Questions tagged [exodus]

The second book of the Hebrew Bible, starting with Israel in Egyptian slavery and ending with the building of the tabernacle in the desert.

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Did Moses disregard God's command to bring the elders to meet Pharaoh in Exodus 3:18?

Exodus 3:18 KJV 18 And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath met ...
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Is “kill” a valid translation for Exodus 20:13 (Thou shalt not kill)?

Exodus 20:13 (KJV) Thou shalt not kill. Many political statements have been made about this verse. This translation has been used by many to support their pacifist desires. However, it seems that ...
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By the end of Judges (Judges 21:25) who comprised the Israelites?

This question is solely about the peoples in the document sets, not archaeological claims. Apologies if this is a bad fit: I checked the site tour; this seems to be an exegesis request in relation to ...
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Why is the 5th book of the Bible called Deuteronomy?

Given that the meaning of the Greek word "deuteronomos" is 'secondary' it is expected that the name should be given to the 2nd book rather than the 5th: so why is the 5th book of the Bible called ...
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Did Moses have horns according to Exodus 34?

(Exodus 34:30) וירא אהרן וכל־בני ישראל את־משה והנה קרן עור פניו וייראו מגשת אליו׃ (DRB) And Aaron and the children of Israel seeing the face of Moses horned, were afraid to come near. (KJV) ...
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Do the modern translations use God's proper name?

Does the original Hebrew text read "I am" or "YHWH" where Moses is asking G_d who to say sent him in Exodus 3:14?
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In Exodus 2-4 who was Moses' father-in-law?

In re-reading through Exodus I came across 2 people that are called Moses' father-in-law Exodus 2:18-21 states it is Reuel: 2:18 So when they came home to their father Reuel... 2:21 Moses agreed ...
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How old is the Passover animal required to be in Exodus 12:5?

According to Exodus 12:5 is the animal required to be less than one year old (but at least 8 days old), at least one year old (mature/adult), or a year old (older than zero, less than two, aka a "...
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1answer
107 views

In Exodus 20:4 how does “for yourself” (לְךָ֥֣) qualify the making of statues?

NIV Exodus 20:4You shall not make for yourself a graven image or any likeness which is in the heavens above, which is on the earth below, or which is in the water beneath the earth. The Hebrew ...
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In Exodus 14:22 and 15:8 how should we understand “the walls of water” described in the parting of the Red sea?

In Exodus 15:8 this is how the parting of the Reed sea waters are described וּבְרוּחַ אַפֶּיךָ נֶעֶרְמוּ מַיִם נִצְּבוּ כְמוֹ נֵד נֹזְלִים קָפְאוּ תְהֹמֹת בְּלֶב יָם By the blast of your ...
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In Exodus 6:2 through 9:35 did the Nile “turn to blood” or experience a “Red Tide” algal bloom?

God describes what he will do to Egypt if they don't listen as "the water which are in the river will be turned to blood": Exo_4:9  And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe also these ...
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Why did Korah's conspirators suffer heavier casualties than him in Numbers 16?

When Korah rebelled against Moses & Aaron he brought along Dathan & Abiram but when the judgement was executed it seems his conspirators suffered heavier casualities than him.Its clear in the ...
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If the Exodus and conquest of Canaan took place around 1446 BC, why are there so many references to iron in that period's writing?

It has been reasonably argued by the Associates for Biblical Research, for example, that Exodus must have taken place in 1446 B.C., and that the conquest of Canaan must have taken place around 1406 B....
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Why the second דֹּֽר in Exodus 3:15?

I'm a little confused by the second דֹּֽר in this verse, which ends the verse. וַיֹּאמֶר֩ ע֨וֹד אֱלֹהִ֜ים אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֗ה כֹּֽה־תֹאמַר֮ אֶל־בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ יְהוָ֞ה אֱלֹהֵ֣י אֲבֹתֵיכֶ֗ם אֱלֹהֵ֨י ...
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How do you translate מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו in Exodus 3:7?

I'm having some trouble translating the phrase מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יְהוָ֔ה רָאֹ֥ה רָאִ֛יתִי אֶת־עֳנִ֥י עַמִּ֖י אֲשֶׁ֣ר בְּמִצְרָ֑יִם וְאֶת־צַעֲקָתָ֤ם שָׁמַ֙עְתִּי֙ מִפְּנֵ֣י נֹֽגְשָׂ֔יו ...
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Did Zimri deliberately bring Cozbi into the Israeli camp in Numbers 25?

