Questions tagged [exodus]

The second book of the Hebrew Bible, starting with Israel in Egyptian slavery and ending with the building of the tabernacle in the desert.

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Why did the Egyptians view shepherds as detestable and why did they refuse to eat with the Hebrews?

Why would the Egyptians refuse to eat with the Hebrew people? The first mention of this is in Genesis 43:32 when Joseph’s brothers first come to Egypt. The Egyptians could not eat with Joseph (a ...
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Did Moses have a second wife?

In Numbers 12: Miriam and Aaron complained about Moses marrying a Cushite woman Then Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite woman whom he had married (for he had married a ...
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Tent of meeting vs tabernacle

Exodus 33:7 Now Moses used to take a tent and pitch it outside the camp some distance away, calling it the "tent of meeting." Anyone inquiring of the LORD would go to the tent of meeting ...
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“Those who hate me” in Exodus 20:5

Exodus 20:5b (WLC | ESV) : כִּ֣י אָֽנֹכִ֞י יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ אֵ֣ל קַנָּ֔א פֹּ֠קֵד עֲוֺ֨ן אָבֹ֧ת עַל־בָּנִ֛ים עַל־שִׁלֵּשִׁ֥ים וְעַל־רִבֵּעִ֖ים לְשֹׂנְאָֽ֑י for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, ...
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Why was Aaron not punished for making the golden calf? (Exodus 32:1-4)

Exodus 32:1-4 (NRSV) The Golden Calf 1" When the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people gathered around Aaron, and said to him, “Come, make gods for us, who ...
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Is Jesus' “I am” statement in John 8:58 equivalent to God's “I am” statement in Exodus 3:14?

Is Jesus' "I am" statement in John 8:58 equivalent to God's "I am" in Exodus 3:14? What is the meaning of "I am" in John 8:58 and what is the meaning of "I am" in Exodus 3:14?
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Did Moses have horns according to Exodus 34?

(Exodus 34:30) וירא אהרן וכל־בני ישראל את־משה והנה קרן עור פניו וייראו מגשת אליו׃ (DRB) And Aaron and the children of Israel seeing the face of Moses horned, were afraid to come near. (KJV) ...
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Can the Ten Commandments be interpreted as declarative?

There is a variation in how John 14:15 is translated: "If you love me, you will keep my commandments." ESV “If you love Me, you will keep My commandments." NASB “If you love me, keep ...
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Was Israel to be without heating or an ability to cook food on sabbath? (Exodus 35:2-3)

Ex. 35:2-3   “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, ba sabbath of complete rest to the LORD; whoever does any work on it shall be put to death. “You shall ...
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The forty days and forty nights of Moses story in Deuteronomy 9:18?

Verse-A, Exodus 24:18 Then Moses entered the cloud as he went on up the mountain. And he stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights. The information above took place when Moses received ...
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Does anyone know for sure what was written in the tablets mentioned in Exodus 16:34? [closed]

Exodus 16:34 in some bible versions mentions some tablets and I was just wondering if anyone knew what was on those tablets.
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Morality of God's commandment to kill rebels [closed]

What turns me down about God are 2 stories that I have readed on my bible. God hardening pharaoh's heart and punishing him because of it, and Levites killing his relatives Today I will talk about ...
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How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses?

How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses? In John Chapter 8 there is the familiar story of how Jesus prevented a stoning of a woman who had committed adultery. ...
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Why was crocodile (תנין) from Exodus 7:10 translated as snake or serpent?

In Exodus, chapter 7, verse 10, Aaron throws his staff of the ground in front of Pharaoh and it becomes a תנין in the Hebrew Bible as well as the Leningrad Codex. The Septuagint translates it as ...
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Exodus 12.40: Did it originally mention Canaan?

Just as Moses finally leads the Israelites out of slavery, Exodus 12.40 tells us how long the Israelites had lived in Egypt: NRSV The time that the Israelites had lived in Egypt was four hundred and ...
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In Exodus 2-4 who was Moses' father-in-law?

In re-reading through Exodus I came across 2 people that are called Moses' father-in-law Exodus 2:18-21 states it is Reuel: 2:18 So when they came home to their father Reuel... 2:21 Moses agreed ...
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What does “before me” in Exodus 20:3 mean?

In Exodus 20:3, we read: You shall have no other gods before me. [ESV] The ESV here provides a textual note on before, saying "or besides." And indeed, many translations use that phrasing. ...
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Moses' manufacture of the “bronze serpent” - what bronze?

In Numbers 21:9 it says: So Moses made a bronze snake and put it on a pole, so that if a snake had bitten someone, when he looked at the bronze snake he lived. [NET] Where would Moses probably get ...
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What is the meaning of “Jealous” in Exodus 20:5?

I asked this question on Christianity Stack Exchange. Exodus 20:5 NIV You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the ...
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Exodus 9:12, How is it accepted that the LORD hardens the heart of Pharaoh, then Punishes him for that?

Exodus 9:12 (DRB): And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, and he hearkened not unto them, as the Lord had spoken to Moses. I was little surprised, How the LORD punishes Pharaoh for the hardness of ...
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Did Moses disband the initial group of leaders which he had appointed in Exodus 18?

