Questions tagged [deuteronomy]

The fifth book of the bible and the conclusion of the Torah (five books of Moses). Consists primarily of Moses's final instructions to Israel at the end of the 40 years in the desert. Ends with Moses's death.

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Why does Adonai instruct us to not prepare a goat in its mother's milk?

In the Pentateuch there are at least three repetitions of the following prohibition: Exodus 23:19b (ESV) You shall not boil a young goat in its mother's milk. Exodus 34:26b (ESV) You ...
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Why should an altar be made with uncut stone?

God told Moses that the altar must be made of unhewn stones: And if you make for Me an altar of stones, do not build it of hewn stones; for by wielding your tool upon them you have profaned them.&...
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What was Ruth's legal status?

I apologize in advance for the length of the question. The book of Ruth is incredibly romantic and powerful, but I don't understand the legal portion of the drama: Now Boaz had gone up to the gate ...
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In Deuteronomy 4:13 why were the Ten Commandments written on two tablets?

When Moses is given the Ten Commandments they are apparently written on two tablets: He declared to you his covenant, the Ten Commandments, which he commanded you to follow and then wrote them on ...
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Is Deuteronomy 22:28 talking about rape?

Some folks assert that this passage describes the Torah's sole punishment for rape: If a man comes upon a virgin who is not engaged and he seizes her and lies with her, and they are discovered, the ...
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Humankind divided up among the gods?

[ question originally posted here ] Deuteronomy 32:8-9 (NRSV), part of Moses' song: When the Most High apportioned the nations, when he divided humankind, he fixed the boundaries of the peoples ...
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In Numbers 12 why did Moses get away with intermarriage?

In the Hebrew bible we read that Moses did marry a Cushite: Miriam and Aaron began to talk against Moses because of his Cushite wife, for he had married a Cushite. (Numbers 12:1, NIV) Later ...
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Why isn't there a taxonomic distinction between clean and unclean birds?

Leviticus 11:13-19 has a list of non-kosher birds that match a list in Deuteronomy 14:11-18 (NJPS): You may eat any clean bird. The following you may not eat: the eagle, the vulture, and the black ...
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What were the “tokens of virginity”?

In Deut 22:13-21 a father was to present evidence that his daughter was a virgin on her wedding night. This evidence was called "tokens of virginity", and involved a mysterious cloth. Deuteronomy ...
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How many wives does Deuteronomy allow a king to have?

According to Deuteronomy 17:14-17, there are limits to a king's possessions: When you have come into the land that the Lord your God is giving you, and have taken possession of it and settled in it,...
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What factors define meaning of “little ones” in Deuteronomy?

In Deu. 20:13-14, it is written, 13 And when the Lord your God gives it into your hand, you shall put all its males to the sword, 14 but the women and the little ones, the livestock, and everything ...
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How can we understand “fear”?

It seems that (throughout the Bible), we have been told to "not fear" but also to "fear God". How can we understand this word "fear" in these two contexts? If this word in these two contexts carries ...
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What does “the assembly of the LORD” refer to?

Deuteronomy 23:1-8 lists some people that are forbidden to enter "the assembly of the LORD". Deuteronomy 23:1-8 (NKJ) Those Excluded from the Congregation 1 “He who is emasculated by ...
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What is meant by “as numerous as the stars of the sky”?

The Bible in a few places references the stars as a large number. Genesis 22:17, Deut 1:10, Deut 28:62 all make statements referring to the Nation of Israel being as "numerous as the stars of the sky"....
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What is the original text of Deuteronomy 32:8-9?

4QDeutj "When Elyon gave the nations as an inheritance, when he separated the sons of man, he set the boundaries of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God (bny 'l[hym]). For ...
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What does Romans 10 have to do with Deuteronomy 30?

Romans 10:6-7 But the righteousness based on faith says, “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’” (that is, to bring Christ down) “or ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’” (that is,...
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Whose idea was it to send the spies to scout the land of Israel?