Numbers 25:1,4-5 NASB [1]While Israel remained at Shittim, the people began to play the harlot with the daughters of Moab. [4]The Lord said to Moses, "Take all the leaders of the people and ...
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Why are the descendants of Hebron not specifically named in Exodus 6:17-22?

Exodus 6:17-22 KJV 17 The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, according to their families. 18 And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of ...
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What is the significance of touching Moses' feet with his son's foreskin in Exodus 4:25?

In Exodus 4:25 we read Then Zipporah took a flint and cut off her son's foreskin and touched Moses' feet with it and said, "Surely you are a bridegroom of blood to me!" (ESV) What is the ...
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Who are said to come up to the mountain in Exodus 19:13?

Exodus 19:13 (NASB) 13 No hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned or [a]shot through; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the ram’s horn sounds a long blast, they shall come ...
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Are Exodus 23:8 and Deuteronmy 16:19 meant to be identical?

There are two verses in the Pentateuch that exhort against bribery. Exodus 23:8 וְשֹׁחַד לֹא תִקָּח כִּי הַשֹּׁחַד יְעַוֵּר פִּקְחִים וִיסַלֵּף דִּבְרֵי צַדִּיקִים Deuteronomy 16:19 לֹא ...
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What do women do when they're “ministering” in front of God's tabernacle?

Exodus 38:8 says that the bronze basin of the Tabernacle and its bronze stand was made from the mirrors of the women who served at the entrance to the tent of meeting. Why do those women need mirrors?...
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Who was Moses supposed to say sent him, “Ehieh” or “Yahweh”

Continuing the response to the meta call for contradiction. In Exodus 3:13-14, Moses is talking to God: And Moses said to God, "Here I come to the sons of Israel, and I told them, the God of ...
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In Exodus 22:2 when may the intruder be killed?

Exodus 22:2 NKJV 2 If the thief is found breaking in, and he is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt for his bloodshed. 3 If the sun has risen on him, there shall be guilt for his ...
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Did Moses disband the initial group of leaders which he had appointed in Exodus 18?

After listening to the counsel of his father-in-law Moses selects men who will help him to arbitrate in matters of the Israelis. Exodus 18:17-26 NASB 17 Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The ...
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In Exodus 20:7 what does it mean to “take the name of the Lord your God in vain”?

In Exodus 20:7 we read (what is commonly considered to be) the third Commandment: You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His ...
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Did women contribute to the temple in exodus 35:22?

Finishing the response to the meta call for contradiction, here is the last contradiction/inconsistency I found in Genesis/Exodus/Leviticus. In Exodus 35:22 we find the following passage. And the ...
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To whom were the Jews referring in John 6:31?

John 6:31 New King James Version (NKJV) 31 Our fathers ate the manna in the desert; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’”[a] In the following text Christ accuses the Jews as ...
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How was Aaron able to store the manna when the ark had not yet been erected?

Exodus 16:33-34 (KJV) 33 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations. 34 As the LORD commanded ...
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10 Commandments: Ketubah or Suzerain

In Exodus 20, we are given the 10 commandments. Some have compared this gift of the 10 commandments to a Ketubah - a Jewish marriage contract, while others have compared this to a Suzerain Covenant ...
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What does אֵלָ֛יו mean in Exodus 3:2?

Here is the verse taken from the WLC. אֵלָ֛יו is the fourth word in the verse, following יְהֹוָ֥ה. 3:2 וַ֠יֵּרָא מַלְאַ֨ךְ יְהֹוָ֥ה אֵלָ֛יו בְּלַבַּת־אֵ֖שׁ מִתּ֣וֹךְ הַסְּנֶ֑ה וַיַּ֗רְא וְהִנֵּ֤ה ...
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The Pharaoh of the Exodus

Is there any textual evidence in Hebrew Bible or Christian New Testament that would identify the Pharaoh involved with Moses and the Exodus? Is there any textual evidence that would also correspond ...
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Did Moses beseech God twice?

Exodus 32:11-13 (A) And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and ...
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The proper reading of Exodus 31:17

This is a follow up question to a question i've asked a few months ago. In the linked question (and until recently) i have assumed that Exodus 31:17 is to be taken as a complete sentence, It ...
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Does the Hebrew word “olam“ mean “forever” in Leviticus 23:41?

