Questions tagged [exodus]

The second book of the Hebrew Bible, starting with Israel in Egyptian slavery and ending with the building of the tabernacle in the desert.

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Is YHWH of Israel the counterpart of Pharoah of Egypt in Exodus 5:1?

Moses was leading the people of YHWH out of Egypt in the period of Egyptian history when her government was theocratic. Israel was a theocratic nation and has no human king until Saul was anointed as ...
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Based on Exodus 3:10, 17, did Moses fulfill his ministry or not?

KJV Exodus 3: 10, Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt. ... 17, And I have said, I will bring you up out ...
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What is the usage and corresponding meaning of אלהים “elohim” in Exodus 20:3?

לא יהיה לך אלהים אחרים על פני׃ (You shall have no other gods before / beside Me.) "elohim" in Exodus 20:3 is a noun plural in number. By the context that "other" in Hebrew is also plural to confirm ...
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In Exodus 32:6, what was the nature of the pagan revelry of the Israelites?

What sort of "revelry" did they indulge in while Moses was up on the mountain getting the 10 Commandments? (Exodus 32:6) And they rose up early the next day and offered burnt offerings and brought ...
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Can שֵׁם mean “title” in Exodus 20:7?

Exodus 20:7 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave anyone unpunished who takes His name in vain. I could not understand why misusing the personal ...
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In Exodus 20:26 what does it mean “and you shall not go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not exposed on it”?

What does God mean ''and you shall not go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not exposed on it''? Should this verse be taken literally? Exodus 20:26 And you shall not go up by steps ...
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What does “eating and drinking” signify in “meeting with God”? (Exodus 24:11)

In my thoughts, Exodus 24:9-11 might be speaking of what is termed Eucharist, Sacrament of the Lord's Supper or the Communion in NT. Christians cannot partake in the divinity of the trinity without ...
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By the end of Judges (Judges 21:25) who comprised the Israelites?

This question is solely about the peoples in the document sets, not archaeological claims. Apologies if this is a bad fit: I checked the site tour; this seems to be an exegesis request in relation to ...
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Why is the 5th book of the Bible called Deuteronomy?

Given that the meaning of the Greek word "deuteronomos" is 'secondary' it is expected that the name should be given to the 2nd book rather than the 5th: so why is the 5th book of the Bible called ...
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Did Moses have horns according to Exodus 34?

(Exodus 34:30) וירא אהרן וכל־בני ישראל את־משה והנה קרן עור פניו וייראו מגשת אליו׃ (DRB) And Aaron and the children of Israel seeing the face of Moses horned, were afraid to come near. (KJV) ...
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In Exodus 20:4 how does “for yourself” (לְךָ֥֣) qualify the making of statues?

NIV Exodus 20:4You shall not make for yourself a graven image or any likeness which is in the heavens above, which is on the earth below, or which is in the water beneath the earth. The Hebrew ...
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Did God command the making of graven images, in Exodus and Numbers?

Exodus 20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: ...
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In Exodus 6:2 through 9:35 did the Nile “turn to blood” or experience a “Red Tide” algal bloom?

God describes what he will do to Egypt if they don't listen as "the water which are in the river will be turned to blood": Exo_4:9  And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe also these ...
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Who wore the ephod in 1 Samuel 30:7?

After a party of marauding Amalekites had invaded Negev & Ziklag taking David's people hostage. David asks Abiather to bring the ephod so that they may inquired from God.Its not clear who ...
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Contradiction between Exodus 29:18 and Jeremiah 7:22

What does Jeremiah mean by his statement in Jeremiah 7:22? For in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, I did not speak to your fathers or command them concerning burnt offerings ...
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Do the modern translations use God's proper name?

Does the original Hebrew text read "I am" or "YHWH" where Moses is asking G_d who to say sent him in Exodus 3:14?
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If the Exodus and conquest of Canaan took place around 1446 BC, why are there so many references to iron in that period's writing?

It has been reasonably argued by the Associates for Biblical Research, for example, that Exodus must have taken place in 1446 B.C., and that the conquest of Canaan must have taken place around 1406 B....
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Why the second דֹּֽר in Exodus 3:15?

