶדְיָם, מֵהַר חוֹרֵב. So the Israelites stripped off their ornaments at Mount Horeb. (NIV) The problem with the NIV's translation is that the wrong ...
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Can the Exodus conflict be read as a conflict between God and the god(s) of Egypt?

In the ancient Egyptian religion, the Pharaoh is the son of Ra. Regarding this particular god and others in Egypt, we read the following in the Book of Exodus. Exodus 12:12 (NASB) 12 For I will ...
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What evidence is there that boiling a kid in its mother's milk (Exodus 23:19) was a pagan practice?

In Exodus 23:19 (KJV), Jehovah tells the Israelites, "Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk." Searching online for a possible meaning, many suggestions are given, the most ...
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In Exodus 2:12, did Moses commit murder?

In Exo. 2:12, it is written, 12 So he looked this way and that way, and when he saw no one, he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand. NKJV, 1982 יב וַיִּפֶן כֹּה וָכֹה וַיַּרְא כִּי אֵין אִישׁ ...
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“Pass over” or “cover over” in Exodus 12?

Exodus 12:13b (ESV) And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt. Exodus 12:13b (BHS) וְרָאִ֨יתִי֙ אֶת־הַדָּ֔ם ...
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In Exodus 34:33, did Moses speak with the Israelites veiled or unveiled?

The Hebrew text of Exo. 34:33 states, לג וַיְכַל מֹשֶׁה מִדַּבֵּר אִתָּם וַיִּתֵּן עַל פָּנָיו מַסְוֶה One website sites, So, did Moses speak to the Israelites with a veil upon his face or ...
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Is “The Lord of the Sabbath” the LORD God?

The Gospel of Jesus Christ records that Jesus states He is Lord of the Sabbath: For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath. (Matthew 12:8 ESV) So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath. (Mark 2:28 ...
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What does “eating and drinking” signify in “meeting with God”? (Exodus 24:11)

In my thoughts, Exodus 24:9-11 might be speaking of what is termed Eucharist, Sacrament of the Lord's Supper or the Communion in NT. Christians cannot partake in the divinity of the trinity without ...
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What does it means to have “uncircumcised lips”?

Twice in Exodus Moses declares that he has "uncircumcised lips." But Moses said to the LORD, “Behold, the people of Israel have not listened to me. How then shall Pharaoh listen to me, for ...
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Who are the “third and fourth generation” in Exodus 20:5?

“You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down ...
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What is the significance of Moses being called a “bridegroom of blood?”

In Exodus 4:24–26 the story is recounted of Moses' failure or delay in circumcising his son, and Zipporah stepping in herself to perform the right, saving Moses' life. I am aware some theologians ...
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Did Pharoah have free will?

Pharoah starts by hardening his own heart, but then God hardens it (here is the list of verses). Did God remove Pharoah's free will?
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Has anyone seen God or not?

In Exodus 33:11 So the Lord used to speak to Moses face to face, just as a man speaks to his friend. When Moses returned to the camp, his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, would not depart ...
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Did Moses have a second wife?

In Numbers 12: Miriam and Aaron complained about Moses marrying a Cushite woman Then Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite woman whom he had married (for he had married a ...
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How to understand John 4 in light of Exodus 17 and Numbers 20?

When Christ met the woman of Samaria he promised her that she will never thirst if she partook of the waters that he will give her. John 4:10-14 NIV 10 Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God ...
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What is the meaning of “Jealous” in Exodus 20:5?

I asked this question on Christianity Stack Exchange. Exodus 20:5 NIV You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the ...
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Did Pharaoh Not Know that the God of the Israelites was the Same as the God of the Hebrews? Were the Terms Not Coterminous at the Time?

In Exodus 3:18 Moses is commanded to gather the Israelite elders, go to Phara0h and say "יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֤י הָֽעִבְרִיִּים֙ נִקְרָ֣ה עָלֵ֔ינוּ וְעַתָּ֗ה נֵֽלֲכָה־נָּ֞א דֶּ֣רֶךְ שְׁלֹ֤שֶׁת יָמִים֙ ...
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Did Moses disband the initial group of leaders which he had appointed in Exodus 18?

After listening to the counsel of his father-in-law Moses selects men who will help him to arbitrate in matters of the Israelis. Exodus 18:17-26 NASB 17 Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The ...
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Exodus 9:12, How is it accepted that the LORD hardens the heart of Pharaoh, then Punishes him for that?

Exodus 9:12 (DRB): And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, and he hearkened not unto them, as the Lord had spoken to Moses. I was little surprised, How the LORD punishes Pharaoh for the hardness of ...
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Why is the 5th book of the Bible called Deuteronomy?