After listening to the counsel of his father-in-law Moses selects men who will help him to arbitrate in matters of the Israelis. Exodus 18:17-26 NASB 17 Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The ...
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10 Commandments: Ketubah or Suzerain

In Exodus 20, we are given the 10 commandments. Some have compared this gift of the 10 commandments to a Ketubah - a Jewish marriage contract, while others have compared this to a Suzerain Covenant ...
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Does the definite article 'the', occur in front of the name of God in the Hebrew language?

Or is the an interpolation from the English translators of the bible? I'm no Hebrew expert but I'm curious to know how the name was written and read in Hebrew. Was it the YAHWEH or just YAHWEH? ...
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Is Hosea 11:1 referencing the initiation of the Exodus or the sojourn in Egypt?

The New JPS translation of Hosea 11:1 reads: I fell in love with Israel When he was still a child; And I have called [him] My son Ever since Egypt. This seems to indicate that when Israel (...
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Exodus 33:19, How the LORD will proclaim the name of the LORD?

Exodus 33:19, (DRB): He answered: I will shew thee all good, and I will proclaim in the name of the Lord before thee: and I will have mercy on whom I will, and I will be merciful to whom it shall ...
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Is the order of items in categories relevant?

In Exodus 25:3-7 (NASB) 3 This is the contribution which you are to take from them: gold, silver, and bronze, 4 violet, purple, and scarlet material, fine linen, goat hair, 5 rams’ skins dyed red, ...
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Who was blotted out of which book in Exodus 32:33?

After God led the Israelites out of Egypt, and the Israelites subsequently worshiped the golden calf for leading them out of Egypt, Moses went before the Lord, simultaneously outraged and concerned: ...
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What did the label “abomination” indicate in Egyptian society?

The word תּוֹעֵבָה (tôʿēbâ, "abomination") is very common in the Hebrew Bible, usually designating breaches of covenant stipulations which are tôʿēbâ in the sight of YHWH. These uses are concentrated ...
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Is tola'at sheni a knit?

The Hebrew phrase תוֹלַעַת שָׁנִי appears throughout Exodus, and it usually occurs paired with "Shesh Mashzar", but I suppose someone can know the answer to one question without knowing the answer ...
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How many people left Egypt?

In Exodus 12:37 (NASB) Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children. then in Numbers 1:46 (NASB) So all the numbered men of ...
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How should one read “Ark of the Covenant” in Exodus 25:22?

"There I will meet with you; and from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about all that I will give you in ...
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Why the leaven prohibition in Exodus 23:18 and Leviticus 2:11?

We find many times in the OT that leaven or anything containing leaven is not to be served to God. For example, Leviticus 2:11 exhorts the Israelites: No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto ...
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Is the Sabbath part of the “special days and months and seasons and years” Paul is referring to in Galatians 4:10?

Galatians 4:8-11 (NIV) says: 8 Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods. 9 But now that you know God—or rather are known by God—how is it that you are ...
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To which extent Torah laws were known before Sinai?

After reading Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy a question arises. For instance, in Genesis 32:33 (NASB) Therefore, to this day the sons of Israel do not eat the tendon of the hip ...
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Can we conclude that the mandate to keep a literal seventh day Sabbath is obsolete from Exodus 31:12-17, Hebrews 8 and Hebrews 4? [closed]

I will present 3 passages from Scripture and what I understand from each one. 1) Exodus 31:12-17 (NIV) 12 Then the Lord said to Moses, 13 “Say to the Israelites, ‘You must observe my Sabbaths. This ...
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Were the 10 plagues really sent as a counter to the Egyptian gods?

In Exodus 7:14-12:51, God sends 10 plagues to Egypt. Some resources I've found online say that these plagues were jabs at the ineffectiveness of the Egyptian gods. Basically, it was a contest of ...
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In Exodus 20:26 what does it mean “and you shall not go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not exposed on it”?

What does God mean ''and you shall not go up by steps to my altar, that your nakedness be not exposed on it''? Should this verse be taken literally? Exodus 20:26 And you shall not go up by steps ...
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Did Abraham really see God? [duplicate]

It says in Genesis God appeared to Abraham but other places no one has seen God Genesis 12:7 Then the Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your [a]descendants I will give this land.” And there he ...
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In Exodus 8:26 what is the “abomination of the Egyptians”?

And Moses said, It is not meet so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to the LORD our God: lo, shall we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, and ...
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Why were God's reactions so different in Exodus 4:24-26 and Joshua 5:2 concerning circumcision?

Exodus 4:24 At a lodging place on the way, the Lord met Moses and was about to kill him. 25But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut off her son’s foreskin and touched Moses’ feet with it. “Surely you are ...
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Exodus 4:22-26 - who was God going to kill? [duplicate]

And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord", Israel is my son, even my firstborn: And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I ...
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In Exodus 23:21 what does “Do not rebel against him; he will not forgive your rebellion, since my Name is in him” mean?

NIV Exodus 23: 20“See, I am sending an angel ahead of you to guard you along the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared. 21Pay attention to him and listen to what he says. Do not rebel ...
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What is the meaning and function of הַהִוא֒ in Exodus 3:8?

I'm translating Exodus 3:8, but I'm a bit stumped on the meaning and function of the following word: הַהִוא֒ וָאֵרֵ֞ד לְהַצִּיל֣וֹ ׀ מִיַּ֣ד מִצְרַ֗יִם וּֽלְהַעֲלֹתוֹ֮ מִן־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַהִוא֒ אֶל־אֶ֤רֶץ ...

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