Several passages refer to keeping a feast as a statute forever. For instance, Exodus 12:14 reads: “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; throughout ...
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The forty days and forty nights of Moses story in Deuteronomy 9:18?

Verse-A, Exodus 24:18 Then Moses entered the cloud as he went on up the mountain. And he stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights. The information above took place when Moses received ...
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Where did the water come from for the magicians to perform like Moses in Exodus 7:22?

We are told that Moses turned all the water in Egypt into blood Exodus 7:19 (NKJV) 19 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your rod and stretch out your hand over the waters of ...
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Who is being referred to in Exodus 1:20-21?

Exodus 1:20-21 [20]So God was good to the midwives, and the people multiplied, and became very mighty. [21]Because the midwives feared God, He established households for them. In the above text ...
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Nash papyrus. How different it really is?

I've read that the Nash papyrus commandments have differences with the ones found at the Hebrew Bible of the time. I was only able to find out that one of them is the sequence of 3 of the ...
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What did the almonds on the Menorah (Lamp of the Presence) represent in Exodus 37:20

Exodus 25:9 "According to all that I show you, that is, the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furnishings, just so you shall make it. Exodus 25:40 "And see to it that you ...
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The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [closed]

As noted in the popular modern Hebrew commentary on the Old Testament Da’at Miqra, which quotes one of the leading modern scholars of Old Testament textual criticism, Rabbi Mordechai Breuer, there is ...
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How can the tabernacle have been erected in the second year?

Exodus 40:17 explicitly states that the tabernacle was erected on the first day of the first month of the second year. Some silver was needed for the tabernacle. This silver was given by the numbered ...
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Why must a Hebrew slave who has to work six years only be released after the seventh year?

In Jeremiah 34:14, we read that a Hebrew slave which has served six years must be let go at the end of the seventh year: Jer 34:14: מִקֵּץ שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים תְּֽשַׁלְּחוּ אִישׁ אֶת־אָחִיו הָעִבְרִי ...
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Exodus 21:22: is “mischief” related only to the mother or to the baby, too?

Exodus 21:22 (KJV): If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will ...
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Which bitter herbs were required to be eaten in the original Passover and why? (Exodus 12:8)

Exodus 12:8 (NKJV) Then they shall eat the flesh on that night; roasted in fire, with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 1) Why were bitter herbs required when the first ...
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What was so special about firstborn Egyptian blood that it could sanctify Israelites?

Exodus 12:29 (KJV) - 29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the ...
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What does it mean to “lead the flock behind the wilderness”?

Exodus 3:1 goes, וּמֹשֶׁ֗ה הָיָ֥ה רֹעֶ֛ה אֶת־צֹ֛אן יִתְר֥וֹ חֹתְנ֖וֹ כֹּהֵ֣ן מִדְיָ֑ן וַיִּנְהַ֤ג אֶת־הַצֹּאן֙ אַחַ֣ר הַמִּדְבָּ֔ר וַיָּבֹ֛א אֶל־הַ֥ר הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים חֹרֵֽבָה׃ And Moses hath been feeding ...
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In Hebrews 11:27, to whom does «τὸν…ἀόρατον» refer, and what is the meaning of «ἐκαρτέρησεν»?

The Greek text of Heb. 11:27 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΚΖʹ Πίστει κατέλιπεν Αἴγυπτον μὴ φοβηθεὶς τὸν θυμὸν τοῦ βασιλέως τὸν γὰρ ἀόρατον ὡς ὁρῶν ἐκαρτέρησεν TR, 1550 which the King ...
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Is “The Lord of the Sabbath” the LORD God?

The Gospel of Jesus Christ records that Jesus states He is Lord of the Sabbath: For the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath. (Matthew 12:8 ESV) So the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath. (Mark 2:28 ...
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In Exodus 15:3 why does the author declare God's name?

Young's Literal Translation Exodus 15:3 Jehovah is a man of battle; Jehovah is His name. What I'm wondering is whether the mention of his name is implying anything or is it random? In other words, ...
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How many sons did God put on earth?

In Exodus, God instructs Moses to tell Pharaoh that Israel is his "firstborn" Exodus 4:22-23 (NWT) And you must say to Phar′aoh, ‘This is what Jehovah has said: “Israel is my son, my firstborn. ...

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