Questions tagged [dead-sea-scrolls]

The collection of hundreds of biblical and related manuscripts found between 1946/7 and 1956. They had been hidden in a variety of caves along the west bank of the Dead Sea (thus the name).

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Does DSS version of Psalm 119:65 reveal Masoretes abbreviated original text?

Besides revealing the ancient Hebrew Name of YHVH from 30 AD, does the DSS version of [Psalm 119:65] prove the original Hebrew suffix “Your” (Kha) was originally written with a combined ‘Kaf-Hei’ ...
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Are the birds formed from the sea? (Gen 1:20)

According to the Jewish Publication Society (JPS) and the Lexham English Septuagint (LES), birds and such seem to be formed from the waters: God said, "Let the waters bring forth swarms of ...
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Why does the 1 Samuel 10:27 paragraph found in 4QSamª not appear in other texts?

I was reading 1 Samuel 10 in the New Living Translation and found that in the verse 27, there is the following paragraph: [Nahash, king of the Ammonites, had been grievously oppressing the people ...
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Is Habakkuk 2:4 DSS an interpolation in progress?

Bear with me, please... Please refer to this link: http://dssenglishbible.com/habakkuk%202.htm The first text fragment is Habakkuk 2:4, all by itself. The second is the identical text as the first ...
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Why is Genesis 2:18 “Let us make..” in the LXX?

Recently I noticed that Genesis 2:18 in the LXX uses plural and not singular like TM. Where the TM says "I will make....", the LXX says "let us make..." Can someone tell me what version are true and ...
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Where, if anywhere is Psalms 22:16 in Qumran Dead Sea Scroll 4Q88/4QPs?

Regarding Psalm 22:16 By Psalm 22:16, I mean "Dogs surround me, a pack of villains encircles me; they pierce my hands and my feet." (v17 in the jewish verse numbering) Is Psalms 22:16 missing ...
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In the Dead Sea Scrolls, for Genesis Chapter 18, do we have no more than 5 or 6 verses?

In the Dead Sea Scrolls, for Genesis Chapter 18, do we have no more than 5 or 6 verses? i notice this link only lists 5/6 verses, i'm wondering if that website is complete. Or if there is more we ...
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The LXX and Masoretic differ in Is 30:15. Do the DSS help here?

I see that the meaning of Isaiah 30:15 in the LXX differs completely from the KJV/Masoretic text. Can this difference be resolved from the DSS texts?
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Are the Isaiah Scrolls from Cave 4 substantially different from the Masoretic text?

I recently heard 1QIsaa* touted, as it frequently has been, as a monument to the ancient nature of the Masoretic text. A response was made pointing out that we need to remember that there is more ...
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Is there a break between Isaiah 39 and 40 in the Dead Sea Scrolls?

In this video (around 31:40) Christine Hayes explains that the Great Isaiah Scroll from Qumran includes an indication by the scribe that a break was recognized between Chapter 39 and Chapter 40. ...
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Was John the Baptist a member of the Essene community at Qumran?

This paper by Alan Farnes is one of many that have identified John’s appropriation of Isaiah 40:3 as reminiscent of the Qumran documents (a.k.a. Dead Sea Scrolls): John 1:23 (ESV) He said, “I am ...
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What is the original text of Deuteronomy 32:8-9?

4QDeutj "When Elyon gave the nations as an inheritance, when he separated the sons of man, he set the boundaries of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God (bny 'l[hym]). For ...
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Do the Dead Sea Scrolls argue against Aramaic primacy?

One of the arguments for Aramaic being the original language of the New Testament is the theory that Hebrew was replaced by Old Aramaic as the vernacular language in Judea following the Babylonian ...
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How reliable are the Dead Sea Scrolls as a base to compare against the Masoretic text and the LXX?

I often find people comparing other manuscripts (e.g., Masoretic text, LXX) against the Dead Sea Scrolls in order to determine their accuracy. For example, this thread asked how reliable the LXX was ...
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Why are the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) significant?

Is there anything that the Dead Sea Scrolls made clearer regarding the texts of the Old Testament? Did their discovery change the way we view the development of the Tanakh?
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Have the Pesharim left any mark on modern hermeneutics?

I understand that the Qumran monastic community—those primarily responsible for having collected and preserved what we know as the Dead Sea Scrolls and other works—endorsed the Pesharim approach to ...