In Numbers 13 we are told that God commanded Moshe to sends the twelve spies to scout out the land: 1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 2 'Send thou men, that they may spy out the land of ...
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“Back in ships to Egypt” in Deut. 28

At the end of the curses for disobedience in Deuteronomy 28, verse 68 says: And the Lord will bring you back in ships to Egypt, a journey that I promised that you should never make again; and there ...
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What is the meaning of Mark 12:34, “You are not far from the Kingdom of God?”

In Mark 12:34, Jesus tells the scribe, And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, "Thou art not far from the kingdom of God." (KJV) In his answer, the scribe recites "The ...
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What is the meaning of “Lechem Oini” “לֶחֶם עֹנִי”?

Deuteronomy 16:3 לא תֹאכַל עָלָיו חָמֵץ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים תֹּאכַל עָלָיו מַצּוֹת לֶחֶם עֹנִי כִּי בְחִפָּזוֹן יָצָאתָ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם לְמַעַן תִּזְכֹּר אֶת יוֹם צֵאתְךָ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם ...
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A purported Hebrew translation of Deuteronomy 22:5; is it accurate?

This question pertains to this article regarding transgenderism. Deuteronomy 22:5 is sometimes cited as a Biblical passage condemning transgender behavior. It states: The woman shall not wear that ...
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When did the Levites say to their father and mother “I have not seen him” as mentioned in Deuteronomy 33:9?

When did the Levites say to their father and mother "I have not seen him" as mentioned in Deuteronomy 33:9 ? And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst ...
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Is God still at war with Amalek?

After they are defeated by the Israelites at Rephidim, God promises unending judgement on Amalek in Exodus 17: 14Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in a book and recite it in ...
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Does Deut. 29:2-4 shed any light on Isaiah 6:8-10?

Came across this passage in Deuteronomy (29:2-4) the other day: 2 Now Moses called all Israel and said to them: “You have seen all that the Lord did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to ...
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Why so many different translations of Deuteronomy 32:8?

Deuteronomy 32:8 has an unusually high number of different translations, and the differences aren't subtle. What is the reason for this diversity? KJV: When the most High divided to the nations ...
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Does Deuteronomy 12:21 reference a missing commandment?

In Deuteronomy 12:21 G-d tells the Jewish people that when they arrive to their homeland and settle into the areas they will be assigned, "[t]hen you may slaughter of your herd and flock...as I have ...
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Is “faith” a correct translation in Deut 32:20 and Hab 2:4?

I recently noticed that in the KJV, the word "faith" only appears twice in the OT: Deuteronomy 32:20 and Habakkuk 2:4. I thought maybe those anomalies were due translation so I looked up the same ...
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What is the meaning of Deuteronomy 25:11-12?

We are told in this verse about the case in which a wife who, in helping her husband fend off an attacker, seizes the attacker by the genitals. The verse tells the husband that he must cut off her ...
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Does Hosea 1:9 contain a reference to Deut 32?

This question arose along with another stemming from the other part of this verse: In Hosea 1:9, the LORD instructs the prophet regarding his third child: קְרָא שְׁמוֹ לֹא עַמִּ֑י Call his ...
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Why is the law about cooking a goat in mother's milk listed with instructions about feasts?

As this question notes, the law concerning cooking a young goat in its mother's milk appears three times in Torah: Exodus: 23:19, Exodus 34:26, and Deuteronomy 14:21. It's placement in Deuteronomy ...
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Was the Passover meal to be boiled according to Deuteronomy 16:5-7?

In a recent exchange, Peter Enns responded to a review of his recent book, defending what he sees as a a contradiction between Exodus 12:8-9 and (from what I can gather) Deuteronomy 16:5-7. He seems ...
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What does the superscript “-N” mean when added to the abbreviation LXX?

I've just read "LXX-N" in a commentary and I'm wondering what it means. I know LXX is Septuagint and usually the letters afterwards refer to a particular codex or manuscript, however there is no codex ...
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What scripture is the author of 1 Tim 5:18 referencing?

1 Timothy 5:17-18 states Elders who provide effective leadership must be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who work hard in speaking and teaching. For the scripture says, ...
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Was Rahab a temple prostitute?

Joshua includes a dramatic story of spies, a prostitute, and subterfuge: Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim, saying, “Go, reconnoiter the region of Jericho.” So they set out, ...
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Why is the tribe of Simeon missing from Deuteronomy 33:1-29?