I'm a little confused by the second דֹּֽר in this verse, which ends the verse. וַיֹּאמֶר֩ ע֨וֹד אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֗ה כֹּֽה־תֹאמַר֮ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבֹתֵיכֶ֗ם אֱלֹהֵ֨י ...
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What is the meaning and function of הַהִוא֒ in Exodus 3:8?

I'm translating Exodus 3:8, but I'm a bit stumped on the meaning and function of the following word: הַהִוא֒ וָאֵרֵ֞ד לְהַצִּיל֣וֹ ׀ מִיַּ֣ד מִצְרַ֗יִם וּֽלְהַעֲלֹתוֹ֮ מִן־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַהִוא֒ אֶל־אֶ֤רֶץ ...
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How do you translate מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו in Exodus 3:7?

I'm having some trouble translating the phrase מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֔ה רָאֹ֥ה רָאִ֛יתִי אֶת־עֳנִ֥י עַמִּ֖י אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם וְאֶת־צַעֲקָתָ֤ם שָׁמַ֙עְתִּי֙ מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו ...
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Did Moses disregard God's command to bring the elders to meet Pharaoh in Exodus 3:18?

Exodus 3:18 KJV 18 And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath met ...
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Why did Korah's conspirators suffer heavier casualties than him in Numbers 16?

When Korah rebelled against Moses & Aaron he brought along Dathan & Abiram but when the judgement was executed it seems his conspirators suffered heavier casualities than him.Its clear in the ...
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Why are the descendants of Hebron not specifically named in Exodus 6:17-22?

Exodus 6:17-22 KJV 17 The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, according to their families. 18 And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of ...
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Did Zimri deliberately bring Cozbi into the Israeli camp in Numbers 25?

Numbers 25:1,4-5 NASB [1]While Israel remained at Shittim, the people began to play the harlot with the daughters of Moab. [4]The Lord said to Moses, "Take all the leaders of the people and ...
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Who are said to come up to the mountain in Exodus 19:13?

Exodus 19:13 (NASB) 13 No hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned or [a]shot through; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the ram’s horn sounds a long blast, they shall come ...
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Chronological discrepancy in Joshua's name in Numbers and Exodus

In Numbers Chapter 13, Moses appears to rename Hoshea the son of Nun as Joshua the son of Nun: Verse 8 from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Nun; (ESV) Verse 16 These were the names of ...
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Are Exodus 23:8 and Deuteronmy 16:19 meant to be identical?

There are two verses in the Pentateuch that exhort against bribery. Exodus 23:8 וְשֹׁחַד לֹא תִקָּח כִּי הַשֹּׁחַד יְעַוֵּר פִּקְחִים וִיסַלֵּף דִּבְרֵי צַדִּיקִים Deuteronomy 16:19 לֹא ...
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In Exodus 22:2 when may the intruder be killed?

Exodus 22:2 NKJV 2 If the thief is found breaking in, and he is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt for his bloodshed. 3 If the sun has risen on him, there shall be guilt for his ...
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Did Moses disband the initial group of leaders which he had appointed in Exodus 18?

After listening to the counsel of his father-in-law Moses selects men who will help him to arbitrate in matters of the Israelis. Exodus 18:17-26 NASB 17 Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The ...
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To whom were the Jews referring in John 6:31?

John 6:31 New King James Version (NKJV) 31 Our fathers ate the manna in the desert; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’”[a] In the following text Christ accuses the Jews as ...
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How was Aaron able to store the manna when the ark had not yet been erected?

Exodus 16:33-34 (KJV) 33 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations. 34 As the LORD commanded ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:1 is the cloud that covered the cloud that led and vice versa?

NIV 1 Corinthians 10:1 For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers and sisters, that our ancestors were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. This appears ...
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Why the leaven prohibition in Exodus 23:18 and Leviticus 2:11?

We find many times in the OT that leaven or anything containing leaven is not to be served to God. For example, Leviticus 2:11 exhorts the Israelites: No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto ...
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Exodus 12.40: Did it originally mention Canaan?

