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Questions tagged [eschatology]

Questions regarding the Last Days or End Times.

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In 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 who's who?

Who is doing what in this passage? I'm trying to identify the referents for the various pronouns. I've supplied a couple of the more obvious ones as examples. ESV 1 Corinthians 15: 24Then ...
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What Does the Last Word in Luke 21:32 Mean with the Aorist Tense?

http://biblehub.com/interlinear/luke/21-32.htm I was having an argument with my friend about this verse and he is saying the aorist tense in Greek means that the last word in this verse does not ...
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How should Revelation 11:15 be translated (so the implied pronoun and expressed referent agree)?

Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] Rev 11:15 Καὶ ὁ ἕβδομος ἄγγελος ἐσάλπισεν· καὶ ἐγένοντο φωναὶ μεγάλαι ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ, λέγοντες Ἐγένετο ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ κόσμου τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν καὶ τοῦ χριστοῦ αὐτοῦ,...
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Since Jesus hands over the kingdom to God the Father, in what way will he reign forever and ever? (1 Corinthians 15:24-26) [closed]

1 Corinthians 15:24-26 (NRSV) 24 Then comes the end, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father, after he has destroyed every ruler and every authority and power. 25 For he must reign ...
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Why does Jesus talk about the Sheep and Goats judgment in Matthew 25:31-46?

This question is not about what the sheep and goats judgment means. It is not about identifying who the sheep and goats are, or when it takes place. The question is why it logically follows on the ...
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In Daniel 7:22 is judgment “committed to” the saints or “rendered in favor of” them?

The KJV seems to suggest that judgment was committed to the saints so that they became the judges: KJV Daniel 7:22 Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most ...
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In 1 Corinthians 6:2-3 why does Paul seem to expect the Corinthians to know that they will judge angels?

I take the questions beginning with "Do ye not know" and "Know ye not" to be rhetorical with the meaning "Of course you know that you shall judge the world and angels": 1Co 6:2  Do ye not know that ...
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In Acts 5:9-11 why does Peter dispense immediate judgment?

In Matthew 13:30 Jesus taught a parable about not pulling up weeds until the harvest: NIV Matthew 13:30 Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First ...
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Does Jeremiah 33 predict that when the messiah comes Judah will live in peace and prosperity?

ESV Jeremiah 33: 14“Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will fulfill the promise I made to the house of Israel and the house of Judah. 15In those days and at that time I will ...
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In Genesis 49:1 what does Jacob mean by the “last days”?

KJV Gen 49:1  And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days. Other translations of "in the future" and "in ...
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In Luke 21:24 is Jesus describing the dispersion of “the twelve tribes of Israel”, the 10 “lost” tribes or the remaining 3 tribes?

KJV Luk 21:20  And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.  Luk 21:21  Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let ...
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What is “the fulness of the Gentiles”?

Romans 11:25 KJV For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness ...
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In Matthew 19:28 what is “the regeneration”?

Mat 19:27 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have therefore? Mat 19:28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ...
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In Gen. 4, Seth is “appointed” as another seed “instead of Abel.” What is the ancient interpretation of this appointment?

In Genesis 4:25, it states: "And Adam knew his wife again; and she bore a son, and called his name Seth: 'for God hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel; for Cain slew him" What is the ...
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Are the “virgins” (παρθένοι) in Revelation 14:4 literally “virgins” or is it a metaphor?

Revelation 14:4 (KJV) 4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. Nestle GNT 1904 οὗτοί εἰσιν οἳ ...
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Which Head was “Wounded Unto Death” and healed?

In Revelation 13:1 (KJV), we see a picture of ... a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy. Yet in ...
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In Revelation 20:10 when was the beast & false prophet cast into the lake of fire?

Revelation 20:10 NASB [10]And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night ...
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Is Revelation 19:17-21 a literary allusion to Ezekiel 39:17-20 or is it the same event?

(KJV) Revelation 19:17-21 17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together ...
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Was “no man knows the day or the hour” (Mt. 24:36) a reference to Rosh Hashanah?

It's become common in Messianic Jewish circles and among others who have been impacted by the Hebrew Roots movement to say that Jesus' words in Matt. 24:36 are a clue that He would return on a future ...
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Are the “Second Coming” in Hebrews 9:28 and “the Day of the Lord” in 1 Thessalonians 5:2 the same event?

The two concepts "Day of the Lord" and "Second Coming" appear to be textually distinct from one another: 1Thessalonains 5:2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a ...
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Does “new” in New Heavens and New Earth mean “renewed” or “new creation”?

Revelation 21 and 22 describe a New Heaven and New Earth. Some teach that these will be the present heaven and earth "cleansed" or "refreshed" and others say these are completely new. Then I saw a ...
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In Romans 8:19, what is the meaning of κτίσεως?

I have come across a very interesting re-reading of Romans 8:19 For the creation waits in eager expectation for the children of God to be revealed. Roberts argues that κτίσεως, usually translated ...
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Is Revelation 14:16 a pejorative?

Revelation 14:15-16 (KJV) 15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap;...
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Sleeping in the grave until Christ's second coming?

Deuteronomy 31:16 (KJV) 16 And the Lord said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, ...
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How should σπεύδω be understood in 2 Peter 3:12?

2 Peter 3:12 reads: while waiting for and hastening the coming of the day of God? Because of this day, the heavens will be burned up and dissolve, and the celestial bodies will melt away in a ...
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When is the Second Coming? [duplicate]

When will the Second Coming occur? In Matthew, Jesus seems to allude that the Second Coming will occur within his generation. Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away till all these ...
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In what manner shall Jesus return according to Acts 1:11?