When Moses is about to die he blesses all the tribes except the tribe of Simeon which is somehow left out Deuteronomy 33:1-29 NASB 7 And this regarding Judah; so he said, “May Reuben live and ...
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Why is the 5th book of the Bible called Deuteronomy?

Given that the meaning of the Greek word "deuteronomos" is 'secondary' it is expected that the name should be given to the 2nd book rather than the 5th: so why is the 5th book of the Bible called ...
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Are the demons of Deut 32:17 called “no gods”?

Deut 32:17 (BHS | ESV): יִזְבְּחוּ לַשֵּׁדִים לֹא אֱלֹהַ yizbĕḥû laššēdı̂m lōʾ ʾĕlōah They sacrificed to demons that were no gods אֱלֹהִים לֹא יְדָעוּם ʾĕlōhı̂m lōʾ yĕdāʿûm to gods ...
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What species of eagle is depicted in Deuteronomy 32:11?

like an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young, that spreads its wings to catch them and carries them aloft. ~Deuteronomy 32:11, NIV~ The "eagle" mentioned here is ...
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What Does “Completely Destroy” or “Drive Out” Actually Mean?

In a number of passages in the Bible, particularly surrounding the Pentateuch and following histories, there are instances where God commands the Israelites to "drive out" various groups of people or, ...
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Who are the prostitutes in Deuteronomy 23:18?

http://biblehub.com/deuteronomy/23-18.htm You must not bring the earnings of a female prostitute or of a male prostitute into the house of the LORD your God to pay any vow, because the LORD ...
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Do Deuteronomy 4:35 and 39 preclude henotheism?

I thought the Jewish God wasn't originally monotheistic. YHWH demands that Israelites worship him because he's jealous, not because the other gods do not exist. Yet I saw Deuteronomy 4:35 and 39: ...
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In what significant ways would the Prophet that was to come be similar to Moses? Deut 18:15

Deuteronomy 18:15 (NKJV) " The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear 1) According to this passage, in what ways was ...
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How is Deut. 2:29 reconciled with Num. 20:18-21?

After the Exodus, and prior to the conquest of Sihon and Og, Israel attempted to pass through Edom. (The Edomites were the descendents of Esau.) Numbers 20:18-21 records Edom's response as follows: ...
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Reconciling the Differences in Jesus' Citation of Deu. 6:5 according to the Synoptics

According to the Masoretic text of Deu. 6:5, it is written, וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יַהְוֶה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל נַפְשְׁךָ וּבְכָל מְאֹדֶךָ which the Septuagint (according to Rahlf's ...
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How do we reconcile the morality of Deuteronomy 5:9 with 24:16 regarding punishment of children for their father's crime?

The following two passages from Deuteronomy seem to lend themselves to opposing conclusions about the morality of punishing someone for a crime committed by their father: 8“‘You shall not make for ...
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What is sacred prostitution?

What is the "sacred prostitution" mentioned in Deuteronomy 23:17 and then in I Kings 14:24? They mention it is something awful, but I cannot imagine what it is in the first place.
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Is “Children of Israel” the only way to read Deuteronomy 32:8?

I asked a Jew and this is what she said: As for Deut 32:8, there is not a single Hebrew text that does not say 'bnei Yisrael'. Every Jewish translation of this verse says children [or sons] of ...
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John 19:31 - How does the Sabbath Explain why Jesus' Body had to be Taken Down?

1. Question, for Historical Interpretation of Sabbath Law What Sabbath considerations might have applied - that would lead to a request to take Jesus' body down from the cross? Aside: Does the ...
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In light of Deuteronomy 21 & 24, was the hanging of Saul's descendants in 2 Samuel 21 a violation of the law?

Deuteronomy 21:22:23 (NKJV) 22 “If a man has committed a sin deserving of death, and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, 23 his body shall not remain overnight on the tree, but you ...
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A woman is not to put on a man's dress?

I came across a Christian web page. The subject that caught me was the view on Deut. 22:5 expressed in the page. A woman shall not wear man’s clothing, nor shall a man put on a woman’s clothing; ...