Just as Moses finally leads the Israelites out of slavery, Exodus 12.40 tells us how long the Israelites had lived in Egypt: NRSV The time that the Israelites had lived in Egypt was four hundred and ...
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What is the “book of the wars” mentioned in Numbers 21:14?

Numbers 21:14 (NKJV) 14 Therefore it is said in the Book of the Wars of the LORD: “Waheb in Suphah, The brooks of the Arnon, Could the book of wars be the one Moses wrote & recited to Joshua ...
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The proper reading of Exodus 31:17

This is a follow up question to a question i've asked a few months ago. In the linked question (and until recently) i have assumed that Exodus 31:17 is to be taken as a complete sentence, It ...
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Are the seventy elders mentioned in Exodus 24 the same as the ones mentioned in Numbers 11?

When Moses goes up the mountain to meet the Lord he is instructed to bring along seventy elders. Exodus 24:1 (KJV) 1 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and ...
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Who is speaking to Moses in Exodus 24:1?

Exodus 24: (KJV) 1 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off. 2 And Moses alone shall come ...
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Exodus 23:20-21 A divine Angel?

Exodus 23:20-21(KJV) 20 Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. 21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him ...
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Did Moses beseech God twice?

Exodus 32:11-13 (A) And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and ...
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The forty days and forty nights of Moses story in Deuteronomy 9:18?

Verse-A, Exodus 24:18 Then Moses entered the cloud as he went on up the mountain. And he stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights. The information above took place when Moses received ...
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Where did the water come from for the magicians to perform like Moses in Exodus 7:22?

We are told that Moses turned all the water in Egypt into blood Exodus 7:19 (NKJV) 19 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your rod and stretch out your hand over the waters of ...
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Who is being referred to in Exodus 1:20-21?

Exodus 1:20-21 [20]So God was good to the midwives, and the people multiplied, and became very mighty. [21]Because the midwives feared God, He established households for them. In the above text ...
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The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [closed]

As noted in the popular modern Hebrew commentary on the Old Testament Da’at Miqra, which quotes one of the leading modern scholars of Old Testament textual criticism, Rabbi Mordechai Breuer, there is ...
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How can the tabernacle have been erected in the second year?

Exodus 40:17 explicitly states that the tabernacle was erected on the first day of the first month of the second year. Some silver was needed for the tabernacle. This silver was given by the numbered ...
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Why must a Hebrew slave who has to work six years only be released after the seventh year?

In Jeremiah 34:14, we read that a Hebrew slave which has served six years must be let go at the end of the seventh year: Jer 34:14: מִקֵּץ שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים תְּֽשַׁלְּחוּ אִישׁ אֶת־אָחִיו הָעִבְרִי ...
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Is God the creator / bringer of evil according to Isaiah 45:7 and 2 Kings 22:20?

At least two places in the Hebrew Bible can be understood as God bringing evil. Isaiah 45:7 KJV: I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things. ...
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In Exodus 14:22 and 15:8 how should we understand “the walls of water” described in the parting of the Red sea?

In Exodus 15:8 this is how the parting of the Reed sea waters are described וּבְרוּחַ אַפֶּיךָ נֶעֶרְמוּ מַיִם נִצְּבוּ כְמוֹ נֵד נֹזְלִים קָפְאוּ תְהֹמֹת בְּלֶב יָם By the blast of your ...
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Fourth plague in Egypt--what was it?

This is how the fourth plague is described in Exodus chapter 8:20-21 (טז) וַיֹּאמֶר יְדֹוָד אֶל משֶׁה הַשְׁכֵּם בַּבֹּקֶר וְהִתְיַצֵּב לִפְנֵי פַרְעֹה הִנֵּה יוֹצֵא הַמָּיְמָה וְאָמַרְתָּ אֵלָיו ...
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Why was Aaron not punished for making the golden calf? (Exodus 32:1-4)

Exodus 32:1-4 (NRSV) The Golden Calf 1" When the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people gathered around Aaron, and said to him, “Come, make gods for us, who ...

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