In Acts 1:11, the disciples are spoken to by two men in white (NIV): "Men of Galilee," they said, "why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into ...
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What does it mean in Revelation 21:1 when it says, “…and the sea was no more.”?

What is the significance of this phrase and why is this particular aspect of creation noted as not existing anymore in the new earth? The best I can tell is that many times throughout scripture the ...
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Where did ancient readers believe the bottomless pit to be located?

The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to rise from the bottomless pit and go to destruction. (Rev 17:8 ESV) Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in his hand the ...
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Is 1 Thessalonians 4:15-16 a failed prophecy?

I would like to ask about this text where Paul writes about the Lord returning: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: ...
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The sea was no more. Is this referring to the new earth or is it the first seas that was no more?

Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the old heaven and the old earth had disappeared. And the sea was also gone. (Rev 21:1 NLT) It is commonly understood that the sea being no longer in ...
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Romans 9:27 vs Revelation 14:3 vs 11:26: How many Jews will be saved?

Romans 9:27 vs Revelation 14:3 vs 11:26: How many Jews will be saved? Will it be only a few?: Rom 9:27 Isaiah also calls out concerning Israel, "Although the descendants of Israel are as ...
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Who or what will the saints reign over in Revelation?

Thoughout Revelation, it is said that "they [the saints] will reign." For example: Blessed and holy is the one who takes part in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, ...
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In Hebrews 11:10, what city was Abraham looking forward to?

In Hebrews 11:10, what city was Abraham looking forward to?: ESV Heb 11:10 For he was looking forward to the city that has foundations, whose designer and builder is God. ISV Heb 11:10 ...
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Does Daniel 12:11 say the events are consecutive or in conjunction?

Is the text saying from the sacrifice ending until the abomination of desolation is 1,290 days or after both events simultaneous happen there will be 1,290 days? ISV Dan 12:11 There will be 1,290 ...
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Why do some translations translate eternal life (ζωὴν αἰώνιον) in different ways?

Why do some translations translate eternal life (ζωὴν αἰώνιον) in different ways? Consider for example, John 4:36, 6:40. While some use 'eternal life' in both cases, KJV and NASB do not: “Already ...
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'In all the world' - are Matthew 24:14 & Colossians 1:6 talking about the same scope?

"This good news of the kingdom will be proclaimed in all the world as a testimony to all nations. And then the end will come." - Matthew 24:14 (HCSB) καὶ κηρυχθήσεται τοῦτο τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τῆς ...
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Antichrist, Man of Lawlessness, Beast of Revelation 13

It is generally assumed that the antichrist, the man of lawlessness, and the beast in Revelation 13 all refer to the same end time enemy of God. What is the basis for this assumption? Are there ...
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Was the “abomination of desolation” Caligula's proposed statue in the Temple?

In Mark 13:14 (and similarly in Matthew 24:15) Jesus is reported as saying: "When you see ‘the abomination that causes desolation’ standing where it does not belong—let the reader understand—then ...
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When is the “last day” that is referred to in the book of John?

When is the "last day" that is referred to in the book of John? The Rapture? The Second Coming? A series of "last days'? John 6:39 And this is the will of him who sent me, that I shall lose none ...
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Night is coming, when no one can work

What work is impossible to do in the 'night'? Jesus stated that night is coming, when no one can work. (John 9:4, ESV) The immediate context is that Jesus is healing a blind person. The first ...
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The manchild in Revelation 12 has a clear endtime setting, who is the manchild? [closed]

In Revelation 12, that the beast with 7 heads and 10 horns refers to the antichrist system is, in the context, clear. How can the manchild then refer to Christ? Also, the saints are said to be allowed ...
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What is the Covenant of Peace in Ezekiel?

Ezek. 34:25 וכרתי להם ברית שלום וְהשבתי חיה־רעה מן־הארץ וישבו במדבר לבטח וישנו ביערים׃ Ezek. 37:26 וכרתי להם ברית שלום ברית עולם יהיה אותם ונתתים והרביתי אותם ונתתי את־מקדשי בתוכם לעולם׃ ...
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What kind of event is being depicted in 1 Thessalonians 4:17?

In 1 Thessalonians 4:17, Paul writes that, "We who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air." Is this describing what some call a "...
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Does God send a “Strong Delusion”? What is the Context of understanding 2 Thess. 2:11?

2 Thess. 2:11," καὶ διὰ τοῦτο πέμψει αὐτοῖς ὁ θεὸς ἐνέργειαν πλάνης εἰς τὸ πιστεῦσαι αὐτοὺς τῷ ψεύδει(TR Stephanus 1550) "And because of this-- will send to them--God--a working of delusion--for ...
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Who does “we which are alive” refer to in 1 Thessalonians 4:17?

1 Thessalonians 4:17 (KJV) states, Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds.... It looks like those who are ALIVE and REMAIN will be caught up. Does "...
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What does Paul mean when he says “the time is short” in 1 Corinthians 7:29?

In 1 Corinthians 7:29, Paul states, "What I mean, brothers and sisters, is that the time is short." It seems possibly to be related to the "present crisis" mentioned in verse 26, but I'm not sure. ...
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What is meant by “inherit the earth”?

What is meant by "[X] shall inherit the earth"? This phrase is found countless times in the scripture (cf. Psalm 37:11, Matthew 5:5), but should this be interpreted as a physical possession of land? ...
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In Acts 3:20-21 what are the “times of the restitution of all things”?

Acts 3:20-21 (KJV) says, "And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you: Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken ...
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Revelations 18:23 - Who or what are the “Merchants” and the “magic spell” that led the whole Earth astray?

Rev 18:23 "Your merchants were the world’s important people. By your ...