Given that the meaning of the Greek word "deuteronomos" is 'secondary' it is expected that the name should be given to the 2nd book rather than the 5th: so why is the 5th book of the Bible called ...
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Tent of meeting vs tabernacle

Exodus 33:7 Now Moses used to take a tent and pitch it outside the camp some distance away, calling it the "tent of meeting." Anyone inquiring of the LORD would go to the tent of meeting ...
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The Pharaoh of the Exodus

Is there any textual evidence in Hebrew Bible or Christian New Testament that would identify the Pharaoh involved with Moses and the Exodus? Is there any textual evidence that would also correspond ...
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What does Exodus 26:27 say?

I was reading through Exodus the other day and thought that the translation of Exodus 26:26-27 was odd. OSB: "You shall make bars of incorruptible wood: five for the posts on one side of the ...
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Was Moses a priest as suggested in Psalms 99:6?

Psalms 99:6 NIV Moses and Aaron were among his priests, Samuel was among those who called on his name; they called on the Lord and he answered them. According to the law priests were consecrated and ...
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Did God make an idol?

In the Decalogue God forbids the making and or worshiping of images in the form of anything in the created order. And God spoke all these words: “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of ...
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Is there anything in Genesis to suggest why the ancient Israelites were made to be slaves in Egypt?

Is there a reason provided in Genesis for the enslavement of the ancient Israelites for 400 years?: Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a ...
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“Those who hate me” in Exodus 20:5

Exodus 20:5b (WLC | ESV) : כִּ֣י אָֽנֹכִ֞י יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ אֵ֣ל קַנָּ֔א פֹּ֠קֵד עֲוֺ֨ן אָבֹ֧ת עַל־בָּנִ֛ים עַל־שִׁלֵּשִׁ֥ים וְעַל־רִבֵּעִ֖ים לְשֹׂנְאָֽ֑י for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, ...
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What is the significance of the parallels between Jacob and Moses?

Both have to flee their homes after they do something wrong and have people who want to kill them - see Genesis 27 & Exodus 2 Both then end up at wells in foreign lands, and help women when ...
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The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [closed]

As noted in the popular modern Hebrew commentary on the Old Testament Da’at Miqra, which quotes one of the leading modern scholars of Old Testament textual criticism, Rabbi Mordechai Breuer, there is ...
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If God is no respecter of persons, how to explain Exodus 11:7?

Exodus 11:7 But among the Israelites not a dog will bark at any person or animal. Then you will know that the LORD makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel. I often hear on Christian radio ...
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Does the definite article 'the', occur in front of the name of God in the Hebrew language?

Or is the an interpolation from the English translators of the bible? I'm no Hebrew expert but I'm curious to know how the name was written and read in Hebrew. Was it the YAHWEH or just YAHWEH? ...
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Does Exodus 22:28 call for child sacrifice?

In Genesis, we see a motif of first-born sons being overly aggressive and ambitious. Kain slays Abel out of a jealous wrath. Firstborn Esau and Jacob have a long-running rivalry that ends with Jacob ...
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Contradiction between Exodus 29:18 and Jeremiah 7:22

What does Jeremiah mean by his statement in Jeremiah 7:22? For in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, I did not speak to your fathers or command them concerning burnt offerings ...
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Who is being referred to in Exodus 1:20-21?

Exodus 1:20-21 [20]So God was good to the midwives, and the people multiplied, and became very mighty. [21]Because the midwives feared God, He established households for them. In the above text ...
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Usage of an uncommon Hebrew word for “shone” in Exodus

In Exodus 34:29 (KJV): And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin ...
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Different words to describe the “rod serpent”

In Exodus 4:3 (KJV) And he said, Cast it on the ground. And he cast it on the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from before it. Serpent comes from the word nachash and the outline of ...
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THE burning bush: why the definite article?

In the Hebrew, the first time the burning bush appears it has an article. Literally this is translated by "the bush" (as in Young's Literal Translation). However, most common translations ...
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Is “revile the gods” (KJV) an accurate translation in Exo. 22:28?

In Exo. 22:28(1) (KJV), it is written, Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people. Is "gods" the correct translation of the Hebrew? The Hebrew word is אֱלֹהִים (’ĕ·lō·hîm), ...
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Why does the YLT render “thunder” as “voices” in Exodus 20:18?

Most modern translations of Exodus 20:18a render it something like the ESV (all emphasis mine): Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and ...
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Are the rings for carrying the incense altar pure gold?

In Exodus we read about the structure of the altar for burning incense: You shall make an altar for burning incense; make it of acacia wood. It shall be a cubit long and a cubit wide—it shall ...

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